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ANCIENT POEM S.

3

In the 5th f.. the writer regrets the escape of the Earl of Warren, and in the 6th and 7th fis. infinuates that if he and Sir Hugh Bigot once fell into the hands of their adversaries, they should never more return kome. A circumstance, which fixes the date of this ballad; for in the year 1265. both these noblemen landed in South Wales, and the royal party foon after guined the ascendant. See Holingshed, Rapin, &c.

The following is copied from a very ancient MS. in the British Museum. [Harl. MSS. 2253. f. 23.) This MS. is judged, from the peculiarities of the writing, to be not later than the time of Richard II. ; th being every

where expressed by the character þ; the Ÿ is pointed after the Saxon manner, and the í bath an oblique stroke over it.

Prefixed to this ancient libel on government is a small defign, which the engraver intended frould correspond with the subject. On the one side a Satyr, (emblem of Petulance and Ridicule) is trampling on the ensigns of Royalty; on the other Faction under the masque of Liberty is exciting Ignorance and Popular Rage to deface the Royal Image ; which stands on a pedestal inscribed MAGNA CHARTA, to denote that the rights of the king, as well as those of the people, are founded on the laws; and that to attack one, is in effect ta demolish both.

STTET

ITTETH alle stille, ant herkneth to me;

The kyng of Alemaigne, bi mi leaute,
Thritti thoufent pound afkede he
For te make the

pees

in the countré, Ant fo he dude more.

5 Richard, thah thou be ever trichard, Tricthen shalt thou never more.

Richard

B 2

Ver. 2. kyn, MS,

Richard of Alemaigne, whil that he wes kying,
He spende al is trefour opon swyvyng,
Haveth he nout of Walingford oferlyng,
Let him habbe, ase he brew, bale to dryng,

Maugre Wyndefore.
Richard, thah thou be ever, &c.

IO

15

The kyng of Alemaigne wende do ful wel,
He faisede the mulne for a castel,
With hare sharpe swerdes he grounde the stel,
He wende that the fayles were mangonel

To helpe Wyndesore.
Richard, thah thou be ever, &c.

20

The kyng of Alemaigne gederede ys host,
Makede him a castel of a mulne poft,
Wende with is prude, ant is muchele boft,
Brohte from Alemayne mony. sori gost

To store Wyndefore.
Richard, thah thou be ever, &c.

25

By God, that is aboven ous, he dude muche sýnne,
That lette passen over see the erl of Warynne :
He hath robbed Engelond, the mores, ant th fenne,
The gold, ant the selver, and y-boren henne,

For love of Wyndefore.
Richard, thah thou be ever, &c.

30

Sire

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Be the lucf, be the loht, fire Edward, at Thon fhalt ride (poreles

thy lyard al the ryhte way to Bovere-wurd, Shalt thon nevér more freke foreward;

Ant that rewath
Edward, thon dudest as a fhreward, so

Richard, fr.
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Aler. AS. Tani Sharma was omitted in The former Edi homo, having spenpid this Editors alonhim, fromal becurring in the Ms. at the head of a new Page nd the fire hyring marka) wit to ik like their bigmaning of a Iles

ANCIENT PO E MS.

5

Sire Simond de Mountfort hath suore bi ys chýn,
Hevede he nou here the erl of Warýn,
Shuld he never more come to is yn,
Ne with theld, ne with spere, ne with other gyn,

To help of Wyndesore.
Richard, thah thou be ever, &c.

35

forf, Icop,

40

Sire Simond de Montfort hath fuore bi ys
Hevede he nou here Sire Hue de Bigot:
Al he fulde grante here twelfmoneth scot,
Shulde he never more with his sot pot

To helpe Wyndefore.
Richard, thah thou be ever trichard,

Tricthen shalt thou never more,

8/ Ver. 10. grit here: MS, i, en grant their. Vd. Coleccion here nuw.is NA not to come in

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The satirical Ballad on RICHARD OF ALMAIGNE will rise in its importance with the curious Reader, when be

finds, that it is even believed to have occafioned a Law in our statute Book, viz. " Againft sanderous reports or tales, "to cause discord betwize king and people." (WESTM. PRIMER, C. 34. anno 3. Edw. I.) That it had this effect is the opinion of an eminent Writer : See Obfervar

tions upon the Statutes, chiefly the more Ancient, &c." 410. 2d Edit. 1766. p. 71.

However #this very lared and ingenious-Antiquary-would-exa-^Sellers in the originat-145 in the Harl. Collection, subendoro I may as Palladats extraestrutoremontt Helicuet forfother fatirical and defamatory rhymes of the same age, that might have their share in contributing to this first Law against Libels.

II. ON

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However in thi Har! be firali? athir Sabria

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