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posting, and filing of tariffs, either in particular instances or by a general order applicable to special or peculiar circumstances or conditions.

The names of the several carriers which are parties to any joint tariff Joint shall be specified therein, and each of the parties thereto, other than the one filing the same, shall file with the Commission such evidence participating. of coneurrence therein or acceptance thereof as may be required or ap- rence proved by the Commission, and where such evidence of concurrence or acceptance is filed it shall not be necessary for the carriers filing the same to also file copies of the tariffs in which they are named as parties.

Copies of Every common carrier subject to this Act shall also file with said tracts, agreements Commission copies of all contracts, agreements, or arrangements with relating to traitio other common carriers in relation to any traffic affected by the provisions must be filed with of this Act to which it may be a party. The Commission may determice and prescribe the form in which the Commission may

prescribe forms of schedules required by this section to be kept open to public inspection schedules. shall be prepared and arranged and may change the form from time to time as shall be found expedient.

Xo carrier, unless otherwise provided by this Act, shall engage or No carrier shall participate in the transportation of passengers or property, as defined

portation unless it in this Act, unless the rates, fares, and charges upon which the same files and publishes are transported by said carrier have been filed and published in accord. rates, fares, and

charges thereon. ance with the provisions of this Act; nor shall any carrier charge or demand or collect or receive a greater or less or different compensation Published for such transportation of passengers or property, or for any service in not

ated from. connection therewith, between the points named in such tariffs than the rates, fares, and charges which are specified in the tariff filed and in effect at the time; nor shall any carrier refund or remit in any manner or by any device any portion of the rates, fares, and charges so specified, nor extend to any shipper or person any privileges or facilities in the transportation of passengers or property, except such as are specified

Carrier in such tariffs: Provided, That wherever the word “carrier" occurs in this Aet it shall be held to mean “common carrier."

That in time of war or threatened war preference and precedence shall, upon the demand of the President of the United States, be given, expedition of mil

. over all other traffic, to the transportation of troops and material of time of war. war, and carriers shall adopt every means within their control to facilitate and expedite the military traffic.

Sec. 7. That it shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act to enter into any combination, contract, or agreement, expressed or implied, to prevent, by change of time schedule, carriage in different cars, or by other means or devices, the carriage of freights from being continuous from the place of shipment to the place of destination; and no break of bulk, stoppage, or interruption made by such common carrier shall prevent the carriage of freights from being and being treated as one continuous carriage from the pace of

Continuous

riage of freights shipment to the place of destination, unless such break, stoppage, or

place of interruption was made in good faith' for some necessary purpose, and shipment to place without any intent to avoid or unnecessarily interrupt such continuous earriage or to evade any of the provisions of this act.

SEC. 8. That in case any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act shall do, cause to be done, or permit to be done any act, matter, or thing in this Act prohibited or declared to be unlawful, or shall omit to do any act, matter, or thing in this Act required to be done, such common carrier shall be liable to the person or persons Liability injured thereby for the full amount of damages sustained in conse.

ciers for damages. quence of any such violation of the provisions of

this Act, together with a reasonable counsel or attorney's fee, to be fixed by the court in every case of recovery, which attorney's fee shall be taxed and collected as part of the costs in the case.

Sec. 9. That any person or persons claiming to be damaged by any

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common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act may either make may elect whether complaint to the Commission as hereinafter provided for, or may bring to complain to the suit in his or their own behalf for the recovery of the damages for or bring suit in a which such common carrier may be liable under the provisions of this United States Act, in any district or circuit court of the United States of competent court.

jurisdiction; but such person or persons shall not have the right to pursue both of said remedies, and must in each case elect which one of the two methods of procedure herein provided for he or they will adopt.

In any such action brought for the recovery of damages the court

be before which the same shall be pending may compel any director, officer, compelled to tes- receiver, trustee, or agent of the corporation or company Jefendant in

such suit to attend, appear, and testify in such case, and may compel the production of the books and papers of such corporation or company party to any such suit; the claim that any such testimony or evidence may tend to criminate the person giving such evidence shall not excuse such witness from testifying, but such evidence or testimony shall not be used against such person on the trial of any criminal proceeding.

