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Powers of towns in relation to work-houses.

Overseers of work-house. Their powers and duties.

Duties of the master.

Escape of prisoners.

Punishment.

TITLE 109. Work-Houses.

An Act authorising towns to erect Work-Houses, or Houses of Correction.

1 E it enacted by the Senate and House of RepSECT. I . B resentatives, in General Assembly convened, That the several towns shall have power to establish work-houses, or houses of correction therein ; to erect and provide suitable buildings, with cells or apartments, proper for the confinement of offenders sentenced thereto ; to furnish materials for the work of those who are ordered to labor; to direct the kind of labor, and the manner and place in which it is to be performed, either within, or without the work-house; and to make all regulations necessary to carry this law into effect, not inconsistent with the laws of the state. sect. 2. The select-men of each town shall be the overseers of the work-house therein : they shall have power to appoint some meet person to be the master or keeper of the same : they shall superintend and direct the master, as to the management, labor and food of the prisoners: they shall, once in three months, at least, visit such work-house : they shall see that the law is duly executed: they shall take care that the prisoners are suitably provided for, and not exposed to abuse, or oppression : and if the master shall be guilty of miscon. they may remove him, and appoint another in his place. sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the master of each work-house, to receive all persons, who shall be sent there, by lawful authority, and to keep them to such labor as they are able to perform, during the time for which they are sentenced to such work-house; and if any of them shall be refractory and stubborn, and refuse to work, or to perform their work in a proper manner, he may put them in close confinement, till they will submit to perform their tasks, and obey his orders; and in case of great obstinacy, and perverseness, he may reduce them to bread and water, till they are brought to submission and obedience. sect. 4. If any offender shall abscond, escape, or depart from the work-house, without licence, the master shall have power to pursue, retake, and bring him back, and to require all necessary aid for that purpose; and when so returned, the master may confine him to his

work, by fetters or shackles, or in such manner as he
may judge necessary; or may put him in close confine-
ment till he will submit to the regulations of the work-
house ; and for every escape, each offender shall be
holden to labor, in the work-house, for the term of one
month, in addition to the time for which he was commit-
ted.
sect. 5. It shall be the duty of each town to provide
for the support of the prisoners in the work-house; and
all the earnings of any prisoner more than sufficient to
pay for his support, and the costs of prosecution against
him, shall be paid to him, or if he has a family, for their
support, if necessary; and if the earnings are insufficient
to defray the expense, it shall be borne by the town, ex-
cept in the case of prisoners, who have sufficient estate to
pay it, and of stubborn and rebellious children and ap-
prentices, who have parents or masters able to pay it, and
then it shall be paid by them. And the master of each
work-house shall render an account to the overseers, once
in six months, at least, of the expense of the work-house,
and of the labor and earnings of the prisoners.
sect. 6. If any persons are committed to the work-
house, who are not able to work, they shall be properly
taken care of; if possessed of estate, at their own ex-
pense; if not, at the expense of the town where they
belong. Males and females shall be kept and confined
separately; and no spiritous liquors shall be suffered to
be sold to the prisoners. If any one shall amend, behave
well, and reform, on certificate of the keeper and over-
seers of the work-house, he may be released, by the
authority committing him, before the expiration of the
time for which he was committed.
sect. 7. All idle persons, who have nothing wherewith
to support themselves, and no visible means of liveli-
hood; all sturdy beggars, who go from door to door, or
place themselves in streets or highways to beg, in towns
where they belong; all who wander abroad from place
to place, and beg; all vagabonds and vagrants, who
roam about from place to place, without any lawful busi-
ness; all night-walkers, wandering from place to place,
in the night season, without any lawful occasion, and
sleeping in out-houses, barns, or in the open air, who can
give no good account of themselves; all jugglers, braw-
lers, and fortune-tellers; all persons, who run away, and
leave their wives and children, to be supported by the
town ; all persons, who mispend what they earn, and do
not provide for the support of themselves and families;
all lewd and dissolute persons, who frequent houses of bad

Expense of supporting prisoners, how defrayed.

Master to account semi-annually.

Prisoners unable to work, how supported.

General regulations.

Who may be committed to the work- house.

Power and duty of justices to issue warrants, convict and commit offenders.

Second conviction.

