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It never can be possible, that

AMERICAN STATES. the brave and high minded Spaniards, The embargo, still continues with will throw themselves into the hands the most rigid exactness, its effects of their most inveterate and ancient on the trade and cultivation of the enemies, for the purpose of reinstating, English West India Islands, are as their legitimate opressors.

alarming as the most active state of The crimes, sacriliges, burnings, warfare. America turnishes the Islands, plunders and massacits, conimitted on wih all the necessaries of life, such as the peaceable and inoffensives, aniards, beef, pork, butter, meal, soas, and in: he new world, brile Engiish pirates, candles, sallıd fish, except some from Drake to Anison, have so illstly trifling quantities, had at a great impre.sed the Spanish mind, that no expence from the mother country, apparent, 'r avowed friendship, on with provis ons, they were supplied the part of England, could reconcile with all kinds of lumber, with horses a Saniard to an alliance with me, and horned cattle, all means of they consider, to b: the most profane, . procuring these articles being cut and avaricious of the whole human off by the embargo, the most serious race, with this strong and insurmount. distresses have succeeded, particularly able dislike, they also are convinced, in lamaica, where they have been so that England pos-esses, no physical deeply involved by the expences for force adequate, to stand a single the maintenance of iheir slaves, and so Carpaign on Terra, Firma with a impoverished by immense taxes and French army, if the former injuries military establishments, that inost of the and insults, by England on Spain plantations, are mortgaged ; and the could tave been partly obliterated, appearance of their privations have bythe lapse of time. The destruction of so little of approaching relier, that the two spanish irigates, in the midst the present cultivators, expect to of peace, and while a Spanish be put out of possession, by their ambassador resided in London, must creditors. awaken the most serious dislike and . This enibargo, while it operates su picion of English sincerity. so seriously on the British, has a

The shameful hostiliy, which the contrary effect on the French as English marauders evinced in all their it wiil assist to reduce the Black expeditions, against the catholic faith, Nobility and gentry of Domingo, by the most wanton and indecent acts to acknowledge their Whiteantagonists, of sacrilege, committed on catholic as their masters, the munitions of churches, and the persecution which war, of which they procured im. the Spaniards hear of, in Ireland, mene quaprities, by an illicit trade have placed the English name in such with American merchants can no a detestable point of view, that an longer be procured, and if the embargo alliance, with the people of Spain, continues, they will be compelled may be deemed visionary.

to submit to such terms, as Bonaparte The experiment in Buenos Ayres, may ple.se to prescribe. is a strong and evident proof of our

PRU:SIA. assertions.

The French continue to occupy this The quiet possession of Spain by country, they have a great camp at Bonaparte, the occupation of its Berlin, The French commander ports, and strong pl.ces, on the coast, reviews the troops, while the suc. secur to him the best in litary, and ces or of the great Frederick, reduced convenient position on the European to the condition of a turnpike man, continent, for the invasion of this is inspecting the military roads, cutcountry : no possible vigilance on our ting thro his forteited Dominions, part, can ever after dissipate, the by order of Bonaparte, from Saxony ibe apprehension of such an event to Warsaw.

O 2 MATHEMATICS.

MATHEMATICS. Solution to the Mathematical Question in our last, by Mr. T. Dillon, Teacher

of the Mathematics, 30), Poolbeg-Street, Dublin, SEVERAL of the most eminent mathematicians have demonstrated alge. braically, that =1; also that 0o = 1. But the proposer says, “ If these propositions are true, then 1° == 2 = 3° = 40, &c." I can by no means comprehend by what magical process this absurd equation is ushered into view; for there is no sort of proof, nor any attempt inade to prove, that it is a consequence of the foregoing propositions. Moreover those “ very great, and deep, and learned mathematicians” who have demonstrated them to be irue, have not in any part of their various investigations, deduced such a nonsensical scale of equality, as that exhibited by the author in ihis question; and therefore this absurd scale of number is only an assumption, fundea upon wrong principles, and not deducible from the original propositions ; consequently the reasoning there from must be fallacious, and the conclusion erroneous

Remark. It is universally adinitted that the properties, and powers of 0, or nothing, when emploved in inathematical enquiries are very subtle and hard to be conceived; yet when those powers and effects are proved to be true by a regular chain of reasoning founded on mathematical principles; the force of demonstration can scarcely be resisted. The following question will fully illustrate the truth of this observation.

Question ly Mr. T. Dillon. Nothing divided by nothing may be made to signify any number at pleasure, from unity to an indefinitely great or to an indefinitely small number, and however incomprehensible this may appear to be, it admits of as true and algebraical demonstration, as any proposition in Euclid does of a geometrical one; hence the investigation is required.

Note. The solution of this question will explain the apparent absurdily of that in the last number.

