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English middle classes are quite sick that they stand, and this they know of the O'Connellalliance, and frightened themselves, and yet pretend to be loyal at its probable consequences. The servants of the king, and men of honor ! most influential, even of the “move. It is all but impossible, that under the ment" journals, which depend on the present disposition of the public mind, public for support, and have no direct ihis can long continue. The Conticommunication with the government, nental Courts know this, and rejoice, find themselves obliged to qualify their forin all the important European Courts support of ministers, and to denounce (not exceptiug that of France) the as odious and abominable, the revolu- Whig ministers of England are detested. tionary schemes of Mr. O'Connell. Even monarchs who succeed by revoIt is not an exaggeration to say, that lution, do not wish to encourage it England pants for a release from that beyond the point which has served their man. The ministers cannot go on
ends. When the ministers of any unless they draw some broad line of monarchy continue to patronize revodemarcation between O'Connell and Jution beyond the time that state themselves, and if they venture upon expediency, might proinpt timid or this, what chance have they of a con- cunning politicians to yield to its influtinuing majority of even thirty-five, in ence, it is clear that faction or folly, the House of Commons ?
has turned them to something else than At this time we write, a general in- faithful servants of the crown. pression prevails throughout Europe, We believe there is a disposition at that the movement ministry of England the present time towards conservatism, must fall very shortly after Parliament which may be called European. The meets, if indeed it should survive until political explosion of 1830 bas spent then. It is well known that at the its force. Experience has produced Court of England, the English ministers its natural results, and the advantages are no favorites. They have thrust of order above disorder—of government themselves into office, and affect to above anarchy, are beginning to be once hold the privileges of servants of the more generally perceived, and acknowking, by virtue of the will of the people. ledged. The very fact of their being in office England partakes of this disposition as at all, is a perpetual violation of the much as any other country, and the fruit constitution. It is upon the yet linger- of it will be an important modification ing necessities of a quasi revolution or a complete change of the ministry.
c'CROLY ON POPERY IN IRELAND. *
Every thing indicates the speedy over- elections, have now convinced every throw of the papal system in Ireland, body of the mischief of such a semiexcept alone the conduct of our rulers. nary as Maynooth for the education of It is ju-t crumbling to decay, and would, Romish ecclesiastics. We know well ere this, have falien to pieces, bad it the plausible grounds upon which it not been for the external corroborants was first established, but us they never by which it is coopered up, as it were, deceived. We were, from the first, and kept together, for the purpose, as convinced of their futility. The abit would seem, of exposing the presump- surdity of taking popery out of an tion, and chastising the wickedness of atmosphere in which it must droop and the empyrics and the infidels, by whose perish, and putting it into a hot-bed frustrums its existence has been unnatu- where it must flourish with a rank luxrally protracted.
uriance, was too palpable to suffer us The late disclosures before the Car- to approve, for one moment, of a scheme low committee, and the various other which yet, to many of the wise and committees appointed to enquire into prudent, seemed one of consummate the intimidation practised at the Irish wisdom. And results are now fast
* An Inquiry into the Principal Points of Difference, real or imaginary, between the two Churches, with a view to religious harmony or forbearance; together with some Remarks relative to the present extraordinary times. By the Rev. David O’Croly. Milliken and Son, Dublin ; B. Fellowes, London, 1835.
vindicating our long expressed convic- terrorism which at present prevails, tion, insomuch, that there are very few and which would almost seem to be indeed who advocate the continúance directly countenanced by bis Majesty's of Maynooth upon any other principle government in Ireland. At present, than that it is established; and who do to depart from the visible communion not regret the encouragement that has of the church of Rome, would be to been given to it, as a grievous instance court, ostentatiously, the most unrelentof oversight or infatuation.
ing persecution. The Roman Catholic The various controversies that have who changes his religious opinions, arisen of late years in this country and connects himself with the Estabhave all had a tendency to disabuse the lished Church, (for he may become an minds of many amongst the Roman infidel with impunity, provided he reCatholics, of the errors which they main in the visible communion of the had imbibed in the church of Rome. church of Rome,) will have reason to It is not possible for a scripturally in- consider himself fortunate if he escape formed and awakened Protestant to without the loss of life or limb, and behold the grievous state of spiritual can, by no means, calculate upon an bondage in which bis benighted fellow exemption from the most stinging obcountrymen are held, without an effort loquy, and the most envenomed vitufor their enlargement. This effort may peration. He will be a marked man. not always be made in the most judi- The faithful will consider it a mark of cious way; and, therefore, the results piety to do him all manner of injury. most desirable are not those which will By his defection he has dishonoured always be produced ; but as it is usually their church, and they feel as if they made with great sincerity, so it seldom were establishing an additional claim fails to be attended with signal advan- to the favour of God, by the persevering tage.