SEC. 10. (As amended March 2, 1889.) That any common carrier

subject to the provisions of this Act, or, whenever such common carrier carrier is a corporation, any director or officer thereof, or any receiver, trustee,

corporation, its officers,

lessee, agent, or person, acting for or employed by such corporation, who,

em alone or with any other corporation, company, person, or party, shall ployees; Eine and willfully do or cause to be done, or shall willingly suffer or permit to

.

be done, any act, matter, or thing in this Act prohibited or declared to be unlawful, or who shail aid or abet therein, or shall willfully omit or fail to do any act, matter, or thing in this Act required to be done, o shall cause or willingly suffer or permit any act, matter, or things directed or required by this Act to be done not to be so done, or shall aid or abet any such omission or failure, or shall be guilty of any infraction of this Act, or shall aid or abet therein, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof in any district court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which such offense was committed, be subject to a fine of not to exceed five thousand dollars for each offense: Provided, That if the offense for which any person shall be convicted as aforesaid shall be an unlawful discrimination in rates, fares, or charges, for the transportation of pas sengers or property, such person shall, in addition to the fine hereinbe. fore provided for, be liable to imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not exceeding two years, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

Any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act, or, when their ever such common carrier is a corporation, any officer or agent thereof, and impris.

or any person acting for or employed by such corporation, who, by means of false billing, false classification, false weighing, or false report of weight, or by any other device or means, shall knowingly and willfully assist, or shall willingly suffer or permit, any person or persons to obtain transportation for property at less than the regular rates then established and in force on the line of transportation of such common carrier, shall be deemed guilty of a mistlemeanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof in any court of the United States of competent juris. diction within the district in which such offense was committed, be subject to a fine of not exceeding five thousand dollars, or imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not exceeding two years, or both, in the discretion of the court, for each offense.

Any person and any officer or agent of any corporation or company shippers who shall deliver property for transportation to any common carrier, other

persons: subject to the provisions of this Act, or for whom as consignor or Fine and impris.

consignee any such carrier shall transport property, who shall knowingly and willfully, by false billing, false classification, false weighing, false representation of the contents of the package, or false report of weight, or by any other device or means, whether with or without the consent or connivance of the carrier, its agent or agents, obtain

Penalties for false billing, etc., by carriers. officers or agents: Fine onment.

Penalties for false billing, etc., by

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carriers

transportation for such property at less than the regular rates then
established and in force on the line of transportation, shall be deemed
guilty of fraud, which is hereby declared to be a misdemeanor, and
shall, upon conviction thereof in any court of the United States of com-
petent jurisdiction within the district in which such offense was com-
mitted, be subject for each offense to a fine of not exceeding five thou.
sand dollars or imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not ex.
ceeding two years, or both, in the discretion of the court.
If any such person, or any officer or agent of any such corporation or Penalties

inducing company, shall, by payment of money or other thing of value, solicitation, or otherwise, induce any common carrier subject to the provisions criminate unjunt of this Act, or any of its officers or agents, to discriminate unjustly in livie Fine and im his, its, or their favor as against any other consignor or consignee in liability with carthe transportation of property, or shall aid or abet any common carrier rier for damages. in any such unjust discrimination, such person or such officer or agent of such corporation or company shall be deemed guilty of a misde. meanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction within the district in which such offense was committed, be subject to a fine of not exceeding five thousand dollars, or imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not exceeding two years, or both, in the discretion of the court, for each offense; and such person, corporation, or company shall also, together with said common carrier, be liable, jointly or severally, in an action on the case to be brought by any consignor or consignee discriminated against in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction for all damages caused by or resulting therefrom.

Sec. 11. That a Commission is hereby created and established to be Interstate Com known as the Interstate Commerce Commission, which shall be composed monerse hommap of five Commissioners, who shall be appointed by the President, by and pointed. with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Commissioners first ap. pointed under this Act shall continue in office for the term of two, three, four, five, and six years, respectively, from the first day of January, Anno Domini eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, the term of each to

missioners. be designated by the President; but their successors shall be appointed for terms of six years, except that any person chosen to fill a vacancy shall be oppointed only for the unexpired time of the Commissioner Fhom he shall succeed. Any Commissioner may be removed by the President for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office. Not more than three of the Commissioners shall be appointed from the same political party. No person in the employ of or holding any official relation to any common carrier subject to the provisions of this act, or ofning stock or bonds thereof, or who is in any manner pecuniarily interested therein, shall enter upon the duties of or hold such office. Said Commissioners shall not engage in any other business, vocation, or employment. No vacancy in the Commission shall impair the right of the remaining Commissioners to exercise all the powers of the Commission.

