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It never can be possible, that

AMERICAN STATES. the brave and hich minded Spaniards, The embargo, still continues with will throw themselves into the hands the most rigid exactness, its effects of their most inveterate and ancient on the trade and cultivation of the enemies, for the purpose of reinstating, English West India Islands, are as their legitimate opt ressors.

alarming as the most active state of The crimes, sacriliyes, burnings, warfare. America turnishes the Islands, plunders and massacres, conmitted on wih all the necessaries of life, such as the peaceable and inoffensives aniards, beef, pork, butter, meal, soas, and in he new world, bythe Engrish pirates, candles, salled fish, except some from Drake to anson, have so lustly trilling quantities, bad at

a great impre-sed the Spanish mind, that no expence from the mother country, apparent, 'sr avowed friendship, on with provis ons, they were supplied the part of England, could reconcile with all kinds of lumber, with horses a S, aniard to an alliance with men, and horned cattle, all means of they consider, to b: the most profane, .procuring these articles being cut and avaricious of the whole human off by the embargo, the most serious race, with this strong and insurmount distresses have succeeded, particularly able dislike, they also are convinced, in Jamaica, where they have been so that England possesses, no physical deeply involved by the expences for force adequate,

to stand a single the maintenance of iheir slaves, and so campaign on Terra, Fii ma with a iinpoverisher by immense taxes and French army, if the former injuries military establishments, that most of the and insults, ny England on Spain plantations, are mortgaged ; and the could have been partly obliterated, appearance of their privations have bythe lapse of time. The destruction of so little of approaching reliet, that the two spanish irigates, in the midst the present cultivators, expect to of peace, and while a Spanish be put out of possession, by their ambassador resided in London, must creditors. awaken the most serious ctislike and This enibargo, while it operates su.picion of English sincerity. so seriously on the British, bas a

The shameful hostiliy, which the contrary effect on the French as English marauders evinced in all their it will assist to reduce the Black expectitions, a ainst the catholic faith, Nobility and gentry of Domingo, by the most wanton and indecent acts to acknowledge their W'hite antagonists, of sacrilege, committed on catholic their masters, the munitions of churches, and the persecution which war, of wh.ch they procured im. the Spaniards hear of, in Ireland, mene quantities, by an illicit trade have placed the English name in such with American merchants a detestable point of view, that an longer be procured, and it the embargo alliance, with ihe people of Spain, continue, they will be compelled may be deemed visionary.

to submit to such terms, as Bonaparte The experiment in Buenos Ayres, may ple.se to prescribe. is a strong and evident proof of our

PRUSSIA. assertions.

The Fiench continue to occupy this The quiet possession of Spain by connny, they have a great camp ac Bonaparte, the occupation of its Berlin, the French coinmander ports, and strong prices, on the coast, reviews the troops, while the suc. secur to him the best in litary, and cesor of the great Frederick, reduced convenient position on the European to the condition of a turnpike man, continent, for the invasion of this is inspecting the military roads, cute country: no possible vigilance on our ting thro bis forteited Dominions, part, can ever after dissipate, the by order of Bonaparte, from Saxony the apprehension of such an event: to Warsaw.




can no

MATHEMATICS. Solution to the Mathematical Question in our last, by Mr. T. Dillon, Teacher

of the Mathematics, 30, Poolbeg-Street, Dublin. SEVERAL of the most eminent mathematicians have demonstrated algebraicaily, that -l; also that 00 = 1. But the proposer says,

* If these propositions are true, then 1° = 20 = 3o = 4°, &c.” I can by no means comprehend by what magical process this absurd equation is ushered into view; for there is no sort of proof, nor any attempt inade to prove, that it is a consequence of the foregoing propositions. Moreover those “

very great, and deep, and learned mathematicians" who have demonstrated them to be true, have not in any part of their various investigations, deduced such a nonsensical scale of equality, as it at exhibited by the author in this question; and therefore this absurd scale of number is only an assumption, foundea upon wrong principles, and not deducible from the original propositions ; consequently the reasoning there from must be fallacious, and the conclusion erroneous

Remark. It is universally adinitted that the properties, and powers of 0, or nothing, when employed in mathematical enquiries are very subtle and hard to be conceived; yet when those powers and effects are proved to be true by a regular chain of reasoning founded on mathematical principles ; the force of demonstration can scarcely be resisted. The following question will fully illustrate the truth of this observation.

