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He was father to Richard Sarsfield, retreated in safety by the same way
captain general to Henry the 3d, in he came before it was possible for the
1230. Henry, a grandson of this beliegers to interrupt him. This
Richard Sarsfield, came to Ireland masterly maneuvre rendered William
and settled in Cork. He intermarri- desperate, and he determined on im.
ed with the Fitzgeralds, from whom mediately forming the towo. The
he had the lands of Bealogh Far ye English troops accordingly advanced,
and Kill nallock, six miles in length, carried the counterscarps and mounted
in the county of Limerick, which es. the breach; but the garrison emulous
tate his descendants enjoyed for many of doing something equal to the at-
generations. Our general's great chievments of the Protestants of Lon-
grand father, was Sir William Gars. don Derry, quickly Thewed that to
field, who married Anne, daughter to reduce the town was no such easy
Sir Patrick Barnwell, and by her had matter as they might imagine. Like
Peter and many other children.-- another Carthage, the very women
I his Peter married Elenor, daughi joined their efforts to those of the men
ter to l'erlagh ('Dempsy, lord viss and fought with the most enthuliar-
coun Glenmalier, and by her bad P. tic fury, so that notwithstanding the
trick cur heroc's father, who married most violent affault upon the breach,
a daughter of Roger Moor.

the English after a contest of three
Very little is known of the early hours, were repulsed with great Naugh.
period of Sarsfield's life, but his edu. ter. William was so disheartened by
cation seems to have been a military this defeat, in which he and his aux-
one, for he was while yet young, a iliaries lost more than 2000 men, that
colonel in the Iridh army. He fought the immediately raised the siege and
at the Boyne under general Hamil- set off for England.
ton, whose death so dispirited the The honour of this victory which
Irish, that to it may be chiefly ascribed protracted the fate of Ireland, was
the loss of that battle. When the due to Sarsfield, but unhappily for his
Lil fell back to Limerick, and this country, his other efforts were render-
city was beseiged by William, one ed ineffectual by the destructive spirit
Boilcleau, a Frenchman, was govern- of jealousy which preyed in the breasts
or, the duke of Berwick and Saife of those who acted along with him.
field were next in command. Three St. Ruth, a brave but a vain man,
Jays after the commencement of the commanded with Sarsfield at the bat.
fiege, Sarsfield performed a military tle of Aughrim. Sarsfield's reputa-
Coup de main, that at once evinced tion was so high amongst his country
his genious and his bravery. Having men, that St. Ruth envied him, and
intelligence that a convoy with artil. therefore by an unpardonable and even
lery and other neccfiaries for a tiege treacherous breach of duty did not
was on its way to join the English make him privy to his arrangements
'my, he formed a resolution to issue before the battle.
of the town with a chosen body. It was this -misunderstanding be.
vops, and accordingly he by a se. tween the generals that lost the bat.
'y passed the Shannon at night, tle, and with it Ireland. Every thing
od the convoy, spiked the hung on this event, the right of Wila
'ew up the powder, destroy. liam and James to this country was to
It of the , ammunition and be determiged as well as that of the


ir ct wa Atercept caonon, bi :

Tall the road

Protestants and Catholics. The Irish Inew better the spirit of the parties had almost gained a complete victory and of our clans before and after the when St. Roth fell and expiated his reformatiou--no mao had kid himwicked vanity by a soldier's death -- self out for such a talk so early in life

The Irith not being then able to act as he did-no man divided his com'in concert, fed on all fides, and left pany more between protestants and the field to the English who made a catholics, between higher and lower most inbuman and cruel use of their orders-no man scorned more to lavi&ory, not granting to their valiant crifice historical truth on the altars of and brave enemy the least quarter.- prejudice-and no man felt more fenSarsfeld after the battle of 'ughrim libly the wrongs and the calansities of returned again to Limerick, resolving his countrymen of all descriptions.“ to defeod it to the last. General Gin. « :e declaim," said he, "on the cle with his force belieged it, but the miseries of 1641, and we pass unnclih deserted by James and in der. ticed the severe famines and miseries pair of further allistance from the of 1727, 28, and 29. ln 1740, a Freach, Gigned a capitulation which dreadful famine spread over the face guaranteed to them the free exercise of the nation : the cinelties of 1611 of their religion, and the full pollca- were more sparing of our inhabitants on of their civil rights.

