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he perused, even at that early period, with delight and satisfaction.

We are not ignorant that the subject of our Memoir has been turned into ridicule by the profligate muse of a modern satirist; the perversion of whose fuperior talents, on other occasions, has excited our indignation. Such wanton attacks can neither disturb the serenity of her mind, nor shake the fair fabric of her fame, which ftands reared on an immoveablé foundation. Her writings speak for themselves, and have aiready ensured to themselves the favourable decisions of an enlightened public. Afferting the right of private judgment, we are not, indeed, disposed to defend every religious sentiment, which the has from the best of motives inculcared. Nor, on the other hand, are we lo convinced of our own infallibility, nor would we be so Dnjust to the rights of others, as on this account to withhold the meed of praise. But bleft with the approba. tion of the wise and good, and conscious of having di. rected her efforts to the melioration of her fellow creatures, Miss MORE may calmly repose on her pait exertions, and consign, without an anxious thought, her well-earned reputation to the judgment of pof terity.

BRISTOL has, in former times, been reproached with a selfish dullness; and even Hume has contributed' to the prejudice, by a reflection contained in his Hil. tory of England. Her credit, however, has been redeemed by the production of a Chatterton, a More, a Yearsley, a Southey, a Coleridge, a Cottle, and other writers, who have attracted the attention of the literary world, Commerce ought, in justice, to lend her support to literature, and literature will, most assuredly, in return, confer a dignity on commerce. The one refines, exalts, and sublimates the other. A part they decrease in respectability ; but let it be remembered that an honourable junetion of them secures and perpetuates the welfare and prosperity of the human race.

The

The mere gains of the merchant are not to be put into competition with that intellectual and moral wealth, a portion of which at least, every individual bbould endeavour to acquire; and which, wherever it is found, either on a throue or in a cottage, will be remunerated with the plaudits of the Divine approbation. E.

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GOSSIPIANA.

[No. XXXV.) CURIOUS CHARACTER OF THE FRENCH, DRAWN ☺

SOME TIME AGO. THE French unite every extreme of conduct;

1 they have virtues and vices, strengths and weak, nesses seemingly incompatible. They are effeminale, yet brave'; infincere, yet honourable ; hospitable, but not benevolent; vain, yet subtle ; fplendid, not gene-, rous; warlike, yet polite ; plausible, not virtuous; mercantile, yet not mean ; in trifles serious, in danger gay; women at the toilet, heroes in the field; profiigate in heart, yet decent in their conduct ; divided in opinion, but united in action; weak in manners, but strong in principle;' contemptible in private life, and formidable in public.

SOLITUDE. MADAM DE STAEL considered it as a vulgar error, to suppose that freedom and comfort could be enjoyed at court or in public, where even the minute actions of our lives are observed, where our sentiments must be regu. lated by the circumstances of thofe around us, where every person affumes the right of scrutinizing our character, and where we never have the smallest enjoy. ment of ourselves. The enjoyment of one's felf (says the) can only be found in folitude. It was within the walls of the Bastille, that I first became acquainted with myfelf.

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THE DUKE OF MARL
This great General, observ
fively on the butt end of his mu
had declared itself in favour
battle of Blenheim, accosted
five, my friend, after so glori

DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH.
General, observing a soldier leaning pen.
utt end of his musket, just after victory
elf in favour of the Britih arms at the

eim, accosted himn thus, “Why so penbe glorious.»;.", after so glorious" a vielory?" i It may

Teplied the brave Briton, “but I am all the human blood I have spilt this day,

one four-pence! To the credit of hu. "Poken, that the Duke, turning aside, a "Ved to fall from his cheek.

LIBRARIES. modern libraries, the four largest are the Emperor's at Vienna ; the Vatican

thinking, that all the human has only earned one fourope manity be it froken, that tear was observed to fall fron

AMONGST modern lil supposed to be the Emperor library; the library of the Florence, and that now be public, at Paris. Of ancier was the most celebrated.. braries, that of Lucullus hiderable, as was also tu after him the Ulpian lib gant was that founded at tor of the Emperor Gor tained 8000 felet volu which they were depoi hie. The walls were and the ihelves, cafes, P and cedar.

that now belonging to the French ReS: Of ancient libraries, the Alexandrian elebrated. Among the o:her ancient li.