hatred with which they regard him. The preacher or the writer may, for The enlightened Protestant people a long time, appear to be preaching or of England can form but a faint idea of writing in vain ;-at most, some half the “odium theologicum” as it prevails dozen apparent conversions may seem amongst the popish inhabitants of this to be the only reward of his labours ; unfortunate island. The nearest ties but he is altogether unaware of the si- of kindred suffice not to protect the lent impression which has been made individual who has renounced the Roupon numbers who are slow to avow mish creed from the vengeance of his their convictions, and also upon num- angry relatives whom his supposed herebers who give admission, for the first tical pravity has offended. Powerful time, to statements of divine truth, and must be the conviction, and strong the are only, after a considerable period, resolution, of the inan, who can bring awakened to the effect which they himself to encounter the reproaches of have had in promoting their spiritual upbraiding friends, and the menaces of emancipation.
deadly enemies. And, when we conThe blustering voice of the swagger. sider the accumulated temporal induce. ing bigot may appear, at the time, to be ments to stifle their sentiments, and omnipotent in silencing the mild apolo- persevere in a false profession of attachgist of divine truth, as it is revealed in ment to an unscriptural church, by which the word of God. But the thoughtful the great mass of the Roman Catholic hearts of many of the hearers will not community must be, more or less, actufail to contrast the earnestness of the ated, our surprise is, that such numbers evangelist with the dogmatism of the should have had the courage to avow angry inquisitor ; and the instances are and to act upon more enlightened numerous in which the comparison has views, and even to glory in the sufferled to the happiest effects, and been ings which they endured for the Gospel. the blessed means of taking numbers And that number is steadily increasof our poor countrymen “out of dark. ing. Oply let the system of terrorism ness into the marvellous light of the be put down ;-only let an equal proGospel."
tection be extended over all the memThere is no doubt that these results bers of the community; and let it be as would be vastly more numerous than free for Roman Catholics to make a they appear, but for the system of profession of Protestantism, as it is for Protestants to attach themselves to the All the ingenuity and audacity of Sheil church of Rome ;-and, in a very few and O'Connell failed to discover any years, the Romish superstition will be plausible justification of a system which extinct in Ireland. It is at present inoculates its votaries with obscenity, sustained by a systematic and terrible while it sanctions, and almost sanctifies intolerance, such as could only be pa- fraud and falsehood, perjury and murder. ralleled by citations from the blackest Sheil hesitated not to pronounce it a pages of the bistory of the inquisition. most detestable and disgusting work,
The priests themselves are conscious and O'Connell has since done all that that there is something precarious in he could do, to have it discredited and the tenure by which they hold their disavowed as a work of authority in power. The spirit of the age has been the church of Rome. But all in vain. making inroads upon their domain; The formal and reiterated adoption of and, therefore, it is, that they have had it was too recent and too authentic to recourse to political stimulants, for the be disclaimed. It was taken for better purpose of exciting and re-invigorating for worse, as the chosen guide of the the dormant or flagging orthodoxy of Romish priesthood in this country; and, their people. They plainly saw that the like the poisoned shirt of Hercules, it old accustomed theological nostrums will cling to them until they are conwere by no means sufficient to arrest the sumed. contagion which threatened their flocks, The oath-breaking gentry in parliafrom the efforts of the zealous mission- ment have also done much to revolt aries by whom they were invaded. the more sensitive and conscientious of And therefore it was, that they en- their own persuasion. The individuals grafted upon the priestly office the are not a few, who, like Mr. Eneas functions of the agitator, that, by M.Donnell, received the boon of emanavailing themselves of the mixed re- cipation with a full intention of observligious and political antipathies of those ing the conditions upon which it was whom they addressed, they might, by granted. They feel that their honour their united influences, protract the has been compromised by the conspiterm of their tottering domination. racy that has been formed against the And they have succeeded for the pre- Established Church, and even their present. The stimulant has produced the judices as Romanists have not been desired effect. The almost lifeless and sufficient to prevail against their feelings stiffening form of popery has been as gentlemen,or their faith as Christians. excited and agitated by a species of Popery has, hitherto, maintained her convulsive and spasmodic vitality, which dominion, by becoming all things to gives it, to the superficial observer, all men. With the liberal she could an appearance of vigour which it did be liberal. With the superstitious and uot before possess. But those who look bigoted she could be exclusive and more closely at it, can perceive the austere. And those who viewed her hectic flush which indicates the fever under one aspect only, were altogether by which it is consumed, and they are unable to appreciate the more than persuaded that the fatal collapse will Protean versatility with which, accordnot long fail to follow the preternatu- ing as it served her interest, she could ral excitement.
