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three centuries, is to be levelled ON OUR NATURAL REPRESENTA- again to the earth, to satisfy the TIVES.

tempers and views of aggrandise

ment of the very dregs of our On the 15th ult. the long ex

peasantry, whom an accidental pected meeting of our Prelates success in the meanest occupatook place in this City, to consi- tions, had recently raised to a der on the projected measure of monied opulence, and who forgiving the King a Veto in the genting their obscure and illiterate nomination of the Carholic origin, on the bare assumption of Bishops. The following are che their wealth, have dubbed themResolutions adopied by the Pre- selves the Natural Representatives lates on this occasion.

of five millions of Irish Catholics. " That it is the decided opinion of the One gentleman of this body of Roman Catholic Prelates of Ireland here Natural P

Natural Representatives, has pube' affembled, that it is inexpedient to introduce any alteration in the Canonical mode

·licly declared, that he would teach hitherto observed in the nomination of the bishops, that though his party Irish Roman Catholic Bishops, which were of their flock, they would mode, long experience has proved to be not continue to be their heet. unexceptionable, wise and salutary. We understand this protesting

" That the Roman Catholic Prelates Representative is of the name of pledge themselves to adhere to the rule by Byrne, and a principal leader of een hitherto

only this Anti-popery faction; were guided, namely, to recommend to his Holiness, only such persons as are of un

we to condescend ro a personal eximpeachable losalty and peaceable cog

planation with this Representative, da&t."

on the impudent appellarion he Norwithstanding this solemn assumes, we would ask him, where decision of our prelares. of ad- was this illustrious House of hering to the established usages of Byrne forty years ago, and where the Church, and so explanatory would the Irish Catholics find of their opinion, chat any altera. their embryo Representatives tion thar would place the appoints Not like Gordius or Cincinnatus. ment of Catholic Bishops in the at the tail of a plow, but at the hands of a Protestant Prince, or tead of a whiskey cask, lecturing in other language, in a Protestant to a rippling mob, in FrancisPrivy Council. Tould rend to the street, drawing from their labours Introduction of heresy and schism and vices, these pecuniary treainto the Universal Church. Some' sures, that have raised the aspirperverse upstart gentry among us, ing clan of Byrne, to become the Continue to convene meetings, and Representatives of those chey firsc even menace our Rev. Bishops in made drunk. They must be inThe most scandalous language, for toxicated indeed, who would dig their pastoral vigilance in not ac. a Representative from the cellac ceding to the heretical arrange of an Ale House, ments modelled by the hands of a If we are to have Representan! place hunting Cabal for our tives, and that money is an absoChurch, which after oudiving luie criterion of capacity, we unprecedented persecution near would recommend a more reason3 G


able plan of making Representa. ciry, and if they are disposed to tives, than by resorting to the vo- bestow titles, they will apply luntary services of this Mr. Byrne. them to other men more eminent Suppose that the five millions of for their useful talents, than any Irish Cai holics should annually candidates for such distinctions, subscribe a penny each, which who have appeared among our would amount to twenty thousand monied rabble. eight hundred pounds, this would be a very decent qualification to adorn a Representative, who might be selected among any rank of life, where abilities, religion, Priories, and Preceptories of Knights and honour could be as eminently

Hosphalers, or Knights of the conspicuous as in this Mr. Byrne,

· Order of St. JOHN OF JERUSAand if it were necessary to have

LEM, under the Rule of St. Auhalf a dozen of Representatives,

guftin, to whom the lands of the it could be done by raising the

extin&t Knights Templars were subscriprion to six pence, these

granted. six would be more naturally our Representatives, as they would THIS Order began at Jurusa. be chosen by ourselves, and paid lem, where some Religious Men by ourselves, and would have the obrained leave of the Caliph of legal advantage of not acting con- Egypt to build a Monastery, and trary to the Gonvension Act, as have chosen St. John Baprise their it does not extend to the preven- Pairon, from whence it icas called tion of harmless acts of genero- the Order of St. John of Jerusasity, where a numerous people lem. They employed themselves would display their spirit and in defending Pilgrims, going to laste, by rejedling ignorant pride, visit the Holy Sepulchre also in and selecting whatever embellishes entertaining, and relieving them our narure.

