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which holy work was very naturally, condition in his last will and testament, in the end, productive of partial apog. that his son must encounter the heirs of tacy, and almost general insubordina. Bob Cornewall in a suit at law, for tion among the Students. So much for the family estate of 9. 138. a year, the College, now for the Committee. bought by Bob from the Doctor's

: WALTER Cox. mother, and for which the Doctor very May 30.

piously kicked her into the street, at (To be continued.)

the same time advising the old lady to

hang herself ; no woman more faith, DEFENCE OF DOCTOR HAMILL. fully took the advice of a son, or with

more exactness, as she tied her neck to When this Reverend Patron of

a staple in Channel-row prison, where Doctor Brennan, advised the Catholics

she departed over the first noggin of of his parish to hang the Petition to

porridge. . Like the Doctor, we are Parliament up in the Fish-market, we

obliged, particularly on this interesting believe it was only a figurative expres. sion, as the Vicar General had no idea

subject, to be personal, as we want to it would be taken as a literal instruc

clear up a certain a fair, and not hava tion to execute it among the Poissardes

ing any apprehension from the Doctor's

prowess, as he has a constitutional of Pill-lane. We have it from Father Byrne, scandai caterer for Doctor

aversion to fighting, and an insupera

ble horror at the very name of pistols. Brennan's handsome 'publication, an w

an We have secured another retreat, even interpretation exactly corresponding should we urge the brute into madness, with ous idea and opinion, that hang

* because we could not descend to enter ing it up in the Fish-market was to

into combat with the partner of Hudhang it among the Faithful under the

dlestone, the pander and agent of Sirr, direction of the successors of St. Pea

the journeyman of drunken Fitzsimons, ter, who, as all the world acknow.

the panegyrist and pensioner of the ledge, with the exception of our Preaching Masters of Britain, was à

" house of Keogh, and occasionally Fisherman, and the Head of the Chris.

turnkey to Larry Tighe, late of the

house of Leinster, but at present tian Church. We hope that this ac

holding the office of keeper of Brideknowledgement of our submission to

well, under Major Sirr. the decree of Doctor Hamill, and to the ingenious penetration of little Fa

Whenever the son of Brennan un

dertakes to recover the estate, we wish ther Byrne, will prevent any schism in

he would previously take the prevalo the Church, and save the united 'la. bours of Counsellor Clinch and the

tion of reading this article in our MaVicar General from undertaking the

gazine ; because we are in possession

of facts, that if known to the young long chapter the two Gentlemen were

representative of the house of Idough, composing in their Book of Contro

- would determine his conduct, make versy, for the purpose of confuting :

8 him rather give up the 91. 138. a year, Watty Cox, the Author and Gun• than make

" than make the amours of his grande c

e mother a public topic of legal investi. DOCTOR BRENNAN'S LEGITI

gation. We have the names of the

last six husbands in our hands, and MACY.

were we not tender of the feelings of • This great questionis one day to come the drunken bookbinder, who acted as before a Court of Law, as the Doctor her last and surviving husband, wę has declared over his porter among the would give a complete history of the wrestling sailors at Watkins's, on matrimonial and amorous incidents of George's-quay, that he will make it a the deceased Lady.

smith.

FRENCH

FRENCH BIOGRAPHY. had acquired a habit of repeating, be

published, in 1796, a General History (Continued from June.)

