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LIFE OF MASSILLON:

(Ixradiel frim be Discour 'c of Mon:ur le Mrquis 1. A'imbert, on his .

acmilli n into the Roy.! Academy of. Puwie. T IN BAPTISTE MASSILON During his novica?e, the Cardia J was born in Provence, in the nal de Noailles au réffeci lo the y 1663 His father was a poor . Abbey of Sepifons, wlole viitle he attorney of thalia confiderable place. re pcted, a charge which he tad The obicurity of his birth, which jutt published. The Abbe more gives fo much lute to the splendor Ieligious than eloquent, but preof his perfonal merii, thou'd mak: terving till at least for those of his a chiet tealue in his panegyric; communion some remains of the and it may be laid of him, as was love, withed to rerurn an aniwer laid of thai illuitnous Rogan, who to the Cardinal wortny of the charge owed noihin. in his arceftors, Vin he had received. This cffie he cetur ez se natus: be seemed to enrulled to M.lli lon, who performhave produced bafell.

ed it with as much readiness as fucHe entered the Oritory at leven- cels. The Cardinal, astonished at leen : the fuperiors of Mafliilon receiving from that quarter a piece icon law the traine which he would 10 well written, was not afraid of briig to their coogregation. They wouncing the vanity of the Abbe: deilmeu him to the pulpit ; but, it of Sepulons, by asking who was the was from a principle of obedience author of it; when, the Abbe's alone that he coniunted to fecond nientioning Martillon, the prelare, their views: he was the caly one immediately repliec, That'luch who did not foretee that future cele- twienis were ooi, in the language brity by which his humility and his of Scripture, io remain bid urolei a Modely were to be rewarded. bushel. He obliged ile not ce to

The young M.milon did every quit the habir, and te unie val of thing in his power in avo'd that the Oratory. He ilaced bim ! the Same. He liad aiieacy, while in Seminary of St. Ma loire in Paris, the country, by order of his lupe. exhorting hun to cultivate the chce Fiors, proroui codile luneral ora. quence oille pulpit, and prontlog lions of iwo archbiiliops Theie to make his toiluge, which the docrles, which were indeed nia young ora cr confined to that or an thing bue the allen pis of a rouih, tople that is, to the mere necelout of a youth who iliewed what fits oilie, accompanied with the he rouid one diy be, haa t've mitt most exemplary fimplicily. brilliant iucces. The hun:bly cra- His filt Sermons produced the Lot, alarmed at his growing repurg (ffect which his fuperiors and the lion, and dreading, as he talo, the Cuciral Noailles had toreleen. demon or pride, relolved io escape Scarcely had he flewo bimelt in hin for ever by fecluding hunielt the churches of Paris, than he cilipo in the mon obliuie tuti'. He led almost all those who had thone Tepailed to the Abbey of Sejatos, in the fame sphere. He hoc ucWher the fame oricinine is obferve clared that he would noi preach ed as a La Trappe; and there he like theni ; not from any preiumptook the habis.

Tuous ictiments of lupeiority, but

from

from the just and rational idea he elequence ; a fimplicity, which behad formed of Chrillian eloquence. ing united in Masillon with the Hc was persuaded, that if a minister sweetness and not bewitching harof the goipei degrades himself by mony, borrowed from this latter circulating known truths in vulgar addisional graces ; but what comlanguage, he fails, on the orber pletes the charm of this enchanting haod, in thinking to reclaim, by Ayle, is our conviction that so inang protound argumentation, a multi- beautics spring from an exuberant tude of bearers, who are by no means source, and are produced without able to comprehend him.; that tho' effort or pain. It sometimes happens, all who hear him may not have the indeed, that a few inaccuracies eladvantage of education, yet, all of Cape him, either in the expresion, them have a heart at which the in the term of the phrase, or in the preacher Thould aim; that in the affecting melody of his style; such pulpit, man fhould be exhibited to inaccuracies, however, may be call. hinteit, net in friebten hun by the ed happy ones, for they completely horror of the picture, but lo afi a preveni us from sulpecting the leait him by its resemblance; and that degree of labour in his compofition, it it is joineilmes useful to terrily It was by this happy negligence that and aların him, it is oftener profiia. Maffillon gained as many friends as ble to draw forth thero extatic tears, auditors: he knew that the more that are more efficacious than an oraior is intent upon gaining adibore of despair.