in Hospitals and Houses built for If this Mr. Byrne has no other them, and lived according to the mode of acquiring a Nick Name, Rule of St. Augustin. They bethan by offering the Irish Church haved themselves so well upon the to a British Minister, we think Christians taking Jerusalem in by adopting his penny subscrip- 1099, that they were held in high tion, we will be able to disappoint esteem with Godfrey of Bolloigne him in his favourite speculation, and ocher Kings of Jerusalem, and compel him to arrive at the stoully defending with their honour of a Coronet by some less swords the Christian Religion, unlaborious arrifice ihan that of til the Princes of the West failing professing the Catholic Religion, to send them succour, they were for the purpose of applying its by the Infidels quite beaten our of extinction to the aggrandisement Syria in 1308. Soon after they of his family. We have cogent invaded the Island of Rhodes, cook reasons to think that the Govern. it from the Turks, and maintainment have as little opinion of his ed it 214 years, from whence they influence, as we have for his capa- were commonly called Knighes of


Rhodes; but, after a bloody siege This Order then grew up in of six months, they lost it, Ac Ireland, upon the ruins of the lengih Charles The Fifth, Emperor Templars, as thereby it obrained of the Romans, bestowed them the Grand Priory of Kilmainham the Island of Malta, which they near Dublin, and all its Prece proa possess to this day, and from ries, or Commanderies, And thence are commonly called observe by the way, that what is Knights of Malta, hough they mentioned as a Preceptory in the still retain the primitive title of Court of Rome, and the Papal Knighıs of St. John of Jerusalein. Bulls, is commonly called a Coma

The Order was not of itself any mandery. Observe also, that the way considerable in Ireland, un Priors of this Order in Ireland, til the dissolutian of the Knights viz. the Prior of Kilmainham, Templars ; for before that it had and the Prior of Wexford, were, but one Priory, which was that before the dissolution of Religious of Wexford, and nine Precepto- Houses, Spiritual Peers, and sat ries, or Commanderies, to wit, in the House of Lords. Qbserve Kilbegs, Kilheel, and Tullow, in lastly, that Robert Outlaw, Prior: the County of Kildare į Kilmain- of Kilmainham, was Lord Justice ham-beg, and Kilmainham-wood, of Ireland, in 1327, 1330, 1340 ; in the County of Meath i St. John as was Thomas Butler, another Baptist of Ardes, in the County. Prior of Kilmainham, in 1413. of Down; Any, in the County Moreover the following Priors of of Limerick ; and Kinalekin, in Kilmainham, were Lords Chanthe County of Galway.

cellors of Ireland, to wit, Roger The Knights Templars were Outlaw, before mentioned, confounded also at Jerusalem in 1118, stiruted in 1321, 1326, 1332, by some Religious Men, who un- 1338, 1340 ; John le Archer, in dertook to secure the roads for the 1341, 1314, 1349 ; Thomas Bur. sake of Pilgrims going to the ley, in 1357, 1359, 1368 ; Wm. Holy Sepulchre. As for their Tany, in 1372, 1374, 1387 ; religious observance, it was much Richard White, in 1387; Wil. according to the rules of she Ca liam Fitz-Thomas, in 1416, 1421, nons Regular; and Baldwin de 1426 ; Thoinas Talbot, in 1448. Burgo, King of Jerusalem at that The Priories, and Preceptories time, having assigned them their of this Order, after it obtained residence ne ir the Temple of that the Houses of the Knights Temcity, from thence they were call. plars, were, ed Knights Templars. They 1. KılMAINHAM, near Dublin, were of grea: service against the Grand Priory of St. John Baptist, Infidels in the Holy War, but at founded by Richard de Clare, surlength were suppressed, and dis- named Strongbow, Earl of Pemsolved by Pope Clemenı V. in the broke, about 1174. I was afterGeneral Council of Yienna, in wards greatly enriched by the France, A. D. 1311 ; and their donations of others, especially unHouses were bestowed to the der Edward II. when the reveKnights of St. John of Jerusa- nues of the Templars, then new

