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dicated, as the only one which should sequence the lives and property of the be taken by an honest man, he did Protestants are in danger. not lack cither the decision or the Fourth, that in the parts of Ireland firmness to follow unhesitatingly its where the Protestants prevail
, and in direction.
these, and these only, order and tranquillity While his mind was in this state, prevail; that peace and industry are cothe Rev. Mortimer O'Sullivan visited extensive with Protestantism, and are Glasgow ; and the impression made overthrown by Popery.” by that gentleman at the great Pro
Such are the positions now maintestant meetings which were subse- tained by a gentleman, who, but a quently held, added whatever was
short time since, would have been as wanting to the fulness of Mr. Colqu- strongly disposed to contend against houn's conviction. The result has thein as any radical in existence. He been, the pamphlet before us, which is had been, all his life, identified with published by the Protestant Associa- what is called the liberal party; and tion formed in Glasyow at the conclu entered parliament with a full detersion of the first great meeting ; and mination to uphold, to the utmost of before this paper is concluded our
his power, their peculiar views. It readers will, we fancy, be of opinion,
never occurred to him that the time that, if only similar efforts are made would ever come, when he would be by the other associations which were förmed about the same time, no misre compelled to see matters in a different
light, or that the very statements and presentation, however plausible, can
admissions of those with whom he was much longer have the power of abusing the honest and reflecting people of disposed to act, would furnish the
grounds upon which he must dissent England, respecting the state of Ire- from their conclusions. But such is Jand.
the fact. We have Mr. Colquhoun, Mr. Colquhoun's pamphlet is the who was returned to parliament by first, and we would say the only one
the reform interest, led, by the evithat we have ever seen, which, treating dence of his own associates, to a deof the political condition of this coun
cided rejection of the favourite maxims try, contains the truth, the whole of policy by which they were guided truth, and nothing but the truth;” and, in their conduct towards Ireland, and not only that, but which so conveys the putting upon record such a justification truth, as to render it most difficult, if of his altered conviction as must rennot impossible, for the sturdiest gainsay der it very difficult, indeed, for an ers to contend against it. For the evi- honest man, not to feel an equal respect dence, by which he establishes his for his integrity and his determination. positions, is all taken from the statements He thus observes upon the state of of his adversaries. It is collected, chiefly,
our peasantry :from the reports of the five parliamentary committees which sat upon the
“ Let me invite the attention of my state of Ireland since the year 1825; countrymen to the state of the peasantry and is of a nature so clear in its im- of Ireland. I bring this question forward
now, because much misrepresentation port, and so unexceptionable in its character, as to render it impossible, prevails on it; and yet, as we are enon the part of an ordinarily candid gaged in active legislation on Ireland, it antagonist, to deny its force or to dis- becomes us thoroughly to understand the creed of the men, it is solely with the a dispensing power over the laws, that political tendency of the system, and its offences, which, in the sister country, effects upon Ireland.
state of the people to whom our laws are pute its authority. Mr. Colquhoun's
applied. I desire to make no remark on positions are these :
the errors (as we think them) of the « First, that Ireland is, and has long Roman Catholic faith. I do not forget been in a state of disorder; dangerous to that it was in the Catholic church the life and opposed to industry.
virtues of the Port Royal Christians “ Second, that this state of disorder is arose, that Fenelou's piety was exhibited, increased by the influence of Roman and the unblemished life of Pascal. Catholic political agitators, and of Roman These thoughits would check all harsh Catholic priests.
denunciation of the Roman Catholics, if, “ Third, that a special attack has been, indeed, I were disposed to fall into it. and is now made by those parties on the But I have no wish to touch on this; Protestants of Ireland; and that in con- my business is not with the religious
would excite general alarm, and pro“ Let us first understand the actual voke a speedy and decisive visitation state of the peasantry-their state at of legislative vengeance, are here rethis moment-their state, alas! for cen- garded as almost the ordinary state of turies. In a few words, I might describe things, and the man is thought unreait, as Lord John Russell did on the 30th sonably clamorous, who ventures to of March, when, asking what was their speak of them with horror or indignamoral condition, he said, there exists,
tion. as we unbappily know, a strong propensity The south of Ireland would seem to to violence and outrage, not merely be given over altogether to the tender among a few lawless and ill-regulated mercies of organized insurgents. For, persons, but among all, or, nearly all tithe property having been, it is thought, classes of the community. What a state is this for a country! But it is accounted effectually destroyed, the attention of for as arising from English misrule—the the prædial agitators is now turned to oppression of a dominant party—the re
rents, which are to be regulated by a
standard of value such as may be bellion of a people aggrieved and rising against grievances. Down to 1829, we agreed on by the combinators, to be were told that these outrages were from enforced by a system of terror against the want of Catholic emancipation, and which the law, as it stands, can afford would cease with this. So said Mr. but a weak protection. O'Connell and Dr. Doyle, in their sworn
We do not know that it has, as yet, evidence; so said many others. The been publicly noticed, that the state of year 1829 brought Ireland emancipation; the country in August last, when the á lull ensued, and we called it peace. In insurrection act was suffered to expire, 1831, Ireland was again in disorder. was greatly worse than in the precedWhat it was in 1832, 3, and 4, we know ing year when it was enacted.
