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hope that our much-beloved Mo- Proclamation which follows is narch, who may be literally said from James's son and successor to reign in the hearts of his Charles I, who was instigated to subjects, will not be averse to the therevival of the Royal Commandimitation of one of the most ment from his having discovered, as popular acts of his predecessor, is subsequently stated,“that,under James I, under whose sovereignty, pretence of taking away abuses, Historians tell us,

“ Reason was

there hath been a general forextending her influence, and dis- bidding, not only of ordinary covering to mankind a thousand meetings, but of the Feasts of errors in religion, in morals, and the Dedication of the Churches, in government that had long been commonly called Wakes." reverenced by blind submission.” The Ordinance, which was first

It may be necessary to premise promulgated in 1618, and rethat the first paragraph of the vived in 1633, is thus intitled-The King's Majesty's Declaration to his Subjects concerning lawful

Sports to be used. “BY THE KING, “ Our dear Father of blessed memory, in his return from Scotland, coming through Lancashire, found that his subjects were debarred from lawful recreations upon Sundays after evening prayers ended, and upon holy days: and he prudently considered, that if these times were taken from them, the meaner sort, who labour hard all the week, should have no recreations at all to refresh their spirits : and, after his return, he farther saw that his loyal subjects in all other parts of his kingdom did suffer in the same kind, though perhaps not in the same degree; and did, therefore, in his princely wisdom, publish a Declaration to all his loving subjects concerning lawful sports to be used at such times, which was printed and published by His Royal Commandment in the year 1618, in the tenor which hereafter followeth :

“Whereas, upon our return the last year out of Scotland, we did publish our pleasure touching the recreations of our people in those parts under our hand : For some causes us thereunto moving, We have thought good to command these our directions, then given in Lancashire, with a few words thereunto added, and most appliable to these parts of our realms, to be published to all our subjects.

“Whereas we did justly, in our progress through Lancashire, rebuke some puritans and precise people, and took order that the like unlawful carriage should not be used by any of them hereafter, in the prohibiting and unlawful punishing of our good people for using their lawful recreations and honest exercises upon Sundays and other holy days, after the afternoon sermon or service: We now find that two sorts of people wherewith that country is much infected (we mean Papists and Puritans) have maliciously traduced and calumniated those our just and honorable proceedings; and, therefore, lest our reputation might upon the one side (though innocently) have some aspersion laid upon it; and that upon the other part our good people in that country be mis-led by the mistaking and misinterpretation of our meaning; We have therefore thought good hereby to clear and make our pleasure to be manifested to all our good people in those parts.

" It is true that on our first entry to this Crown and Kingdom we were informed, and that too truly, that our county of Lancashire abounded more in Popish recusants than any county of England, and thus hạth still continued since to our great regret, with little amendment, save that now of late, ļast riding through our said county, we find, both by the report of the Judges,


and of the Bishop of that diocess, that there is some amendment now daily beginning, which is no small contentment to us.

“ The report of this growing amendment amongst them made us the more sorry, when with our own ears we heard the general complaint of our people, that they were barred from all lawful recreation and exercise upon the Sundays afternoon, after the ending of all Divine Service, which cannot but produce two evils: the one, the hindering of the conversion of many, whom their priests will take occasion hereby to vex, persuading them that no honest mirth or recreation is lawful or tolerable in our religion; which cannot but breed a great discontentment in our people's hearts, especially of such as are peradventureupon the point of turning: the other inconvenience is, that this prohibition barreth the common and meaner sort of people from using such exercises as may make their bodies more able for war, when we or our successors shall have occasion to use them; and in place thereof sets up filthy tipplings and drunkenness, and breeds a number of idle and discontented speeches in their alehouses. For when shall the common people have leave to exercise, if not upon the Sundays and holy days, seeing they must apply their labour and win their living in all working days?

“Our express pleasure, therefore, is, that the laws of our kingdom and canons of our Church be as well observed in that county as in all other places of this our kingdom: and on the other part, that no lawful recreation shall be barred to our good people which shall not tend to the breach of our aforesaid laws and canons of our Church; which, to express more particularly, our pleasure is, that the Bishop, and all other inferior churchmen, and church wardens, shall for their parts be careful and diligent both to instruct the ignorant, and convince and reform them that are mis-led in religion, presenting them that will not conform themselves, but obstinately stand out, to our Judges and Justices, whom we likewise command to put the law in due execution against them.

