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Inpei fitious whose expressions were Contarine, a clergyman of the eltathe inolt awkward and incoherent, blithe church, and the well known and whole religion was inpiety, per- companion of the celebrated Bishop jury and im norality. We may well Berkely; he was son to an Italian or conceive how powerfully the illibe- the Contarni family in Venice. His ral farczins operated in rendering the paris and the goodness of his heart natives del picable, even in their own procured him the friendship of one of opinion. That folicitude to render the greatest geniuses of the age, and di coateniprible, which ihe Englida it is to him Goldunith alludes in his berrazed at home and abroad, became - deferied village. * hon ibe f (hion among some of our Own Couotrvinen, who support d Englih olerelts 10 gain Engiith pre
NOTF. feraient. Hence our poor people left that national pride, which is the li is not generally kouwn thar Mabf foundation of national honour and jor Mac Doriott of Emlagh, in ihe asional pr fperity ; they were filent county of Roscommon, was the old Nile they were misreprelented in foldier to whom Goldlimith alluded erery part of Europe, and our men in the following lines: C' geries 1h unk froin every coninc. terly; but the English did not con- The broken soldier kindly bad 10 One themsclves merely torpelenting stay, U 35 a nation of blunderers and block- Sat by his fire, and talked the night beads, they took every precaution away, their crookeu policy could devise to Wept o'er his wounds, or tales of prevent the growth of literature in forrow done, this idand, because they were aware Shouldered his crutch, and shewed of its infidence on the spirit of natin how fields were won. ons, and how close the connexion of the sciences is with the riches and I had this anecdote from Mr. happiness of a people. Wien we turn O'Conor, who often saw the Major, our eyes to those objects, that are at Contarine's house, and enjoyed his worthy of the research of men, we fociety lo much, that he repeatedly will own, that it is to letters spoke of hin, even in his last yeas, we owe their discovery ; letters which as a person whom we never could banjih darkness from legillition, and forget on account of the vivacity of arraign before their tribunal rhe his temper, and the affecting emoticrimes of the great as well as of the ons, with which he would tell the poor.
history of his own adventures.
Near yonder copre where once the тие
And still where many a garden flow'r OGYGIAN TALES. . grows wild,
There where a few torn shrubs the Mr. O'Conor was not yet known the place disclose, as an author, but he began about The village pieacher's modest mansi this linse to be known at least as an on rose; ingenious man. The first acquain- A man he was to all the country tarce, with whom he opened a lite dear, sary corresponder c., was Dr. Fergus, And paffing rich with forty pounds a the best was the Rev. Mr. Thonias year ;
Mr. O'Conor's correspondence with as Mr. contarine expressed it, to prothis gentleman cannot be traced up cure a livelihood. Among the vato its origin. The oldest leiter I rious subjects which presented themcould procure, is dated April 24th, felves to his anxious mind, none could 1743 The subject of it is a work afford such golden hope as that, which Mr. O'Conor undertook at this time, which was likely to catch the fancy entitled the Ogygian Tales. The of the times, and please the generality editors of the Anthologia Hibernica, of readers, who aim more at ainurewhose industry in collecting every ment than instruction. The rapid curious fragment relative to brilh an. sale of several works published with tiquities has been indefatigable, have the title of tales, as the Arabian, Perasked what became of this work, fian, and Peruvian, induced Digby to who it was that published proposals give his intended work, whatever it for printing it by subscription, and might be, that airy name ; and the why after raising the curiosity of the natives of this kingdom at home and public to a great height, fiould have abroad, went so much on Milesianforfeited if not the praise, at least ilm, that nothing could be devised the emolument, that would certainly happier for a frontispiece than the result from a work, so anxioully with sound of Ogygian tales, but Digby's ed for at that time. They have also parts were not equal to the underreprinted in their ninth number, pro-, taking, and the affistance even of posals for printing by subscription, the Brooke, could not save him from the history of Ireland by Henry Brooke, shame of having printed propo fals author of Guitavus Vasa ; and asked taken in fubscriptions, and abandoned with the same industry, what became his design. of this intended work. The following After he had languished some time Short narrative will satisfy their laus under reproach and despair, Contadable curiofty.
rine, who was “ more bent to raise A Mr. Robert Digby of Roscom- the wretched than to rise introduced mon, a relative of Henry Brooke. him to Mr. O'Conor as to the only feeling himself pressed by indigence man who could supply materials for formed a delign of becoming author. executing the talk he had been
obliged to abandor: Mr. O'Conor, liked the idea, and being in the vic
gour of youth, undertook to execute NOTE.
what the other gentlemen were not
able to perform. New proposals Remote from towns he ran his gods were printed on a new plan, with an ly race,'
anonymous letter of Mr. OConor's, Nor e'er had chang'd nor withed to dated from Galway, June 21, 1743, changed his place;
and the work was executed by him L'npracticed he to tawn or feek for (as Mr. Contarine expreffes it) pow's,
“ giving tbe genuine history of IreBy doctrines fashioned to the varying land in an entertaining dress," He
entruded his M. S. to Digby, who Far o her aims his heart had learned was to attend the printing in to prize
Dublin, and enjoy the emoluments, More skill'd to raise the wretched but leave the merit of the composicithan to rise, &c. &c.
on to him that was entitled to it.