of the Crimes committed during the L. Prudhomme, a Printer, Jour Revolution, &c; a shapeless ill-digested nalist, and writer, is particularly known compilation, in which we perceive by his Revolutions of Paris, and by his throughout the taste, the style, and the General History of the Crimes of the discernment of a sans-culotte, or rather French Revolution. At the begin- of a maniac. What Frenchman would ning of the troubles he professed prin- have imagined in 1792, that the author ciples so extravagant, that his journal of the Journal of the Revolutions of always surpassed in ferocity, and espe. Paris would one day enumerate the cially in absurdity, that of Camille crimes and victims of the Jacobins ? It Desmoulins, and other violent Jacobins. is not that we pretend to blame those His rage was particularly directed who stain with infamy a Carrier, a Le. against Maria Antoinette, and all bon, a Collet, a Robespierre, &c.; but the Sovereigns of Europe. In was it for Prudhomme to set himself up December, 1791, he announced, by against them? Before we mention any bill in capital letters, a work entitled; of the contradictions which swarm in Crimes of the Queens of France, down his work, we shall speak of the method to the present Queen, inclusive. This which he has adopted in it: it is neces. kind of proclamation not having been sary to establish the degree of authenat first prohibited, after some time he ticity which the facts related by him had another stuck up on the very door possess. As soon as he had conceived of the National Assembly, in red let. the project of publishing this compla. ters, and beginning thus : Prudhomme ţion, he endeavoured to procure some to all the nations of the earth : I give correspondents in the departments, who notice that I shall constantly publish could send him a picture of the miseries the crimes of all the potentates of Eu. that their country had endured under rope, 'Popes, Emperors, Kings of the reign of terror : all these docu. Spain, of Naples, &c. The first want ments he put together without arrang. of a people which desires to be free, is ing or connecting tbem, and without to know the crimes of its kings. Not. correcting the different styles, (hence withstanding the vigilance of despots, arise the most disgusting dissimilarity I will disperse thousands of copies in and inconsistency in the tone and the their states, with my devices « The principles) and lastly, he from time to L erty of the Press or Death.” He time added reflections, which make the afterwards pressed on the trial of Louis declamatory part of it, and which, tho? XVI. to the utmost of his ability, call- the work of one man, present still ed on the government to celebrate the more inconsistencies than all the rest, festival of pikes every year on the 14th As to these inconsistencies, we will of July, and to order that this weapon say, that from the most extravagant should be suspended at all windows on Jacobinism, to the least disguised Roy. that day. It would be too tedious to alism, all opinions are brought forward, repeat here all the absurdities produced adopted, and defended, not only in the by his inflamed brain ; but the reign of course of the work, but even in the Robespierre appeared to calm him a parts which are by himself alone. We little, and the sight of the blood, of will not speak of his hatred and bis which he so earnestly recommended the abuse of Marie Antoinette, of Lonis effusion, terrified his soul, which was XVI. and of all the most respected certainly less cruel than he had himself princes or sovereigns : his principles oa believed. Not being able, however, to this subject are known and marked part' with the word crime, which he every where ; we will not mention his

inrectives

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invectives against the successive chiefs proved of massacres and proscriptions,
of the Montagnards; every line of his are not the least curious part of his
history contains fresh ones : we shall work. Prudhomme had been a jour.
content ourselves with saying, that neyman bookbinder at Meaux ; he was
this enemy to crowned heads, in his ar. governor of the hospitals of Paris in
ticle of the crimes of the Notables 1789, and is now a bookseller in that
(for there are crimes every where) im- city.
putes it to them as a crime, that they

-006-
did not procure the king resources, " in
order to prevent all the misfortunes

