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the balm of hope to the dying penitent, person, was not a Protestant at the alleviates his ang nish with the sweetest time of the marriage' and most benevolent assiduity, and The third Statute, enacted in 1750, piously assists in the precious office of renders this offence punishable as 3 rendering his last moments acceptable felony without lenefit of clergy, aru in the eyes of his Creator.
consequently, the Cazwie Priest, These are amongst the many ser. upon conviction, is to suffer Death. vices of the Catholic Clergy, and their And this tov, although such nar. claims upon the respect of their flocks. riages had been already pronounced to
Yet such are the mon, against be null and vvid, by a statute enacted wliom the jealousy of the Legislature in 1746. is in full vigor, and who are only Such is the punishment, and such noticed by the Laws, for the purposes the facility of convicting a Cathole of reprehension and of Penalty. Priest in Ireland, at this day, for a3 1. ' If a Catholic Clergyanan hap offence which the most cautious may
• pens, though inadvertently, to commit (if an offence) through inej.
testant and a Catholic (unless Minister, perhaps a non-resident, shall , • already married by a Protestant certify that a party is not a Protestant,
• Minister) he se liable by law to or any such negative fact, seems ab. stiffer Death.'
surd enough. Besides, no obligation The first Statute upon this subject is imposed upon him, by penalty, før was enacted in the year 1708. It refusal or otherwise, to grant any cerdirects, that · If any Popish Priest tificate whatsoever. • shall celebrate Matrimony between But this Anti-Catholic code present • any two persons, knoining that they a tissue of absurdities. For instance, « are, or either of them is, of the suppose a Protestant dissenter and i • Protestant Religion, he shall suffer Catholic about to be married, the ce • the punishment of a Popish Regu. remony must be performed by three • lar.' (that is, to be transported, clergymen, as matters now stand. and to remain in Gaol until transport. 1. The Dissenting minister. ed, and punished as if for High Trea. 2. The Protestant miaster of the son, if he returns to Ireland. 9 Will. parish, (without whose previous cele 3. c. 1.)
bration the Catholic priest is forbidden The next Statute, enacted io 1710, to officiate.) adopts a singular rule of evidence, not 3. The Catholic priest. very comformable to the dictates of The statute enacted in 1792, which ordinary justice
permitted intermarriages between Pro . It directs, that · Upon every pro. testants and Catholics, has continued • secution of a Popish Priest for the the previous interdiction of Catholic • above-mentioned offence, it shall be priests celebrating such marriages. • presumed, allowed, and concluded, 10 And, in the statute enacted in 1794
all intents and purposes, that the professiog to grant extensive relief to • Priest so accused, did celebrate such the Catholics, this subject forms one • Marriage, kirowing that one or both of the numerous exceptions whuch have
of the parties way, or were, of the been re-enacted, and thus frustrated .Protestant Religion
the public expectation. • Unless he shall produce a Certifi. This act provides, " That nothing • cate under the hand and seal of the "therein contained shall be coustrued . Minister of the Parish where the "to extend to authorize any Popish s parties resided, certifying that such priest, or reputed Popish priest, to
celebrate s celebrate marriage between Protes. Such is the risk which a Catholic €, tant and Protestant, or between any Clergyman incurs, in the performance • Protestant (or one professed within of a sacred Duiy. If a Person from
twelve months to be so ) and a Papisi, a distant. Parish, whose Protestaniism .. unless such Protestant and Pipist may be of recent date, and not known.; « shall have been first married by a beyond the limits of his own County, « clergyman of the Protestantieligion. proposes to marry a Catholic fernale,
• Audihac every Popish priest, or the Catholic Priest is presumed to know & reputed Popish priesi, who shall that he is a Protestant, and is punished, o celebrate any marriage between two accordingly. 6 Protestants, or between any such It is observable, too, that any Dis" s Protestant and Papist, unless such senting Minister may legally celebrate « Protestant and Papist shall have Matrimony
have Matrimony between any Catholic and * been first married by a cle&yman of any Protestant (not of the Established • the Protestant religion, shall forfeit Church) without penalty." • the sum of 500 to his Majesty,
II. · Catholic Priests are liable to • upon conviction thereof." It was, at cpe time, supposed that
• Imprisonment for refusing,"
upon being the former punisbment of death for
interrogated in this offence was virtually mitigated to
Courts of Justice, to divulge? the penalty of 5001, by the fair con
