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Q. Several parties with me bis oppressors to add to bis troua (中 bumbly beg you wou'd be pleas'd bles, by taking and with bolding
to Answer these two Questions, as from him several of his Writings; Soon as you can: They are as and thereby #holly obftruås all bis follow, We read in the Book of endeavours, for the good of her Genesis
, That when wicked Cain Self and Children, and biš dil Murthered' his Righteous Brother charge out of Trouble. This (done Abel, he went out of the preby the Wife profesing as before) fence of the Lord, and dwelt in bath caused her Husband to doubt the Land of Nod, where he took of the truth of her Profesion; and him a Wife: Now the question her faithfulness to him in his Af. is, Who this wife of Cain was, fairs, wherein be bath entrusted and out of what Generation the her: And greatly fears she is came, seeing there were ( at that deluded,' But he is unwiling to time) but Four Persons in the expose her ; therefore earnestly World , Namely, Adam, Eve, desires, first your Opinion of this Cain, and Abel?
deportment of bers, whether it be A. Though no more Persons confiftent with the lentials of were Necesary to be Named, to Christian Rcligion : And wherber give us an account of Cain's Me, continuing so doing as before Barbarous Murther, yet 'tis Cer(without Repentance and Refortain there were more, by Cain's mation) be in any hopeful way of taking him a Wife, which Wife Salvation? Whether it be a fin we make no doubt was one of his in those that countenance, aid, own Sisters.
or afist her in such her doings; The Second Question is, when and wberber such Perfons do not it may be properly said, AVir- thereby subje& themselves to Cena gin batb loft ber Virginity? Sures, and Adions at Law, for A. When she has it no lon- Damages ? He prays to have your
Direction to him in this Cafe, Q. A Husband and his wife, what is most Christian-like and profesing to live under the au- prudent for him to do, to recover thority i and in Subje&tion and her to the performance of her Dua Sincere Obedience tó) the Holy ty to God, ber Husband and ChilLars of God. The husband fin- dren, which lice much negleas; cerely defiring, and most faith if not obftinately refuses. In cale fully endeavouring the good of all be done (that you fall direčí) the Souls and Bodies of his wife, and yet if mould fail of its and their Children, falling into wisd for end, whether witbout Some trouble and being under the breach of Charity, and a Restraint ; And the VVife taking fending God and his Holy Relie Advantage thereof, bath for some gion;
the Husband may expose time withdrawn her self from the Wife, and utterly forsake and (and denies Cohabitation wich) cast ber off, taking care for her her Husband, and doch conceal Children Your care in and anber Lodgings from him. so that he livering this paper fully, as soon cinnot find where (or with whom) as you can, is very much desired, She is; and she dorb joyn mich and expected by several concer
A. 'Tis a very difficult matter, him, and among the Moderns, on if not impoflibic, to determine the summing up the whole Evirightly in any case, where but one vidence pro and con, the learned Party nas told their Tale, for eve- Mr. Edwards seems inclin’d to the ry one is so apt to be prejudiced in fame favourable Opinion. Tho favour of their own lide, that 'tis this, he acknowledges, against ile very seldom that they are just to Testimony of many very grave the Truth in their Relations. So Authors, Plutarch, Minutius Fe. in your Cafe, 'tis not impossible lix, Tertuliax, and others: As but but you may be the guilty for Plutarch, we think he's miftaPerson, and have given your wife ken, for he seems rather to clear too much cause to have acted as him in his Alcibiades, where he She has done. Which you are first rays exprelly,
"That though to consider, and amend, if you others made their Court to him arc in the wrong, before you can " for his extraordinary Beauty, expect any alteration from her. " that affection which Socrates Though supposing the matter truc, bore him, was only for the Beau. as you relate it, you may very ty of his soul, and the effect of well doubt of her Christianity, nor “his Vertue and good Disposition; can she expect to be happy either “and that fearing left his Flaterherc, or hereafter if the continue "ers might corrupt him, he inin this breach of her fidelity to her "terpos'd to preserve him from Husband, and those who encou- Ruine. And yet more positively, rage her in it are almoft as guilty a little lower: Alcibiades says as the. But to amend all this, the " he, obferv'd that his Discourses beft way that you can take, is to "aim'd not at any effeminate enquire what dislike he has taken, pleasures, nor fought any thing and if her demands be reasonable, "criminal, or dishonest, but raby all means satisfie them. As “ther said open to him the lmpera for the exposing her, you'll only "fections of his own Mind, bis cause your self to be laugh'd at by" Pride and Vanity, &c. And his it, and inake her ne'er the better, " Discourses on this Head, had, and if fair and kind usage won't it seems, such Power over him, prevail with her to reform, other as sometiines to draw even Tears Methods are like to be of little use. “from his Eyes; so that, (as Cle.
