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Tiffin, co. Westmeath ; Tuites Pe. without any superstition, shall be its and Daltons.
forthwith rold, for the benefit of Ires Thomond, co. Clare ; O'Briens. land and the North. Tirawly, co Mayo; O'Hara.
Ordered, that all such pictures there, as have the representation of the lecond person in the Trinity upon theni, Mall be fouthwirh burnt.,
Ordered, that all such pictures From the Freneb of Mainard. . there, as have the representation of
the Virgin Mary upon them, in ll be Anacreontic.
fo: thwith burnt. .
Death, guest unwelcome, keep away,
THE great Turenne lies in the abbey of Saint Denis, without any monumental inscription, owing, as it is said, to the jealousy of a monarch,
by no means wanting, in other reMarshal Saxe:
fpects, in magninimity. Bertrand du Guesclin, an hero of earlier tiines, re
poses in a monument unworthy of THIS gallant officer, a few weeks the sacred deposit. This warrior, the alter the brilliant campaign of 1745, pride of chivalry, and the glory of used to drive out in the environs of France, appears, by the diminutive Paris, without any friend or even at- figure on his tomb, io have been little tendant. On his return, one day, filted for the enterpriles of war; yet the coachman stopt as usual at one of cotemporary historians represent him the city gates, for the inspection of the of an athletic and manly rze. The gate-keeper, “N'avez vous rien a last scene of Guesclin's glorious career decla:er Monsieur ?" Before the Mar- is singularly remarkable. Thai could reply, the officer. instantly The governor of Rendon, to which recognising his person, said, “ Excusez he had laid liege. had capitulated, and Monsieur, laurels pay no dury" engaged to give up the place, in ca se
no succour arrived within a certain number of days. Du Guesclin fell ill before this time, and died on the day
preceding the expiration of the truce. PURITANIC ZEAL. On the morrow, the governor was
summoned to surrender ; he kept his The following Votes are exiračied from word; but as it was to Du Guesclin
the Journals of the House of Come himself he had given it, he came out mons, dated July 23, 16450 attended by the chief officers of the
garrison, ard going directly to Guer.
clin's tent, le placed ihe keys of the ORDERED that all such pi&tures town upon the colia of the breathand ftatues there (York House) as are less hero.
The Adventures of a Scholar. logical disputation, over 'the do
mineering bigotted ministers of the Written by himself. protestant church.-His sanguine
expectations were not a little raised (Continued from page 16.) by my mother's encouragement to
persevere in his intentions, and by SHE was indeed a truly pious the exhortations of a host of aunis woman-she had a soul of the ten- and uncles, all of whom expected derest sensibility, uncultivated and masses innumerable to be said by ine uopolished, but adorned with the for their souls aher their decease.sweetest simplicity, natures own and I was accordingly kept at school, most pleasing dress. The low liness and from continually hearing my paof their circumstances was the only rents talk of making me a priest, I bar to their intentions and the con- imbibed the desire, and my young tioual source of their disquietude. heart beat in unison with their wishes. How often, when the days toil and I was always to be seen at the chapel bustle was over, would they sit to. I served the parish priest's mass gether in all the transport of conju. -attended him with his vestments gal endearment, with their little in- at the stations-all the old men connocents hanging about their knees, sulted me, though only eleven years to ease their loaded hearts and pour old, about the fasts and holidays ; the balm of consolation into one and I always could tell two days beanother's breast.--My father would fore sunday whatever was to be cried sometimes say, talking of me, “ Ah on the altar. Good father O'Mealy Peggy (for that was my mother's used to stroke down my hair, look " christian name) if God would pleased in my face, and shake me by “ give us means and the boy grace, the hand, calling me one of the
how happy should we be to de. most promissing boys in the village. 4 vote him to his service. But we His venerable figure will be impres. 4 must be contented with what sed on my meinory eveo as long as « heaven sends and not repine at the remembrance of his kindness. " the will of God. Perhaps we He had as benign a soul as ever te" ought not to hold up our thoughts nanted a happy bosom. He was the * so high. I'm but a poor carpen- father of every orplian, aod no " ter and people would laugh at us houseless stranger ever passed bis " if they found so poor a man would door without feeling the force of his * attempt to make his son a genile. generous hospitality. He was at this « man. However let him take his period in the sixtieth year of his age, #chance: I am in hopes that God and enjoyed a calm old age which « has something in store for himi made him some amends for the per " and I'll give him schooling enough secutions of his youth. He used to " at any rate." Such were my fa- stand over me sometimes in one of ther's words, his sentiments and his his thinking moods, and laying his hopes.-His native pride, that pride hand on one of my shoulders would which animates the humblest Irish bid me take courage : “ I was like peasant, inspired him with ambition. “ you, my child," he would say, Already his ardent fancy placed me " when young I had not perhaps so in a pulpit and my audience in tears. “ much hopes, yet God did for me, I Already did he anticipate the tri. "suffered a great dale to be sure atumphs which I might gain in theo. "terwards, but it was in his service,
