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attended at the Castle with the resolu. 'The following advertisenent we copy tions of renunciation of the spiritual from an American Newspaper, authority of the Roman Pontiff. It The Fredonian," printed at New ' was unfortunate for the pleasure of Brunswick, New Jersey. It offers the guests that Lord Diamond quit his such substantial bounty for Soldiers state chair. Some little boys, the sons as must astonish a European. We of Mr. Can, of Fleet-street, and do not think that any of our brave Mr. Sm ; of College-green, began Countrymen, who have been driven to amuse themselves at the upper end to America by the Orangemen and of the drawing-room with some expe Priest-killers, can resist such a ments to fly kites by the aid of some temptation to encrease the Ame. new machinery which his Lordship rican Army. had lately invented, and which he incautiously left within the reach of those children ; but the kites being

RECRUITING RENDEZVOUS. . too weighty for their management, the beautiful silken canopy which had Liberal Bounty to Soldiers who enlist previously so completely preserved the in the service of their Country. outward grandeur of Lord Diamond, was dragged to the ground with a dreadful crash, which caused many of. Those persons who wish to enlist in the visitors to exclaim how wonderful the service of their country are informit was that so trifling an accident ed, that Ensign Sherman has opened a should so discompose his Lordship; Recruiting Rendezvous, at J. Field's who, after a short silence, resumed tavern, in New Brunswick, New Jer. his accustomed facetiousness, but not sey-and the following very liberal and without warning his young friends to encouraging terms are offered by the avoid in future meddling with such government. Every able bodied man, playthings, as none but those who pos. from the age of eighteen to thirty-five, sessed great art, much curning, grace. who shall be recruited for the army ful and generous attitudes of the face of the United States, for the term of and hands, and body, should venture five years, will receive a upon kite flying before many specta. tors. Dinner being over, the Noble

BOUNTY OF SIXTEEN DOLLARS, Earl gave several toasts, amongst and whenever he shall have served the · which were

term for which he enlisted, and ob

tained an honorable discharge, will be « May the honest heart never knoro allowed and paid, in addition to the

aforesaid bounty, 16 May the honest heart be never

Three Months Pay and One Hundred betrayed by the hollow and smiling

and Sixty Acres of Land; treachery of cunning and designs and in case he should be killed in ing hypocrites."

action, or die in the service, his heirs

and representatives will be entitled to We have noć room, until our next,' the said three months pay and one to conclude the further particulars of hundred and sixty acres of Land. this entertainment.

to of March 5, 1812.

distress,

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The following reflections, which are the idea which we form of these translated from a French paper,

bodies. There are other mote re

markable differences. The mountains will be new to most people and in

which Schroeter observed in Mercury tcresting to all, especially at a time and Venus are from five to eight times when astronomy has become a sub. mote elevated than those of our globe,

although these two planets have less ject of popular attention.

bulk. It cannot be admitted that this

difference owes its origin to a less ARE THE PLANETS INHABITED compact state of the matter which

constitutes the two planets, since, acor NOT ?

cording to the best calculations, the There are physical truths which density of Mercury is double that of are obvious to the senses, and which the earth. poetry should respect in its boldest The planet Mars casts a reddish flights. There are other truths which light which seems to announce that it not being of a nature to become popu. is surrounded by a thick atmosphere lar ought not to exercise any influence like that in which we live ; but the over the arts of imagination.

spots which cover its disk, too fixed to When M. Chateaubriant wishes to be clouds, too variable to be seas and make us find in the bosom of moun. continents, lead us to believe that this tains those pearls which the intrepid celestial body yet experiences those diver seek at the bottom of the sea, he great revolutions of which our carth comes in collision with a generally re: affords such dreadful traces.' ceived opinion, and deserves that the Among the four planets which we critic sliould recal to his recollection have named, ours only is accompanied the example of Virgil and Homer, by a satellite. Every one knows that whose muse adorned with fables and the disk of the moon presents fixed Peopled with wonders only those re. lights and shades which mark the in-' gions which were unknown. But when equalities of her surface. The dark the same writet denies the plurality spots have been long considered as seas of inhabited worlds, and sees in the like those which leave our earth; but celestial bodies only shining solitudes, the most recent discoveries by pointing philosophy and astronomy have no out cavities in the circuit even of these reason to complain; they cannot even spots, have induced astronomers to be. oppose any positive fact to this hypo. lieve them only great con-cavities void thesis. As good things may be said of water. Are these the basons of in favour of the opinion which refuse evaporated seas! Are they enorrational inhabitants to the other celes.' mous volcanic craters? This is what tial bodies, as can be said to render the no one will undertake to decide ; but contrary hypothesis plausible.