Q. What are we think of the ont hes says, in the fame Author) Love of Socrates and Alcibiades; " he always gave Socrates his whether was is criminal, or inno" Ears, though the rest to his Rio cent.
Indeed their Friendship A. We would very unwilling. began when he was very young, ly injure the Fame of so great a but it may seein to have been Man, since we eftem it a greater founded on Principles of GratiCrime in fome sense, to misrepre- tude and Vertues, for in a certain fent the Dead, who can't speak Skirmish the Athenians had with for the nelves, than the Living, some of their Neighbours, in the who are able to make their own first Campaign that Alcibiades defence: We must acknowledge ever mad , he having reciv'd a Many of the Ancients have clear's wound, Socrat's threw himself
before him, cover'd him with his | Examples of Sappho, Anacreon, Shield, and fav'd his Life ; nor and others of the fame Reputawas that brave Man long in his tion : But 'tis ftill less tollerable Debt, doing as much for him at when he makes him mad with the Delium, and making good his Love of the Generous Alcibiades, Retreat wben thc Athenians were the most witty Agathe, the DiRouted.
vine Phedrus, the Beautiful Cbar. Yet after all, we can't deny but mides, and half the City together; that the defence which Maximus nay, introduces him himself acTyrius makes for him on this Head, knowledging, “ That his Heart had been better let alone ; for he " used to beat when he saw Cbar. seems to confess over much, and in mas, that he was stark mad and many places the Objection appears
“ drunk at the fight of Alcibiades, so much stronger than the Answer, " that his Eyes dazled at the apthat we should have been more proach of Antolicbus , and ready to bave believ'd him inno
" the like.
Certainly here cent, bad not this Philosopher ta- seems to be all the Marks, all the ken so much pains to have prov'd Disturbances, and Emotions of a him so. He has writ no less than Criminal Love. Besides, it must four Differtations on this Subject, be granted, as we remember, Pluwhich he seems to have so great a
tarch fomewhere observes in bis fondness for, that it argues him a
Discourse of Love, that it looks thorough Platonift: The Sum of desperately suspicious, that 'twas what he says, in their Long Ha. something more than the Beauty ranguing way. is no more than of the Mind which those fage So. this " That 'twas a vertuous Love. phies were fo fond of, otherwise
not a criminal desire, épws not they might as well have fought
& mguuíd, which his Client ma- and found it in deform'd Bodies, as “nifested towards Alcibiades, in others; it may be sometimes " and other young Persons, ad-fooner, and in greater perfection;
miring the Beauty of the Creator, for even Socrates himself had, it “ foine fparks of the infinite Good- seems, none of the most promi
ness, and Fairness which appear'd ling Aspects, and yet is produc'd “ in them. An excuse which we by those who admire the Heathen are afraid will scarce pals currant Morality, as 'tis said he was by the with an ill natur'd Word, any Devil long before, as the great more than another which the same Pattern of wisdom and Goodness. Philofopher makes for him in Now, if even some of the same Diflertations ; Friends say this and worse of him,
That he was not the first who we doubt the World will easily " practis'd these things, having believe what he's accus’d of by
learnt it from Afpafia: bis Enemies ; at least by those And a very excellent Tutorefs, if who were indifferent, who had no the same, as we suppose she was, prejudice againit him, nor quarwith Pericles his Mistress: But rel with him. It was not Tertul. what he further owns concerning lian, or Minut ius who condemnd Socrates, inakes matters look yet him, but Anytus and Melitus; much worse, defending him by the and yet the Fathers, though they
knew his Testimony was servicea | bat both they and even the Jews ble to 'em against the Heathen, do themselves, it must be confess’d, positively charge him with this were inuch to seek in these matters, worft of Crimes. Tertullian says before Life and Immortality were Lego partem fententie, in Socra-' brought to light by the Gospel. tem, corruptorem adolescencie | This in general may be observed pronuntiatam. He speaks of it of the wiselt Men among the Heaas a thing certain, notorious and thens, that though now and then recorded in History; nor will this they express themselves handsomly seem at all strange to any who has enough, and sometimes plainly but a true idea of the Heathen and poltively in these matters