AN from the list of outrages submitted to offences of an insurrectionary character parliament by Lord Althorpe and Lord were considerably more than doubled, Melbourne. What it was in 1835, we when the king was made to say, in the know from the evidence of Lord John speech from the throne, that the goRussell. Emancipation had arrived, but vernment were able, in consequence of the outrages remained. A strong sus- the diminution of crime, and the inpicion, therefore, rests on the testimony creasing tranquillity of the country, to of those who would connect the outrages dispense with the provisions of the with political causes. The witnesses who
penal enactment. This we state from said this, have been belied by events,
an actual inspection of the police rewhich have confirmed the evidence of turns from the only county to which Mr. Kiely, a Roman Catholic priest, the insurrection act was applied, and who said, in 1825, that neither the ques, in the hope that the attention of some tion of emancipation, nor any political of the conservative members may be question, had any connection with the
attracted by it, and an explanation be outrages. As to anything political en
solicited from the proper quarter, as tering into the views of the peasantry, or a religious change, I have heard it talked soon as parliament assembles.
But, while the south is thus abanof, but amor.g the higher grades; I have not heard it at all from any of the
doned to miscreants and depredators,
by whom the peaceable portion of the
community are kept in perpetual Those who are acquainted, by per- dread and terror ; while one desonal knowledge, with the state of the scription of property is all but absosonth and west of this country, will lutely confiscated, and property of readily acknowledge that the above every other kind either assailed or enstatement is far from over charged. dangered ; in Protestant Ulster, which Indeed, they will feel that it is by no has, as yet, been tranquil, and where means strong enough to give the life and property are perfectly secure, English reader a correct idea of our the slightest disturbance, which might actual position. We are, ourselves, so furnish a pretext for a vindictive aniused to disturbances, in which the madversion upon Protestants, instantly worst species of miscrcancy exercises attracts the attention of the goverii
ment, and commissioners, duly in- directly against himself, and where structed, are despatched to inquire every other species of evidence, both into it, by whom it will not be their external and internal, contributes to faults if a report be not made such as their corroboration. will not forfeit the favour of the agi- This dreadful invisible police is at pretators, upon whose fiat depends the sent in active operation throughout all existence of the administration. the country parts of Ireland. Its
We are perfectly willing to believe organization is complete; and nothing that Lord Mulgrave is not, by any which the most diabolical malice and means, aware of the degree in which wickedness can accomplish will be he is thus lending himself to the worst neglected where it may be useful or enemies of the British empire. Indeed, necessary for the furtherance of its it would not be easy to convey to an ends. The members are bound toEnglish reader a just impression of the gether by an oath which pledges them political mystery of iniquity which is to wade knee deep in Protestant blood, here at work, and which, if not coun- and not to be moved by the groans of teracted, must prove the most danger- men, or the moans of women, or the ous enemy that British influence has wailing of children, to halt or hesitate ever encountered in Ireland. There in the pious work of heretical extirpawas, previously to the rebellion in tion. They are also bound to be ready 1798, an organization of the Roman to commit perjury in a court of justice, Catholic peasantry, called the defen- whenever the necessities of a brother ders. The system, according to the or the interests of their system may evidence of Wolf Tone, extended over require it; and also to be ready to three provinces, and was rapidly swear falsely against any man who spreading through the fourth, when may have rendered himself obnoxious the suppression of the rebellion, to them, and by whom the confederacy and the strong measures consequent might be endangered. thereon, caused a discontinuance, or Thus, it frequently happens, that rather a disappearance of its wicked individual Protestants are waylaid and treasonable proceedings.