it is probable, on either supposition, Four planets only in all the system, that the moon has no watery surface. offer a certain analogy which indeces It is almost certain that she has but us to suspect much resemblance be. an extremely rarified atmosphere, tween their physical constitutions : scarcely distinguished from the æther these are Mercury, Venus, the Earth, which surrounds her. Schroeter, who and Mars. It is true that thic orbits by a long series of observations, has of the Earth and Venus are nearly cir. demonstrated the existence of a lunar cular, whilst those of Mars and Mer- atmosphere, has at the same time de. cury are very elliptic ; but this dif- monstrated its absolute difference from ference, as it may proceed from their that of our planet ; there is never first impulse, ought not to influence any thing seen on her surface resem. 4 For IUNE, 1812, Vol. V.

2 I

bling

bling the agitation that the wind oc. the other, or, to use the language of casions in the clouds which surround, astronomers, form knots. The plan of the earth. ,

all their orbits cuts that of the orbit of Much has been said, for thirty or the earth at very great angles ; it is forty years past, of the hole in the that which assimilates these stars to moon observed by Don Uloa. Astro- comets, and induces Mr. Herschel, nomers have agreed in rejecting the though wrongly, to refuse them the opinion of the philosopher as ridicu., name of planets. What a surprising lous, and extravagant"; they have ex. phenomenon do they display to our plained, by a volcanic eruption, the senses. To how many new reflections luminous point which the Spanish may it give rise ! These four little astronomer had perceived on the disk bodies, which seem almost to approach of the moon when eclipsed. But this near enough to each other for their inis a very forced explanation. Besides habitants if they had any, to commu. Uloa is not singular in supposing he nicate together : are they the wreck or had discovered a hole in the moon; remnant of a planet which has shiver. Liefmann, a German astronomer, had, ed to pieces from the explosion of the annoumced a similar observation more gaz which its bowels contained? Are than a century ago.

they the. Fet disunited elements of Who knows whether the moon be which nature will one day form a pla. any thing else than a porous mass of net ? Or are they moon's satellites Java and dross, without vegetables and which have lost the chief or centre of without animated beings?

the system of which they made a We agree, at least, that M. de part? Whatever opinion is adopted, Chateaubriant had reason to contem.: the eccentricity of their circuits and plate with dread the moment “ when the very diminutive size of one of those the moca shall sho:v this other face stars, which according to Herschel is which the earth has not yet seen." but seventy English miles in diameter, As it is in all probability the united sufficiently demonstrate that no plasiforce of magnetism or electricity which ble aelogy can be established between obliges the satellites or moons to follow them and our earth. the planet, always turning towards it The stately Jupiter, accompanied the same side, it is probable that a with his four satellites, turns round his subversion of this order of things could axis with a rapidity at which we stand not take place but by a rotal dissolu- amazed: the day in this planet, which tion, or at least a general revolution of has a bulk four hundred and seventythe principal planet. I think, then, nine times greater than that of the that astronomers themselves would turn earth, is but five hours long, and every pale, at seeing the other face of the point of its equator, in a second, travels moon, of which they åt present gene, over a space of six thousand five hun. rally perceive but a narrow stripe. dred and fifty toises. The density of

As soon as we have passed Mars, this planet is nothing in proportion to the planetary system assumes an ase its bulk ; it is to that of the earth as pect so widely differing from all that 23 to 100; and we are tempted to we see near us, that it becomes impos. regard Jupiter as a hollow ball. It is sible to conclude by analogy whether known that its fatness towards the the neighbouring celestial bodies havé poles is very considerable ; and we inhabitants or not. Ceres, Pallas, Ju- may add that the luminous bands no, and Vesta, travel in orbits nearly which surround its globe, not only equally distant from the sun, but in move like the rings of Saturn, but different nodes and with a greater or they seem to bend, almost to break, less eccentricity; so that the osscyrác and to change their dimension. What human being shall dare to decide whe- are like the earth destined to serve as ther this planet be inhabited, or even habitations for our species? whether it can ever be? Has this re- The best, the only argument, which mote world seen the generations which could be brought in favour of a plu. peopled it pass away, or has it yet to rality of habitable worlds, is not desee them born ? Does the rapid motion rived from natural philosophy; this which hurls it along announce the dis- would be the idea of a Supreme Intel. solution or the consideration of this ligence which may have supplied us celestial body?

human • 2 I 2

with them, but the examination of The system of Saturn offers to close such an argument would far exceed observers many unexpected wonders. the bounds which we have prescribed

The ring of this planet is found to be to ourselves.
composed of two distinct parts, of
which each has its own distinct motion.
Among the seven moons of Saturn, the