T. D. A Prize Question, by Mr. Timothy Dillon, Teacher of the Mathematics,

Poolbes Street, Dublin. Whoever sends a true solution to this question efore the 1st. Sepiember, 1808, will be entitled to six successive Irish Magazines.

In a particular city situated in north latitude, there stands a stately dome, and at the hour of six o'clock, on a certain day between the vernal equinox and summer solstice in the year 1805, a ray of light proceeding from the sun, passed through a small aperture in the dome, and terminated at the eastern extremity of the ordinate bounding the generating curve, and the angle formed by the inclination of the ray and said ordinate was known to be the greatest possible; it was aiso observed that a ray passing through the opposite side of the dome at a certain hour in the forenoon, crossed the direction of the former at the perpendicular d stance of ten feet from the axis of the curve, and from the point where it intersected the axis to the vertex of the conoid measured 18 feet; from hence it is required to determine, the latitude of the place, the day of observation, the quantity of Irish spirits sufficient to fill the concavity of the dome, and the expence of giiding the cunvex surface thereol, at half a guinea the square foot; the latus reétum of the generating curve being 15 feet, and the sun's meridian altitude on said day 500 50."

Noe. The above question has been proposed as a prize in the year's 1806, 1807 and 1808, in periodical publications, but has not as yet received a true solution.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

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An Elegy, composed in Pope's grotto at And, though thy mind, as generous as sublime, Twickenban, and insoribed to the late Right Warm in its feelings, in its projects great, Reo. Dr. Husscy, by Rev. Mr, E- , Transcends the narrow bounds of present time, Uro.

And labours with thy country's future sate. Methinks some guardian genius haunts this yet chou must perish, with thy useful views spot,

That vivid fire of genius, cease to burn, And glides ungeen, along yon darkling cell, And widow'd Erin bid the afflicted muse, Of Pope himself, yet hovers o'er his grot,

Inscribe her sorrows, on the storied urn. Where still the lingering muses love to dwell.

But no--that power, whose goodness fills Then let nie strew around, with pious care,

all space, These smiling lillies, o'er the hallowed. The father, and the friend, of Human

kind, floor,

lande blooming And win these flowery garlands, blooming Contines not to the

Confines not to the Earth, his favorite race, fair,

Nor stamps in vain, his image on the mind. Adorn the walls, and deck the rustic door.

Virtue, and genius, may not flourish here, Thus, wrapt in thought, Oh! let me sit

Offspring of Heaven! they are not doomed reclin'd,

to die,
And one sweet tear, beneath these willows But hence transported to a happier sphere,
shed,

They bloom and flourish, in their native
A tear will ease the swellings of the mind,
A rear is owing to the mighty dead.

There, where amidst immortal song of light,
Ye willows! planted by the poet's hand, Unblemished Priests, and generous patriots
That bending weef o'er Thames's passing

stand, wave,

There Hussey shalt thou blaze upon the sight,
Your graceful forms, in native verdure stand, There, glow distinguished, midst the

While he lies mould'ring, in the silent grave. brilliant band.
Ye scenes his fancy raised along the shore, There Thames! the sainted poet of thy
.You flourish still, in all your early bloom,

plains,
That fancy, rich, creative, now no more, Who tuned to virtue's voice, his moral
All withered, slumbers in the dreary tomb.

To heavenly harps, renews the sacred strains, Ye groves, that wakened by his genius rose And sings with notes of fire, his Maker's To hail obedient the enchanted sight,

praise. Your youthful beauty yet uninjured blows, While all that genius melts away in night. Then, let me pause, a solemn moment here,

And on the willow, rest my pensive head, 'Tis thus alas! the mind's celestial grace, There let me pay the tribute of a tear,

Tlough fairest far, yet fades the first away, Toman, to genius, to the honoured dead.
Tis thus those powers which dignify our race
Dissolve as shadows in the blaze of day.

Lines on the Death, of Miss Maria I
In vain alas! the first of poets sung,

a beautiful Young Creature who was burnt to The muses tuned his matchless lyre in vain,

selvre in vain.

Death.

Death. -- Inscribed to her Mother. by I. K.
Eternal silence chains his warbling tongue,
And fate relentless, checks the heavenly Say who will lend a pitying tear
strain.

To wet poor Mary's early bier

And weep with me a babe so dear And thus, my friend, though virtue's purest

As little Mary. fire, Glows in thy breast, and blazes round thy Give nie my long neglected reed name,

And I will play the tuneful moed Though conscious merit, bids thy soul aspire, of sweetest woe with those that bleed To all the honours of immortal fame.

For little Mary.