Two or more towns may join.

fame; and all common prostitutes, and common drunk-
ards, may be committed to the house of correction, and
sentenced to hard labor, for such time as the court be-
fore whom they are convicted shall think proper, not
exceeding forty days.
sect. 8. And it shall be the duty of justices of the peace
in each town, on their own knowledge, or on a verbal
or writen complaint, from any of the grand-jurors, con-
stables, or select-men, or any substantial house-holder
of the town, to issue his warrant to apprehend such per-
sons, and on due conviction, to send them to the work-
house as aforesaid : and on a second conviction for the
same offence, any offender may be sentenced to the work-
house, such additional time as the court shall judge pro-
per, not exceeding forty days.
sect. 9. Two or more towns may join in building,
occupying or maintaining a work-house, in such manner,
and on such terms, as they shall all agree. (1)

(1) In the revision of 1702, there is a statute constituting the gaols in the several counties, houses of correction; and in the revision of 1750, there is a statute directing each county to erect houses of correction, and containing regulations for the government of them. No houses of correction have been erected, by any county. The legislature has, from time to time, authorized particular towns to erect workhouses; and in 1813, gave the same power

to every town. Where they have been erected, they have been found to answer an important purpose. Should the regulations of this statute be carried into effect, in the several towns, there can be no question but that the discipline of the workhouse would be more effectual to restrain the commission of crimes of an inferior degree, than any other punishment that can be devised.

Persons and property of wrecks to be kept in safety.

Wrecked property, how secured and disposed of.

TITLE 110. Wrecks.

An Act concerning Wrecks.

SECT. 1. B'. it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep.
resentatives, in General Assembly convened,
That if any ship, or other vessel, shall suffer shipwreck,
upon the coasts, or in the rivers, harbors, creeks or waters
ol this state, there shall be no violence, or injury, offered
to the persons of the mariners, or passengers, or to
the goods belonging thereto ; but the persons of the
mariners and passengers, shall be relieved and harbored,
and their goods, and the goods of the vessel, preserved
in safety, till authority may be informed thereof, and shall
take further care, and give order relating thereto.
sect. 2. Whenever any ship-wrecked property shall
be discovered on the sea-coast, or in the waters, riv-
ers, harbors or creeks of this state, it shall be the
duty of the select-men of the nearest town thereto,
and it shall be lawful for any other person, to take

the most effectual measures for saving and securing the same; and if need be, such person shall apply to a justice of the peace, who is hereby authorized to grant a warrant, directed to a proper officer, to impress, and call forth, requisite assistance for that purpose; and the person securing such property, shall immediately give notice thereof to a judge of the county court, of the county where the same shall be secured, who shall direct the sheriff of said county, to seize the said property, and the same to keep and hold, until it shall be released, or disposed of, by order of said court; and if any owner or claimant of such property, being a person entitled by the laws of the land, or by the law of nations, to a restoration thereof, shall, within a year and a day after such seizure, appear and claim the same, it shall be restored to him, on his paying such reasonable costs and salvage, for the persons to whom the same may be due, as the said county court shall allow and order; and if no such owner or claimant shall, within that time, appear'and claim said property the same shall be sold, by order of said court, and the avails thereof, (after deducting reasonable costs and salvage, for the persons to whom due,) shall be lodged in the treasury of the state. But if the property so seized, be of a perishable nature, the said court may, at their discretion, direct it to be sold within the time limited, as aforesaid, retaining the avails thereof, for the same purposes, as the said property was holden. And in case no owners or claimant shall "... within one month, after such seizure, and pay, or offer to pay salvage and costs, the said court may, at any time, afterwards, order so much of said property to be sold, as shall be sufficient to pay the salvage and costs.

TITLE 111. Yale-College.

An Act concerning the Corporation of Yale-College.

Whereas the corporation of Yale-College, in consideration of a grant made to them, by the general assembly, in the year 1792, agreed, that the governor, lieutenant-governor, and six senior assistants, should be trustees or fellows of said College; and whereas by the eighth article of the constitution of this state, the charter, so modified, was confirmed, and the said corporation have since agreed, consented and requested, that the governor. Tieutenant-governor, and six

Owner, &c.

may claim the same within a year and day.

If no owner make claim, how disposed of.

If the property be of a perishable nature, to be sold, &c.

Enough to be sold to pay salvage and costs.

Preamble.

Governor, lieutenantgovernor and six senior senators, to be members of the corporation.

Vacancies, how supplied.

Quorum.

Annual account.

senior senators, should be members of said corporation :

SECT. 1 E it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep- a - B resentatives, in General Assembly contened, That the governor, lieutenant-governor, and six senior senators, É. the time being, shall ever hereafter, in virtue of their said offices, be trustees, or fellows of said college, and shall, together with the president and fellows of said college, and their successors, constitute one corporation, by the name and style mentioned in the charter of said college ; and shall have and enjoy the same power, privileges and authority, in as full and ample a manner, as though they had been expressly named and included in said charter. And in case of vacancy, by the death or resignation, or in any other way, of any of the other fellows of said college, and their successors, such vacancy shall forever hereafter, be supplied, by them and their successors, by election, in the same manner as though this act had not been passed. And the governor, lieutenant-governor, and six senior senators, or any four of them, together with the other fellows of said college, or any six of them, shall, at all future meetings of the corporation, constitute a quorum to transact business.

sect. 2. And the president and fellows shall annually render to the general assembly, an account of the receipts and oão of the monies belonging to said College.

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