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. 73

.47

.63

.38 . 24

.31 .43

UNITED STATES...... $69, 107, 612 $78,094, 687 $140,506,715 $140, 800, 163 $1.75 $1.56 $2.24

$2.31 North Atlantic Division.. 29, 796, 835 28, 538, 058 48, 023, 492 49,006, 135 2.38 1. 97 2. 76

2. 78 South Atlantic Division. 3, 781, 581 5, 130, 192 8,707, 165 9, 276, 892

.63 .68 93 1.03 South Central Division. 4, 854, 834 4,872, 829 10, 678, 680 11, 571, 110

.55

.97 1.04 North Central Division.. 28, 430, 033 35, 285, 635 62, 823, 563 64, 929, 946 2. 14 2. 03 2. 81 2. 87 Western Division

2, 244, 329 4, 267, 673 10, 213, 815 12, 016, 080 2. 15 2. 41 3.37 3.80 North Atlantic Division: Maine 950, 662 1,067, 091 1,327, 553 1,485, 593 1.51 1. 65 2.01

2. 25 New Hampshire

418, 545 565, 339 844, 333 890, 583 1. 30 1. 03 2. 24 2. 35 Vermont.

499, 961 446, 217 711, 072 700, 559 1.51 1.34 2. 14 2.18 Massachusetts. 5, 579, 363 4,983, 900 8, 286, 062 8,554, 546 3. 73 2. 80

3. 70 3. 76 Rliode Island 461, 160 526, 112 881, 966 1,022, 597 2. 05 1.90 2. 56

2.92 Connecticut

1, 496, 981 1, 408,375 2, 157, 014 2. 107, 079 2. 75 2. 26 2. 89 2. 86 Now York

9, 607, 904 10, 296,977 17, 543, 880 17,326, 280 2. 17 2. 03 2.92 2. 85 New Jersey:

2, 302, 341 1, 873, 465 3, 340, 190 c3, 340,190 2. 48 1. CO 2.31 c2.31 Pennsylvania.. 8, 479, 318 7,369, 682 12, 928, 422 13,518, 708 2. 36 1.72

2. 46 2. 52 South Atlantic Division: Delaware 153, 509 207, 281 a275,000 ac275, 000

1.21

1.41 1.63 ac1.63 Maryland.

1,214,729 1,514,367 1, 910, 663 2, 221, 281 1.53 1. 65 1.83 2. 11 District of Columbia 373, 535 438, 567 905, 777 300, 638 2.77 2.47 3. 93 3. 69 Virginia 587, 472 916, 109 1, 604,509 1, 636, 083

.97 .98 West Virginia.

577, 719 707,553 1, 198, 493 1,360, 823 1. 26 1.14 1. 57 1.79 North Carolina 177, 498 376, 062 711, 900 676, 618 . 16 27

.41 South Carolina

275, 688
324, 629 450, 936 C450, 936

.33 .39 c. 39 Georgia... 292, 000 471, 029 1,190, 354 | 01, 190,351

.65 b. 65 Florida 129, 431 114, 895 516, 533 564, 259 .66

1.32 1. 39 South Central Division: Kentucky

al, 075, 000 1,069, 030 i 2, 140,678 2, 308, 505 80 65 1. 15 1. 22 Tennessee

a758, 000 744, 180 1, 526, 241 1,721, 059 .59 Alabaina.. a370,000 a5110, 000 a 890.000 ac890,000 . 36 .40

ac. 59 Mississippi

950,000 830, 705 1, 109, 575 1, 169, 088 1.11 . 73 .86 Louisiana. 531, 834 411, 838 817, 110 867, 653 , 71

.73 Texas a650.000 a1,030, 000 3, 178, 300 3,595, 029

05 1. 42 1.55 Arkans,28.

a520,000 287, 056 1,016, 776c1,016, 776 1.02 .36 .90 c. 90 North Central Division: Ohio 6,831, 035 7, 166, 903 10, 602, 238 10, 817, 286 2.52 2. 24 2. 89

2. 93 Indiana. a2, 807, 537 4, 491, 850 5, 215, 218 c5, 245, 218 1.70 2. 27

2. 39

c2.39 Illinois

6, 650, 512 7,014, 092 11, 625, 126 13,512, 778 2. 57 2. 28 3. 04 3.48 Michigan

2,840, 740 2, 775, 917 5,319,366 5, 458, 841 2.33 1.70 2. 55 2. 58 Wisconsin 1,932, 539 2,177,023 3, 801, 212 3, 920, 377 1. 79 1.65

2. 25 2. 27 Minnesota

960, 558 1,328, 429 4, 187, 310 c#, 187, 310 2. 06 1.70 3. 22 c3. 22 lowa. 3, 269, 190 4, 481, 013 6,382, 953 6, 706, 219 2. 70

2.76 3.34 3. 47 Missouri. 1, 719, 049 2, 675, 314 5, 131. 262 5, 530, 913

1.23 2. 03 2.02 North Dakota..