vary the forms under which she apThe exposures which have taken peared. But, now that she is openly place respecting Dens's complete theo- detected as the patroness of resistance logy, have had a marvellous effect in to the law, upon the part of an insurenlightening the laity respecting the gent peasantry, and glories in the conconduct of their spiritual guides. We duct of the individuals who employ their were ourselves, in some measure, wit- parliamentary privileges in direct vionesses of the impression which was lation of their promises and their oaths, made upon
the Roman Catholic mem- the numbers are not few nor inconbers of the parliamentary committee siderable who consider that it is high to enquire into the nature and working time to bethink themselves how much of the Orange societies in Ireland, longer they should be responsible for when the adoption of that pestilent its iniquities, or identified with its ork as a text book was first disclosed. abominations. They were literally confounded by it. The footman of the celebrated Nel
Gwynn appeared before her one day the representative of the king. 'Tis with a black eye. Upon being ques- true, he has vilified the Duke of Weltioned by his mistress how he got it, lington, and denounced the House of his reply was, that he fought with a Lords. But then he commands about fellow in the street, who had presumed forty votes, all, like himself, good men to call her a - “Oh," said the and true, and without whose aid the facetious lady, never mind that; if ministry must be constantly, outvoted. you fight with every one that calls me Thus it is that his position is a set-off by that name, you will have to fight against his character; and that vices with all England." “Ay, that may and offences, personal and political, be," the fellow muttered as he retired, such as would, ien thousand times over, " but they shall not call me damn any ordinary man, are only, as footman." So it will be with all Roman it were, the glittering carbuncles which Catholics who have a character to lose. ornament his factious elevation. They will not endure the scorn and the O'Connell is the strength of ministers, indignation which the oath-breakers and he is also their weakness. He is have brought upon the whole party. the prop of their power, and, at the They may not, all at once, bring them. same time, the rock of offence upon selves to break off from them ; but which, it may be, before long, they are most anxious are they to slip away destined to break and to perish. Engunperceived ; and the time is not dis- land is every day becoming more tant when the agitator, who at present and more aroused to the degraded counts upon
their attachment, and condition in which the government cheers them on, will look behind him, of this great empire has been reduced, and find bimself deserted.
by the portentous alliance that has Indeed we do not hesitate to hazard been formed between the unprincipled the assertion, that nothing but the po- Whigs and Irish papists. The moral litical position of Mr. O'Connell could and reflecting people of Great Britain at present enable him to withstand the cannot contemplate, unmoved, the satorrent of odium which has been ex- crifice of the Irish church, and the cited by his misdeeds. There are sufferings of the Irish clergy ;-nor multitudes who know his baseness, and will they, any longer, be consenting deplore his wickedness ; who believe parties to the immolation of the blamehim to have been guilty of fraud, of less and noble victims which are so falsehood, and of perjury; but who yet clamorously demanded by the minohesitate to give expression to their taur of bigotry and agitation. The convictions, seeing that he plays the statements which have been made bepart of viceroy over his Majesty's fore them by our able advocates have ministers, and holds in his hands, in a not been made in vain ; and a change manner, the destinies of this great has been wrought in the convictions of empire. Glad would they be, at any many who were, before, but too ready reverse of fortune by which the popular to yield to the Whigs an unsuspecting idol might be humbled; but until the confidence, in virtue of which it may fickle goddess shakes her wings and be said, that the days of a profligate fairly leaves him to his fate, they are ministry are numbered. The moral not desirous of provoking their fate guilt and the political debasement of by any disclosure of sentiments which Lord Melbourne's connection with might provoke the great man's indig- O'Connell is now seen in its true light. nation. 'Tis true, he humbugged the The parties have had “ample room and people of Carlow, and cheated Raphael verge enough” to exhibit their real out of his two thousand pounds!" But character in all its noxious and disthen
i upon his fiat depends the existence gusting deformity. Those who have of the present administration. 'Tis been deceived, are now disabused, true he has violated all the courtesies and will be deceived no more. And of society, and applied to the brother those who, from the first, saw the foul of his sovereign epithets, by the use of alliance as it should be seen, are which the veriest ruffian would be cheered by the hope that the time degraded. But then he is the confi- is at hand when their righteous efforts dential adviser of the Irish executive, to withstand the evils which it threatens, and the favorite guest at the table of will be seconded by an overwhelming
majority of the rank, and the wealth, “ He was cited peremptorily to appear and the worth of the empire.
