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. certain form of words, to that same Hence the implacable animosities, Henry II, whom he ought rather to and exterminating carnage, which is bare itript of his own, op account of perpetually carried on between us ; * the above crime.

hence our continual hostilities, our • Tous, omitting all legal and jus detestable treacheries, our bloody reritical order, and alas ! his national prisals, our numberless massacres, in masjidices and predilections blindfold. which, since their invasion to this day. itz the disceroment of such a Pontiff! more than 50,000 men have perished without our.being guilty of any crime, on both sides, not to speak of those without any rational cause whatsoever, who died by famine, despair, the ris he gave us up to be mangled to pieces, gours of captivity, nightly marauding, by the teeth of the most cruel and vo. and a thousaod other disorders wbich racious of all monsters. And if some, it is impossible to remedy, on account times nearly flayed alive, we escape of the anarchy in which we live : an from the deadly bite of those treache. anarclay which, alas! is tremendous soos and greedy wolves, it is but to not only to the state, but also to the descend into the miserable abysses of churck of Ireland; the ministers of hameful llavery, and to drag on the which are daily exposed, not only to dolefc) remains of a life more terrible the oss of the frail and transitory than death itself-Ever since those thin is of this worini bu, allo the lois Eoglila appeared frit upon our coasts, of those lolid and substantial blelings io virtue of the above furreptitious which are eternal and immutable. , donation, they entered our territories Let those few particulars concerns under a certain fpecious pretext of piety ing our origin, and the deplorable and external hypocritical fhow of reli. ftate to which we have been reduced gion : endeavouring in the meantime, by the above donation of Adrian IV. by every artifice malice could suggeft, fuffice for the prelent: te extirpate us root and branch ; and

We have now to inform your hos without any other right, than that of liness, that Henry, king of England, the (troppelf, they have so far fucceed. and the four kings, his succellors, have ed, by base and fraudulent cunning,

violated the conditions of the ponthat they have forced us to quit our

tifical bull, by which they were eta fair and ample situations and paternal

powered to invade this kingdom... inheritances, and to take refuge, like

For the said Heary promiicd, as apwild beafts, in the mountains, the

spears by laid buli, to extend the paa woods, and the morasses of the coun.

trimony of the Irish church, and to try; nor can even the caverns and

pay 10 the apostolical see annually, dens protect us against their infatiable

one penry for each house.-Now avarice. They pursue us even into

this promile both he and his successors those frightful abodes, endeavouring

above-mentioned, and their iniquitous to dispossess us of the wild uncultivated

ministers, observed not at all with te

gard to Ireland. On the contrary, socks, and arrogating to themselves

They have entirely and intentionally the property of every place, on which eluded then, and endeavoured to ena we can print the figure of our feet ; aud force the reverse. throughan excess of the most profound As to the church lands, lo far ignorance, impudent arrogance, or froin extending thein, they have conblind in fanity scarce conceivable, they hned thein, retrenched them, invaded dare to affert, that got a single inch of thein on all sides; so that some caIreland is ours, but by right, entirely thedral churches liave been, by openi their own,

force, notorioully plundered of their


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their poffeflions. Nor have the per- the murdered man was, and the more fons of our clergy been more relpected respected by his own countrymen, the for in every part of the country, we more the murderer is rewarded and find bishops and prelates cited, arreft. honoured, not only by the English ed, and imprisoned, without distincti- rabble, but even by the English cleron; and they are oppressed with gy and bishops; and especially by such fervile fear by thore frequent and those whole duty it is chiefly, on acunparalleled injuries, that they have count of their ftation in life, to cornot even the courage to represent to rect such abominable malefactars, your holiness, the lufferings they are Every Irish woman, whether noble or 10 wantonly condemned to undergo. ignoble, who marries an Englishman, But lince they are fo cowardly and io is after her husband's death, deprived barely silent in their own cause, ihey of the third part of her husband's delerve not that we should say a syl- lands and possessions, on account of lable in their favour. The English her being an Iruh woman. In like promiled also to introduce a beller manger, whenever the English can code of laws, and enforce belter mo- violently oppress to death an Irishrals, but the holy and dove-like fim- man, they will by no means permit him plicity of our nation, is on account of to make a will or any disposal whatthe flagitious example of those repro- soever of his affairs; on the contrary, bates, changed into the malicious cun- they seize violently on all his proper. ning of the ferpert.

ty, deprive the church of its rights; We had a written code of laws, per foice reduce to a servile conditie according to which our nalion was on that blood which has been from governed hitherto; they have de- all antiquity free. prived us of those laws, and of every The fame tribunal of the English, law except one, which it is impollible by advice of the king of England and to rest froin us, and for the purpose of some English Bishops, among whom exterminating us they have establish the ignorant and ill-conducted arched other iniquitous laws, by which in- bishop of Armagh was president, has justice and humanity are combined for made in the city of St, Kennicus our dellruction : fone of which we (Kilkenny) the following absurd and here infert for your inspection, as be- informal statute that no religious coming so mnany fundamental rules of munity in the English pale, shall reEnglish jurisprudence established in ceive an Irishman as novice under this kingdom.