"now I am happy as the day is long, He made me also begin the French " and I expect to be happier here- language in which he himself was " after ; be a good and virtuous boy competent to instruct me, having 6 and who knows what yet may be studied in the Irish college at Nantz. « conie of you." These and such like Father O'Mealy bad qualities excluexpressions gave me some expecta. sive of his literary attainments that tion that he intended to provide for ranked him far above the generality me, and I was not much mistaken. of men. He had a soul that pos. du occurrence soon took place sessed the most exquisite feeling, the which entirely determined him to most noble pride, and the most unieducate me for his own profession : shaken independance. Educated at He had a nephew, a beautiful boy, a court he would have been its or. whom he supported at a Latiir school; nament; as it was, he displayed amidst bis beloved relative took ill and died the narrow circle of bis village ac
the new's affected him deepiv, but quaintance a politeness that diffused he bowed his head in pious resigna. improvement amongst them. To tion to the Alınighty, adding a tear himn I owe that spirit of independence or two to the siream of his early sor.- which has been at once my happirows. In a few days after this event ness and my ruin. My heart imhe sent for niy father, asked him se bibed his strong lessons on the sufveral questions concerning me, and ferings of our ancestors, and the tales when with some bashful relicance of his youth breathing an atrocity in on the part of my father he came to persecution that almost advanced know his extended views, he injo jihem to fiction, inflamed ny young stantly proposed to take me to him. breast with patriotic ardor, and ani. self and place me on the footing of mated me to anticipations of vengebis nephew ; my father joyfully ance. I continued with him for agreed; and henceforth behold me the nearly two years, at the end of which inmate of a worthy clergyman and I was pretty well acquainted with the chief object of all his assiduity. the easiest of the classics ; I read --We lived in the plainest manner, Cæsar, Sallust, and Virgil with the our table koek not what was splen- greatest facility ; I knew something dour, but we enjoyed the luxury of of church history, and the his. content, and our ihatched habitation tory of my own country; I got a could boast more happiness than the few general ideas of geography and palace of royalty. The honest far. a slight tincture of the mathematics. merg were wont now and then to With this little store of learning bring us a goose, a turkev, or a par. which I had acquired by labour and cel of chickens; we lived on their attention, Father O'Mealy considergenerous contributions, and our sim- ed me fit to enter on the course of ple meal was s veetened with the idea studies which every poor Irishman that it was the present and pledge of who was intended for the ministry their love.
(and at that period they, like the The good clergyman's affection apostles, were all poor) used to fol. for me every day grew strengthened; low. I was consequently obliged in his leisure hours his chief delight to separate from my worthy patron consisted in teaching me the rudio and protector, I immediately set off ments of the Latin longue, and in for one of those rural academics in enriching my mind with his useful Munster, to which the hordes of remarks on religion and bearning young men, who are generally de
nominated minated in Ireland poor scholars, Invention of the Art of Printing. usually flocked. The reverend ho. Dest father whom I left gave me cre IT is agreed on all hands that dentials to the parish priest of the since the vcar 1440 different efforts place and to the neighbouring far. were made for the discovery of this mers; on his and their hospitality beautiful art, all of which were sucI was to live, and it therefore was of cessless until 1457 when the first advantage to me to be well recom. printed books made their appearance. mended to their generosity. lu the There were indeed some works in county of Tipperary, at the foot of the world a little carlier, but they the mountain known by the name of cannot be said to be printed, the the Devil's Bit, was situated the characters having been oply engraved Washbin, the name of the seminary on wood, covered with ink, and then to which I now repaired. It con. pressed on paper. The chief and sisted of five or six seperate colleges inost perfect of those was a Latin otherwise horels, each of which bad Dictionary, entitled Catholicon, which an indefinite nomber of students and John Trithemius informs us was over which a common master pre. edited about the year 1450. Joseph sided. I will be particular in my Scaliger possessed some books worked description of the manner in which off in this manner which the Chinese I was educated, because the oppor. even still practice. If we consider toniries of learning which the rulers the difficulty of casting a sutticient of