the Secrets of private Confeso struction of the last mentioned act, and
... sion; confided to them by their · had become merged in the new prohim
• Penitents.' bition. However, the contrary duce : In cases of Trials in Courts of Justrine has been adopted by the highest tice, no distiuction is permitted, law authority, and in, several cases; between the examitations of Catholic particularly in the case of the King at Priests and those of other persons. the prosecution of Surgeon Boyton, The same extent of Testimony is against the Reverend Mr. G
exacted from them, without any exJohn Mac Dermot, and others, where ception in favor of such evidence as Lord Kilwarden, Chief Justice of the may have come to their knowledge; Court of King's Bench, declared pub. soleiv thro the medium of private licly from his seat, that this offence Confession.: If a Catholic Priest continues at this day to be punishable declines to yield such evidence, when with Death, under the Popery laws. required, he is treated as contumacious, In this case the Reverend Mr. G... and as if actuated by no other motive, --, one of the Clergymen officiating than a contempt of the Judicial authoria, in Denmark.street Chapel, had been ties : whilse in reality, he is governed called upon hy the fainily of a respect. by a virtuous principle-chat of preable Catholic tradesman, resident in serving sacred trust, and guarding his vicinity, to celebrate marriage in violate the secrecy of a confession, between a young man, a member of made to him upon the very faith of the family, and a Miss Boytori, who that secrecy. had resided for some time in the House The late Lord Kilwarden, Chief of the tradesman, The Clergy man, Justice. committed to gaol a Catholic having no reason to doubt that both
Priest, the Reverend Mr. Gahan, for parties were Catholics, performed the a contumacy of this nature. This ceremony in the usual manner. It occurred at the Summer Assizes of turned out that she was the Daughter
1801, for the County of Meath, held of a Protestant, then confined in at Trim. in the case of Mrs. O'Brien, Prisou for Debt, who immediaiely in.
v. the Trustees of Mayoooth College, stituted this Prosecution against all the parties to the transaction,
(To be Continued.)
THE CORPORATION AND THE hended all the minor and subordinate PAMPHLET.
departments of the municipal body;
but, as cunning and agnorance are ese We are neither so vain or presum- sentially allied, the corporaie resoluing as to enter into a general defence tion invites the production of a single of this book, did it need any defence; instance, only so far as it may involve the head which dictated, and the hand the reputation of an individual magis. that traced, its contents are the most trate ; thereby caretully avoiding the con petent to such a task, and to their comprehensive import of tbe whole possessor alone should its justification passage. After publishing the entire be committed.
passage in the first resolution, they Without entering diffusely into the challenge refutation, upon a garbled question of My Lord Mayor's or Mr. inference, in the second. Montgomery's attainments, or enquir. This omission is evidently wilful : ing by what means they became gifted its object is misrepresentation, if, inwith discrimination sufficient to decide deed, stultified ignorance can impose, upon the libellous tendency of the even upon ideotism. Proceed even pamphlet : without soliciting extrane. now to the fact, first promisiig that ous aid to direct us in the exposition of we have not read the whole of the pamthose moral principles which confor the phler in question. In the year 1795, science of Jurisprudence on a sword. three years after the repeal of the penal cutler, and the property of legal dis- laws, as it is called, a Mr. Bell of quisition on a pedlar in wine : without Mary’s-abbey was candidate for the wasting our time by the exhibition of mastership of the Corporation of Taytheir resolutions, (with a suitable lors : he was a man of liberal and commentary,) more, than hy saying, philanthropic mind, and, consequently, that their barbarous phrascology, and a friend to. Catholic emancipatiog. grammatical incorrectness bespeak their Some time previous to the election, legitimate descent from the Corporation several Catholics had been, by grace of Dublin : without occupying the at.' especial, admitted freemen of the Cor. tention of our readers in this sort, we poration. When the day of election shall proceed to facts, as tacts have arrived, and the forms had been gone been called for : the mind nurtured in through, it was found, chat, Mr. Bell prejudice and darkened by ignorance, had the majority of votes ; his oppocannot comprehend the force of logi- nent, who was a man differing from cal deduction, but it may, haply, be him in every sense, demanded a scruconvinced of its error by cases in point, tiny, and the consequence of that technically speaking.