Lucullus is said to have been very con. as also that of Trajan, which was called Ulpian library. But one of the inoft cle

founded at Rome by Simonicus, precepperor Gordianus. It is said to have conTeet volumes, and that the apartment in cre deposited was paved with gilt maralls were composed of glass and ivory ; es, cafes, presses, and desks, made of ebony

It is recorded oft day the divine Herbe piety and his poetry, th school, at Cambridge, per to pass by the ora to read upon an oral he analysed the par their connection, and

GEORGE HERBERT. fded of this gentleman, who was stiled in his ne Herbert, and who was celebrated for his

Poetry, that being prælector in the rhetoric mbridge, in the year 1618, he thought proy the orators of Greece and Rome, and chose

an oration of King James. In his lecture, he parts of the royal speech, he showed Elon, and he pointed out the propriety of

the

the language, and its power to move the affections. He allo illustrated the beauties of the style, which, as he very properly observed, was of a kind utterly unknown to the ancients, who had no just conceptions of the excellencies of regal eloquence.

SUBLIME POETRY. In the 74th Pfalm, of Sternhold and Hopkin's verfion, will be found the following curious lines. David is addressing the Divine Being, and thus exclaims

- Why doft thou draw thy hand aback,

And hide it in thy lap!
O! pluck it out, and be not flack,
To give thy foes a-rafz."

SLINGING. To teach any new habit or art, we must not employ any alarming excitements : fmall, certain, regu. larly recurring motives, which interest, but which do not diftract the mind, are evidently the best. The ancient inhabitants of Minorca were said to be the best Ningers in the world. When they were children, every morning, what they were to eat, was flightly suspended to high poles, and they were obliged to throw down their breakfasts with their flings, from the places whence they were suspended, before they could fatisfy their hunger. The motive seems to have been here well proportioned to the effect that was required: ic could not be any great misfortune to a boy to go without his breakfast; but as this motive returned every morning, it became fufficiently serious to hungry fingers.

SLAVE TRADE. LORD Orford, in a letter to Mifs Hannah More, remarks, “I do not understand the man@uvre of sugar, and, perhaps, am going to talk nonsense, as my idea may be impracticable; but I wish human wit, which is really very considerable in mechanics and merchantry, could derise fome method of cultivating

cancs

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canes, and making sugar without the manual labour of the human species. How many mills and inventions have there not been discovered to supply succedaDeums to the work of the hands, and which, before the discoveries, would have been treated as visions? It is trúe, manual labour has, fometimes, taken it very ill to be excused, and has destroyed such mills--but the poor negroes would not rise and in fist upon being worked to death. Pray talk to some ardent genius, but do not dame me; not merely because I may have talked like an idiot, but because my ignorance might, ipfo fa&to, stamp the idea with ridicule. People, I know, do not love to be put out of their old ways : no farmer listens at first to new inventions in agriculture ; and I do not doubt but bread was, originally, deemed a new fangled vagary by those who had seen their fathers live very comfortably on acorns. Nor is there any harm in starta ing new game to invention ; many excellent discoveries have been made by men who were in chase of fomething very different. I am not quite sure that the arts of making gold, and of living for ever, have been yet found out; yet to how many noble discoveries has the pursuit of those noftrums given birth ! Poor chemistry, had the not had such glorious objects in view !

If you are fitting under a cowslip at your cottage 1, these reveries may ainuse you for half an hour, at least make you smile ; and, for the ease of your conscience, which is always in a panic, they require no antwer,”

NEW TITLE. LORD ORFORD, writing to the same lady, says, speaking of his newly-acquired title, “ For the other empty metamorphosis that has happened to the outward man, you do me justice in concluding that it can do nothing but tease me; it is being called names in one's old

* Miss MORE lives at a place called Cowhip Green, a few miles from Britol. VOL, VIII.

age.

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