And * Dr. Hussey, was engaged at this time in establishing the college of Maynooth,

lays,

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Oh! hads’t thou met a gentler fare

Their innocent love, they inccssant proclaim, With pain so keen but les, replere,

While their notes my fond beart only tend This sigh theu I should ne'er repeat

to inflame For thee my Mary. For "Jenny" has promir’d, yet promis'd

in vain, But Ah! the ruthless crucl flame

Another possessid the false heart of " my That eat poor Mary's tender frame

Jane." Ne'er dipi it's blaze in pity's stream Nor would for. Mary. Then farewell all comfort, since truth is re.

mov'd, Sure c'en the brute whose hungry rcar

From the breast of the Girl, so dearly Bespeak's his thirst for human gore,

belov'd, If seen-would fail and straight adore : E'en Friendship connect'd with Knightsbrcok Fair liuele Mary.

must fail

They cannot return the lass I bewail. I saw the artless dimpling smile Thacused thy Mother's hours begu le,

But hark thee sweet Knightsbrook; Tho'

Henry must weep, And make her gaze the cheating while

Disturb not the Maiden, who by thee does At thee, sweet Mary.

sleep, I heard thy little prattling tongue

I would not for worlds, you'd flutter the

heart, That softly spoke and swecily sung,

of the Girl, from whom (1 for ever,) Whilst all in raptures on thee hung My little Mary..

must part. Nor raptured eye nor listining car

Then Knightsbrook farewell; for your love.

born bard, Thy smiles or congue no more will chear

Shall no longer thy meandrous progress Nor e'er again wilt thou appear

retard, To me, my Mary.

Flow gently along; When at “Scurlog" you

join, Thou're gone-thy Mother left behind

Relate my sad tale, to With joyless soul and sorrowing mind,

impetuous

“BOYME." Alone shall sit, co grief resigned Till she meets Mary.

The night of Caroline's destb."

"A RRAFSODI" “ Knigbtsbrook"- plagiary on Burns's Afton water.

BLEAK and piercing blows the wind, FLOW gently, sweet Knightsbrook, thy de.

To leave my hut, I dread,

Fancies strange- Affect my mind,
vious way,

Since Caroline is dead,
Flow gently, i'll sing thee a lovclorn lay,
And to thee Knightsbrook I'll give my poor Dreadsul is the passing scream,
numbers,

Loud the thunders roa,
For on thy green banks, my Jenny now Haik, the noisy struggling stream
slumbers.

Turnultuous on its shore.

Now Knightsbrook is a small but beautiful river, in the County Meath running throe a Demesne of the same name which for centuries belong to the "Percivals," Knightsbrook, enters the rapid Boyne, at a place called Scurlogstown, in the County Meath.

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THE farmers of Ireland, Oppressed with rack rents, with tithes, with heavy tasses to spport an expensive ecclesiastical estahlishment, with which they are not in communion, and with the voluntary contributions for the maintenance of their own numerous and laborious pastors, are exposed to inevitable ruin, sacrifised as they now are, to the co nmercial interests of the English West India Merchants, by the law enacted to present istilation from corn. With them another numerous body of people, will marrially suffer. Thuse who furnish the Metropolis with milk will suffer, as the washa and other refuse of the Corn, which underwent fermentation, furnished a cheap and abundant supply of nutriment to dairy cows, as enabled the owners, to bring milk more abundantiy to market, and on cheaper terms, than could be done, were grass exclusively used. Milk, a necessary of life, will thus be raised in price on the poor, that a deleterious spirie extracted from sugar, may distribute its rapid poison through the community, our industry, our health and morals, are offered up at the shrine of English monopoly.

The want of silver specie, has caused the most serious inconvenience. The Auctuating value of such c in, or imitations of coin, now in circulation, have impeded our domestic industry so inuch that sales of goods or exchange of labour, are so cautiously undertaken, by the uncertain standard of money, that nothing but the most pressing accessity, will compel any person to take it, at the nominal value of the day.

A temporary relief has been attempted by allowing the Bank, to issue a kind of silver, which at some future day, must tend to augment their profit at the expence of the public. It is said that the Bank, is obliged, to take this manufacture of its own, in payment or exchange, whenever any other substitute is given by government, After the laose of a very few years, by the wcar which coin is liable to, it will be difficult, 20 ascertain any of the original inpression, and the Bank, with impunity may reject every one of their own tokens, and the public again plundered, will be compelled, to sell this worn out coin to the Bank, at such prices, as it may prescribe

Our landlords continue to emigrate, houses are sinking into ruin in Dublin, and others fising into magnificence in London. The sister Country absorbs all our wealth. She sends us soldiers, and takes away our gentry Between the emigration of the rich, and the emigratiou of the industrious; one flying to England, to seek amusement and the other to America, to seek bread, we will have none to reside among us, but those whore extreme poverty, bind to the soil, and a numerous ariny chequered through our population, exasperated, by unexampled wretchedness, suspected of being wicked, because known to be poor, and of entertaining desigos hostile to the state.

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