020, 919 a620.919

3. 43 c3. 13 a23,000 South Dakota.

245,000
1, 199, 630 cl, 1949, 630

1.813

3. 65 c3. 05 Nebraska. 305, 520 1, 108, 617 3, 376, 332 3, 209, 743

2. 61 2. 45 3. 19 2.98 Kansas 904, 323 1, 818, 337 4, 972, 967 4, 424, 442 2. 24

1.83
3. 49

3. 15 Western Division : Montana. a35, 000 78, 730 361, 084 577, 601 1. 62

2. 01 2. 76

3. 87 Wyoming.

a7,000 28, 504

225,000

202. 059 . 71 1. 37 3.71 3. 89 Colorado. 67,395 395, 227 1,681, 379 c1, 681, 379 1. 44 2. 03

4.08 04.08 Now lexico a4, 900 28, 973 a85, 000 a81, 859

.24

a. 52 Arizona

61, 172 181, 914 c181,914

1.51

3. 05 c3. 05 Utah a117,000 132, 191 334.685 533, 935 1. 28

.92

1.90 2. 42 Nevada. a85, 000 220, 215 161, 481 c161, 481

. 48

.96

.86 .50

.89

.76

. 99 1.29

.05

.55

1.93
3.51

3. 53 c3.53 Halo.

19, 003 38. 411 169,020 c109, 020 1. 17 1.18 2.00 c2.00 Washington a35,000 112, 615 958, 111 2, 120, 514 1. 30

1.50

2. 74 5. 03 Orion

a160,000 307, 031 805, 979 1,058, 926 1. 65 1. 76 2. 57 3. 12 California

1, 713, 431 2, 864,571 5, 187, 162 c5, 187, 162 2.93 3.31 4. 29 C4. 29

a Approximately

b In 1890.

c In 1889-90.

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a 35, 326 I. 4.40 25, 122 I. 4.88

10, 798 I 2. 00
a 192, 782 I 3.62

66, 120 I. 11.61
38,537 I

2.83
538, 370 I 6.25

46,585 I.. 2.08
323, 766 I. 4. 67

6 537. 808
6200, 942

a 80, 000
b 1, 664, 222

123, 615

343, 436
1,980, 458

456, 096
3, 361, 584

1, 485, 593

890, 583

700, 559
8,554, 516
1,022, 597
2, 167, 079
17,326, 280

3, 340, 190
13, 518, 708

1
I..
I.
D..
I.
I

158, 040
46, 250
10.513
208, 484
137, 631

10, 065
217, 000

17, 123
590, 286

I 11. DO
I. 5. 48
D..

1.48

3. 24
I. 15. 55
I.. . 47
D.. 1. 24
I

.52
I... 4.57

North Atlantic Division:
Maine

109, 728 D.
New Hampshire

149, 617 D..
Vermont.

70, 559
Massachusetts

1, 373, 542

D..
Rhode Island

261, 505

I.
Connecticut

421, 523

I..
New York..

4, 132, 280

D..
New Jersey

593,509 D..
Pennsylvania

2, 892, 668

I..
Sonth Atlantic Division:
Delaware a c.....

d 23, 795 I
Maryland

390, 021 I. District of Columbia.

229,078

D..
Virginia

150, 035 D..
West Virginia

203, 6R3
North Carolina e.

63, 626

D..
South Carolinac

39), 293

D..
Georgiaf

120,397 I..
Florilla

a 63, 056 D..
South Central Division:
Kentucky

333, 007 I.
Tennessee

189,613 D.. Alabama ac

130,000 1.. a Approximately. b Including cost of free text-books.

I.

I.
I..
I
I..

I..

2, 895
219, 192
25, 501

5, 419
32, 235
9, 994
2, 007
42, 667
35, 450

I 13. 85
I. 130. 90
D. 10.02
D. 3, 49
I. 18, 79
D. 13,58
D. 4.86
I. 54. 89
D. 35.99

223, 000
1, 557, 828

5-49, 513
1,32%, 997

864, 623
636, 643

396, 331
1, 034, 724

448, 986

I.

