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he said it would spoil the show to-morrow, if the rain should continue; for a show in a rainy day was a very dull thing. After all was quiet, he spake to the sheriffs what he intended, of which he read the greater part. Then he desired the Dean to pray. After that, he spake a word to the Dean, and gave him his ring, and gave me his watch, and bid me go to Southampton-House and BedfordHouse, and deliver the commissions that he had given me in charge. Then he kneeled down, and prayed about three or four minutes by himself; afterwards he undressed himself. He had brought a night-cap in his own pocket, fearing lest his man might not get up to him. But on the way he observed him walking very sad by the coach, and said, " Taunton has been a faithful servant to me; and 1 hope, if my son lives, he shall serve him as long as he has done me."
He threw off his periwig, and put on his nightcap, and then unbuttoned his coat, and let it be drawn off After that, he took off his cravat; and all this without the least change of countenance. And with the same courage, after he had given the executioner what he had intended him, (which he had forgot to do at first,) he laid himself along, and said he would give no sign. But when he had lain down, I looked once at him and saw no change in his looks; and though he was still lifting up his hands, there was no trernbling; though, in the moment in which I looked the executioner happened to be laying his axe to his neck, to direct him to take aim. I thought it touched him; but I am sure he seemed not to mind it.—This is a punctual and true relation of all that I can remember between him and me.
REMARKS ON A PASSAGE IN ECHARD'S HISTORY.
We are told in Echard's Appendix to his History, that Dr. Tillotson informed the King that Lord Russell had declared to him, that he was satisfied the King had never done any thing to . justify any one in rebelling against him. That he had never any such thought himself, and only kept company with those unhappy men to prevent the Duke of Monmouth from being led into any rash undertaking by them, and more particularly the Earl of Shaftesbury. Being then asked, why Lord Russell did not discover their design to the King? he answered, that Lord Russell had said he could not betray his friends, nor turn informer against them, while he saw there was no danger: but if things had come to a crisis, he would have contrived that some notice should have been given to the King; and in case of violence, would himself have been ready to oppose them sword in hand.
The King himself, says Echard, confirmed the truth of the greatest part of this account; and, in conclusion, said, "James (meaning the Duke of Monmouth) has often told me the same thing."
Upon first reading this account, I was convinced some error had crept into it. For, in a manner totally opposite to the character of a man of honour, and much more to the plain and upright conduct of Lord Russell, he is here represented as engaging in consultations for rebellion, with the design of frustrating and betraying them. A perusal of Dr. Tillotson's examination before the House of Lords, after the Revolution, has persuaded me that Echard has fallen into many mistakes, which make the credit of this story doubtful. For, by his account, Dr. Tillotson's letter to Lord Russell fell into the hands of Sir Thomas Clarges, who came in when Dr. Tillotson was reading it to Lord Halifax, and found means not only to read it, but to take a copy of it, from which copy, he supposes it was printed. But it appears, by the examination, that it was a servant who came in to announce the Spanish Ambassador, when Dr. Tillotson was reading the letter to Lord Halifax. And Lord Halifax told him, that he had shown the letter to the King upon the occasion of Lord Russell's paper being cried about the streets, and that the King, as he supposed, had
2d. According to Echard, the examination of Dr. Tillotson before the Cabinet Council took place on the day of the execution. But in fact he was not examined till the day after.
Echard's account professes to be taken from a great man, (Dr. Tennison, I believe,) who heard it from Tillotson's own mouth. But if in this double narration mistakes have crept with regard to the time of the examination, and the manner of the letter's coming into the King's hands, how much more likely is it that the discourse of Lord Russell to Dr. Tillotson, the whole force of which depends on the expression, has been incorrectly stated?
Burnet says, that Tillotson had little to say before the Council, but only that Lord Russell had showed him the speech the day before he suffered. i
given copies of it.