(To be continued.)
Memcirs of Michel Adanson, Member of ing a colony there, surveyed a diftrie ibe lae French Academy of Sciences, of seven leagues, on the maps of which and of the National Institute, born in be marked the woods, fale-springs, 1727, died in 1808.
musicl-banks, lakes, &c. His re
searches led him to the discovery of This celebrated traveller was born the two genuine Arabic gums; and in Air, in Provence, and finished his after numerous experiments, he sucedication at Paris, in the colleges of ceeded in extracting from the indigeS:. Barbe aod Plessis. Here he ob- nous indigo-plant of Senegal, which tained the first prizes in Greek and differs from the American, a SkyLatin poetry, on which occasion he blue colour ; a valuable discovery, was presented with a Pliny and an which had escaped the most expert Aristotle, and it is probable the read indigo manufacturers sent by the ing of these two authors contributed French East India company, at diffeto vards the developement of his taste rent times, to Senegal la 1753, for natural history, with which he was Adanson, by the desire of the compaoccupied during the whole of his life. ay, drew up a plan of the colony, for So early as the year 1740, when the purpose of deriving greater advaa. scarcely thirteen years of age, he had tage from that country, in which he written fome important notes on thewed that the culture of indigo, cotthese accient naturalists, but he soon ton, tobacco, rice, coffee, pepper, ginrélnquished books for the purpose of ger, and the spices of the Nolucca flodying nature herself. At that time isands, might, by the heat of the clinaturalists confiaed the catalogue of mate, be brought to an uncommon species to fourteea or fifteen thousand; degree of perfection. He likewise but to him, his collection of thirty. thewed, that by a proper conduct tothree thousaod seemed fill too defec. wards the king of Calam and Bamtite. Being resolved to complete it, buk, permillion miglat bo casily obhe found himself uoder the necessity of tained to work the gold.mines of this travelling, particularly to Africa. Ac- country, which were made more produccordingly in 1748, he failed to Sene- tive than those of Mexico or Peru; gal. In 1749, he visited the Canary that they would yield an annual inidands, and transmitted an account of come from ten to twelve millions of his discovery.to the Academy of scien- livres, and even in cases of necessity, ces, which, in 1750, elected him one three times the sam; that the gums of its correspondenis. In Senegal, that would produce from eight co fourteen rich, but little known country, he dif- millions ; the trade in negroes, sencorered, during a residence of five na leaves, dye-woods, salt, raw hides, years, by his unwearied exertion and maize, &c. seven or eight millions. observations, an immense number of 'I his plan, however, was not carried natural productions, which had not into execution. been described before. But not fatis. On the 6th of October, 1758 hed with these scientific discoveries, Adanson returned to France with an he likewise wished to exert himself for immense collection of philosophical, the promotion of the arts and of morol, political, and economical obcommerce. In consequence of this servations on the government of the resolution, he visited the most fertile, very different nations whose country and best situated parts of Senegal, drew he had visited ; and with observations a map of them, pursued the course of on almost thirty thousand non-descript the Niger, and with the view of form. natural productions, whieh, with the
thirty thirty.three thousand before known to and professor of natural history; but him, give to Natural History a basis these offers, as well as a prior invitaof fixty-three thousand species, which on of the same kind from the king of as he frequently informed his friends, Spain were declined. was afterwards increased to above In 1767, he undertook a journey ninety thousand.
at his owo expence, to Normandy Soon after his return from Senegal, and Britany, the object of which, was he was appointed by Louis XV. su- the investigation of the natural history perintendant of the botanic garden at of these provinces. He continued to Trianon, with the title of royal natu- pursue his favourite studies with unralist, and soon after admitted a mem. difturbed tranquility, till in the year ber of the Academy of Sciences, in :775, he had the mortification of the third class, as adjun& botanit ; seeing the reverfion of Buffon's place and the history of the academy bears given to M. de Angivillier, in prefeteftimony to the zealous activity with rence to himself, whose seventeen which he contributed towards the years services obtained only a pitiful promotion of the science.