scrutiny was, the quashing of all the. One of these barbarous resolutions, Catholic votes which made the maja has the following passage: 'though the rity for Mr. Bell's election, and by author of such false and unfounded which means his rival was declared calumny has not produced a single in elected. Two of the Catholic voters, stance of such corruption in any ma. thus aggrieved, a Mr. Sweeny and a gistrate of any corporation in this king. Mr. Boyle, petitioned or memorialed dom.' It is to be observed, that the the Corporation according to form, passage in the pamphlet, to which the and obtained no redress : tbey then foregoing alludes, runs thus :-" That appealed to the Corporation of the the Catholic more than dou: ts of ob- City': no redrese. It was a sufficient taining ibe same measure of justice, answer, to all their allegations, to of favor, or respect from the Mayor, prove, before these enlightened asgemRecorder, Aldermen, &c.” Now; blies that they were Papists ; no other under the bead, et cetera, are compre. argument was offered, or required to
justify their disfranchisement! What tion from Protestants in a similar case, will the pointed alusions of our eloquent be equally unsuccessful ? If he was a Lord wayor, and the firmenting loy. magistrale and would have acted dif. alty of Mr. Montgomery, avail ferently towards Protestants, just against this single fact ? Div Catho- barely, supposing, that such a thing lics in this instance obtain the same mishe happen,) was he an impartial measure of justice as Protestants ?" niagiztrale? And did Catholics obtain Men who had been freely adinin sed the same measure of justice in that into th: Corporation ; yet, when ustance, that Prorestanis might excalled upon to exercise the only right pect? Well, the affair did not even which can be deemed of value in a terminate in the King's Bench. The Corporate body, they are distrane principal Catholics in Dublin applied chised without cause! Was this a pure to Mr. Grattan, that he might bring administration of public justice? a bill into the house of Commons, to Who disfranchised these Caiholics ? have the powers of corporate bodies, Not themselves to be sure. There defined so far as they regarded the was general and cordial co operation admission or exclusion of Catholics. in tbeir disfranchusement. The retiring 'Mr. Grattan acceded to their wishes : master of the Corporation, the Lord he applied to Parliament and sought Mayor, the Aldermen, the Sheriffs to have the Corporations thrown open Peers, the Common Council Men, all to the Catholics, but his proposal concurred in it; and if Protestants,' was every thing but laughed at by the how beer circumstanced as the Catho. Minister of the Day, (we believe Mr. lics we'e, wi uld they experience simi- Hobart,) and he was told truly, that lai treatment? Let the Lord Mayor the hish court of Parliament, would and Mr. Montgomery, put their not interfere with the character of an hanks on thcir gizzards, and answer ignorant and petty Corporation. If this question. And if they cannot Mr. Grattan's application had been ai18wer it, m the afirmative, as we made on the behalf of Protestants, are quite satisfied they cannot, is it would it have been thuy treated ? Aid a taime and unfounded calunny to as- if it would not, is it a false and un• sert that the Catholics more than founded calumny to assert that, the dou ts of obtaining the same measure Catholic in Ireland is almost a suppli. of jusrice that the Protestant does ? cant for common justice. We have Or is it a gross and unfounded misre. been thus plain and methodical in the presentatiou of the conduct of the adduction of this fact, for the purpose magistracy, for a Catholic with of convincing many well meaning, this before his eyes, to express his though not deeply read members of apprehensions that magistrates, and the Corporation, of the dangerous corporate bodies may act towards him errors of their leaders : and we would both partial and unjust. But the inflict a chastisement on the agitators maiter did not rest here ; the Catho. of this question, ample as the advocalics applied for a mandamus, to the tion they have given, were it not Court of King's Bench, in which, at that the grossness of their ignothat time, presided the celebrated rauce, extenuates the enormity of their Lod Cloninail, whose fame, as Mr. aseurance. Knowledge is diffident and Erskine said of Jeffries, “ will stink in unobtruding, but ignorance is assuming the nostrils of posterity.” Their and confident ; of the justness of this motion or conditional rule as it is opinion, the conduct of my Lord called, was quashed by the aforesaid Mayor, Giffard, and Mr. Montgoupright Judge. Was Lord Clonmell mery, is a sufficient exemplification. a magistrate ? and would an applica.
