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not exchange for any allurements, these formerly belonged to the or abandon for any profferred in. Church of St. Pierre, and were car. terests. Mr. Jones was selected, ried off by the British force that and officially employed to direct topk that island. them in such duties as were deemed To the picty of an Irish gen, of importance by securing their fi- tleman, settled in Halifax, of the delity and exercising their zeal. name of Heffernan, is owing

Mr. Jones was eminently qualis the spirited nndertaking of erect. fied for the design of his mission, ing the church in Halitax, The and the interests of the government, remains of this good man are depohe spoke with fluency the languagė siied in the burial ground, and a of the natives aud all the diilerent monument of his worth erected to dialects of the tribes living in thre his memory. British dominions, as necessary qualifications in any Priest, who could obtain the privilege of exercising Cotholic Faith in the United States. the duties of his profession, such as serving out such rations of food, His holiness has been pleased to proportions of ammunition, and appoint five Bishops, to manage the arms, and settling such misunder- atlairs of the growing Catholic standings as frequently occur be- church in the United States of tween these poor people and the America. The progress of true settlers.

religion, in those free regions, has For the Indians of Nova Scotia, been as rapid, since the revolution, and such as live within the British since the birth of ļiberty in Amerilines, depend for their subsistence, ca, as it has happily been under the either byreceiving food,orby arms to fierceness of persecution, Charter use in hunting, to the British govern- Schools, and legislative restrictions ment they are extremely useful, in in Ireland. tracing the fugitives who attempt to " Free and unembarrassed discussescape from the British armies to the on, will always tend to the investigaUnited States; for every one ofthese 'tion of truth and the detection of wretches they secure they are als error, and the good sense of the lowed a certain reward, and so American people, has discovered skilfully do they perform their bu. the absurdity, of the religious ersines whenever a deserter is known rors of fanaticism, of unrestrained to be out, that one out of ten who ignorance, of unlettered proselytėattempt desertion scarcely succeed ism. The mechanical appeal to the

passions, and the licentious liberty Mr. Jones was succeeded, in the with which sensual and libertine year 1801 by the Rev. Mr. Burke, innovators, disgraced the chrisa gentleman eminently qualified tian dispensation, have submitted for the laborious employment to the holy unerring restrictions,

A very handsome Catholicchurch which the true church had wisely was finished in 1802, in Halifax, bound on the disordered intemper: ornamented with an elegant and ance of natural man. lofty steeple and spire, the congre- The Apostolic See has wisely na. gation is summoned to prayers by med among the acknowledged pasbells, which are the gift of Sir tors for the Western hemisphere, Charles Whitworth the governor, the Rt. Rev. Dr. Carrol, of Balti


in his design.

more. Religion, learning and pi. In the year 1662, Charles the se. ety must be considerably advanced, cond, wrote a letter signed with his by the example, and labour of this own hand, to the Colony of Massavenerable prelate ; for more than chusets highly approving of this forty years, he has, with the vigi. horrid persecution. We are not hance of a good shepherd watched much surprised at this act of a pro; over his numerous rock, and by fligate monarch, who, guaranieed an exampled life of austerity, of the estates of the Irish Catholics to public preaching, and private ad-! the murderers of his father. In Con. monition, held them together, as necticut, in 1658, the assembly en, living members of the church of acted a law of which the following Christ, called many hundreds, is the preamble. « Whereas there from the wandering follies of those is a cursed sect of hereticks lately stipid, and disgustful absurdi- i sprung up in the world called Quá. tijies, which so much abound in the kers, who take upon them that, American States.

they are immediately sent from The American revolution has God, and infallibly assisted by the contributed considerably to this spirit, who yet speak and write happy event; for, prior to it, all blasphemous opinions, despise the savage horrors of persecution vernment, and the order of God in were indulged, at the expense of church and commonwealth, speaki every attribute of humanity, a Ca. ing evil of dignities, fc. tholic preacher was described, by Ordered, --That whosoever shall the British agents, governors and bring, or cause to be brought, other parasites, in such studied co- any known Quaker, or Quakers, lours of atrocity that he frequently or other blasphemous Hereticks, suffered every insult and often death shall forfeit the sum of £50. from the hands of an infuriated. Also,-If any Quaker, come rabble, cheered and rewarded by into this jurisdiction on civil busithe savage proconsuls.