pension of ewo thousand livres. This When he was invited in 1960, by disappointment was the more sensibly the emperor to Louvain, for the pur- felt by Adanson, as he believed that pose of erecting an academy of Natu- the possession of that place would have ral history, according to his plan, he greatly facilitated the publishing of was at the same time honoured by a the Encyclopædia of Natural History, letter from Linnæus, offering him a in one hundred and twenty volumes, place in the academy of Upal, which and with seventy-five thousand figures he declined. In the following year in the compiling of which he was a proposal of quite a different cature then engaged. On the 15th of Fe. came from England, which, as tend- bruary, 1775, he laid before the aca. ing to the disadvantage of his coun. ademy the plan of this work, of which try, he rejected with indignation the committee appointed to examine After the capture of Senegal, Lord it, gave a very favourable report. He North being deeply interested in the continued to Hatter himself with the English African company, fent Mr. hopes of seeing this plan put into exCumming, who next to his lordship, ecution, till the revolution annihilated had the greatest share in it, to Adau- it. son, for the purpose of obraining from In 1779, he undertook a journey him, if not the originals at least co to the highest mountains in Europe, pies of his papers on the productions whence he returned with more than and trade of that country.
twenty thousand specimens of mineIn 1762, by desire of M. Choiseul rals, and drawings of more than twelve he employed his talents for the bene. hundred leagues of mountainous tracts. fit of his country, by drawing up a At a latter period, though oppressed plan for the new regulations of the con with the infirmities of old age, he lonies of Cayeone and Guayana, and wished to accompany Peyrouse in his another for Goree, for which import- voyage round the world, but his ofant services, however, he received no fer was not accepted. reward.
Being possessed of one of the rich. In, 1706, rery advantageous offers eft cabinets, which contained at least were made to bim by the empress of sixty five thousand species belongiog Rusia, to induce him to settle at Pe. to the three kingdoms of nature, he tersburg as member of the academy, had applied for a place in the Lou. vre, sufficient to contain these trea- night he worked with so much dilifures, conhling of the specimens them- gence in his cabinet, that his female felves, of plates and descriptions, but attendant was often obliged to put him inftead of it, obtained only an additi. in mind, that for several nights he odal pension of eighteen hundred lie had not gone to bed. Fres. Nor did he succeed to the full This attendant who had served him penhor of the academy till the death Gnce 1783, was an inestimable treaof Fougeroux, in 1789.
. sure to him ; without her, it is proAttbe beginning of the revolution, bable that in the last fourteen years of his experimental garden, in which he his life his best labours, perhaps all cultirated one hundred and thirty his discoveries and his numerous col. fpecies of mulberry trees, was laid lections of natural productions would waste by the barbarous plunderers. have been lost. This worthy woStill more, however, was he grieved man, who supplied the place of relaat the total extin&tion of the hope he tioos, friends and fortune, waited up. entertaioed of collecting his nume. on him the whole of the time with roos observations, and the results of provisions, fuel, light and clothes, fuch labour, in the above mentioned during the day, and at night employEncyclopædia.
ed herself in work for the purpose of His income was now so much re- procuring him coffee and sugar, with. daced, that for want of fuel and can. out which he could not live, whilft die, he was obliged to suspend his her husband, who was servant to ftudies during the long nights of win. another master in Picardy, sent him ter. Some relief was afforded hiin, weekly a supply of bread, meat, and however, by the minister Benezech ; garden herbs, and even money to pur. and still more, as much, indeed as in chase other necessaries : ----and at these unhappy times could be done - length when Adanson, through the acby Benezech's successor, Francis de cumulated infirmities of age, grew Neufchateaus, whose care for him did daily more weak, came to live with Dot cease when he no longer held the him, and never af er forsook him, not office of minister. Adanson, howe. even when reduced to the greatest ver, was how obliged to live without distress, and all his linen sold. But his accustomed comforts in a small now his distress had reached its uthouse, or rather hut, situated in Chan. moft limits; the Emperor Napoleon tereny-ftreet, which could not fail to having been informed of it, sent him prove very prejudical to an old man three thoufand francs, which the good who, by his long refideoce in a hot folks used fo econo .ically, that when climate, had become extremely sensi. it was hinted to them that on their ble to the effects of cold and moisture, applying for it the gift would be reand who was afflicted with the sheu. peated, they constantly auswered they matism.
itill had enough left. In this situati. Here he passed almost the whole on the venerable cultivator of the day in a little spot where he cultivated sciences closed his laborious life, plaats, fitting cross-leged, for the pur- whichhad merited a more favourable pose of pursuing his observations on lot. these plants and some frogs; and a