miration, the lele ihose who hear · Such was the plan of Maffillon him fare disposed to grant it: and proposed to follow, and which he that this tanibition is the rock on exei uled like a man who had con which so many preachers bave iplit, ceived it, that is, like a man of ge who being entrusted, if one mag nius. Ho excels in that property dare thus to express it, with the inof an orator which can alone fupply terests of the Deity, with to miogle all the reft; in that eloquence with them the insignificant interests, which goes directly to the foul; of their own vanity. He corupared which agitates without convulsion; the studied eloquence of learned which alarms without appalling: preachers to thoie flowers which which penetrates without rending grow so luxuriously amongit the the heart. He searches out those corn, that are lovely to the view, hidden folds in which the p: ssions lie but noxious to the crop. enveloped; these secret fophisms Mafilon rcaped another advarwhich blind and reduce. To con- tage from that heart affecting elobat and 10 destroy those sophisms, quence, which he made fo bappy an he has in general only to unfold use of. As he spoke the language them; this he does with an undiion of all condicions, becaule he spoke so affe&ionate and so tender, tal to the heart, all delcriptions of men be allures us rather than compels ; Aocked to his Sermons; even unand, even when he shews us the believers were eager to hear lina ; picture of our vices, he interests and they often found inftrudion when delights us the most. His diction, they expected only amusement, and always smooth and elegant, and returned sometimes converted, when pure, is every where marked with they thoughi they were only bee ihat noble finplicky, without which stowing or withholding their praile. there is neither good taste nor true Masillon could defcend to the lan

guage

guage which alone they would lif- say, that prince who bas never ten 10, that of a philosophy appå- fought but to conquir; who hath rently human, but which finding filled the universe with his fame; every avenue to the heari laid open, who, in the courle of a long and allowed the orator to approach prosperous reign, has enjoyed all withour effort and assistance; and ihat men admire, the Splendour of made him conqueror even before he conqueft, ihe love of his people, had engaged.

the eftecin of bis enemies, the wire His action perfe&ly corresponded dom of his laws. But, Sire, the with the kind of eloquence he had gospel does not speak the language cultivated. The moment he enter of the world." The audience of ed the pulpit, he seemed deeply im- Versailes, accustodied as it was to pressed with the great truths he was Bourdalous and Bossuets, had never about to declare; with eyes cait witneffud an eloquence at once lo down, a modest and collected air, delicate and noble; and, accordingwithout any violent motions, with ly, it excited in the congregation an few or no gestures, but animating involuntary movement of admiraall by an affecting and impreslive tion. voice, he communicated to his hear. Our orator was always firm, but ers the religious sentiinents which his always refpe&ful, while he an. external appearance announced; he nounced to his sovereign the will of commanded that profound Glence, Him who is the Judge of kings; which is a higher compliment to he fulfilled the duty of the ministry, eloquence than the most tumultuous but he never exceeded it ; and the plaudits. He appeared on that great Monarch, who, perhaps, retired and dangerous iheatre, equally de- froni his chapel disfatished with some Toid of pride as of fear; his first other preachers, never left the ferattempt was uncommonly brilliant, mons of Maffillon, without being · and the exordium of his hift diis dissatisfied wiih himself. This the course is one of the masterpieces of Prince was honeft enough to confess modern eloquence. Lewis ihe four- 10 Mejillon; the greatest compliteenth was then in the zenith of his ment he could pay him, but a compower and glory; he had been vic. pliment which many others before torious in every part of Europe ; he and after Mabillon never wished to was adored by his subjects, incoxin oblain, being more anxious to lend cated with fame, and surfeited with away a hearer enraptured, than a adulation. Maffillon chose for his loner coveerled. text that passage of Scripture which Lewis the Fourteenth died; and leemed the leait adapted to luch a the Regent who honoured the talents prince, “ Bleffed are they who of Mallimon, and despised his eneWeep;" and from that text he con- mies, named him to the bishopric of veyed a compliinent the more new, Clermont; he wanted, moreover, and arriul, and flattering, as it ap- that the court should hear him once peared to be dictated by the gospel more, and engaged him to preach ilelf, and such as an Apostle night some Lent fermons before the King, have paid, “ Sire,” said he, address then of the age of nine years. hag the king, “ if the world were io These fermons coniposed in less {peak to your Majesty from this than three months, are known by place, it would not say, Blessed are the name of Petit Carime. Though they who weep. Happy would it they are not in the highest degree

finished,

finuhad they are a true model of pul- Deeply impreffed with a sense o pit eloquence, The great iermons of the true duties of his itation, Maililche fune author may poffefs more lon fulfilled the principal functions of pathos and vehemence; but the a buhop, that which altracts love cloquence of there is more infinuating and relpect from incredulity inelf, and delicate, and the charın résulte the delightful exercile of buwaniy ing fron thein is enhanced by the and benevolence. He sent in the sinportance of the subject, by the space of two years, twenty thou. jn-linole value of thote Gmple sand livers to the Holcl Dieu, at affecting lffins which being fitted Clermont. - His whole revenue was to po letrare, as agreeably as forci. at the service of the poor. His bly, the heart of the young Mo- diocere retain the remembrance of waren, lee! calculated to procure his benefiis, now after thirty years, the happiness of millions, by ac- and his memory is ftill honoured by quiniing the Prince with what was the most eloquent of all funeral exp cted of him.'

