« ПредишнаНапред »
man in his constitution ; but just party, but went privately afteras his intellect begins to expand wards and shot them to answer and discover itself, it is grappled their own selfish purposes. Parby the fetters of his country. I ticular inquiries must be likewise trust better days are approach- made as to the knowledge each ing. The lower orders are no individual has of the deer-ground, doubt fond of stabbing, as John and of his being conversant with Bull is of bruising; but there is this species of sport. Secondly, no great harm in this, as it is the the batido should have been comcustom of the country; and the posed of twelve men and twenty Spaniard, by rolling round the dogs, and the firing party of at left arm his huge snuff-colored least fifteen men. Thirdly, the cloak, can as effectually ward off field should be taken by the end a thrust or stroke of the knife of February or beginning of as John would a claret-yielding March. facer; and, seriously speaking, In conclusion, I must observe,
I doubt much whether the use of that although we failed in spillthe knife or the fisty-cuff system ing blood in the above ramble has done most mischief to man- after deer, will any one from this kind.
have the boldness to affirm that If another party is formed, we experienced no enjoyment ? the following suggestions, by way Do ravines and plains clothed in of improvement upon the above all the verdure and luxuriance of excursion, are humbly offered. spring and summer, and intersectFirst, the party must not be got ed by myriads of purling streams, up on such a sudden as was the possess no source of attraction? case in the above instance; the Such delightful and animating character of the men intended scenes, shedding health on both for the batido must be investi- body and mind, were continually gated as to their faith or trust- under our view both days, amworthiness, as instances have oc- ply repaying us for not drawing curred of both deer and boar a trigger. On witnessing the having been seen by designing beauty and fertility of the earth's beaters, who concealed the fact, surface, man naturallyrumina tes and made no attempt to drive on the goodness of the Great the animals towards the firing Author of the Universe.
YARE ON WINDSUCKING AND WEAVING.
E are sorry that a press of our favorite animal by the cruel
matter prevents us from treatment to which he is too often giving an article in full under subjected, has induced him to rethe above head, as we received it capitulate many of his former obfrom Mr. YARE, who has already servations, by way of enforcing favored us with several commu- his argument
có that vices are nications on the “ Vicious Habits to be cured by kindness rather and Propensities of Horses:" but than by coercion:” and as his praiseworthy devotion to the think it unnecessary to repeat cause of humanity, in his endea- these arguments, however strong, vour to prevent the sufferings of we shall proceed at once to the
causes of these bad habits, and to The slight annoyance caused his remedy for their prevention. by this simple plan when in the
In the whole catalogue of evils stable, which is sufficiently evito which the horse is liable (says dent by his efforts to get rid of Mr. Yare) there is none more it, turns all the animal's attention distressing to his attendant, or into another channel, and windinjurious to himself, than that sucking, which formed his sole habit which forms the subject amusement at other times, is of the present paper. Many of neglected, and he ceases to inhale your readers have no doubt seen the air. In the afternoon, exera horse in the stable curving his cise again for three or four hours neck and raising his head, at as before ; and when the bit is rethe same time making a sniffling moved for the purpose of feeding, noise; whilst another presses his I wash it well in cold water prechin or teeth on the top of the viously to replacing it. After the manger (without any attempt to first fortnight I usually find I can bite), drawing air into his sto-, remove the list from the bit, but mach, and making a similar noise not before ; as by increasing the to that of crib-biting. This is substance it increases his anWindsucking, and is practised noyance, and at the same time, not only when standing or lying, being soft, does no injury to the but sometimes even in walking general structure of the mouth. exercise - producing in either When the list is removed, I still case the same consequences as retain the bit night and day until crib-biting ; namely, flatulence, the animal is accustomed to and cholic, indigestion, debility, and suffers no inconvenience from an impaired stamina: and though it; and when he stands perhe may be used, and useful, forfectly quiet I remove it altothe common purposes to which gether. The time the bit
be horseflesh is put, yet he will left off varies according to the always be found to fail when in- temper of the animal ; but genecreased exertion is required. rally I should state that from one
The windsucker (as Mr. Bracy to two months is the average Clark describes the crib-biter) time to effect a cure. will generally be found to be of Though the horse is thus far an irritable nervous temperament, cured, I do not mean to assert, and may be known by a staring that, from changing his owner, coat, an anxious countenance, and the propensity will not occur an attenuated frame. As a re- again. In case it should, it will medy for this vice, I commence be necessary to repeat the same by increasing his exercise. For discipline. three hours at least before break- During the whole of this treatfast I am on his back (weather ment every care must be paid to permitting); and if he sucks his the general health of the animal, wind in his walking exercise, I and extra exercise must never be ride him with a stable bit, with neglected. In the course of a a small piece of list stitched on few days—however mean the each side of the players, which is condition and appearance of the never out of his mouth, either in horse
will be or out of the stable, except when agreeably surprised by the rapid feeding.