our counties were converted into il mankind have heard with in- graves, and this thews the din of war digration of the infamy and treachery and the rage of party makes a deeper with which the English afterwards impre lion than the filent woe of a broke this creaty, ratified at Lin erick, much greater walle of ihe human fpeand to this hour the unfortunate Ca- cies." See his Maxims, Dublin, tholics of Ireland are the victims of 1757.) their perfidy and want of principle. It has been observed by Mr. WalkSarsfield with a great many of the er in his history of the Bards, that Irish pobility and 18,000 men went our national Atyle of music borrowed over to France, and was afterwards its melancholy cast, from the calanikilled at the battle of Landeo.- ties and the fpoliation of the natives; He married a dau hter of the earl the same observation is applicable to of Clanrickard by whom he had one Mr. O'Conor ; he had been eye-witfon, named Jantes Edward Francis ness to too many woes from his infanSarsfield.

cy, and his sensibility was so much af. fected by the recollection of what he saw, and what he heard that he would

fometimes soatch his harp to divert I be life o Mr. Charles O'Cono". recollection; but then instead of pro

fiting by the r.medy, he would find it (Continued from page 133.) worse than the disease, his feelings

would derive more force from the I have been often so much led away sounds which were congenial wich by this consideration, that I felt the them. Memory would summon ep loss of Mr. O'Conor's intended hifto. a long train of ancient adventures, ry of Ireland to be more serious than and he would throw by his harp, fayit would appear on first view No ing with emotion, “ it is like the man was better acquainted than he effect which the harp of David had with the original sources of it, no man on Saul.”- One of our late Bards had


the following distich inscribed on his and the gentlemen of that neighbourharp.

hood had no clergyman for a confi.

derable timo to give them mass, Cur lyra funestas edit percussa sono. but a poor old man, one Prendergast, ses,

who before day-dawn on Sundays, Scilicet amiffum fors diadema ge. crepe into a cave in the parish of Bafa mit.

Jick, and waited there for his congre.

gation in cold and wet weather. hunger In 1732, a proclamation was issued and thirst, to preach to them patience against the Roman Catholic Clergy, under their afflictions and perseverance and the degree of violence with which in their principles; to offer up prayit was inforced, made many of the ers for their persecutors, and to arm old natives look seriously as a last them with resignation to the will of resource to emigration." — Bilhop beaven in their misfortunes. This O’Rorke retired from Belanagare, cave is called Poll-an-Aifrin, or Mass

caye, to this day, and is a melancholy monument of the piety of our ancel.

tors. NOTE.

It is very observable that of 1080

priells then in the kingdom, banished A subscription raised by the mer. into bogs, deprived of all the comforts chants of Cork and Dublin, to buy of life, and almost every intercourse off in London, that persecuting rage with the human species, not more than which could not be satiated by cruelty a dozen abandoned their principles, at home, was the only pretext that to avoid persecution, or to accept the could be alledged for this severity ; f40. which were held out to them, as a rumour was maliciously propagated an inducement to apostacy, O'Rorke that this subscription was intended for returned to Belanagare in 1734, died the Pretender. The Rev. Mr. But there of a complication of disorders, Jer, archbishop of Cashel, and the Rev- contracted by sleeping ronjetimes in Mr. Mc. Carthy, bishop of Cork, he open air, and sometimes in mise. were accused of granting indulgences rable hovels, among the bogs and to those who would subscribe for this marshes of Conamara. Such was purpose. The committee appointed the end of a man who had conversed to inquire into this matter owned that with kings and emperors ; and passed the sum of their evidence amounted his early years in affluence and ease. merely to this ; that lonie letters were Mr. O'Conor ordered the following found by which it appeared that a distich to be engraved on his combo collection was made in 1731, to pro. ftone. cure a suppression in England of the bill against popish solicitors, and the biil for disarming papists, (see their own report Dublin printed 1732) ecce of the popish clergy. As they Yet they resolved that it appeared to give no reason why this appeared to them, that under colour of opposing them, without having any evidence to these bills, great sums had been col- justify this construction, it is to be lected; of imminent danger to the presumed they examined with a jaun. government, and chiefly by the influ- diced eye which made what was whits

appear otherwise.

Sola falus servire Deo-Sunt cætera

consideret, fraudes !

et propriæ menor But ferve thy God, here all thy duty Animain piis fuffragiis, lies,

Divina Misericordiæ All elle is fraud, but this is to be

cummendet. wile.

Those historians who have brought Those accumulated miseries made our bistory down to the conclution old Denis O'Conor fuspect, that foon of this reign, have in ac given no there would not be a vestage remain. hiftory of Ireland during the period ing of the old families of the kingdom. that occurred from the revolution to Tbe lowering afpect of the times, and te fanguinary code so perfeveringly

They may have given the hillory inforced, threw all his friends into a

of a party of English by whom the despondence which shut out every

Irish lords were treated with igno.

miny and contempt. The history of prospect bu: the dreary one of imagi

what Mr. Knox calls a protestant garnation.

rifon in Ireland, (lee his speech in the Under this imprellion it was that

debates of 1793.) but they neglected he called upon his son to write a

the bulk of the people and affected latin inscription for a monument fimi.

to suppose, that no such people exlar to that erected for counsellor


ifted * M.Donagh, as a memorial of the mis.