AMERICAN PROSPERITY. last, a striking contrast to all other satellites or secondary planets, seems to move freely ronnd its axis. But the most surprising discovery is that which

From the Speech of Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Herschel has made in regard to on the Bill concerning a Naval the figure of this plaget, which ac Establishment, in the House of Recording to him, is at the same time

presentatives, Jan. 20, 1812. Dattened at its poles and the region of 'the equater; so that its profile resem. bles a square rounded at its four'angles, Independence was nevertheless at. or, if you will, a circle flattened on chieved, and our citizens were therefour sides. Let the astronomers laugh, by emancipated from their colonial then if it pleases them, at the ring of thraldom. Immediately they became widowhood borne by Saturn, according more commercial than ever. They to M. Chateaubriant ; but let them, at quickly doubled the Stormy Cape, and the same time, confess their own igno- made voyages to India and China. rance in respect to a celestial body, the They braved the billows, and bade de. structure of which, remote from our fiance to the tempests. They proved conceptions, does not permit 13 to themselves daring and intrepid, ala formu a conjecture upon its destination most beyond example. Shall I atand its state.

tempt a few sketches in the inaritime The immensity of distance which history of these sons of Liberty ? separates us from Uranus has not pre. They wield the axe better than any vented Mr. Herschel discovering two other people. They vanquish the rings which surround it, the one coin. stately tenants of the forest, and suh. posing the poles, ihe other the equator, ject the oak, and the pine, and the 80 as to cut each other at right cedar, and the locust, to their power.

They model and construct ships, These astonishing varieties, among more skilfully than any nation on the the planets, which obey our sun; these globe. I quote the naval architects indications of great revolutions which of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, are passing, in the words, pear our Norfolk, and Charleston, in proof of earth; these multiplied phenomena.- my assertion. The excellence of ought they not, at the same time that their structures, whether you regard they terrify us, to rein in our imagina-' their burden, or their speed, is withtion, and induce us not to affirm dog. 'out a parallel an ancient or modern matically that all the celestial bodies times. Nor are our countrymen de.

ficient

angles.

ficient in the management and direc. DUBLIN THEATRE.
tion of such floating machines. They
can spring a cable, and weigh an an-

-000chor, more expertly than the transat. If Feddy Jones, who has the esc!u, lantic sailors. They can hand, reef, sive monopoly of the fallen Dublin and steer better. They can perform Stage, should condescend to give a a prescribed piece of service quicker. safer form, and mare convenient They equal the most able of the fo manner of escape in cases of Fire, reign mariners in expedients to lessen to the Theatre, we submit to his the dangers of the storm, and to ex Highness the following description tricate themselves from the horrors of the Theatre in Boston, America, of a lee-shore. 'Their enterprize has' as a guide to him ;really wrought wonders. While some of them are exploring high la. There is an iron curtain which can titudes for a southern continent, ano. be interposed so as to divide the au. ther is peopling the Chesapeake, the dience from the stage ; but in case remote island of Tristian d'Acunha; any difficulty should prevent this inor others, again teaching the arts of terposition, there are several avenues civilization to the natives of the Sand. by which the spectators could obtain wich islands, or planting the seeds of egress from the building.- From the the empire on the banks of the Co. boxes there are three doors, one at lumbia river. To belt the globe, is each side of the house, and a double become with them a common feat- one in front, which can be opened in an ordinary act of commercial outfit. a minute, and on all evenings of per. The sandal-wood of the Fejee islands, formance is unlocked ; these would the pearls of the 'Carolines, and the discharge the people in the boxes in Buchedemer of the Philippines, are five minutes after any accident, with. sought almost as familiarly as the out any danger. From the pit there productions of the West Indies.-- are two doors of egress, and the sair e If they find force necessary to carry number from the gallery ; besides on their commerce, they apply that which, there is a thick brick archi, force, remove difficulties abroad, and just above the front curtain, which provoke no discussions at home about sustains a battlement above the roof, their proceedings. By individual ef. and all the doors leading from the fort, the science of physical geogra. stage, to every part of the amphithephy, and the art of circumnavigation, atre, are of leavy iron, as well as all are as much improved now.a-days, those to the several apartments at. and in this country, as they have tached to the theatre. There is also heretofore been by the munificence a large hose, leading from an aque. of nations with European monarchs duct in the cellar, which, in case of at their head. And what is wo: thy fire, could be brought to bear on any of particular notice in these under part of the house. The scenes are takings, those who engage in them all of canyass, and not liable to take know how curiosity may be blended fire suddenly-the lights on the stage with profii, and how the air, the are of patent lamps, with globe glas. water, and the earth, may be so laid ses the dressing rooms are in a s. under contribution as to afford them parate building, and all the audience a rich reward for their toils.

doors open outwards.

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