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Published by H.D. Symonds, 20, Pater noster Row, Nov."1.17.09.



OCTOBER, 1799.



LIEUT. GEN. SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE. TTAVING in our last Number furnished our rea. D1 ders with a Sketch of the DUKE OF YORK; we now proceed to notice an officer who, next to his Royal Highness, has the principal command of the army destined for the reduction of Holland ! There is a prio priety in such a succession of characters, on whom the public eye is now intent; and who are, indeed, engaged in an undertaking the most important of all the events which the present melancholy contest has produced. Whilst the war continues, curiosity must come tinue to be excited, and our endeavours shall be un. ceasing for its gratification. Memoirs are always interefting, provided the subject is well chofen, and the incidents properly arranged. We feel a sympathy in the perufàl of such kind of narrarives, and, accordingly, pieces of biography have at all times been held in high eftimation.

SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE is a native of North Britain, and of a very respectable family. He has several brothers, some of whom have distinguished themselves on the theatre of public life. One of his brothers was killed at the battle of Bunker's Hill, near Boston,


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in America, in which many brave officers were lost to their country.

The subject of our Memoirs entered the army about the year 1736, and in the year 1760 he was made Lieu. tenant, a promotion which his early merit secured to him. He became Lieutenant-colonel in 1773, and was conftituted Major General in 1787. From these feveral advancements, it appears that he palled regularly through the gradations which are necessary for emi. nence in a military station. The time intervening between the appointments, must have given him an ex. cellent opportunity for acquiring skill in his profeffion.

In the year 1793, we have been credibly informed he attained to his present rank of Lieutenant-general, a station in which he has acquitted himself with a confiderable degree of approbation. From this period it seems that his talents have been peculiarly called forth into exercise, and his conduct has justified the expecta. tions of those individuals to whose patronage he is indebted for his promotions. At the commencement of the present war, he went over with the Duke of YORK, and acted under him with uncommon zeal and ability. Were we to enter into particulars,' various engagements might be specified in which his bravery was manifested. Unintimidated he faced the foe, nor did any one nerve remain unexerted for the acquisition of victory. Success, however, is not always atiendant cn the brave; but the brave endeavour to deserve that success which the fortune of war sometimes denies,

Before we quit this part of our Memoir, it may be proper just to mention, that at the conclusion of the cainpaign, when the Duke of York was unfortunate, SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE had configned to him the sick and wounded of every description. The mul: tiplied horrors of war cannot be fully imagined. The havoc and destruction scattered around by the inftruments of death, must be inconceivable. No person can properly conceive the state of an army after an unsuc


cessful campaign, except he become an eye-witness of its miserable condition. To alleviate these distresses was the peculiar province, at that period, of this humane officer. His attention, we understand, on this occasion, to the wants and neceflities of the army, in general, was very great, and is deserving of our warmest applause.

In 1795, SIR RALPH was appointed to undertake many commissions in the West Indies ; expeditions to various parts were planned and executed by him with ability. . Many of the islands were witnesses of the stea. diness and perseverance which he difplayed in the sersice of his country.

Upon his return home, he was soon destined to allay the discontents of unhappy Ireland. We mean not to enter into the history of the rise and progress of the re. bellion in that kingdom. But we may lay, and justice requires it should be said, that SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE exerted his utmost efforts to effect the res. toration of tranquillity. He was unwearied in his attempts to conciliate the minds of that distracted people, by calling them to their duty; an office, on any occa. sion, honourable to humanity.

The present expedition to Holland, designed to reduce the Dutch to their former allegiance to the Prince of Orange, is a great undertaking. To SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE was the execution of this plan confided; and under his immediate eye, was the first debarkation of 12,000 troops, August 27, at the Helder, effected. We recollect reading the dispatches on that business, and we remarked his concern for the loss of Several individuals who perished on that occasion. He particularly mentions how much he was affected at seeing the boats overset; not being able to afford any affiftance to these unfortunate persons. Indeed nothing can be more afflictive to a man of sensibility, than to perceive his fellow-creatures miserable, and yet not pof.


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