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scended. From this ancient family, and he religion of his anceftors, in the northern part of that county is a manner which reflected back the mill called Riaght ui ( bonchabır, honors he had received from them; O Conors kingdom.' Bul, though and glad am I to hear, but I will there are matters to which you will hear it better from you,) that several updoub'edly pay every attention, respectable branches of the family you are not to forget that the Mac Atill support a' manly independence, Carihyores were the 1. oit 'emi atter the wreck of almost all that nent oy far of all the noble families was dear to us both at home and there, and lovi reigns of all ihat part abroad. I am really anxious for of Ireland. including the greatett a good account of the celebrated part of the couniy of Co k.

Florence Mac Carthy, who assumed “Even when we were broken the title of More, by the unanimous down by our own divisions, rather fuffrages of Tyrone, the clergy, and then the power of our enemies, the the people, and was kept prisoner ele. chief of this gallant family retired ven years in the tower of London, iro the nuntains, where he main- after which he escaped and joined in tained biš buionable independence, the Tyrone war. Mac Carthy More


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More patrio according to him is tains, connected only in a few ige Dvore Danorum! The Irish round Itances by a sense of common intotower may be seen in alınost every relt, in molt instances at war, with inland courty jo Ireland, and the each other, as well as with their Danes possessed the sea coasts only. common enemy-resisting separately, Mr. Gordon gives an account of separately defeated, and submitting two in Scorlaud, which he attributes almost all their disputes wheiher of

to ihe Irish who settled there, Hin. honour or of property, to be decided . Sept. p. 164.), Mr. Ledwich hiin. by the law of the strongeft, or con

self owns that that of Brechin is tested at the edge of ihe (word. probably a century older than the Cambrensis who came over here church, which was founded in 990, in the reign of Henry II. mentions (See - Pinkerton's Scot. p. 268.) the round tower as “an elegant and Would we attribute to the Danes ancient edifice, erected after the na. the improveu ents of Glendaloch tive falhion of the Irish nation, more which ihey never meddled with, ex. patrio-Turres Ecclefiafticas que Cript to destroy the Mrine of St. more patrio ar&tæ sunt, et aliæ, nec Kieran? See Archdal) Would non et rotundæ. - The Danes, say criticism turn away from the ages Ware, (vol. 2, fol. p. 129, had do preceding the oh, when the arts of models of such buildings in their peace were cuitivated, and attribute own country, and was in their long to fanguinary pirates who lived by poilellion of England they ereded fapine and depredation the round none of the kind there, so neither tower that decorated our ancient were they the authors of such struc. churches? In a country where war tures in Ireland, Dublin edit. 1745.) was the only trade during a gloomy ..... A caitle erected at Tuam period, where men were divided of lime and stone, by Roderick and subdivided under petty chief O'Conor, King of Congaught, :


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of Desmond, had a right by our old Reagh of Carberry's followers, were custom and established rules, to call the o Drilcols of Baltimore, Barry upon O'Donaghoe of Ross, O'Don Oge Roe, Barry Oge-Oge, O'Ma. nagho- of Glanfike, Mac Donagh hon,O'l'onovan, O'Crowly, O'Mul. of Dubullow, O'Kief of Drumla- rian, and Mac Patrick; he was riff, diac Awley of Clan Awley, subject in like manner, to the call O’Callaghan of Cloonmeene, O'Sulo of the Earls of Delmond-he could livan More, O'Sullivao Bear, Mac raise 60 horfemen, and 30 infanta Gillicuddy, and others to attend him ry. There was a spirit of rivallhip in the field; and furnilh 60 horse among those ancient families, which and 15co fo: t, to be at the call of excited among them great enthufiasm the Earls of Desmood. Mac Carthy on the day of battic, and no power

the NOTE.

1161, got the name of callrum-mi is not what the English, with all ribicum, not because of the novelty the intemperate bitterness of enemies, as being built with lime and stone, eagerly pronounced it to be, a nation but because it was vaulted with without laws, without records, and more elegance than usual, for in the without any mark to distinguish them office of St. Kianan, who died in from rude savages and infantine som 489, as it is quoted by Ware, (An. cieties. tig. c. 29. lat) we find that St. Mr Thorkelin bas Mewn in a late Kianan built a church of lone at publication, that the northern naDaroliag, (or Duleek,) from which cions are indebted to the Irish for church that place took its name ; christianity and learning.-The first for Damb in old Irish is a house, instructors, and very probably the and Liag a stone." St. Kianan was first inhabitants of Iceland, were educated in France under St. Mar. Irish. When the Danes and Nortio of Tours, and cannot be supposed wegians settled there in the gth cen. unacquainted with stone edifice. tury, they found Irish books, bells,

