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Welfare and happiness of mankind. It is with pleasure ! witnessed the humanity of the jailor towards the unfortunate prisoners, in general, he sympathised with Their diftreffes, and seemed to do every thing in his power which might ameliorate their sad condition.
he goal itself is a large modern building, pleasantly bituated, and, apparently, well adapted to the melancholy purposes to which its apartments are appropriated. It is built upon the plan of the late Mr. Howard, whose intention it was, that punishment thould effect the reformation of the criminal. Indeed this can be the only rational object of suffering, for savages alone can delight in wanton cruelty.
1 he diflenters in this city are numerous and respect. able, and have enjoyed the labours of Mr. Pierce and Mr. Micaijah Towgood, two of their most eminenc advocates and ornaments. The former flourished there bout the beginning of this century, and was a man of
d learning, irreproachable manners, and sterling tegrity. The latter was justly entitled to an appeltion often bestowed upon him the Apostle of the
em; for in him an enlightened zeal and an ardent Charity were happily united. I saw his venerable portrait at the houfe of his amiable fucceffor ; his features. vere expressive of the virtues by which his soul was mated. It was painted by Opie, whose profeffional its are generally and deservedly acknowledged. n EXETER the cathedral is almost the only object
Tolity. It was 400 years in building, yet exhibits
an astonishing uniformity :
The pious work
aried’midit the wreck of things which were !
8 of bells reckoned the largest in England, as is also its organ, the greatest pipe of which
ne greatest pipe of which is difteen meter. The dean and chapter have the
It is vaulted throughout, is 390 it has a ring of bells reckoned
inches in diameter.
houses round the cathedral, which form a circus, called the clofe, because it is separated from the city by walls and gates. At the deanery King WILLIAM llept, in his way from Torbay to London; the bishop, however, ran' off to King James, and was, for his loyalty, made Archbishop of York. In several parts of the cathedrai we saw monuments of great antiquity; that of Judge Doddridge particularly attracted my attention. He was the ancestor of the pious and learned Dr. Philip Doddridge ; and Job Orton declares, that it is hard to say whether he were the better artist, philosopher, die vine, common or civil lawyer. His epitaph inscribed upon his tomb is expressive :
Learning adieu ! for Doddridge is gone
More worth enshrined in lix foot of ground! · A curious incident happened to this upright judge, on one of his circuits, and is recorded in the Harlean Miscellany. Judge Doddridge, at Huntingdon aflizes, 1619, had, it seems, reproved the Sheriff for having returned persons on the jury who were not of sufficient respectability. The Sheriff, however, took care, againft the next Allizes, to present the following singular lift, at which the Judge liniled, at the same time applauding his ingenious industry.
Mamilian King of Tortand,
Edmund Knight of St. Neots,
George Gentleman of Spaldock,
Stephen Pope of Weston,
Richard Deacon of Catsworth. We ascended the principal tower of the cathedral, from the summit of which we were presented with a beautiful prospect of Exeter, and the adjacent country. The circuitous windings of the river Ex, added to the variety of the scene, whilft Topsham, a bustling feaport, fituated upon its banks, yields many advantages to the active and commercial part of the community.
A curious clock is to be seen in the cathedral, the face which exhibits the Prolemaic system ; which represents the earth in the centre, and the planers revolving round it in regular succeflion. It has an odd appearance, but conveys an idea to the intelligent spectator, of that arrangement of the planetary system, which was once ad. mitted to be the true system of astronomy. The painted window in this metropolitan church, erected about thirty years ago, should not pass unnoticed, for it is reckoned one of the finest in the kingdom. It exhibits the twelve apostles at whole length, surrounded with the armo. rial bearings of the principal families of the county. It has been remarked that Peter, looking down over his left shoulder, seems to frown horribly upon the spiritual court * The Bishop's throne also is an exquisite
* Let not this remark be deemed illiberal; for Dr. Johnfon himself, speaking of his tragedy IRENE, observed to a friend, that if his heroine had not suffered enough by the evils which had befallen her; he could still fill up the measure of her calamities, by putting her into the Spiritual Court at Litchfield! 3 . Z 2
piece of workmanship, and so curiously framed, that neither screw, nail, or peg, were employed in its con. struction. Upon the approach of Oliver Cromwell to besiege the city, it was taken to pieces by the clergy, sacredly preserved, and re-instated at the Restoration. The library likewise contains a good collection of an. tient divinity; and the compartment of it, added by
the late Dr. Ross, Bishop of the diocese, seemned para · ticularly well chofen; he was, indeed, a prelate of considerable learning and distinguished liberality,
This cathedral impressed me with peculiar sensations of folemnity. To use the beautiful language of Con. greve in his Mourning Bride :
How reverend is the face of this tall pile,
Thy voice-my own affrights me with its very echoes! Exeter, taken altogether, is well worth the traveller's attention. It has one spacious street, called the ForeStreet, of considerable length, and conveys to the eye of the stranger an idea of great respectability. The city anciently had a mint; and fo late as the reign of King William, filver was coined here,, distinguished by the letter E. placed under the King's buk. About one mile and a half without the east gate of Exeter, is the parish of Heavy Tree, fo called from the gallows erected there for malefactors, and near it is a burial place for them, purchased in the reign of Ed. ward the Sixth, by the widow of Mr. Tucker, Sheriff of Exeter, who also left money to procure them throuds
in which the poor wretches, have frequently been executed. They now, however, make their exit over the front door of the prison, by a drop, similar to that before Newgate. This city is said to have suffered grievously by the resentment of Henry Courtenay, Earl of Devonshire, who, to revenge the disappointment of fome filh from the market, by wiers choaked up the river below Exeter, which before brought up ships to the city walls, so as entirely to obstruct the navigation of it. The injury, however, has by means of an arti. ficial channel been, in a great measure, remedied. Such was the trade of this city in ferges, druggets, kerseys, and other woollen goods, that it was computed at sx hundred thousand pounds per annum. Vast quantities of thefe articles used to be shipped off for Portugal, Spain, Italy, Holland, and Germany. · Exeter is remarkable for three things; that it has for its motto Senper fidelis, ALWAYS FAITHFUL-that of its twenty churches in the city and suburbs, thirteen of them were in the time of Oliver Cromwell, exposed to fale by the common cryer ; and that it has given birth to Sir Thomas Bodley, the founder of the famous Bodlean Library, at Oxford. Nor should we omit to mention the hospital for the fick and lame poor, both for the city and county. It was founded by Dr. Alured Clark, Dean of Exeter, and the first stone was laid the 27th August, 1741, by him, accompanied by the Bilhop and a great number of the neighbouring clergy, who were subscribers, besides fome thousands of joyful spectators. Such institutions are honourable to humanity. For charitable efforts to relieve human misery, this island has long been famous; and may Britain continue for ever thus to be distinguished among the nations of the earth!
Quitting Exeter, I reached Honiton, at the distance of fifteen miles, a pleasant town, being one long street, in which are to be found many good houses. In the midst of it, however, stands a row of wretched and tottering : 23