in Cork before the Ordinary and his But we must not be any longer di- council; that is, before judges who had verted from the consideration of the already condemned the work, and made no work before us. Our readers will secret of their determination to punish
He was cited also when recognize in Mr. O'Croly the same in- the author. dividual who was, on a former occasion, every thing had been said and done to brought under their notice in a review of exasperate the multitude agaisnt him; and a treatise “On Ecclesiastical Finance.” among whom the report was all at once In that little work, of which we believe circulated that he was coming to the city
His friends became more than thirty thousand copies were alarmed for his personal safety, and advised
to stard his trial. sold, the writer animadverted with him for the present not to quit his own great freedom upon the disgraceful house in the country. The proceeding modes in which the revenues of the against him was savage and blood-thirsty. Romish clergy are realized in this re did not, therefore, answer the citation country, and also ventured to hint that, as required; but he apologised, stating in many things, no dangerous departure the fears he entertained for his personal from orthodoxy need be apprehended safety, yet expressing his willingness to from a closer approximation to Pro- answer any questions that may be protestant doctrine and Protestant practice. pounded to him in a place of safety. He He strongly condemned the system of requested that a confidential person may clerical agitation, by which the minis- be sent to his own house for that purpose. ter of peace was transformed into an This request was refused ; and without apostle of discord; and earnestly be- further citation-contrary to canon law, sought the Roman Catholic prelates which requires three-he was served with to interfere, and by their spiritual au a letter of suspension ; which suspension thority put an end to that species of was to continue in force until a retractapriestly interference in political con
tion would be made of a number of concerns, which was causing strife and demned propositions which it was preconfusion in the country, and bringing tended were extracted from the offensive disgrace upon their religion. We be publication. This was to pass judgment lieve that no honest and thinking man
with a vengeance, and shews clearly read Mr. O'Croly's pamphlet who was enough what was to be expected from so
vindictive a tribunal. He demurred to not fully convinced that his statements were true, and that his purpose was
the proceeding on the score of informality. good. But not the less, on that ac
This produced a new letter from the Or. count, was he exposed to the vengeance which he authoritatively said should stand
dinary, containing at once a new citation, of his ecclesiastical superior, and to the for three ; and a new suspension, or as unrelenting hatred of his brethren of he said, a supplement for any informalities the priestly order, of whose vulgarity, in the former. The author wrote a reinsolence, and rapacity, his pages had spectful remonstrance again, alleging the given such a graphic delineation. He well-founded fears he had of making his was deprived of his parish, and another, appearance in the city, and repeatedly whose sentiments were more in ac- requesting a conference in a place of safety, cordance with the powers that be, ap- But all from the beginning was time and pointed to take his place; and the labour lost; the thing was plain enough; present volume contains his second his destruction, as far as his enemies could appeal to the good sense and the good accomplish it, was resolved on. feeling of his countrymen in particular, But let us bring to a conclusion this tediand the people of Great Britain in ous and tiresome narrative. The 16th of general, which, we can promise him, will November, 1834, closed the scene. On be read with intense interest by those that day the Rev. James Daly, or whom it concerns, and contribute its Dawley, was formally inducted and infull share to that moral change which stalled as the new priest of the Ovens-is about to take place in the Roman
a radical from the school of O'Connell; Catholics of Ireland.
• porcus de grege epicuri.' After which The following is the account which induction, about three in the afternoon, he gives of the process of suspension a letter was delivered from the Ordinary which was employed against him. He to the now ex-parish priest, dated the day writes in the third person :
previous, stating that he, the Ordinary,