SEC. 12. (As amended March 2, 1889, and February 10, 1891.) Power and duty That the Commission hereby created shall have authority to inquire into

inquire into busi. the management of the business of all common carriers subject to the ness provisions of this Act, and shall keep itself informed as to the manner

and keep and method in which the same is conducted, and shall have the right to gard thereto. obtain from such common carriers full and complete information necessary to enable the Commission to perform the duties and carry out the quired to execute objects for which it was created; and the Commission is hereby authorized and required to execute and enforce the provisions of this Act; and, upon the request of the Commission, it shall be the duty of any district attorney of the United States to whom the Commission may apply to institute in the proper court and to prosecute under the direction of the Duty of district

attorney to proseAttorney-General of the United States all necessary proceedings for the enforcement of the provisions of this Act and for the punishment ton of all violations thereof, and the costs and expenses of such prosecu.

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ex: tion shall be paid out of the appropriation for the expenses of the

be paid courts of the United States; and for the purposes of this Act the Com. out of appropria mission shall have power to require, by subpæna, the attendance and

Pover come Com. testimony of witnesses and the production of all books, papers, tariffs, mission to require contracts, agreements, and documents relating to any matter under testimony or wit! investigation.

Such attendance of witnesses, and the production of such documentary mentary evidence: evidence, may be required from any place in the United States, at any

Commission may designated place of hearing. And in case of disobedience to a subinvoke aid of te com pel pæna the Commission, or any party to a proceeding before the Com

at mission, may invoke the aid of any court of the United States in retend and testify. quiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of

books, papers, and documents under the provisions of this section. Penalty for dis- And any of the circuit courts of the United States within the jurisobedier e to order diction of which such inquiry is carried on may, in case of contumacy

or refusal to obey a subpæna issued to any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act, or other person, issue an order requiring such common carrier or other person to appear before said Commission (and produce books and papers if so ordered) and give evidence touching the

matter in question; and any failure to obey such order of the court timony or evi may be punished by such court as a contempt thereof. The claim that dence will tend to any such testimony or evidence may tend to criminate the person giving

such evidence shall not excuse such witness from testifying; but such evidence or testimony shall not be used against such person on the trial

of any criminal proceeding. Testimony

The testimony of any witness may be taken, at the instance of a beittaken by dep. party in any proceeding or investigation depending before the Commis

sion, by deposition, at any time after a cause or proceeding is at issue Commission may on petition and answer. The Commission may also order testimony

taken byny deo to be taken by deposition in any proceeding, or investigation pending position,

before it, at any stage of such proceeding or investigation. Such depositions may be taken before any judge of any court of the United States, or any commissioner of a circuit, or any clerk of a district or circuit court, or any chancellor, justice, or judge of a supreme or superior court, mayor or chief magistrate of a city, judge of a county court, or court of common pleas of any of the United States, or any

notary public, not being of counsel or attorney to either of the parties, Reasonable

nor interested in the event of the proceeding or investigation. Reasongiven.

able notice must first be given in writing by the party, or his attorney, proposing to take such deposition to the opposite party or his attorney of record, as either may be nearest, which notice shall state the name

of the witness and the time and place of the taking of his deposition. by deposition may Any person may be compelled to appear and depose, and to produce compelled in documentary evidence, in the same manner as witnesses may be comspect pelled to appear and testify and produce documentary evidence before

the Commission as hereinbefore provided.

Every person deposing as herein provided shall be cautioned and Ing depositions.

sworn (or affirm, if he so request) to testify the whole truth, and shall be carefully examined. His testimony shall be reduced to writing by the magistrate taking the deposition, or under his direction, and shali, after it has been reduced to writing, be subscribed by the deponent.