Ireland in these times allowed to number of alphabets necessary to the Catholic clergy, were so very print the immense volumes that fe* and are even at this day so little came forth in 1457, and the five folknown by the world. England at lowing years ; if we bear in mind thai time waged war against both our aloo that the first discoverers kept their liberties and our religion. The un- own secret, and employed 'bus a fortunate Catholic, on account of very small number of workmen lest his creed, was too profane to enter it might go abroad, we must be as. into the sanctuary of the British con. tonished at the persevering spirit of stitution; to embirter the unjust pri. the men, who, by their incessant 13vation he saw its blessings lavishly bours in so short a period as 17 years, enjoyed before him by the lowest, brought so difficult an art to perfec: the most depraved, and the most tion. worthless of the pot-walloping com. Those who have written of the nity: the son was hooled against the place where this art was invented far her, by the “ benign and whole. and of the persons who had the hu. some laws of English governors, nour of its discovery, do not gene. made for the propagation and preser- rally agree in their relations. The vation of protestant ascendancy. Durch writers claim it for their our By desertion from Sis religion he country and tell us that it was first could dispossess of all his estates the discovered at Harlem, by Laurence very being who gave him birih. Coster and his son.in-law Thomas Education was entirely proscribed, Pieterse ; oyer Coster's house at 2nd the wretched Irishman had no Harlem is still to be seen his portrait, alternative but to reinain in that ig. with two Latin inscriptions. In the norance which was necessary for his first ’ris said thai, in this house printContinuance in sluvery, or to fly for ing was first discovered in the yeur it to a foreign land.
our of Coster, he is said to have in. be seen ; the first book in which the vented it in 1430, ten years before he Greek characters were legibly printed made it known to the world
was Aulus Gellius in the year 1469, Hadrian Junius, a learned Dutch by Conrard Sweinheim and Arnold man in his Batuvia, 17th chapter, Punnaris, two German printers who speaking of Harlem, has touched ou had settled themselves at Rome . this matter, and accuses John Faustis, Andrew Bishop of Aleria in the one of Cosler's workmen, with hay. island of Corsica, rendered great seriny stolen some of his characters and vices to the art of printing by lend. brought them to Mayence, and there ing his manuscripts to those printers, passing for the inventor himself, and even superintending them in the
Oihers, amongst whom Jacob execution. He edited Aulus Gellius Carmie in particular, in his book on (mentioned above) in which Theuthe true origin of printing, and dore Gaza, a very learned Grecian James Mentel, give this honour, on of those days assisted him. The two the authority of the Chronicle of German printers growing poor altho' Strasbourg, io John Menuel, and also by their joint labours they had printed affix the period of its discovery to 12415 volumes, addressed Pope the 40th year of the fifteenth age. Sixtus the fourth for pensions to sup· Mattaire rejects both these opinie port their families, which he granted ons and concurs with Trithemius to them. Amongst those were the whom he quotes as living with the works. of Lactantius, St. Austin's nephew of ihe inventor. His opi. city of God, the epistles of St. Jerome, nion is, that they were citizens of and the commentaries of Nicholas Mayence; their names Peter Opilio, of Lira on the Bible. The first John Gutterberger, and John Faus- Prince to whom the art of printing tus. That they lived together, and owed its greatest progress was Louis that even to this day their house the XI ; he particularly favoured it, goes by the name of the Printing. established royal printing houses at house.
Paris, from whence it soon spread After the first inventors of printing through the provinces. It was in are to be ranked Peter Schoeffer who 1486 That Hebrew books began first lived also at Mayence: Nicholas to be printed at Venice, Milan and Janson, a Frenchman, who lived, in Florence. For the last ten years of Venice. This latter is particularly the 1sth age the most famous print. celebrated for his very beautiful edi. ers were John Froben of Bale, Uldric tions in the Roman character, and Gering of Paris, and Aldus Manutius one book of his is preserved with a of Venice; the labours of the last of Latin and Italian title, Decor Puele those surpassed all that went before larum, or Honore delle Donzelle, the him, and to him we owe the most beauty of which shew's that ne very correct editions of the Classics which soon carried the newly discovered have ever reached us. In the year art to the highest pitch of perfec. 1500 printing becaine universally tion. For a considerable tiine no known, and curiosity cannot be gra: one attempted to print the Greek tified by a further detail of its chief character ; very few understood the professors after that period. language, and if a Greek sentence
Curious occurred in any of the Latin works ita place was supplied by a blank line. What was meant by a volume in There are extant some early editions those times, was one large sheet rollof Cicero in which this dcfect is to ed up.