11,000
65, 159
36. 412
29, 707
11, 619
18, 104

8, 233
177, 793
76, 912

I 5.14
I.. 4.39
I.. 7.10
I 2.30
1.. 1. 36
D.. 3.15
D.. 2.04
I 20.27
I 20. 67

26, 205
276, 832
122, 047
164, 851
292, 312
56, 349
15, 312
15, 233
52, 217

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77, 868 I. 30.52 1,923, 215 35, 959 D.

15. 94

1, 422, 925
60, 808 I. 08.17 660,000
cIn 1889_'90.
d City of Wilmington only.

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TABLE 12.--School expenditures, 1890-91-Continued.

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.04

.35

South Central Division--continued.

Mississippi.
Louisiana..
Texas

Arkansas a
North Central Division:

Ohio
Indiana &......
Ilinois
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota a
Iowa.
Missouri
North Dakota a
Sonth Dakota a
Nebraska.

Kansas ....
Western Division:

Montana..
Wyoming
Colorado a
New Mexico c.
Arizona a...
Utah
Nevada a ....
Idalio a
Washington
Oregon
California a.

1,332, 959

744, 401
2, 327, 061

805, 330
551, 872
724, 286

932, 612
1,055, 933

84, 992
147, 415
749, 634
460, 169

D..
I
D.
D..
D..
D..
I
I..
D..
D..
D..

155, 516

280
32, 050
89, 180
80, 497
181, 105
60, 062

1,549
26, 049

2. 007
166, 260
491, 123

D. 10. 45
I.
D. 1.36
D. 9.97
D. 12. 73
D. 20.01
I 6. 73
I. .15
D. 23. 46
D. 1. 34
D. 18. 15
D. 51.63

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I 3. 35
I..
I. 4.58
I.. 3. 27
1 3. 79
I.. 14. 56
I 3. 24
I. 6. 08
I.. 75
D.. 2. 66
I.. 3.18
I

2, 273, 741

400, 113 3,500.362 1, 220, 802

703, 692

934, 415
1, 295, 227

791, 668
160, 485
213,513
355, 821
930, 512

D..

10,817, 286 I 215, 048 I 2. 04

5, 245, 218 I 287, 592 I 5.80
13, 512, 778 I. 1, 867, 652 I 16.04
5,458, 841 I. 109, 475I.. 2. 05
3, 920, 377 I. 119, 105 I 3. 14
4, 187, 310 I.. 144, 052 I.. 3, 56
6, 706, 4291 323, 296 | I.. 5. 07
5,530,943 I.

96, 631 I... 1. 78
629, 949 D.. 28, 029 D.. 4. 28
1, 199, 630 D.. 15, 035 D.. 1.2
3, 299, 743 D.. 76, 589 D.. 2. 27
4, 424, 442

518, 525 D.. 11.03
577, 601 I. 213, 517 I 58. 64

262, 959 I. e 37, 959 I 16.87
1, 681, 379 I.. 174,037 I... 11.54
81, 859 D

3,141 D... 3. 70
181, 914 I. 27, 085 I 17.50
533, 935 I.. 139, 250 | I.. 35, 28
101, 481 D.. 10, 860

6.30
169, 020 I.. 16, 934 I 11. 13
2, 120, 544 I 1, 162, 433 I 121.33
1,058, 226 I. 252, 247 I 31.30
5, 187, 1621.. 124, 031 I.. 2. 45

D..

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138, 737 I. 132. 67
c 14, 318 I. 19.08
57, 297 I.

10. 41
5, 182 I 51.82
14, 183 I. 35. 30
13.740 I. 9.18
9, 229 D. 47. 16

5, 414 I. 25, 62
766, 372 1 208, 53

84, 088 I. 43.51 211, 350 D. 20.51

267, 001
108, 758
818, 605

53, 721
127, 68
245, 881
135, 800
121,582
713, 982

687, 528
3,662, 654

I..
I
I..
D..
I
I
I
I
I
I..
I

:::::::::::

40, 493
€ 8, 758
203, 632

6, 276
12, 902
101, 930

252
6, 192
271, 304
108, 767
253, 197

I. 17. 88
I 8.76
I .. 14. 49
D.. 10.46
I. 11. 25
I. 52. 55
I.. . 19
I.. 5. 36
I 61. 29
I.. 18. 79
I.

D..

74, 642
15, 336
20, 888
272, 699

93, 613
706, 995

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TABLE 13.-Expenditure per pupil; percentage classification of school expenditure.

[graphic]

9.5 12.5 13.6 10.0 21.5 8.3 3.4 1.3 9. 2

2.2 6.5 8.9 10.1 28,9 9.6 3.4

State or Territory.