improvement this mode of reat
ment imparts to the condition begins to exhibit symptoms of and health of his charge.
weaving, one of these bits should The same course of treatment be buckled to the headstall, and may be applied successfully to remain for seven or eight hours a most other habits arising from day, except when feeding. This nervous irritability: and in cases being in itself a sort of exercise of Weaving I have practised it will prevent him from following extensively, and always with good the propensity. Independently effect.
of this, the effect it has on digesA horse is said to weave when tion is absolutely surprising. A he is continually moving his head horse of tender and delicate appefrom one side of the stall to the tite, or one who has been pamother, at the same time spreading pered by over-indulgence till he his fore legs widely, shifting the has become nice in his food, will weight of his body first on one, eat heartily and with increased then on the other. This move- enjoyment after having been on ment, which resembles that of a the bit three or four hours; and shuttle in a loom, gives rise to it is such horses as these that gethe term weaving, and it is a nerally imbibe those practices and most appropriate one.
vices which are among the numeobserved
any positive injury arise curses of good horseflesh.” to the animal from an indulgence This simple treatment may in this habit, further than that it perhaps excite a smile with those is most disagreeable in a stall, as who have never tried the experievery movement produces a rat- ment; but its very simplicity is tling in the halter-rings and logs, its best recommendation. Almost disturbing other horses, who will every bad habit to which a horse sometimes acquire the same habit. becomes addicted is the result of
Many horses, especially hun- idleness; to remedy which there ters and those which are highly is nothing but exercise and bitting fed, will begin to weave imme- effective. The latter I know is diately they see a saddle or bridle but an auxiliary, but still it is a put upon another horse, evincing most important one, and the only by their motions an anxiety for succedaneum when plenty of exexercise themselves; and not ercise is not to be procured.getting that in the open air, they It has also this advantage, that try to procure as much as they it can scarcely be made an incan in the narrow limits of their strument of excessive cruelty or stall. Tired horses never weave; torture to the animal. and those who get exertion In conclusion, I have only to enough in a legitimate way are add, that exercise is the Alpha glad to seek rest in their stable, and Omega in horse-treatment; rather than increase their fatigue and he who combines judgment by continual motion.
in carrying this into effect, toThe best way to subdue this gether with kindness to the anipropensity is to create a counter mal and attention to his stable irritant by the employment of discipline, has arrived nearly at the bit, as in the cases of wind- the ne plus ultra of knowledge in sucking. The moment a horse, the treatment of vicious propeneither from long continuance in sities. I am, Sir, &c. the stable, or from any other cause, Oct. 28, 1831.
SPORTS AND PASTIMES OF THE PEOPLE.
" It is lawful to relax our bow, but not suffer it to be unstrung."-TAYLOR.
Magazine, whose pages are loyal obedience of " a bold ever reflecting the brighten- peasantry?"-what'assurance of joyments of rural life, I know of permanent defence against a no more appropriate medium for national foe, when sinewy power giving currency to a remark or is suffered to degenerate into list, , two on a subject which I am lessness and impotency, and the surprised has not long ago en- Sports and Pastimes of our gaged the pens of some of your people crushed under the maudluminous contributors. The sub- lin pretext of enforcing a more ject to which I allude refers to becoming observance of the Sabthe Recreations of the humbler bath? classes, and to those rigid inter- That such a state of coercion dictions everywhere imposed is neither calculated to conciliate upon the innocent, healthful, and the tranquillity and obedience of necessary relaxations from weekly the people, nor insure a stedfast toil which have heretofore found regard for their superiors, cannot toleration on the Seventh Day. be more unequivocally mani
Far be it from me, in what I fested than in the many petitions am about to advance, to be thought which have been lately presented as estimating lightly or irreve- to the Legislature on the subject, rently that hallowed day—or to and in the responses which those detract one iota from the sacred petitions havereceived from Legisrespect in which it should be lators themselves. “I, for one, held by all who profess and call (said a Noble Lord who recently themselves Christians to presented a petition from Scotdiminish aught from the fervour land,) shall be always happy to of our periodical duties to Him encourage the innocent Sports who has consecrated it the rest- and Pastimes of the People ; and ing day of Man. But when I I should like to see the beerlook back upon the history of shops and skittle-grounds of this past times upon those days when country — notwithstanding the
rood of clerical denunciations that have ground maintained its man:"- been issued against them -introwhen I find that even Royal duced into Scotland.” Ordinances have been issued for Having alluded to certain the sanctioning of Seventh Day Royal Ordinances which forRecreations among the peasantry merly permitted the rural classes and the well-disposed :- --when I to recreate themselves after their know that these things have been; own way, my principal object and contrast them with the cleri- in addressing you at this (percal anathemas and magisterial haps not wholly an uneventful) domination of the present day, time is, to bring under the notice by whose decrees such indul- of our excellent Councillors these gences no longer are what sea gracious announcements, and to