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it was not for fometime executed. This place was once famous for ropes and cables ; and by a statute, made in the reign of Henry VIII, it was enacted, that the cord. age of the English navy should, for a limited time, be made in this town, or within five miles of it. The soil still produces as good crops of hempas any in England.
We now set off for Lyme, which brings us near the end of our journey. Had the atmosphere been clear, we should have enjoyed a prospect of the fea; but a fog, common to this part of the country, so completely enveloped the horizon, that scarcely any object was visible around us. By this circumstance we were conliderably disappointed. A view of the English channel would have pleasingly relieved the eye after our long jaunt over the Dorsetshire downs, which, however ornamented by flocks of sheep, tire by their tedious uni. formity.
A few miles before we entered Lyme, we passed through Charmouth, a village on an eminence near the sea. It was a fair, and of course distinguished by that ludicrous bustle which is usual on such occasions. The honest rustics were assembled for the purposes of recreation, and merriment, in every form, seemed to be the ardent object of pursuit. A country fair has been aptly described both by Hurdis and Warton; the lines of the latter, of which I was now powerfully reminded, you probably recollect :
« Behold the transports of yon feftive scene,
"Reiponfive C 2
Responsive to the tabor's sprightly sound,
But days of toil enliven hours of joy." My friend informed me that Charmouth contains in its cliffs an inexhaustible magazine of petrifactions. Perhaps the cornua ammonis, nantilus, and belemnite, are found here in as great perfection as in any part of the kingdom. In fact, there are few cabinets which are not indebted for their most beautiful specimens of the above-mentioned fossils, to this village. Nor must we forget that dog-tooth spars, of the highest beauty, elegant specimens of petrified wood, the vertebræ and other bones of marine animals, are also here found., Gentlemen's carriages, when they stop here, are frequently beset by the poor, who collect these things on the beach and offer them to sale. Among these, the person commonly known by the epithet of Captain Curious, is the most diftinguished. Indeed he makes it his sole profession, and on enquiring for him, virtuosi are Thewn to his cottage, where a large assortment of these articles is constantly kept on hand.”
Lyme lies close by the sea-side ; and the road to it down the hill, from the village of Charmouth, forms a tremendous declivity. This place is sometimes denominated Lyme Regis, or King's Lyme, probably from its having been annexed to the crown in the reign of Edward the First. Here are some fine houses built of free stone, and covered with blue flate. It is a good
harbour, and the merchants lade and unlade their goods at a place called the Cobb, a mally building, confitting of a firm stone wall running out into the sea, and in a curvilinear direction. That part of the town nearest the ocean, lies fo low, that at spring rides the cellars are overflowed to the height of 10 or 12 feet. The cura tom house stands upon pillars, and has the corn market underneath it.
It was at Lyme that the unfortunate James duke of Monmouth landed, in June 1685, with about so men; his numbers, however, foon increased; he marched to Axminster and Taunton, but giving battle to the King's troops at Sedgemoor, near Bridgewater, he was defeared, and soon after beheaded. His adherents were pursued with unrelenting cruelty, and several were executed at this place, with circumstances of aggravated severity. In particular, 12 persons were hung at one time, among whom were Colonel Holmes, Dr. Temple, and Samuel Robins, whose cases were somewhat peculiar. Holmes was an old and gallant officer, who had ferred under Cromwell with diftinguished reputation. He accompanied the Duke to Holland, by whom he was made major general. In the action of Philips Norton, one of his arms was shot to pieces, so that it hung only by the flesh; in consequence of this, being soon taken, he was stripped by the Toldiers and carried before a jultice of peace, who humanely cloathed him. His shat. tered armi being an incumbrance to him, he waiting in the kitchen for his worship, laid it on a dresser and cut it off himself with the cook maid's knife. He was hanged on the spot where he landed with the Duke.
Dr. Temple was a native of Nottingham, who going to Holland for experience in his profeffion, met with the Duke, who engaged him as his physician and surgeon. He knew nothing of the Duke's intention of invading England, till they had been some time at sea ; yet notwithstanding this exculpatory fact, no interest
could could fave him. He therefore refigned himself to his fate with becoming fortitude. Samuel Robios was a fisherman of Charmouth, who went on board the Duke's Thip to dispose of his fift, and was of course compelled to pilot him into Lyine. He would, however, have been pardoned, had it not been proved in court, that a bock, entitled The Solemn League and Covenant, was found in his house.
It is observed by a Mr. Pitts, who was a spectator of theexecution of these 12 unfortunate persons, that they were to have been drawn to the place of execution on a fledge; but no cart horses, or even coach horses, could be made to draw it, so that they were obliged to go on foot. This circumstance was remarked at the time, and considered by many as a kind of miracle. It un. doubtedly had something extraordinary in it; but every little circumstance is easily convertible into an omen by ininds inclineable to superstition.
We left Lyme, encircled by the shades of the even. ing, and passing through Colyton, a snug little place, reached Sidmouth at a late hour, when its inhabitants were peacefully reclined on their bed :
< Tempus erat quo prima quies mortalibus ægris
Our bodies worn with toil, our minds with cares." We foon, however, got access into the house of our friend, a gentleman of respectability, who entertained us with his accustomed kindness and hospitality.
In my next epiftle I shall send you an account of Sid. month and its vicinity. I remain,
My worthy Friend,
GENERAL REVIEW OF LITERATURE,
current year, the reader will find a survey of literature up to that period. But having promised such an account half-yearly, we now reluine the subject; and we hope to treat it in a manner calculated to forward mental improvement. This is the great object of our Miscellany, and we shall rejoice in its accomplishment.
We will preserve the order we have hitherto fol. lowed, and accordingly begin with
HISTORY. This department has not proved particularly fertile ; it requires such eminent talents, and embraces so wide A circle of investigation, that few authors are competent to the undertaking. Some few productions, however, call for notice, and shall receive from uş due atten
Mr. Belsham has produced Tavo Historical Disertations. The one, on the Causes of the Ministerial Se. cefion, 1717.-The other, on the Treaty of Hanover, 1725. Both of them relate to certain particulars of the English history, which he has already touched upon in his former volumes. These pieces thew considerable thought, and an extensive acquaintance with his subject. The second of these dissertations refers to certain allertions of Mr. Coxe; which are undoubtedly worthy of that gentleman's considerarion. We interfere not with the dispute, but would with that all historical truth should be thoroughly Gifted, and nothing brought forward without just foundation.
Sir Francis IVERNOIS' Political and Historical Delineation of the Administration of the French Resiblic, is designed to expose that government, He states i facts, which demonstrate the greatest inatten