ness, the time of his stay shall be During this degraded period limited by the civil authority, and of American political bondage, he shall not use any means to corand religious infatuation, other rupt or seduce others. On his first sects suffered little less from the arrival, he shall appear before a privileged barbarians. The pcace- magistrate, wd from him bave able character of the Quakers was license to pass on his business. And no protection against the political (for the better prevention of hurt and religious ferocity of the people to the people have one or more, to in power, laws were enacted against attend them at their charge, &c. this people, and several suffered The penalties, in case of disobed: death, in the province of Massachu- ence, werewhipping, imprisonment, sets. The laws expressly said, labour, and deprivation of all con. that any quaker, if a man, after verse with any person. t'e first conviction, was to lose an For the second offence, the perear, for the second offence another, son was to be branded in the hand and if a woman to be severely whip with the letter H, to suffer impriped, and the third time whether sonment, and to be put to labour. man or woman, to have their For the third, to be branded in the tongues bored through with a red other hand, &c. as before. For the hot iron.

fourth, fourth, thé offender was to have his the following Paragraph under the fongue bered through with a red head of Kilkenny. hot iron, imprisonment and kept to March, 28, 1792. Last week | hard labour. These shocking laws Mr. Philip FitzGibbon aged 81 have been repealed by the expul. years, died at his lodgings in Cha. sion of the English, who enacted pel-Lane: Mr: FitzGibbon was them. Saratago, and York town, supposed to possess a more achave done more for civilization, curate and extensive knowledge than all the statutes ever manufać. of the Irish language than any ed in Westminster. Bishop Car- other person living, and his latter roll who is named by his holiness years were employed in compiling among the American Bishops, is an Irish Dictionary, which he left jà native of Maryland, and of the completed except the letter S and Carrolls of the Eastern shore of that he appears to have forgotten. Kent Island in the Chesepcake bay. The Dictionary is contained in The Carrolls, are the most ancient about 100 quarto pages ; and it is of the European skitlers in Mary- a remarkable instance of paticit land, and the leading family for literary perseverance, ihat every commercial and political conse- word is written in Roman of quence in the State. They are all Italiç characterstoimitate printing. Catholics originally from Ireland, This with many other curious mafrom which they emigrated with nuscripts all in Irislı, he has willid Lord Baltimore in the year 1632, to the Rev. Mr. O'Donell. to enjoy in the woods of America Now, Sir, through the medium that iiberty of conscience, and se- of your Magazine, I beg to call curity of property, denied them in on Mr. O'Donnell, if he be still their own county:

alive or any of his relatives, for iniformation concerning those curious

manuscripts and the Dictionary iren. A word to Dr. Duigentina

tioned. Mr. O'Donneil must have Dear Doctor,

been acquainted with the old Irish MERELY for your information scholar, whose life I make no doubt concerning the illiteracy of the po. would be interesting, should this pish clergy of Ireland, I have the Rev.Gentleman condescend to give pleasure of telling you that i dined it to the public It will however a few days since in company with be a loss to Irish literature, now fourteen of those Catholic Priests gaining some ground and classiwhen they conversed and sung in cally taught at the College of Mayten different languages. I hope, nooth. If those curious MSS. my dear Sir, that in your next ha- and the other work should be lost. rangue in the house, you will not

I am Sir,
forget this notable fact

Yours, L P
God be with you and preserve
you for the sake of the poor Church
of England.

Thoughts on Charity.

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Mr. Editor.

DURING a visit on which I Reading over The Northern Star lately was at a friend's house in a News-paper the other day, I found western district of this country, I



happened in one of my morning in that part of the country so walks for the purpose of enhaling wretched, as she represented her the fresh air, to meet on the ave. own situation, previous to her hus. nue, leading to the mansion house, bands illness ; she replied they a female going thither to sue for were, because the price of labour charity, surrounded by a group of there was so low, and the rent of children covered with rags ; they lands high ; lastly, I asked her did all shewed they were as ill fed as she labour under any particular clad, in addition to the want that ap. complaint, she answered, she did peared depicted in the countenance “but (added she) I shall soon, I of the female who appeared to be hope, be relieved,” how continued the mother of the group, she seem. I “by the hand of death.” Ejacu. ed to be consuming by infirmity. lated she, throwing up her eyes to I felt my curiosity so far excited as Heaven; here the words of Lear to enquire into the cause of her occured to me, « Take physic wretched condition, she told me pomp.” I walked away after having her simple story as follow.