MEMOIRS OF GARAT. which desolated the land of France;" D. J. Garat, the younger, a man of that is to say, if we do not mistake, letters, a member of the institute, and the revolution, and consequently the professor of history in the Lyceum of establish.nent of the republic. “ Their Paris. The tiers-état of Latour debase negligence,” says he, “ ruined the puted him to the states-general, and court, and left the field open to every though he seldom made his appearance species of crime. Posterity owes to in the tribune of the constituent assemthem its contempt and its indignation : bly, he made known his opinions by curses upon them !” and as if he had the accounts of the meetings which he feared that some mistake should be published in the Journal de Paris. He made concerning the regret with which opposed the grant to the king of an the fall of the monarchy at intervals absolute veto, and in 1791 undertook inspires him, he takes care to exclaim the defence of the minister Fleuricu, in his third volume, page 89, that who was denounced by his clerk Bon“ the magistrates of the people ought jour. On the 3d of October, 1792, to haye written in golden letters on he was appointed minister of justice, their mantles, this maxim of the Italian and commissioned to inform Louis Malvezzi : “ I hold that there is as XVI. of his condemnation. Bertrand much liberty under a good prince, as de Moleville accused him of having rethere is tyranny in a bad republic.” moved some papers which exculpated We shall conclude with a remark the king, and though he loudly pro(which may extend to many wiser, and tested against the charge, his aniago. more judicious people, than Prud- nist persists in it in the history of the homme) which is, that though he revolution. On the 18th of March, adopted more moderate and just ideas 1793, Garat became minister of the concerning the last years of the revo. interior, and on the 27th of May made lution, the royalists do not pardon him a speech to the assembly to dissipate not having renounced the enmities and all alarm with regard to the riots and prejudices which he adopted during the the armed force; he justified Pache earlier troubles ; and reproach him for and Hébert, and protested the deputies having endeavoured to justify the crimes were in no danger : “ I am persuaded,” and assassinations of 1789 and 1790, he added, " that the members of the (among others, the massacres of the committee of twelve, who were opunfortunate Huez, mayor of Troyes, posed to the Jacobins, have heated of M. M. Montesson, Cureau, &c ) by their imaginations, they think that they bringing up again the accusations dis ought to display great courage, that rected against them, which are now they ought to die to save the republic. considered as absurd lies told at that I believe them to be virtuous, men, but time to mislead the people. The great virtue itself has its errors." A decree pains which he takes to justify his inti: ordered this speech to be printed, and macy with Camille, Danton, &c. and on the 31st of May the insurrection of to persuade the world that he never ap. the commune broke out. At the meet