If a witness whose testimony may be desired to be taken by deposition be in a foreign country, the deposition may be taken before an

officer or person designated by the Commission, or agreed upon by the Depositions must parties by stipulation in writing to be filed with the Commission. All be filled with the depositions must be promptly filed with the Commission.

Witnesses whose depositions are taken pursuant to this Act, and the nesses and magis magistrate or other officer taking the same, shall severally be entitled to

the same fees as are paid for like services in the courts of the United States.

Sec. 13. That any person, firm, corporation, or association, or any mercantile, agricultural, or manufacturing society, or any body politie

notice must be

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or municipal organization complaining of anything done or omitted to Complaints to be done by any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act in contravention of the provisions thereof, may apply to said Commission by made. "How served petition, which shall briefly state the facts; whereupon a statement of the charges thus made shall be forwarded by the Commission to such common carrier, who shall be called upon to satisfy the complaint or to answer the same in writing within a reasonable time, to be specified by the Commission. If such common carrier, within the time specified, Reparation shall make reparation for the injury alleged to have been done, said

vestigation. carrier shall be relieved of liability to the complainant only for the particular violation of law thus complained of. If such carrier shall not Investigations of

complaints by the satisfy the complaint within the time specified, or there shall appear to be any reasonable ground for investigating said complaint, it shall be the duty of the Commission to investigate the matters complained of in such manner and by such means as it shall deem proper. Said Commission shall in like manner investigate any complaint for. Complaints for.

warded by State warded by the railroad commissioner or railroad commission of any railroad State or Territory, at the request of such commissioner or commission, sions. and may institute any inquiry on its own motion in the same manner

quiries by and to the same effect as though complaint had been made.

No complaint shall at any time be dismissed because of the absence own motion. of direct damage to the complainant.

Complain. SEC. 14. (Amended March 2, 1889, and June 29, 1906.) That when directly damaged. ever an investigation shall be made by said Commission, it shall be its Commission must duty to make a report in writing in respect thereto, which shall state make report of inthe conclusions of the Commission, together with its decision, order, or ing its conclusions requirement in the premises; and in case damages are awarded such

and order. report shall include the findings of fact on which the award is made.

Reparation. All reports of investigations made by the Commission shall be entered Reports of of record, and a copy thereof shall be furnished to the party who may vestigations have complained, and to any common carrier that may have been com

ord. Service plained of.

copies on parties. The Commission may provide for the publication of its reports and

Reports and de decisions in such form and manner as may be best adapted for public cisions. Authorized information and use, and such authorized publications shall be compe. petent evidence. tent evidence of the reports and decisions of the Commission therein contained in all courts of the United States and of the several States

and without any further proof or authentication thereof. The Commission may also cause to be printed for early distribution its annual reports. Commission,

SEC. 15. (As amended June 29, 1906.) That the Commission is authorized and empowered, and it shall be its duty, whenever, after full bearing upon a complaint made as provided in section thirteen of this Act, or upon complaint of any common carrier, it shall be of the opinion that any of the rates, or charges whatsoever, demanded, charged, Commission may or collected by any common carrier or carriers, subject to the provisions de trecere

prescribe just of this Act, for the transportation of persons or property as defined in the first section of this Act, or that any regulations or practices what. able rates soever of such carrier or carriers affecting such rates, are unjust or mum charges. unreasonable, or unjustly discriminatory, or unduly preferential or prejudicial, or otherwise in violation of any of the provisions of this

determine Act, to determine and prescribe what will be the just and reasonable and prescribe just rate or rates, charge or charges, to be thereafter observed in such case as the maximum to be charged; and what regulation or practice in

able regulations or

practices. respect to such transportation is just, fair, and reasonable to be there. mission may order after followed; and to make an order that the carrier shall cease and desist from such violation, to the extent to which the Commission find full extent of vlothe same to exist, and shall not thereafter publish, demand, or collect dettons Cound. any rate or charge for such transportation in excess of the maximum rate or charge so prescribed, and shall conform to the regulation or

prescribed, practice so prescribed. All orders of the Commission, except orders for than thirty days. the payment of money, shall take effect within such reasonable time, not less than thirty days, and shall continue in force for such period

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