ly extinct, were granted to this 2G 2



Order, Walter de l'Ewe, being the Irish call Casgot, very likely then G and Prior of the Hospitals on the spot of ground, where now lers. The place took its name stands the Archbishop's Palace, from St. Mainham, a Bishop, which to this very day retains the who lived about the beginning of name of St. Sepulchre's. But of the seventh Century, and whose it there is no satisfactory account, memory is celebrayed on the 13th no more than of Baldongan, in of December.' This Priory was Fingal, which some say belonged likewise an Hospital, for strangers to the Templars, and was dediand pilgrim'. I: w s go large and cared to the Assumption of the fair a fabric before iis dissolution, B. Virgin Mary. that it was dese vedly.esteemed. 2. CLONTARF, near Dublin, one of the most bentul Church Preceptory of St. Congall, founde buildings in the whole Kingdom. ed by King Henry II. in the cwellih The Prior of Kilmaiwhain was the century. Proto-Prior of Ireland; and this 3. KILSARAN, in the County of noble Priory was suppressed in Louih, Preceptory founded by 1539, and near the ruins of ic Maud de Lacy, of the family of was built in 1684 the Royal Hos- tbe Lacies, Lords of Meath, in the piral, at the expence of the aimy, same century. . for the support of 400 aged and 4. Kilbarry, in the County of maimed soldiers. liought not to Waterford, Preceptory founded be forgotten, that several Writers in the same century, affirm, that the bodies of Brioni 5. KILLURE, same county, Pier Boro, King of Munster, aud Moceptory lounded in the same cennarch of Ireland (who after a long tury. and bloody battle, with the Danes 6. CR006, same county, Piecepat Cloniarf, near Dublin, on tory tourded in the same century: Good-Friday, the 234 of April, 7. Rin Crios, alias Temple. 2014, got the victory, yet died of Michael, same couniy, by tiadihis wounds,) and Muichard his tion an House, or hospital. son ; and also of Donough O'Kel. 8. BALLYNEMONY, alias Morne, ly, Doulan O'Harırgan, and Gille or Mlora, in the county of Cork, Barmed, wire buried at Klmain- Preceptory of St. John Baptist, ham, near the old stone Cross, a founded by Alexander of St. Ile. part of which stands in this day; len's, in the thirteenth century. not far from which springs a cys- 9. Cicnaul, in the county of tal fountain, the water whereof is Tipperary, Preceptory founded most excellent, and is called S.. in the sime cenrury. John of Jerusalem's Well.

10. TEAGH-Tryple, in the ce. It is mentioned by some Wric of Sligo, Precep:oiy founded in ters, that the Templars are sup. The same century. posed to have liad a Priory in the 11, KILLERGY, in the county of South suburb of Dublin, 10 Carlow, Preceptory of St. John which Walier de Fornsfuld was Bapris, founded by Gilbert de yeputed to have been a grea bene- Borard, in the same century. facior. It was probably builo in 12. Kılclogan in the county of Kevin's-street, on a place, which Wexford, Preceptory founded by


the O'Mores, formerly Kings of Eir-Connaughr, (a part of the Leix (now part of the Queen's county of Galway,) in the chiru county,) in the same century. teenth century.

13. Bally-Hewy, or Bally-, Cauk, same county, Preceptory of (To be continued. Si. John Baptist.

14. Wexford, Priory of St, John Baprisi, and St. Brigid, founded in the twelfth century,

NEW DESCRIPTION OF THE by William Marshal, senior, Earl of Pembroke, whose wife was ' CITY OF SARAGOSSA. . Isabel de Clare, Daughter to Richard, surnamed Sirongbow,

Saragossa, or as it is written in 15. KILBEG3, in the county of Spanish Zaragoza, the capital of . Kildare, Preceptory founded --- the kingdom of Arragon, and an

16. KILKEEL, same county, Archbishop's see, is situated on Preceptory founded by Maurice the south or right bank of tbe Firz-Gerald, ancestor to the Earls river Ebro, in the concave part of of Kiidare, and Desmond, in the a bend of the river, which there thirieenth century.

forms the segment of a large cir17. TULLOW, same county, ale to the northward, 80 that the Preceptory founded - -

buildings along the river, are but 18. KiLMAINHAM-BEG, in the partially seen, from any one point. county of Meath, near Nobber, The Ebro is large, but navigable Preceptory founded by Walter de in general only for small boals, on Lacy, Lord of Meath, in the account of the many sandbanks in twelfth ceniury.

its bed, which frequenıly change, 19. KILMAINHAM-WOOD, same their position. Over the river is county, Preceptory founded by a stone bridge of six arches, and che Preston's, ancestors to the about six hundred fe:t in length, Lords Viscounis Gormanston, in communicating wiih a suburb on the thirteenth century.

the north side and a little lower 20. Arpes, (a Peninsula) in the down is a wooden bridge, for county of Down, Preceprory of foot passengers. The town is St. John Baptist, founded by Sir above a mile long, by three quarHugh de Lacy, farher to Hugh de ters of a mile in its greatest Lacy, Earl of Ulster, in the breadth, and the population is twellih century.

calculated at forty-five thousand. 21. ANY, in the county of Li. The old town is still easily dis, merick, Preceptory of St. John tinguished from the new, being Baptisi, founded by Geoffry de an oblong of above half a mile Mariscis, in the thirteenth cen, along the river, by one third of a tury:

mile in breadth. It is surround22. KINALEXIN, in the county ed by ancient walls, with gates in of Galway, Preceptory of St. the middle of its four sides, in all John Baptist, founded by the of which, vestiges of Roman arO'Flaherties, formerly Kings of chitecture may be traced. The


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