ing

ing of the Jacobin society on the 16th the most allowable vengeance, and were of July, Danton congratulated Garat I very eager to obtain it, I should not on the services he had rendered on the yet go and ask it of judges and juries." 31st of May, and reproached him for In April, 1797, when he was appointnot writing enough for a cause whieh ed elector of Seine and Oise, he was he had so materially beneficed. He, insulted in the electoral assembly by as minister, greatly contributed to the several of his colleagues as a terrorist. acceptance of the constitution of 1793. At this period he wrote a long letter On the 2d of August Collot d'Herbois in the Key of the Cabinet against La denounced him for having addressed in. harpe, insisting that the term Citizer discreet questions to the communes; he was preferable to Sir, or Monsieur, then was in consequence put under arrest, coming again into general use. On the and summoned to the bar, where he 4th of September, 1797, he was ro appeared. Danton accused him of turned in the list of candidates to TE weakness, but defended his intentions, place Barthélemy and Carnot, and was and Sevestre having called to mind that afterwards appointed a member of the he had served the republic well on the central jury of the Seine. In Febru. 31st of May, the decree of arrest was re- ary, 1798, he was sent to Naples as pealed. On the 15th he left the mi. ambassador, and in the speeches be nistry, and declared he was going to made to the king and queen, he chose edit a republican paper, that he might to disregard the diplomatic forms, and still be useful to the state. In the be- entered into philosophical discussions ginning of October he was arrested, which were not approved by any party. but was, a few days afterwards, set at These improprieties were injurious to liberty again, and on the 27th of July, his mission, and his entreaties in favour 1794, was appointed one of the com- of the Neapolitan and Sicilian patriats missioners of public instruction, and under confinement were without effect. professor in the normal school. In He soon took leave of the court, and March, 1795, Dumont de Calvados joined the council of ancients, to whom having proposed an inquiry into his be- he was appointed secretary on the 19th haviour on the 31st of May, he was of August. On the 2ist of January, defended by Lavan and Bréard : 'he 1799, he was raised to the presidentthen thought it right to defend him. ship, and pronounced a discourse for self, and piblished his Particulars of the anniversary of Louis XVI.'s exe the Revolution, containing a view of cution. On the Sth of February, on his political conduct, and was super occasion of the declaration of war on seded by Ginguené as commissioner of the king of Naples, he enumerated the public instruction. Henry Lariviere crimes and faithlessness of that soreaccused him in the tribune of the con- reign. At the period of the elections, vention respecting the tranactions of he undertook the defence of Francis de September: be complained heavily of Neufchâteau, then minister of the inthese assertions, and observed he had terior, who was vehemently attacked not been appointed minister till the 9th on account of a circular letter, in of Ocrober, and that he had described which he seemed to dictate the plan to the 2d and 3d of September as the era be followed by the elective assemblies of the most monstrous crimes. "If, In May following he devoted the avadded he, “ republicans were not, at thors of the massacre of Rastadt to this moment, (Aug. 1797,) abandoned the vengeance of all nations, and was by the laws of the republic, I might commissioned to pronounce the funeral have sume oned you before i he tribu. oration on the ministers who had been nals, but such appeals have never been the victims of it. On the approach of my practice: I am little desirous of the crisis of the 30th of Prairial, (1 Sich of June, 1799,) he set himself up MEMOIRS OF Hanriot. against the dilapidators of the public money and their partizans, and seemed F. Hanriot, a servant, then clerk to allude to Rewbell, who sat by his of the barriers before the revolution, side ; Rewbell boldly repelled his at-, and afterwards chief commander of the tacks, and demanded that they should Parisian national guard Constantly debe made openly. He afterwards sup- voted to Robespierre, he served him with ported the resolution concerning hos- fury on all occasions, and began to sigtages, and defended Sieyes, who was nalize himself particularly on the 21 attacked in the Journal of Freemen. of September, 1792, by himself diHe showed himself a partizan of the recting the assassins in the Carmelite revolution of the 18th of Brumaire, prisons. Some time after he contri. year 8, (9th of November, 1799,) buted to getting funeral honours grantand it was he who, in the legislative ed to the Pole, Lazowski, principal committee of ancients, of which he was destroyer of the prisoners of Orleans. a member, made the speech which pre. He had himself such a taste for maßceded the acceptation of the consular sacres, that he endeavoured to have the constitution ; he was appointed a mem. 94 Nantese slaughtered, whom Carrier ber of the conservative senate, and af. had sent to Paris; but being unable to terwards made commander of the le. Succeed, though he had purposely gion of honour,' In September, 1800, spread a report that they were chahe pronounced, in the place des Vic rette's staff, he cried out, " That toires, an eulogium on Generals Kle- Carrier is a fool; I would have had ber and Desaix. Garat, possessed of them all shot." These sentiments had talents, found the secret of getting him- gained him some preponderance among self spoken of as a writer void of sense; the Jacobins, and new services soon evidued with domestic virtues, he was raised him to the head of the national supposed a wicked being. The writers guard. On the 31st of May, 1793, of the different parties have bitterly re. he appeared at the convention with a proached him with his political varia deputation from the armed force, in tions. In October, 1806, he was a order to prepare the public mind for member of the committee intrusted to the troubles which were about to overmake a report on the union of Genoa; take the Girondins. He was then apand in January, 1807, he pronounced pointed provisional commander in chief, in the senate one of the most eloquent and, strong in the support of the Monspeeches that have been made on the tagne, whose instructions he had revictories of the emperor Napoleon. erived, and assisted by Marat, he ty. In 1778, Garat published an eulogium rannized over the convention in the on Michel de PH Spital; in 1779, one most indecent and atrocious manner. on Suger; in 1781, one on the duke After having fired the alarm güns, and de Montansier ; and in 1784, one on surrounded the hall of meeting with Fontenelle; the three last gained the troops, he made this answer to the preprize at the French academy. In 1790, sident, who had advanced at the head 1791, and 1792, he brought out se- of all the members to learn the cause veral works on the revolution ; le la. of such measures : « The people have boured, for several years, at the lite- not risen to listen to speeches ; they rary part of the Mercury of France ; must have victims; and, an instant be edited the debates of the constituent after, he cried out, when ordered to 23sembly in the Journal of France, and leave a free passage to the representaassisted in the Key to the Cabinet of tives of the nation : “ No, not one Sovereigns in 1796 and 1797. shall go out ; soldiers, to your arms !

cannoniers, to your pieces !” Then, · For JULY, 1812, Vol. V.

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