pain of being treated as contumacious Every man not an Irishman, can on contemners of the King of England's any charge however frivolous, prole- laws. And as well before as after cute an Irishıan; but no Irishman this law was enacted, it was scrupuwhether lay or ecelesiaflie, (the pre- ously observed by the English domie late excepted) can prosecute for any nicans, fianciscans, monks, cannons, offence whatsoever becaule he is an and all other religious orders of the Irishinan.-If any Englishman should, English nation, who Thewed a partiaas they often do, treacherously and lity in the choice of their religious perdfiiously murder an Irishnian, be subjects, the more odious in as much he ever so noble or ro innocent, whe- as chose monasteries were founded by ther lay or ecclesiastic, fecular or re- Jiihmen, from which Irishmen are lo gular, even though be should be a basely excluded by Englishmen in prelate, no fatista čtion can be obtain modern times. Besides where they ed from an English court of justice. ought to have established virtue, they On the contrary, the more worthy bave done exactly the contrary; they


have destroyed our native virtues, and ardent anibition 10 Make off this ekablifhed the most abominable vices in supportable yoke, and recover the in their itead.

inheritance which they have founFor the Englith who inbabit our juftly ufurped, that, as there never Jard, and who call themselves a was, so there never will be any line madle nation (between English and cere coalition between them and us, Inh) are so different in their morals nor is it possible that there should in from the English of England, and of this lite; tor we entertain a certain oll other narions, that they can, with natural enmity against each other. the greatest propriety,be styled a nati- flowing from mutual malignity, deco not of middling, but of extreme scending by inheritance from father to perfidiousness ; nor is it of old that fon, and Ipreading from generation they follow the abominable and nefa. to generation. rious cuftom, which is acquiring more - Haveteracy every day from habit; Lei no person wonder then if we tamely, when they invite a nobleman endeavour to preserve our lives, and of our pation to dine with them, they defend our liberties, as well as we either in the midst of the entertais- can, against thole cruel tyrants, ufurment, or in the unguarded hour of pers of our ju!t properties, ard murdeep, spill the blood of our unsur. derers of our perions. So far from pecting countrymen, terminate their thinking it uolawlul, we hold it to be detestable feast with murder, and sell a meritorious act, nor can we be acthe heads of their guests to the ene- cused of purjury or rebellion : since ay!

neither our fathers or we, did at any Just as Peter Brumichehame, who time bind ourselves by any oth of a is fince called the treacherous Baron, legiance to their fathers or to them, did with Mauritius's brother Calnao and thercfore without the least recus, men inuch esteemed for their ta- morse of conscience, while bre o releats and honour among us; he in- mains, we will attack them in defence vited them to an entertainment on the of our just rights, and never lay down feaft day of the holy Trinity; on that our arms until we force them to de: day, the ioftant they stood up from fint. Besides we are fully falisfied to the table, he cruelly massacred them prove in a juridical manner before with twenty-four of their followers, iwelve or more bishops the facts which and sold their heads at a dear price to we have stated, and the grievances their enemies and when he was ar which we have complained 01-Not raigoed before the king of England, like the English, who in time of prorthe present king's father, no justice perity contemn all legai ordivances, could be obtained againft such a ne. and if they enjoy profperity at pretent farious and treacherous offender. In would not recur io Rome as they do like manner Lord Thomas Clare, the now, but would crush with their Dake of Glocefter's brother, invited overbearing and tyrannical haughiito his house the most illustrious Brian ness, all the surrounding nations, deRoe O'Brien of Thoinond his spon- spising every law, human and dia for, - - - - - - vine.

Therefore on account of all those As all hope of peace between us injuries and a thousand others which is therefore completely destroyed; for human wit cannot easily comprehend, lach is their pride, such their excel and on account of ihe kings of EngSve lult of dominion, and such our land and their wicked ministers, who