Question by Mr. T. Dillon. Nothing divided by nothing may be made to signify any number at pleasure, from unity to an indefinitely great or to an indefinitely small number, and however incomprehensible this may appear to be, it admits of as true and algebraical demonstration, as any proposition in Euclid does of a geometrical one; hence the investigation is required.

Note. The solution of this question will explain the apparent absurdity of that in the last number.

T. D. A Prize Question, by Mr. Timothy Dillon, Teacher of the Mathematics,

Poolbeg Street, Dublin. Whoever sends a true solution to this question efore the 1st. September, 1808, will be entitled io six successive Irish Magazines.

In a particular city situated in north latitude, there stands a stately dome, and at the hour of six o'clock, on a certain day between the vernal equinox and summer solstice in the year 1805, a ray of light proceeding from the sun, passed through a small aperture in the dome, and terminated at the eastern extremity of the ordinate bounding the generating curve, and the angle formed by the inclination of the ray and said ordinate was known to be the greatest possible; it was also observed that a ray passing through the opposite side of the dome at a certain hour in the forenoon, crossed the direction of the former at the perpendicular d stance of ten feet from the axis of the curve, and from the point where it intersected the axis to the vertex of the conoid measured 18 teet; from hence it is required to determine, the latitude of the place, the day of observation, the quantity of Irish spirits suficient to fill the concavity of the dome, and the expence of gilding the cunvex surface thereol, at half a guinea the square foot; the latus rectum of the generating curve being 15 feet, and the sun's meridian altitude on said day 500 50."

No e. The above question has been proposed as a prize' in the year's 1806, 1807 and 1808, in periodical publications, but has not as yet rp ceived a true solution.


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An Elegy, composed in Pope's grotto at And, though thy mind, as generous as sublime, Twickenban, and inseribed to the late Right Warm in iis feelings, in its projects great, Rev. Dr. Husscy, by Rev. Mr. E

Transcends the narrow bounds of present tine,

And labours with thy country's future fate. Methinks some guardian genius haunts this

Yet thou must perish, with thy useful views spot,

That vivid fire of genius, cease to bum, And glides unseen, along yon darkling cell, And widow'd Erin bid the afflicted muse, Or Pepe himself, yet hovers o'er his grot,

Inscribe her sorrows, on the storied urn. Where still the lingering muscs love to dwell,

But no-that power, whose goodness fills Then let me strew around, with pious care, These smiling lillies, o'er the hallowed

The father, and the friend, of Human

kind, foor, And win these flowery garlands, blooming

Confines not to the Earth, his favorite race,

Nor stamps in vain, his image on the mind. Adorn the walls, and deck the rustic door.

Virtue, and genius, may not fourish here, Thus, wrapt in thought, Oh! let me sit Offspring of Heaven! they are not doomed reclin'd,

to die, And one sweet tear, beneath these willows

But hence transported to a happier sphere, shed,

They bloom and flourish, in their native A tear will ease the swellings of the mind,

sky. A icar is owing to the mighty dead.

There, where amidst immortal 8076 of light, Ye willows ! planted by the poet's hand, Unblemished Priests, and generous patriots That bending weef o'er Thames's passing stand,

There Hussey shalt thou blaze upon the sight, Your graceful forms, in native verdure stand, There, glow distinguished, midst the

While he lies mould'ring, in the silent grave. brilliant band,
Yescenes his fancy raised along the shore, There Thames! the sainted poet of chy
You flourish still, in all your early bloom,

plains, That fancy, rich, creative, now no more, Who tuned to virtue's voice, his moral All withered, slumbers in the dreary tomb. lays,

To heavenly harps, renews the sacred strains, Ye groves, that wakened by his genius rose And sings with notes of fire, his Maker's To hail obedient the enchanted sight,

praise. Your youthful beauty yet uninjured blows, While all that genius melts away in night. Then, let me pause, a solemn moment here,

And on the willow, rest my pensive head, 'Tis thus alas! the mind's celestial grace, There let me pay the tribute of a tear,

Touch fairest far, yet fades the first away, Toman, to genius, to the honoured dead.
Tis thus those powers which dignify our race
Dissolve as shadows in the blaze of day.

