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In English ihus :

The role of the world, but not the cleane flowre,

Is now here graven; to whom beauty was lent: In this grave full darke nowe is her bowre,

" That by her life was fwecte and redolent :
But now that five is from this life blent,

Though the were sweete, now foully doth the flinke.
A mirroir good for all men, that on her thinke."

Stowe's Annals, Ed. 1631. p. 754.

How the queen gained admittance into Rosamond's bower is differently related. Holling foed speaks of it, as the

common report of the people, that the queene .. founde ... hir out by a filken thread, which the king had draune

after him out of hir chamber with his foot, and dealt ** with hir in fuch. firarpe and cruell rise, that the lived

not long after." Vol. III. p. 115. On the other hand, in Speede's Hift. we are told that the jealous queen found her out ly a clew of fiike, fallen from Rosamund's lappe,

as free late to toke ayre, and suddenly ficeing from the *** fight of be searcher, ihe end of her filke fastened to her

foot, and the clew fill unwinding, remained bebinde : " which the queene followed, till fibee bad found what five

fought, and upon Rojamund vented her spleene, as the 'lady lived not long after3d Edit. p. 599. Owens ballad maker with more ingenuity, and probably as much truth, tells us the clue was gained, by surprise, from the knight, who rias lefi to guard her bi wver.

It is obfervable, that none of the old writers attribute Rolamond's death to poijón, (Storv, above, mentions it meerly as a fiight conjecture); they only give us to understand, that 'the queen treated ler harshly; with furious menaces, we 9:2V /uprofe, and fars expoftulations, which had such effect en berpirits, that the dia not long Jurvive it. Indeed on



perhaps only the Chalice


her tombstone, as we learn from a person of credit ti among
other fine sculptures, was engraven the fgure of a cui
This, which perhaps at first

, was an accidental ornament, a
might in after times fuggest the notion that she was poisoned
at least this construction was put upon it, when the ficne
came to be demolished after the nunnery was dissolved. The
account is, that the tombstone of Rosamund Clifford was
taken up at Godfow, and broken in pieces, and that upon
it were interchangeable weavings drawn out and decked
with roses red and green, and the picture of the cup, out
of which she drank the poison given her by the queen,

carved in fone."

Rosamond's father having been a great benefactor to the nunnery of Godfow, where she had also refided herself in the innocent part of her life, her body was conveyed there, and buried in the middle of the choir ; in which place it remained till the year 1191, when Hugh bishop of Lincoln caused it to be removed. The fact is recorded by Hoveden, a contemporary writer, whose words are thus translated by Stow. Hugh bishop. of Lincolne came to the abbey of

nunnes, called Godfiore', . . . . and when he had entred
" the church to pray, be saw a tombe in the middle of the
quire, covered with a pall of filke, and set about with

lights of waxe : and demanding whose tombe it was, he
was answered, that it was the tombe of Rosamond, that

was some time lemman to Henry II. . . . . zubo for the
love of her had done much good to that church. Then
quoth ihe bishop, take out of this place the harlot, and

bury her without the church, left Chriftian religion should
grow in contempt, and to the end that, through example of
ber, other women being made afraid may beware, and

keepe themselves from unlawfull and advouterous company
66 with men." Annals, p. 159

History further informs us, that king John repaired Godftow nunnery, and endowed it with yearly revenues, that Vol. II.




+ Tho. Aller of Gloc. Hall, Oxon. who died in 1632, aged go. Sec Hearne's rambling discourse concerning Rofamond, at the end of Gul. Neubrig Hist, velo 3. p. 739.

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these holy virgins might releeve with their prayers, the

Joules of his father king Henrie, and of lady Rosamund there interred." I .... In what fituation ber remains were found at the dissolution of the nunery, we learn from Leland,

Rosamundes tumbe at Godstowe nunnery was taken up [of] late; it is a fione with this inscription, “ TUMBA ROSAMUNDÆ. Her bones were closid in lede, and withyn that bones were closyd yn lether. When it

was opened a very swete smell came out of it.ll See Hearne's discourse above quoted, written in 1718; at which zime he tells us, were still seen by the pool at Woodstock the foundations of a very large building, which were believed to be the remains of Rojamond's labyrinth.

To conclude i his (perhaps too prolix) account, Henry had two fons by Rosamond, from a computation of whose ages, a modern historian has endeavoured to invalidate the received flory. These were William Longue-espè; (or Long-sword) earl of Salisbury, and Geoffrey bishop of Lincolne ll. Geoffrey was the younger of Rojamond's fons, and yet is said to have been twenty years.

cld at the time of his cletion to that see in 1173. Hence this writer concludes, that king Henry fell in love with Rojamond in 1 149, when in king Stephen's reign - he came over to be knighted by the king of Scots; be alfo thinks it probable that Henry's commerce with this lady broke of upon his marriage with Eleanor [in 1152) and that the young lady, by a natural effect of grief and resent

ment at ibe defeétion of her lover, entered on that occasion " into the nunnery of Godstowe, where she died probably before the rebellion of Ilenry's sons in 1173." (Carte's hift. Vol. I. p. 652.) But let it be observed, ibat Henry was but fixteen years old when he came over to be knighted ; that be faid but cight months in this island, and was almost all the time with the king of Scots ; that he did not return back to England till 1153, the year after his marriage with Eleanor ; and that no writer drops the least hint of Rojamond's having ever been abroad with her lover, nor indeed is it probabie that a boy of sixteen should venture to carry over a mistress to

bis 1 Vid. Reign of Henry II. in Speed's Hift. writ ly Dr. Barcbam, Dean of Bocking | Afterwards Archbishop of ruik, i emp. Rich. I.

additonal Note This was I have pafefor miraculous, it is

happened m the ton6 fany kterfon, fæ proof of hi'ng a varit.


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