and dreadfully beaten; and that, Our readers are aware, that there is having discovered some of the pernow in the country a system called petrators of the outrage, and being ribbonism, so identical in its spirit and disposed to seek a legal redress of their its practice, with that of the defenders, wrongs, a counter prosecution is immethat it is difficuit not to consider them diately instituted by the aggressors, one and the same. Both were com- who, by dint of false swearing, very posed exclusively of Roman Catholics; often succeed in thus making the forms in both, the members were bound to- of law ancillary to the purposes of gether by an oath of blood. Both party vengeance. einbraced almost the whole of the A most respectable clergyman has Roman Catholic peasantry ; both had, assured us, that some of his parishionfor their object, the extirpation of Pro- ers are now suffering imprisonment, testants, the exaltation of the chureh whose only offence was, that they of Rome, and the separation between showed some disposition to have reGreat Britain, and Ireland. And Mr. course to the laws for redress, for a O'Connell stated, in his evidence be- severe beating which they received fore the parliamentary committee in from some ribbonmen, who took care 1825, that he believed the ribbon to be beforehand with them, not only system to be a continuance of the old upon the high way, but in court, and system of the defenders. He was not, who were so well disciplined in the at that time, aware of the entire value practice of perjury, that they were able of this admission, as Wolf Tone's to prevail upon a jury to convict their volumes, which throw so much light victims of the very offence of which upon the latter treasonable association, they had themselves been guilty. had not then appeared; but, although Our reason for calling the attention his statements in other respects, were of the public to this subject at present marked by great incorrectness, there is, that two commissions have, within is no reason why they should be dis- the last month, sat, the one in the puted in a matter where they made so county of Cavan, the other in the
county of Tyrone, to investigate of- tain Roman Catholics have been atfences which, we verily believe, have tacked, and the inhabitants deprived had no other origin than Ribbon ma- of their arms,
What is that chinations, and no other object than to but to say, “ Roman Catholics, arise ! bring odium upon the Protestants of Your Protestant enemies are coming Ireland. The one relates to an out
upon you! Rouse yourselves into rage which took place in the parish of activity, against the oppressors of your Killyman, of which the Rev. Mor- race ! Your holy religion is assailed ! timer O'Sullivan is Rector. Nothing To arms! and defend yourselves, if could be more gratifying to the friends you are not prepared for externiof the present administration, than nation!” Such is the unforced import anything which implicated that Rev. of this wicked proclamation, which, we Gentleman's Protestant parishioners can assure the Irish Government, the in party outrage ; and it has, accord- Ribbonmen did not want, to foster an ingly, been already seized upon by the unholy zeal, and which never could be Government organ, The Morning Chro- issued by men who were not under the nicle, with the eager malignity peculiar grossest delusion, or who did not hope to that hackneyed disseminator of Ja. to thrive by public confusion. cobinism, for the purpose of fastening The offence which called forth this upon the able champion of his perse- proclamation was of a nature so trivial, cuted brethren, and the undaunted de- as to be of almost daily occurrence in nouncer of spiritual wickedness in the South, and to pass unnoticed high places, the most injurious impu- amidst the multitude of grosser crimes tations. The falsehood of the allega- by which that part of the country is tions in that despicable print, are per- infested. But it occurred in the parish fectly well known to every one here ; of the Rev. Mortimer O'Sullivan, whose and the writer of the paragraph in persevering exposures have made a question, must also have known it, as wicked Ministry tremble in their seats he professes to have read the evidence of guilty power; and even at the risk taken before the Select Committee on of casting a firebrand amongst an inOrange Societies, in which they were flammable population, his parishioners completely disproved ;--not by the Rev. were to be denounced, that he himself Gentleman himself, or any of his might be held up to odium. friends ;—BUT BY HIS ENEMIES,-by The other Commission was held at the witnesses produced to rebut his Killeshandra, the parish of the Rev. statements,—and by whom such an John Martin-another noble defender account was given of the parish of of Protestantism ; and the outrage Killyman, as prove it to be, in all pro- complained of was of a somewhat bability, the most tranquil and well- similar character
, save that in this ordered parish in Ireland.