“ Our pleasure likewise is, that the Bishop of that diocess take the like straight order with all the Puritans and Socinians within the same, either constraining them to conform themselves, or to leave the county according to the laws of our kingdom and canons of our Church, and so strike equally on both hands against the contemners of our authority and adversaries of our Church. And as for our good people's lawful recreation, our pleasure likewise is, that after the end of Divine Service our good people be not disturbed, letted, or discouraged from any lawful recreation, such as dancing (either men or women), archery for men, leaping, vaulting, or any other such harmless recreation ; nor from having of May Games, Whitsun Ales, and Morris Dances, and the setting up of May Poles, and other sports therewith used, so as the same be had in due and convenient time, without impediment or neglect of Divine Service. And that women shall have leave to carry rushes to the Church for the decoring of it, according to their old custom. But withal we do here account still as prohibited all unlawful games to be used upon Sundays only, as bear and bull-baitings, interludes, and at all times, in the meaner sort of people, by law prohibited, bowling.

And likewise we bar from this benefit and liberty all such known recusants, either men or women, as will abstain from coming to Church or Divine Service, being thereforeunworthy of any lawful recreation after the said service, that will not first come to the Church and serve God: prohibiting in like sort the said recreations to any that, though conform in Religion, are not present in the Church at the service of God, before their going to the said recreations. Our pleasure, likewise, is, that they to whom it belongeth in office shall present and sharply punish all such as, in abuse of this our liberty, will use these exercises before the ends of all Divine Service for that day: And we likewise straightly



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command that every person shall resort to his own parish church to lear Divine Service, and each parish by itself to use the said recreation after Divine Service: prohibiting likewise any offensive weapons to be carried or used in the said times of recreations. And our pleasure is, that this cur Declaration shall be published by order from the Bishop of the diocess, through all the parish churches, and that both our Judges of our circuits and our Justices of our Peace be informed thereof.

“Given at our Manor of Greenwich the four-and-twentieth day of May, in the sixteenth year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the one-and-fiftieth !

“Now out of a like pious care for the service of God, and for suppressing of any humours that oppose truth, and for the ease, comfort, and recreation of our well-deserving people, we do ratify and publish this our blessed father's Declaration ; the rather because of late in some counties of our kingdom we find, that, under pretence of taking away abuses, there hath been a general forbidding, not only of ordinary meetings, but of the Feasts of the Dedication of the Churches, commonly called Wakes. Now our express will and pleasure is, that these feasts, with others, shall be observed, and that our Justices of the Peace in their several divisions shall look to it, both that all disorders there may be prevented or punished, and that all neighbourhood and freedom with manlike and lauful exercises be used. And we farther command our Justices of Assize, in their several circuits, to see that no man do trouble or molest any of our loyal and dutiful people in or for their lawful recreations, having first done their duty to God, and continuing in obedience to us and our laws: And of this we command all our Judges, Justices of the Peace, as well within liberties as without, Mayors, Bailifts, Constables, and other Officers, to take notice of, and to see observed, as they tender our displeasure: And we farther will, that publication of this our Command be made by oriler from the Bishops through all the parish churches of their several diocesses respectively.

“Given at our Palace of Westminster the eighteenth day of October, in the ninth year of our reign. God save the King.'

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Such were the Royal Ordi- natural and innocent enjoyment nances two centuries ago; and I of the villagers of Old England ? have yet to learn that their re- ---merry Old England it used to vival at the present day would be, we are told—can I call it so be attended with anything but at present? Why don't these the happiest results. That I am hard-worked, simple-minded poor not alone in this opinion may be fellows take delight in the few gathered from what follows. On holidays left open to them ?-for turning over the


of a work as to Sunday, it has now bejust issued from the press--and come,

come, to all outward appearby a writer, too, who ranks in no ance, the saddest day out of the mean estimation in the republic seven. And stop:- perhaps it is of letters-I was forcibly struck this very pharisaical observance with the coincidence of sentiment of the Sabbath, at first imposed between us; and, as it was evi- upon them against their natures dently dictated from the same and wishes, and since grown into common motive, I make no apo- a sullen, sulky habit, which at logy for transcribing it.