given her some change I had in my Her husband was a cottager on pocket, deeply impressed with her a neighbouring estate, while in last words; how ungrateful is man good health, his labour, together to his Creator even for the favour with a pig fattened on potatoes, he has distinguished him from the and a calf sold at the next market rest of his fellow-creature, many town, as well as a little yarn spun possess an unnecessary portion of from some flax, were all the funds wealth, while thousands like the they possessed to discharge the poor woman just mentioned, are landlord's rent for their potatoe perishing through want of medical soil, fax seed soil, and grass for aid to restore, or sustenance to suptheir cow, at the same time, they port life, who have no hope but in were the only funds they had to the friendly hand of death, and no supply the necessary little wants of asylum but the grave to look to their family. Uufortunately her for a termination of their sufferings husband for upwards of a year has here. been prevented from assisting his There is no precept more impe. poor family by his labours, and now ratively enjoined than that of chalies in his cabbin, destitute of every rity, nor is that strange inequality support, except what he finds in the of rank as well as inequality of pro. humanity of two ladies Arrears perty must necessarily exist in socigrowing and wants pressing in every ety; if opulence and competence directions, the landlord at their fall to the lot of some classes of own instance sold the cow, and mankind, poverty is the portion what remained of the price, after of a great bulk of our fellow creadischarging the arrears, was soon tures. spent, the wretched mother unable Now it is difficult to conceive that any longer to procure food for a being of infinite goodness should, her offspring in her cabbin, was in his dispensation to his creatures, obliged to go out to roam bestow opulence on one part of about, soliciting charity, to silence them, among whom are to be the cravings of hunger, and aban- found some of the most unworthy don her husband to his fate. I then and profligate, and at the same time asked her was the poor in general abandon another part of them to

poverty poverty and all its concomitant her. At which words the people wants, unless we suppose that he that stood about him raged, saying, has made a provision for them in then he should be hanged like a some manner, this provision he has traitor as he was. Well, said he, placed in the hands of the wealthy. God's will be done ; 1 perceive that God has appointed the rich the I must die, and surely I am ready agents of their own superfluities, as to die with a good-will ; for better a provision to supply the wants of is it to abide all punishment, be it the poor, and after deducting from ever so grievous, here, than to suf. their revenues the expenditures for fer the eternal torments of hell fire. rank, situation, and the establish- Being come to the place of exe. ment of their family, the residue is cution, and put into the cart, the the portion alloted to the relief of first words he spoke were, in tuds the indigent; nor in this allotment Domine, &c Then he besought to be made by the arbitrary deci. such of the standers by as were ca. sion of vanity, pride, or ambition, tholics, , to pray with hiin, and for it ought to be regulated by the him, saying, either in Latin, or in views of providence towards suffer. English, the pater ave and creed, ing humanity; where there is great which he himself said in Latin, ada wealth much is expected, where ding thereto the confiteor, and the there is only competence, the claims psalms miserere & de profundis ; of poverty are moderate.

which being finished, turning him. Other precepts make war on our self to all the people, he spoke to depraved appetities and vicious pro- them in this sort, I call you all this pensities, to comply with them we day to witness, that I die in the must use violence with our nature. unity of the catholic church ; and But so intent was the author of na for that unity do now most wil. ture on rendering the precept of lingly suffer my blood to be shed : charity effective, that to facilitate and therefore I beseech God, and the practice of it, he has acommo request you all to pray for the same dated it to our natural propensities, that it would please God of his and while religion enforces charity great mercy, to make you and all by precept, our compassion be. Others that are not such already, comes its advocate, and thus pity true catholic men ; and both to leagues itself with a sense of duty live and die in the unity of our holy in favour of our wretched fellow mother the catholic Roman church. creatures,

At which words the people cried out, away with thee and catholic

Romish faith : but this notwithMemoirs of John Nelson, Priest. standing, he repeateth the same

prayer again. Continued from Page 236.) Then he requested to be forgiven ·

of all men, as well absent as present WHEN he was brought forth of if he had offended any; protesting the prison, and laid upon the hur- that he forgave all his enemies and dle, some of the officers exhorted persecuters, desiring God also to him to ask the queen's majesty forgive them. Here again he was, whom he had highly offended, for- willed to ask the queen forgiveness; giveness : he answered, I will ask which he refused to do for a while; her no pardon, for I never offended at last he said if I have 'offended Ss2


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