In order to fill up the page, they fortunes of his ancestors. This mo. have turned their eyes to th: rebellinument was destroyed soon after it ons in Scotland ; they then advert to was executed, but the inscription flag the violent and vindicrive mealures of is still ecrire, and may be seen at the the commons of England against derock of Drimmin on the way from Belanagare to Elpbin, and is as fol.




But of all the other laws which op

pressed the unfortunate people, that Pro Majoribus

act of the ist of George II. 1927, Fidei et virtuti addictiffimis, which deprived them of their franIn luenda parria et religione chile, that grand crieerion which dira Conftantiffimis,

tinguishes a freeman from a Dave, the

right for voting for representatives Ac taresm pro utjusque defensione who are to make laws to bind their Redac? 's, dispoliatis, dispersis lives, liberty and property, which my Ex Scotorum regibus oris,

Lord Holi called the noblest birthPro le conjuge et familia, right, and most invaluable privilege Hic Sepultis

of the subject. I say that law of all Hoc monum. Statuit others, appears to me to have been LION O'CONOR,

the most unaccountable, the most 1738.

cruel, and the most unnecesary,

Counsellor Stanley's 1peech in the deChistianus Lector cogitet, bales of 1793. It is well known Nihil efle in hac via

that they voted in the election of that Ex omni parte beatum P-i of George II, which afterwards Humanam mortalitatem, disfranchised them. Ibid.

luded men, whom humanity must pi- the few that are interested in its conty, since they were willing, however tinuation. erroniously, to facrifice their interells Such was the situation of Ireland to their principles. But what has all during those unhappy times, in which this io do with the history of Ireland a political fatalily compelled our during those angry times? how kings to sanction calamities they decomes it that since the enacting of tested.* An island oiversified with the penal laws, our historians find no extensive forests foon became a wild tranfaction on which they could rest walte, and almost all the industry of the dignity of history, except the the people was limited to destruction, ufurpations of the English Parlia. our woods were felled, but no trees ment reversing the decrees of the Irish were planted in their stead. The in the cause of Annelly, and enacting bulk of the people ceased not only laws to secure the dependance of Ire to improve but io till, they contractland on the parliament of Great ed lazy babits, and lived or farved Britain ? How comes that our nobi- as water-cresses and wild roots were lity were degraded into English plenitul or Icarce. squires, our gentry into Englith boors, Their conquerors treated them as and our country into an English beings of a species not quite as low plantation ?* That England mono- as the brute, but inferior to the hupolized our trade, controuled our le- man. They said that they were a gislature, and disposed of our lives mean, ignorant, fupeitious hord of and fortunes without our content; savages, that Ireland was another and that Ireland was left the melan- Baotia, and that the intellects of the choly pre-eminence among the natin natives were ftupid by the poiatoe. ons of Europe of being supreme in Thus they insulted national character mitery and contempt. I forget who in every corner of Europe, and when it was laid inat a iyianny which go- they had proscribed our industry, and verns by the sword, can have no ad- rendered the improvement of the vocates but the men of the sword, country penal by act of parliament; and such was Cromwell's by the fame they mocked the mileries they themrule, a legal tyranny which by forms felves had occasioned. of justice and ceremonies of law re. No comedy was acceptable if fome tards the progreflive imprevements wild Irishman was not introduced, of nations, can have no advocates but whose actions were the most excen

tric, whose opinions were the most

superstitious NOTES.

Sce primate Boulter's 2 vols. Svol. *The Romans practised such leveDublin 1770.-Thele curious letters rity only while the nations they conare styled by the editors of them. - quered were arrayed in arms again “ Letters which now are, and in all them. Then they said-probability will ever remain the most authentic hißory of Ireland, for that “Res dura et regni novitas me talia Space of time in which they are wrii- cogunt moliri." ten ;' that is gentle reader, from 1724 to 8739!” Now to that authentic But Sencca asks, quid hodie effet hilloiy I refer for every thing that I Inperium nisi falubris providentia vichave advanced in this page, see vol. tos permiscuifler victoribus. And Li1. p. 17,19, 44, 45, 92, 107, 157, vy jays, Rem Romanam aucłam buf 319, &c. &c.

tibus in civitatem receptis.

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