instead of governing us as they were Tourist as this whom we introduce bound to do with justice and modera- to our readers, but the venerable and tion, have wickedly endeavoured to learned and ph Drophic Milner, alexterminate us off the face of the ready known in the literary world, by earth; and to shake off entirely their his History of Winchester, his Letters detestable yoke, and recover our na. 10 Sturges, his Caie of Conicience, tive liberties which we lost by their and his numerous other works. 'Tis means ; we are forced to carry on somewhat consoling to an Irishman, an exterminating war, chuling in de- who has been used to contemplare fence of our lives and liberties, rather the disgusting pictures which Englishto rise like men and expose our per- men have drawn of his calumniated fons bravely to all the dangers of war, country, thus to behold rifing up from than any longer to bear like women amidst that selfish contemning and untheir atrocious and detestable inju. just people, one of its boldest and most pies; and in order to obtain our intent liberal defenders. The lime is now the more speedily and consistently, we come, when English prejudices must invite the gallant Edward Bruce, to disappear, when the strong light of whom being descended from our inoit truth bursting on the ignorance and noble ancestors, we transfer, as we just- darknets of the English public mind, ly may, qur own right of royal domi- must chace away the falsehoods cons nion ; unanimously declaring him to cerning the Irish people and the Irish be our king by common consent, who character, long cherished against boih. in our opinion, and in the opinion of The angel of justice has gone abroad, most men, is as just, prudent and pi- and even Englishmeit must open ous as he is powerful and courageous; their eyes to the injuries they have who will do justice to all claifles of inflicted on a meritorious unoffending people, and restore to the church country, to the soulness of the inipu. those 'properties of which it has been tations with which they have blackso damnably and in humanly despoil. ened and stained its name. 'Tis well ed, &c.

known that the mais of the neigh. bouring inhabitants an ignorant and unthinking, though a well-fed race, have always entertained the molt un: accountable notions of our manners,

our population, and our genius. In Dr. Milner's Inquiry into certain vulgar Dr. Milner's own words, “they are

opinions, concerning the Catholic in- persuaded that we are a stupid and habitants, and she Aniiquities of Ire- misconceiving people, many degrees

below themselves in every nieotal fa:

culty ;" they suppose our island not 'Tis no Sir John Car that we now to equal in extent the county of York, bring before the public-'tis no hop- and the number of its inhabitants not ping Pranger, who comes ainongít us to exceed what that district contains. to collect ftale and vulgar witicisms.to They have levelled us with the irra. eat sumptuous dinners with great peo- tional creation ; the poor wild Irish ple and to praise their, to skim of the top and surlace of our national character and with the vapid substance,

NOTE: io raise his pastry-book to a bloaied folio.---'Tis not such a superficia! Page 40.


land, &c.

kad tails and wings, they were not who have been delired by Heaven tanicable to the common duties of for the great work of enlightening his human lde, they were companions countrymen with regard to Ireland. In but only for the cow of their tall, or him, we behold the man of real prin the twine of their stye. There were, ciple, whole pen is not enlisted by and for the moft are the vulgar pre power, to detame or io vilify any let prices of ibe English, and how could of inen, who with a foul of wide phiwe expe& a fair appreciation from lantropy has in view nothing butihe fach 2 beloited country. The men happineis of mankind--who standing cf power and letters, laboured thro' sublimely above the unigar great of interested motives to imprint there the day, looks down with contempt ETT Oneous ideas, on the minds of the on the wars of fallin, which avarice, populace and this efficted, the popu- wages against avarice and ambition lace in their turn, hooted every man against ambition; him we hail to our out of power who would not feed the shores and to our bosoms, as an aporCarling prejudices they had imbibed. De, who bears good tidings of things Between both, between the low mob to come, who is the precursor and and the high mob, the wretched Irish harbinger of our national profpewere ill treated and despised, riy. they were the sufferers froni the It is not our intention to follow Dr. Wkkedness of the one, and the ignos Milner through the whole of his pace of the other, The whole Eng, learned and prited work. Were we lith nation united to decry and pu- to extract as many passages as we atth us, the workings of the whole know, must be highly interesting to Dody though impelled by different in our readers, our Magazine would not pulles all tended to one point, and contain them. His vindication of the that was the oppression of Ireland, Catholic Clergy, from the imputatiAs long as our neighbours remained ons of ignorance and illiteracy, and in th:s conviction of our unfiness for his defence of the billory of St. Paholding any rank as a people arnongít trick, against Dr. Ledwich, are both lhe nations, how could we look to an replete with deep research and able wancipation voluntarily ceded by argument. We would not be aftothem; how could we imagine, that nithed if the Dr.(especially now after They would suffer us (as the rod was being disappointed in the Bishoprick) in their hands) not to continue to should order his book to be burned

hew their wood and draw their by the hands of the common hangman water;" no, it was necessary that as a sacrifice to his insulted counCIVI. Zation should visit them before try. Though there may have been great freedoni could visit us, and without wickedneis in the laborious fabrica2 revolution in their ideas, their could tion, yet a whole-burnt offering might be no change in our fituation. Thanks make atonement ; at least, there lo that providence, which has been would be nagnimity in the deed. plealed to try us in the furnace of There has been no calumny invented perlecution ; better times have ar- and supported by prejudice against our sred: the blinded understandings national character from the time of of our neighbours have been gradu. Silvester Giraldus down to Dick Mura

y Torced open, and they begin to grave; which Dr. Milner does not jee that we are men, and that we take notice of ; we have suffered no mult like themselves be freemen. We perfecution which he has not told his look on Dr. Milner as one of those


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