Hence the historian of Kerry and croziers there. See the letters cannot be too particular in his ac- · on Iceland pablilhed by Sir Joseph .count of the ages antecedent to the Banks, Dr Solander, and others, Danish invasion. They were the It is said by a contemporary German golden ages of Ireland. So great writer, that through the instructions was the character of St. Brendan in of Climent and Albin, two Irishmeð, s that country, that it was anciently the French might vie with the Rocalled the country of St. Brendan; mans and Athenians, in, the reign of and Camden calls the sea along the of harlemagne. And Lord Lyta coasts of Kerry, Mare Brendanicum. tleton adds, that most of the lights There must be in such a country, which in those times of thick darkfome remains of our ancient religiousness cast their beams over Europe, buildings similar to those that are proceeded out of Ireland; and that to be seen in the valley of Glenda- the loss of the MSS. which the rac logh, or at Clonmacnois, built in vages of the Dancs deltroyed, may 547, see Ware, and many other well be deemed a misfortune not parts of the kingdom, which plain. only to them, but to the whole dy evince that there was an age learned world.” See his Life of when Ireland enjoyed a considcoa Heory II. pol. 3. ble thare of civilization, agd that it



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the English could send against them, existed. Do not recollea Salluft's could have availed, if they had not observations, relative to the Athe. been fatally split into different fac. pians” • Sed quia ibi provenere mage tions, which prepared an easy con- na Scriptorum ingenia, &c.' “ Take quest for an united eneny, and made this hint, and there is no affikance a wide breach long before there was in my power I will not gladly give attack.*

you. " I will also expect from you an interesting account of the great and

My Dear Sir, yours, &c. good family of the O'Sullivans CHARLES O'CONOR." More, and Bear. O'Donaghoes,

O'Mahonys, Fitzgeralds of Del. I could not discover that the per. mond, and the knights of the Clin, son to whom this letter was addressed &c.

parsued his plan, and Mr. Smith “ But I beg you will not overload wrote his history of Kerry, unoppos. your subject with too much matter. ed and unrivalled. Encouraged by It is disgusting in the highest de. the great and patronized by the gree, to see how heavily people en. Phyfico-historical Society, and gentleter into barren pedigrees, skeletons men of the College, it is only to be without meat, and bodies without wondered that his work is so much foul. Let us have the spirit of our inferior to what we are entitled to ancient families transfused into the expect from such advantages. It is pens of their biftorians, and let us a defultory unconnected compilation. avoid having too many heroes toge. which gives no acconnt of the spirit ther on the Itage, mindfol of Ho- of former times, nor of the causes race's rule, that a Unus aut alter is which combine them with the prefufficient,

sent; which gives names without “Pardon this hint from one whose enlivening the narrative with those zeal for the honor of our ancient facts that would render them interace, has often led him into indir- resting ; and the chief merit of cretions; whose soul is on fire which confifts in some topographical when he sees that the heroes of his descriptions, not incorrectly oor innative country are in no respect in- elegantly done, and conveying an ferior to those of Greece and Rome, idea of the quali:y of the soil and proexcept in the want of an hiftorian, ductions of the country. whose talents would not be inferior As a specimen of his political to the talk of doing them that justice, abilities, he tells us that the poo without which they will be inglo. verty of the peasantry proceeded in rious in the midst of laurels, and no his days from the indolence of the more known than if they had aever proprietors, whom it moft conceros

to encourage manufactures, iocloNOTE.