orations the lea's of an hundred The lune year in which these thou and people woon his bounty discour' y mere pronounced Maffil- made happy. Jo" was admitted into the French This funeral oration he enjoyed in Academy. M ftillon had just been his life time. Whenever he ap. made a bihop; but no place at peared in the streets of Clermont, couri, no bulin is 10 pretence of The people poltrated themselves beany kind could derain him at a dir- fore him. calling him father, and tance from his finck. He departed invoking bleflinys on his head. for Clermont, whence he never re. Among the immense alms which he !urned, but on account of indispens, beitowed, there were funie acts of file n. canons, and consequently charity which he carefully concealed, very ris lv He gave all his atten. not only to ipare the delicacy of unlion to the happy people whom Pro. happy individuals who received vi ne ad confided to his care. Then, but to relieve whole commuH benevolently dedicted to the nities from reelings of inquierude, initruction o' the poor those fame and the fears w ich such alais might rakents, fo much elteemed by the in'pire them with gra' of this world ; and preferred Nor only was he liberal of his to the loud applaulas of the cour: fortune to the indigent, but he em. Tier, the fimple and earnest alten- pl vid for them befides, wiin as tion of the audiiory lels brilliant, much zeal as success, both his iitee but more teach ible Pc: haps the r«t and his pen. Being a witness, most eloquent of his fermions are the in his diocehan visitarions, of the Co erences he held with his curates. mifery under which the inhabitants H pieached to the the virrues of groined, and his revenue nos being which he lei in example ; difinte. lufficient to give bread in such a milli restedoels, G.npliery, Torgetfulness -tilude of indigent creatures that imof hiinfelf, the active and prudent plored it of him, he wiote to the eun.ftness of an enlightened convic. court in their favnur, and by abc tion, very different from Ciat fana- energetic and affccting p Eur which tisilm which proves nothing but the he drew of their neceffiu's, he i bo bindinels of zeal, and which makes tained either actual contriburions for ti e sincerity of it very doubtful. A them, or a considerable abatement wire ma racion was indeed his prea of their taxes. dominant character.

[ To be cin'inuedo )

Eriracts from the History of the and pleasure is, and we do hereby

Penal laws against the Irish Ca. ratify and confirm, the said omit. tholics from the Treaty of Lime- ted words, viz. “ And all such rick to the Union. With an inter- as are under their protection, in the esting Appendix. Br HENRY said countics,” hereby for us, our PARNELL, Esq.

heirs and successors, ordaining and

declaring, that all and every perT!!! CIVIL AND MILITARY APTI. son and persons therein concerned, CLES OF LIDI CRICK.

shall and may have, receive, and

enjoy the benefit thereof, in such (Continued from Page 203.) and the same manner, as if the said

words had been inserted in the proAND whereas the said city of per place, in the said second arti. Limerick hath been since, in pursu- cle; any omission, defect, or mis. ance ofthe said articles, surrendered take in the said second article, in unio us. Now know ye, that we any wise notwithstanding. Pros having con sidered of the said arti- vided always, and our will and cles, are graciously pleased hereby pleasure is, that these our letters to declare, that we do for us, our patents shall be enrolled in our heirs, and successors, as far as in us court of Chancery, in our said king, lies; ratify and confirm the same, dom of Ireland, within the space of and pery clause, matter and every one year next ensuing. In wit. thing therein contained. And as to ness, &c. witness ourself at Westsuch parts thereof, for which an act minster, the twenty-fourth day of of Parliament, shall be found to be Febrnary, anno regni regis & regi

necessary, we shall recommend the ne Gulielmi & Mariæ quarto per . same to be made good by Parlia- breve de privato sigillo. Nos au. ment to that purpose. And whese. tem tenorem premissor. predict. as it appears unto us, that it was Ad requisitionem attornat. general. agreed between the parties to the domini regis & dominæ regine pro said articles, that after the words, regno Hibernæ. Duximus exem. Limerick, Clare, Kerry, Cork, plificand. per presentes. In cujus Mayo, or any of them, in the se- rei testimonium has literas nostras cond of the said articles, the words fieri fecimus patentes. Testibus following, viz. “ And all such as nobis ipsis apud Westion. quinta " are under their protection in the die Aprilis, annoq. regni eorem " said counties,” should be in quarto. serted, and be part of the said ar

BRIDGES. ticles. Which words having been Examinat. SS. KEK. casually omitted by the writer, the

1 oy the writer, the per ros | LACON W. Childr. I omission was not discovered till

Magistros, after the said articles were signed,

In Cancel. but was taken notice of before the second town was surrendered : and MILITARY Articles agrccel upon bethat our said justices and general, trveen the Baron de Ginckle, Licutor one of them, did promise that tenant-General and Commander. the said clause should be made good in Chief of the English Army, on it being within the intention of the the one side. capitulation, and inserted in the foul draft thereof. Our further will

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