UNITED STATES...
North Atlantic Division.
South Atlantic Division.
South Central Division.
North Central Division
Western Division
North Atlantic Division:

Maine....
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island.
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey

Pennsylvania
South Atlantic Division:

Delaware ac..
Maryland
District of Columbia
Virginia....
West Virginia
North Carolinae
South Carolinac.
Georgia f..

Florida..
South Central Division:

Kontucky.
Tennessee.
Alabama a c.
Mississippi
Louisiana
Texas

Arkansas c
North Central Division :

Ohio
Indianac
Illinois.
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesotac
Iowa.
Missouri
North Dakota c
South Dakota e.
Nebraska

Kansas.
Western Division:

Montana
Wyoming
Colorado
New Mexico a.
Arizonac.
Utah
Neradac
Idahoc..
Washington.
Oregon
California c.

2. 38
2.17
4. 37
2. 70
2. 70
5.70
3,00
2.50
4. 11
3.03
5. J2
1.87

12. 87
11.98
11.43
11.50
13. 03
19.90
16.05

8.94
18.43
16.73
15.00
12.33

4.06 1. 17 6. 57 4.09 3.44 7.36 4.08 1.92 7.76 5.04 2.43 3.78

19.31 15.32 25, 37 1S. 29 19. 17 32. 96 21, 13 13. 42 30.30 21.82 2). 55 17.98

12.3 11.2 17.2 14.8 14.1 17.3 11.2 19.1 13.6 12.3 22.7 10.4

66.7 78.2 56, 9 62.9 68.0 60.4 66.5 66.6 60.8

21.0

7.6 25.9 22.3 17.3 22.3 19.3 14.3 25.6 20.3 10.8 21.0

67.4

66.5
68.6

5. 56
11. 19
6.59
. 90

11.7 21.6 15.2 15.9

20.12
15. 10
13. 69

1.05
11.53
6. 20
2.04
2. 79
25.54
6.10
5.58

22. 08 18.75 21. 15

3.72
27. 13
11.22
26,82
12. 80
16.08
15. 14
24.99

2.83
3. 03
2. 20
6. 14
2. 06
4.82

47. 76
45.34
43. 15

5, 67
38.68
20.25
31. 89
17.79
47.70
23.30
35. 39

42.1
31.0
36.1
18.5
29.9
30.6

6.4
15.7
53.5
26.2
15.8

46.2 41.4 48.7 05, 6 70.1 55.4 81.1 71.9 33.7 65.0 70.6

11.0

9.5 12.4 12.8

8.8 13.6

a Approximately.
b Including cost of free text-books,
cIn 1889-90.

d Expenditure of the city of Wilmington only.
e Some expenditure in cities not reported.
s In 1890.

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South Central Division-
Continued.

Mississippi
Louisiana
Texas

Arkansas b.
North Central Division:

Ohio
Indianab.
Ilipois.
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota b.
Iowa.
Missouri
North Dakota b
South Dakota b
Nebraska

Kansas..
Western Division:

Montana.
Wyoming
Colorado o.
New Mexico a
Arizona b
Utah
Nevadab
Idaho b..
Washington
Oregon
California 0

[blocks in formation]

North Atlantic Division:

Maine
Now Hampshire..
Vermont.
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut.
New York
New Jersey b.

Pennsylvania
South Atlantic Division:

Delaware ab
Maryland...
District of Columbia.
Virginia
West Virginia
North Carolinac
South Carolina b
Georgiad....

Florida
South Central Division:

Kentucky
Teunessce.
Alabama ab..

3. 24 2. 82

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b In 1889-90.

dIn 1890.

a Approximately.

c Some expenditure in cities not reported. SCIIOOL EXPENDITURE.

(Tables 11, 12, 13, and 14). Growth-gain and loss.—The total amount expended for commonschools in 1890-91 was $146,800,163, an increase in one year of over $7,000,000, or 5.30 per cent. This is more than double the annual rate of increase of the population, and indicates how fast the school expenditure has been gaining upon the population the past year.

This is also shown in the expenditure per capita of population (Table 11). In 1889-90 the expenditure for common schools per capita of population was $2.24; in 1890-91 it had advanced to $2.31, reaching a much higher point than ever before. In 1879-80 it was only $1.56. It has thus increased 50 per cent in eleven years, while the actual gross expenditure has nearly doubled in the same period, having increased from $78,000,000 to $147,000,000.

The States of the North Central Division expended for common schools in 1890-91 more than all the States of the Union did as late as 1869–70, so rapid has progress been in this particular.

The greatest rate of gain during the past year has been made in the States of the Western Division (Table 12). In these States the total expenditure for schools increased over one-fifth (21.94 per cent), while the expenditure for schoolhouses, grounds, etc., increased over one. third (34.34 per cent).

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