Lines on the Death, of Miss Maria IIn vain alas! the first of poets sung,

a beautiful Young Creature who was burnt to The muses tuned his matchless lyre in vain,

Death.--Inscribed to her Mother. by 1. K. Eternal silence chains his warbling tongue, And fate relentless, checks the heavenly Say who will lend a pitying tear strain.

To wet poor Mary's early bier

And weep with me a babe so dear And thus, my friend, though virtue's purest

As little Mary. fire, Glows in thy breast, and blazes round thy Give nie my long neglected reed name,

And I will play the tuneful meed Though conscious merit, hide thy soul aspire, of sweetest woe with those that bleed To all the honours of imniortal fame.

For litcie Mary.

And * Dr. Hussey, was engagod at this time in establishing the college of Maynooth,

And you, her sister Seraphe' ny,

Flow gently sweet Knightsbrook, disturb not Fiom where you flutter ir. ihe sky

the dream, And join my sad melodious cry

of the maid who now sleeps by thy clear For little Mary.

flowing stream;

Tis Jenny-the fairest of all the fair throng, Just as the morning flower-she 'rose

Who slumbers beside thee, Aow gentle That does its short lived sweets disclose

along. But falls before the evening's close So littie Mary: The notes of the Linnets wild over the plain,

The song of the Blackbird at evening's wane, I saw thy infant beauties bloom,

And numberless "Thrusbes" remoce in the More fair ne'er sprang from nature's womb

Grove, Ah! now they wither in thy tomb

Declare to thec Knightsbroook their inMy little Mary.

nocent love. Oh! hads't thou met a gentler fare

Their innocent love, they incessant proclaim, With pain so keen but less replete,

While their notes my fond beart only tend This sigh theu I should ne'er repeat

to infilame For thee my Mary. For "Jenny" has promis'd, yet promis'd

in vain, But Ah! the ruthless cruel flame

Another possess'd the false heart of "my That eat poor Mary's tender frame

Jane." Ne'er dipt it's blaze in pity's stream Nor would for. Mary. Then farewell all comfort, since truth is re.

mov'd, Sure c'en the brute whose hungry rear

From the breast of the Girl, so dearly Bespeak's his thirst for human gore,

belov'd, If seen-would fail and straight adore E'en Friendship connec'd with Knightsbrook Fair little Mary.

must fail

They cannot return the lass I bewail. I saw the artless dimpling smile

But hark thee sweet Knightsbrook; Tho' Thatused thy Mother's hours beguile,

Henry must weep, And nake her gaze the cheating while

Disturb not the Maiden, who by thee does At thee, sweet Mary.


I would not for worlds, you'd flutter the I heard thy litele practling tongue

heart, That softly spoke and swecily sung,

Of the Girl, from whom (1 for ever,) Whilst all in raptures on thee hung My little Mary.

Then Knightsbrook farewell; for your love. Nor raptured eye nor list'ning car

born bard, Thy smiles or congue no more will chear Shall no longer thy meandrous progress Nor e'er again wilt thou appear

retard, To me, my Mary.

Flow gently along; When at "Scurlog" you

join, Thou're gone - hy Mother left behind


tale, to impetuous With joyless soul and sorrowing mind,


H. M. Alone shall sit, co grief resigned Till she meets Mary.

The night of Caroline's death."

"A KHAFEODY" “ Knigbtsbrood"-a plagiary on Burns's Afton water."

BLEAK and piercing blows the wind,

Todeave niy bur, I dread, FLOW gently, sweet Knightsbrook, chy de.