length incapacitates them from “ But what has become of the relishing even their annual play power, or the will, or the zest for days. At all events, Graves, you

know my notions of old, as to active manner at the other side: the good sense, good feeling, nay see him thus, and you pity his good religion of making it cri-lot-(pray do not fall into the minal in a poor man or lad to mistake of quarrelling with him sing a harmless song, play at for stupidity). When he tires quoits or cricket, or be seen danc- of his unenlivening lounge, stand ing with his sweetheart, or, if near the Tap, and you will catch he and she like, his arm round a glimpe of him, however, slipher neck, of a Sunday. None of ping in its ever open or only those acts would be in themselves latched door, round a corner; unholy, and therefore would not and you do not greatly pity him break the command for keeping now-but how can you blame holy the Sabbath. Farther, I do him? What are his means of sincerely believe, that after due enjoyment in the open air ? And worship of God, or in the inter- if he had some means of enjoyvals of different times set apartment in the open air, would he be for His worship, on His own Day, in the Tap-in it at least so often a joyous and a contented heart or long at a time? And take giving vent, according to the human nature as it is, as it has common manifestations of human ever been, and as it ever must be) nature, to its joy and to its con- which is the greatest breach of tent, would not be odious in the the Sabbath, dancing happily on sight of Him who loves his crea


green sod, aye, and with one tures with a surpassing love, and of those nice village beauties bewho has contrived a wondrous fore him, or spending his money plan for even their earthly happi- on the heavy, stupifying national ness. • There is joy in heaven,' drink of England ? -(Graves, where reigns an eternal Sabbath; have not the porter and the ale and I WILL insist that it was of England, the light wines or upon the first earthly Sabbath the light beer of France, and the Day, after the 'foundations of the whiskey of Ireland, a point of earth were laid,' and 'the corner impression upon the very differstone there,' that 'the morning ent characters of the three peostars praised Him together, and ple?) -- And can his methodised all the sons of God shouted for avoidance of the cheery compa

nionship of the other sex, openly, “ As to the good feeling and and in the face of heaven and of good sense of compelling poor man, upon a Sabbath Day-- to Johnny Raw to be triste and de- say nothing of his self-control in mure-looking upon the only day different matters--be much better, of the week that he is not bent very often, than a system of de double with labour, follow him moralising hypocrisy ? Ask the for a good part of a Sunday, and parish overseer, and he may perdraw your own conclusions. See haps tell you that more seeds of him first, after church or chapel care and trouble to him are sown service, moping alone, or with a of a Sunday evening (at all events group of his own sex, at one side of a Sunday night, take the seaof the village-street, or of a green sons through) than upon any field, while flocks of pretty and other evening of the week. And (if they durst) merry-hearted does he or do you expect it othergirls, move in a somewhat more wise? I think, in my conscience,


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it is evident that the natural gal- almost by force detains him a few
lantry common to all men, gentle moments while she tries her very
and simple, might, in seven cases best to tell him pleasant stories
out of ten, be diverted from con- and anecdotes, and to look up,
centrating itself into a downright laughing, into his face in fact
breach of parish law, if it were (inverted man that he is to suffer
allowed to evaporate gradually in it !), to court him.
the hundred harmless little cour- “Let me finish my wandering
tesies which are matters of course chapter with a really serious sen-
amongst men and women, lads tence or two. Make your vil-
and girls, in less disciplined com- lagers enjoy their lives as their
munities. This, however, you forefathers did theirs, or, at least,

say, is rather a stretching of make them more moral than their my theory.....very well. Give me

forefathers were,

set-off back our fine merry Old England against their sad and sour prenational character among the tensions to outward decorum. lower orders, aye, and some of Convince them, that, one thing the middle too, and that is what with another, they have more I want, and you may effect it as facilities for happiness than the you like and as you can. Make people of any second country our smock-frock compatriots look under the sun ; and yet that, not less unhappy, less jealous of a in seeming merely, but in downfree-hearted natural existence, right fact, and in their hearts and less sulky while a charming girl brains, spleens and gall-bladders, of the same street and parish they are the least joyous people stops him as he plods along, and under that same sun.'





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THIS excellent pack, which determined on his purpose, he

has contributed so much to next darted at the door, and got the amusement of those who are in and concealed himself under a fond of hare-hunting, and are bed: the hounds were whipped hunted in a style worthy of the off

, and His Lordship succeeded excellent sportsman to whom they in dragging poor pug from his belong, met with a fox near Milk- retreat. “Fair-play” being always naw farm steading on Wednes- a jewel with His Lordship in all day, October 5th.

kinds of sport, the captive was Reynard was viewed away in liberally dealt with : time was the open, and appeared as if he allowed to restore him to the use of would lead them a dance : his his exhausted powers, and he was course was straight forward over turned down at a distance quite a strongly fenced country for sufficient to insure him a fair some miles, when, feeling himself chance of escape. All would not pressed, he commenced his dou- do; the pack had marked him out bles, and succeeded in regaining for their

own special property, and his favorite abode, the farm-house would have him; and they had. where he had been found. He Poor reynard sunk after running jumped at the kitchen window, a few fields, and yielded up the but it was shut against him: ghost to his unrelenting pursuers,

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