Hottentor . HOTTENTOT VENUS..
grandise and enrich many members of
the Catholic body. Lord Ffrench is In every situation of life, and on
the second person of his family aistin. every occasion, our country displays
guished in the peerage-his mother a very remarkable superiority of cha. was made a Lord a few years ago. racter, which can never be vitiated by
It surprises many persons in the coun. the arrogant and beastly manners of Bri.
brl. try what service could an old, ignoraut tain ! and un no occasion more than in
woman do, 10 so highly recommend the abhorrence which our fair and vir.
vir. her to the sovereign, ibat she should tuous country women, lately evinced by be raised to the peerage ; proper and disdaining to sanction with their pa
with their pa. adequate services must have been done
ade tronage, an English brute, who deals by some person, when the prejudices in human misery, to obtain a subsist. entertained in a certain quarter avainst ance, by a mercantile traffic la human the doctrines of the Catholic faith, degradation.
could be so far abated, that a Pube The deformed female monster, pish woman should be found worthy which this English ruffian designates of being raised to a rank usually, and • A Hottenton Venus,” he recom. heretofore inva jably, designed for the mends to our curiosity, as a creature
eature most distinguished of the estaclished that has been visited by the most ac religion. complished ladies in Britain. The Mr. Pole, in the last sessions. al. difference of manners between English luded to some adviser of his in the Ca. and Irish females could not be remov. tholic body, and, on the late discused by this fellow's puffing. Though sion, the 20 of February, in tbe House thousands and tens of thousands of the of Commons, he deprecated the Ca. 66 British Fair". followed this excre. tholics, by comparing their conduct scence in all directions, yet, not one with that of one of their own body. Irish woman of character could be Lord Efrench to whose character be
be Lord Ffrench, to whose character,loy. prevailed upon to imitate them.
alty and prudence, the Secretary bore We are not of the same character
most honourable testimony, a nobleman with those people - Nature has writ
who was so disgusted at the cabal, inten the distinction by a sejaration of
trigue and suspiciouscharacter of the sea sea, and our notions of manners, inde.
paratists, that his Lordship told them
bas pendence, and laudable prejudices have in Ireland is tired of you,” and in condecreed us a distinct people. The
sequence seceded from tbeir body. cruelty of a conqueror, the pride of a
The Catholics have lost many years despot, or the cupidity of avarice, may by incautious and credulous depeod. in vain attempt to gratify pride, and
ence on leaders--they forgot the ad. enlarge dominion, but, unerring Pro.
vice of the illustrious 7 Pne, “ Yeu vidence says, in legible and indelible
never can be a people until you discharacters, We are, and must be a dis
miss your respect for great names." tinct people.
Guided by the folly of the Gifteenth century, they imagined the borrowed
worth of a Lord would give digoity Lord Ffrench.
to their cause, and wisdom to their This Lord, by some very happy councils. They gave to the title what combination of address and conduct, they would refuse to the man ; the has been fortunate enough to have ses event has proved, that no artificial cured the friendship and good opi- character, can bestow either intellinion of Mr. Pols, and other enemies gence or honesty—they are attributes to Catholic emancipation. The Ca- of nature, and she refuses them to the tholic cause has contributed to ag- knave and the ideot. A man at this