« ПредишнаНапред »
“ In English ihus :
“ The role of the world, but not the cleane flowre,
“ Is now here graven; to whom beauty was lent: “ In this grave full darke nowe is her bowre,
" That by her life was fwecte and redolent :
Though the were sweete, now foully doth the flinke.
Stowe's Annals, Ed. 1631. p. 754.
How the queen gained admittance into Rosamond's bower is differently related. Holling foed speaks of it, as “ the
common report of the people, that the queene .. founde ... hir out by a filken thread, which the king had draune
after him out of hir chamber with his foot, and dealt ** with hir in fuch. firarpe and cruell rise, that the lived
not long after." Vol. III. p. 115. On the other hand, in Speede's Hift. we are told that the jealous queen found her out “ ly a clew of fiike, fallen from Rosamund's lappe,
as free late to toke ayre, and suddenly ficeing from the *** fight of be searcher, ihe end of her filke fastened to her
foot, and the clew fill unwinding, remained bebinde : " which the queene followed, till fibee bad found what five
fought, and upon Rojamund jó vented her spleene, as the “'lady lived not long after” 3d Edit. p. 599. Owens ballad maker with more ingenuity, and probably as much truth, tells us the clue was gained, by surprise, from the knight, who rias lefi to guard her bi wver.
It is obfervable, that none of the old writers attribute Rolamond's death to poijón, (Storv, above, mentions it meerly as a fiight conjecture); they only give us to understand, that 'the queen treated ler harshly; with furious menaces, we 9:2V /uprofe, and fars expoftulations, which had such effect en berpirits, that the dia not long Jurvive it. Indeed on
ANCIENT PO E M S.
perhaps only the Chalice
her tombstone, as we learn from a person of credit ti among
, was an accidental ornament, a
carved in fone."
Rosamond's father having been a great benefactor to the nunnery of Godfow, where she had also refided herself in the innocent part of her life, her body was conveyed there, and buried in the middle of the choir ; in which place it remained till the year 1191, when Hugh bishop of Lincoln caused it to be removed. The fact is recorded by Hoveden, a contemporary writer, whose words are thus translated by Stow. Hugh bishop. of Lincolne came to the abbey of
nunnes, called Godfiore', . . . . and when he had entred
lights of waxe : and demanding whose tombe it was, he
was some time lemman to Henry II. . . . . zubo for the
bury her without the church, left Chriftian religion should
keepe themselves from unlawfull and advouterous company
History further informs us, that king John repaired Godftow nunnery, and endowed it with yearly revenues, that Vol. II.
+ Tho. Aller of Gloc. Hall, Oxon. who died in 1632, aged go. Sec Hearne's rambling discourse concerning Rofamond, at the end of Gul. Neubrig Hist, velo 3. p. 739.
“ these holy virgins might releeve with their prayers, the
Joules of his father king Henrie, and of lady Rosamund “ there interred." I .... In what fituation ber remains were found at the dissolution of the nunery, we learn from Leland,
Rosamundes tumbe at Godstowe nunnery was “ taken up [of] late; it is a fione with this inscription, “ TUMBA ROSAMUNDÆ. Her bones were closid in lede, “ and withyn that bones were closyd yn lether. When it
was opened a very swete smell came out of it.ll See Hearne's discourse above quoted, written in 1718; at which zime he tells us, were still seen by the pool at Woodstock the foundations of a very large building, which were believed to be the remains of Rojamond's labyrinth.
To conclude i his (perhaps too prolix) account, Henry had two fons by Rosamond, from a computation of whose ages, a modern historian has endeavoured to invalidate the received flory. These were William Longue-espè; (or Long-sword) earl of Salisbury, and Geoffrey bishop of Lincolne ll. Geoffrey was the younger of Rojamond's fons, and yet is said to have been twenty years.
cld at the time of his cletion to that see in 1173. Hence this writer concludes, that king Henry fell in love with Rojamond in 1 149, when in king Stephen's reign - he came over to be knighted by the king of Scots; be alfo thinks it probable that Henry's commerce with this lady “ broke of upon his marriage with Eleanor [in 1152) and “ that the young lady, by a natural effect of grief and resent
ment at ibe defeétion of her lover, entered on that occasion " into the nunnery of Godstowe, where she died probably be“fore the rebellion of Ilenry's sons in 1173." (Carte's hift. Vol. I. p. 652.) But let it be observed, ibat Henry was but fixteen years old when he came over to be knighted ; that be faid but cight months in this island, and was almost all the time with the king of Scots ; that he did not return back to England till 1153, the year after his marriage with Eleanor ; and that no writer drops the least hint of Rojamond's having ever been abroad with her lover, nor indeed is it probabie that a boy of sixteen should venture to carry over a mistress to
bis 1 Vid. Reign of Henry II. in Speed's Hift. writ ly Dr. Barcbam, Dean of Bocking | Afterwards Archbishop of ruik, i emp. Rich. I.
additonal Note This was I have pafefor miraculous, it is
happened m the ton6 fany kterfon, fæ proof of hi'ng a varit.