Fancies strange-- Affect my mind,

Since Caroline is dead.
Flow gently, i'll sing theç a lovelorn lay,
And to thee Knightsbrook I'll give my poor

Dreadful is the passing scream,

Loud the thunders roa!,
For on thy green banks, my Jenny now Hark, the noisy struggling stream

Timultuous on its shore.

Now Knightsbrook is a small but beautiful river, in the County Meath running throe a Denicsac of the same name which for centuries belong to the “Percivals," Knightsbrook, -onwurs the rapid Boyne, at a place called Scurlogstown, in the County Meath.

must part.

my sad

vious way,

Now the Ozvl, disturbed fies,

Shriekir:g to the night ;
Next the Mother's dreadful cries,

Denote her dismal plight.

An address, Written in Prison, to a

Geraniumia sent 10 the Prisoner, by Mis:
Mary S..............

Heavy is the falling mist,

Frightful is that gleam,
There, what noise, it comes I wist,

From the disturbed stream,

Visit God, the sorrowing heart,

Dry the falling tear,
Now a ray of comfort dart,
The Mother's soul to Cheer,

DEAREST flower that ever bloom'd,

Once the lively Mary's care,
Now-by her severely doom'd,

The Wretched Henry's woe to share ;
Why tho sorrows daily come,

Painfully affecting me ;
In this melancholy room,

Does thy bloom remain with thee.
Object of fair Mary's care;

What gives spring of life to thee ;
Will thou not a moment spare,

And that moment droop with me;
Check thy verdure dearest flower,

Thrive not, in a prison's gloom,
Like the luckless Henry, witber,

Like him, sink into the tomb,

« Henry":


THE farmers of Ireland, Oppressed with rack rents, with tithes, with heavy takes to epport an expensive ecclesiastical establishment, with which they are not in communion, and with the voluntary contributions for the maintenance of their own numerous and laborious pastors, are exposed to inevitable ruin, sacrifised as they now are, to the co nmercial interests of the English West India Merchants, by the law enacted to prevent Listilation from corn. With them another numerous body of people, will materially suffer. Thuse who furnish the Metropolis with milk will suffer, as the wasle and other refuse of the Corn, which underwent fermentation, furnished a cheap and abundant supply of nutriment to dairy cows, as enabled the owners, to bring milk more abundantiy to narket, and on cheaper terms, than could be done, were grass exclusively used. Milk, a necessary of life, will thus be raised in price on the poor, that a deleterious spirit extracted from sugar, may distribute its rapid poison through the community, our industry, our health and morals, are offered up at the shrine of English monopoly.

The want of silver specie, has caused the most serious inconvenience. The fluctuating value of such cin, or imitations of coin, now in circulation, have impeded our domestic industry so much that sales of god or exchange of labour, are so cautiously under. taken, by the uncertain standard of money, that nothing but the most pressing accessity, will compel any per on to take it, at the nominal value of the day.

A temporary relief has been attempted by allowing the Bank, to issue a kind of silver, which at some future day, must tend to augment their profit at the expence of the public. It is said that the Bank, is obliged, to take this manufacture of its own, in payment or exchange, whenever any other substitute is given by government. After the larse of a very few years, by the wear which coin is liable to, it will be difficoli, to ascertain any of the original inpression, and the Bank, with impunity may reject every one of their own tokens, and the public again plundered, will be compelled, to sell this worn out coin to the Bank, at such prices, as it may prescribe

Our landlords continue to emigrate, houses are sinking into ruin in Dublin, and others fising into magnificence in London. The sister Country absorbs all our wealth. She senda us soldiers, and takes away our gentry Between the emigration of the rich, and the emigration of the industrious; une flying to England, to seek amusement and the other to America, to seek bread, we will have none to reside among us, but those whouc extreme poverty, bind to the soil, and a numerous ariny chequered through our population, exasperated, by unexampled wretchedness, suspected of being wicked, because known to be poor, and of entertaining designs hostile to the state.


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