fures, plantations, &c. Diligence

and jodustry arise from necellity'; * Mr. O'Conor had a particular when these are once set on foot veneration for the Mac Carthys, and by acquiring wealth, they create bugged of the gentleman he wrote luxury. to support which, they are this letter to, to send him materials eagerly pursued. If a few perlons for a history of that family, but so be rendered happy, by setting them fuch materirls were seat to him. OA fome profitable employment, others will enoy them, and strive made them diligent in gathering wa. to emulate their methods of thrive ter-creffes, wild roots and bog-bera ing: thus industry will advance, ries; but this diligence did not arise because willing labours are more from any ignorance of a better mereadily performed than those to thod of supplying their wants, but persons are compelled," page 99. from their being nnmercifully dem This paragon of political wisdom barred from those branches of trade verifies the old proverb, "none and industry, that could render thema more blind than those that will not comfortable and happy! fee." Mr. Smith would attribute The Physico - historical society the poverty of the kingdom to any above mentioned, conlisted of a num. thing but the very simple source it ber of gentlemen who in 1744 afso. vose from the terrible acts of Par. ciated for enquiring into the late of liameot, which made the properties, the several counties in Ireland. the tenements, and the improve. They published tables of queries, reInents of Roman Catholics disco- lating to the civil and natural history Ferable, and made them the proper- of each, and raised a sinall fund by yy of the discoverer if a Protestant! subscription, to employ proper per. Could it be expected that Roman soos to travel through the kingdom, Catholics would be guilty of the to make obsesvations and collect procrime and the folly of improving per materials for the purpose. These under circumstances, which made infantine efforts with the vigilance improvement criminal by Act of of the linen board, and the patriotic Parliament ? « Diligence and in. efforts of the Dublin society were dustry arise from neceffity," says the firft steps towards the revival of Smith; if he had said from an in- industry, as well as of the arts and terest in the land and security of te. sciences of Ireland. It was soon difdure, I would understand him; but covered that we bad enough to do the word necessity implies want and for millions, if millions were let into poverty, aod he owas every where action, bogs were to be reclaimed, that this was every where to be roads to be made, fisheries, an exfound, the diligence that arises from hauftless treasure, sufficient to supply Recessity is not to be measured by all the markets of Europe, to be elchat necessity, but by the means that tablished, manufactures to be encouare within che grasp of a people; raged, canals to be cat, and a peothose means that are within their ple who were forced into idleness grasp may be utterly unknown to and misery by penal laws, to be them and that is the savage state, or forced into activity by giving them those means may be well known but that interest in improvements, which forbidden by a lavage oppreslion, and is the true source of diligence, and this was the state of the Irish. The the life and soul of a nation. deceffity of the Indian made him But though all this was self-evidiligent in the chase, but this dili- dent, though we had no exportation, gence and industry did not arise no activity, no energy ; such was from that necessity ; it arose from the obstinacy of inveterate prejudices, his ignorance of any better method that while the inhabitants of the to supply his wants. The necessity Swampsard dykes of Holland, were of the Irish in Mr. Smith's days,



ex ending their comerce to every and colle&red some degree of couqoarter of leg obr, our greaturen rage fiom the manner in which it was fat down satisfied with the power of written. It was aliveriiled in Pue's, putting a poor peasant into stocks for Faulkner's an ’ Williamson's paniers; kiiling wild.geefe, and submitted to be copies, elegantly bound Were frust the slaves of Great Britain, in hopes inclosed to the Sic etary of State, that the whore of Babilon would be for the Lord Licutenant, and the banith 'd, and pop: ry and idolatry following paragraph 7.pared in all extirpared from the land they pol. the Dublin p.pers.- "We hear that lured.

" the Cafe of the Roman Catholics, This ridiculous bigotry, ever hor- " &c. was yeft-rd v prelenied 10 zile to Irelanii, oc foned very seri " the Lord i julen 10 ai the aflle, ous alains throughout the nation, “ and molt graciouslypocrived." in about this time As Roman Catho- elegant copy was alfo far to the Prie Jics couli mor take inor'gig s by law mate, it went off very 1 pidly, and they not be secured in any debts but the Roman Catholics of the three by bond or note, and therefore it kingdoms read i will copious ex. was the practice of the country thai, ultation. Lori, the printer, was fo where a Roman Catholicient money tuid, that he often ftopt the pr-, on a bond, he sued out a Cullocium on account of his being informed against the borrower's etta't. But that it would not find purchalers at this time a question wis lart d by among its own party, ta: the buid. Discoverer, whether hore Cuitodi ness of it woula do more harmi an ams at the suit of Ruinan Catholics goal, and that the strok:s against were not to be considered as real fe. th: Curt of Roine very different curnies on the same fooring with froin ihc Church of Rome would mortgages, whether they were nut oil, ut all the Popith clergy, and mere evasions of the laws againii darn the work. " Yet,” says Pupilts, and th scfure discoverable Reilly, in a lettár, dated June 3, vodor the popery acis: a bili ufdir. 1755, 6 one hundred copies have covery was bied on vis mincipe, s een fuld fince I'riday morning, and every omal vatnolic ? 6. and if a piracy is not carried on, k'o doni, who hiddunt .oney, ws" Lord will mak lus fortune of it. involved in uffue, for in cat it luc 1);- aie Boultor's chaplain called ceeded in fivur of he Discoverer, no « On he printer ytterd y, and told remedy remained for the recovery of “hi . that his Grace was talking money lent, but a precarious one "Cry u b'v of dus work, and againit ineptions of borrowers. “ laid he was very well dispufcd

hey therefore entered into a :ub. “ towards us in configu.nce of it." scriition to fee lal yers, and Mr. And again in a letter dared June 28, O Conor's patriotic anxiety on this he fuys, “ Our Clergy like the cale occasion, produced his case of the “ extremely well, and as to the ProRoman Catholics, conlisting of 79 " tellane Clergy, the Viceroys'chap. pages, and printed in . 5.

" liin, who lately wrote so e pili: When this pamphler came out, "rical eraets on behalf of the Court every one preffud it was written by as measures has expreffect butelf the author of the l'houghts, and the “ very desirous to have a correlponRoman Catholics entertained hopes, “ dence with the author, and wishes

(To be Continued.)

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