latter case, it is supposed to have had But this was a state of things too its origin in the resentment felt by the good to be suffered to last under an labouring peasantry towards those who O'Connell-Melbourne administration : employ an inferior species of workand accordingly, an outrage was plan- men, who come from soine of the adned and perpetrated, which has fur- joining counties, and whose influx nished an excuse for a proclamation, causes a reduction in the wages of of a character so malignant and infa- labour. But it was resolved, it would mous, that we do not hesitate to say, seem, to make it a matter of religious the authors of it deserve impeachment. distinction ; and the Ribbonmen have It was, we believe, the first time, that already designated one or two indithe religion of a party injured was viduals, as having been participators in prominently set forth in the procla- it, who are, if possible, to be vicmation offering a reward for the ap- timized. Some circumstances have, prehension of those by whom the however, transpired, which will make injury was occasioned ;-thereby con- it difficult
for them to accomplish their spicuously marking out a whole class of object. Some able and honest men
as objects of persecution ; and have taken a part in the investigation ; thus doing all that could be done, to by whom perjury has already been, in cxcite and stimulate religious animo- more than one instance, detected; and sities.—“Whereas, the houses of cer- it is doubtful, whether even a Whig
Commissioner will be able to make a state of the South, AND THE INSURRECreport altogether agreeable to his TION ACT IS REPEALED! In Ulster, a
But why do we allude to few houses are entered; in one case, to matters like these In the first place, search for arms ; in another, to intimifor the purpose of showing, by con- date the inhabitants against the emtrast, the tranquil state of Ulster, as ployment of strangers : in neither case compared with the southern counties, did the outrages bear any prima facie where offences, of a nature so insigni- character of a religious nature ; and nificant, are yet deemed so extraordinary yet, the proclamation above referred as to justify the delegation of a special to, has been issued by the Irish Gocommissioner, for the purpose of in- vernment, denouncing the Protestants, quiring into, and reporting upon them. almost by name, and all but invoking In the next place, to point out the the vengeance of the vindictive and contrast between the extra-judicial bigoted Roman Catholic population ! vigilance which is manifested, where Will these things be suffered by the there is a hope, thereby; of crimi- people of England ? Is it thus that nating Protestants, compared with the Ireland is to be governed? If such inhuman negligence which is betrayed, is the course to be henceforward purrespecting the torrent of insurrec. slied, we have no hesitation whatever tionary offences, by whi the lives in saying, that the two countries canand properties of Protestants are not continue much longer united. placed in perpetual jeopardy in other Our readers are aware, that much of parts of Ireland.
the last session of Parliament was conIn the South an organized and in- sumed by an inquiry into the nature of surgent peasantry have complete do- the Orange Institution; and great minion of the laws ; at their “ sic volo hopes were entertained by its enemies, sic juben,” they are enforced or sus- that they would be enabled to put it pended; the property of the Church down. We will, perhaps, on a future is sequestrated by a popular mandate; occasion, bestow a separate paper the Clergy are persecuted and pro- upon this subject. Suffice it to say, at scribed. It is but a few weeks since present, that many of its strongest opone of them, Mr. Banner, of Bansagh, ponents bave had their feelings tonarrowly escaped with his life, from wards it changed, by the evidence the ferocious assault of a band of mis- which was produced with a view to creants, by whom his skull was seriously discredit it, in that hostile investigafractured; and it is only a month tion. Amongst these we are proud to since we attended the funeral of an- reckon the respected author of the other, Mr. Lee, the late rector of tract before us. He entered parliaEmly, who was for years a proscribed ment a supporter of the Government and banished man, not daring to visit of Lord Grey. He aided, to the uthis parish, and wholly unable to collect most of his power, in the so-called his tithe ; until his spirit at length “liberal” policy of the noble premier. sunk under his multiplied anxieties and He looked upon Ireland as a country persecutions. The success which has misgoverned and abused, and regarded attended the crusade against the the insolent ascendancy of the Proclergy, has encouraged the organized testants, and the pernicious association insurgents to try their hands with the of Orangemen, as amongst the leading landlords also ; and rents are now be- causes to which its calamities were to coming as odious as ever were tithes. be attributed until he read the report Threatening notices, outrage, assas- of the evidence taken before the Orange sination, are so common as almost to Committee, when these false impressions pass unnoticed. Intimidation has pro- were entirely removed. He then saw ceeded to such an extent, that it is a that the association was originally jusrare thing for witnesses to prosecute, tified by necessity ; that in proportion or juries to convict, even in the most as it ceased to be necessary, it fell into flagrant cases ; and still more rare, disuse ; and that it was only when that those who do shoulil escape the that nccessity seemed again to revive, penalty to which they have become that the association received new life, obnoxious, for their disrerard of the and started into a fresh existence. But laws of the insurgents.
Such is the we cannot do better than suffer this