, yet World, which was infinitely more they were always either Sceptics corrupt (we think we are able to at the bottom, and doubted of all prove it) than the Christians, as they affirm'd, or their knowledge bad as we are ; very few of their was very much limited, and they beft Men having been free from were ignorant of much more than notorious Vice, and most of 'em they knew, -though unsufferably having been guilty of that abomi arrogant and conceited of their nablc one which Nature so much inconfiderable fcraps of Knowabhors; which was allow'd, nay, ledge, when compared with Divine recommended in most of their Revelation, and the clearer Light Commonwealths; nay, we believe of the Christian Faith. And thus, enjoynd, by a positive Law a. not to mention the Epicureans, mong the Eleans, for no less seems whose Minds are sufficiently known imply'd in some Passages of Maxi- in these matters; Pythagoras and mus Tyrius already mention'd. A Plato himlelf, appear to have befearful instance of the Divine lieved little more of the future Justice and Vengeance, in suffer- State of the Soul, then a perpe. ing Men who had once forsaken tual Metempsychosis, at least a the true Šod, and rooted out the very long one: And Plato's great Notions of Piety towards him, to | Year, when things should revolve, run on to such excess of unnatu- and be renew'd, seems to have ral Villary; for whom the Fate been nothing else but the Jewish of Sodom would be too mild, much 'Tradition of the amoxivaris or more that just Punishment which ATWHITUSaois, at the end of Six the so often mention'd Author thousand Years, only he has given tells us, a great number of 'em it a new turn and Air, that none inflicted themselves in a certain might discover whence he had it ; City in Italy ; who being dilap. for whether we fix it at 36000, as pointed of their Brutal de fires, 'tis usually taken, exclufively of fell unanimously into a jult de the 7th great Year, the Sum is spair, and hang'd themselves. the same, being made up of lix
Q. Whether had the Heathens times fix; or if, as others, 49000, any notion of a future siate, be- pris but including the Sabbatic cause I find some affirm, and o- Year; or if yet higher, and it be thers deny it
carry'd on,as'cis in some computaA. Dark Notions generally they. tions, to 360000, 'tis evidently had, and some weak gliminerings, wrought up by the same way of
But to leave these numeral ni- sons) and the Honours and Receties, and come to something wards of good and innocent more folid, Socrates himself, if Minds, do prove that Souls ftila his Scholar don't misrepresent him • subfift. Nothing is more like in his Discourfe concerning a fu. Death than Sleep ; but even in ture Life, go's no farther than an : Sleep the Sout discovers its Dinin es dansñ, &c. If these things be nity, and never more than at true : And 'tis notorious that Tul.
that time, for it harh a prospect ly and Seneca and most of the of things to come, being then greatest Heathen Names, advance more free than ever (therefore no farther : And accordingly all Xenophon had enore Wit than Cecilius his Harangue, and Mi. to believe the Soul slept when nutius Felix, is little more than the Body did). If these things Scepticism, and Origin proves his
be ro, she goes on) reverence Adverfary to have hardly been ad- 'my Soul when I am dead, and vanced even so high as that painful
obferve my Commands; but if and senseless Opinion. But we 'they are not so, yet reverence the can't forbear giving the Reader one
Immortal Gods: And below, paffage out of Xenophon's supoo whether it Thall be my Lot to be wad : As 'tis quoted in Mr. Ed. with God, or to be reduc'd to wards his Discourse on the vain nothing. Much to the same Philosophy of the Heathens, where purpose with our own old Gentlethis Subject is the best manag'a inan's Story of a long leap in the that we have any where seen it, dark, which was all his truly vain we shall cranscribe the most pait Philosophy cou'd teach him. of it, because it not only shows
Q. I bave for some years laft us the doubtfulness of the wiseft past, been accustomed to receive Heathens in the case, whether Cy- the Sacrament at the Cburch of, rus bimself, or Xenophon for him, England, and perform'd, ocher Hoit matters not, but has also an ly Duties as often as I could con-. useful passage, or two on other veniently
, until about a year since, Subjects
. Tis as follows, 'Ou an unlucky Accident befalling, and gap súns, &c. ' You ought not I thereby discovered the Treachery
io think (fays Cyrus." to his of a person most near and dear to Friends) you know certainly, me; who, together with another
that I shall be nothing after I (my Antagonist) bave wronged * cease to live here ; for the Soul, me, not only in my Estate, but my while 'tis in this Morta! 'Body, Reputation also; and that in the
scarce be said to live, tho | highest degree, without any manit gives life to the Body ; but ner of provocation, who are finde then it properly lives, when fled from Justice, all thich have fo. it leaves the Body then it far discompos'd my Mind,andmade it acts, and is truly knowing and me unfit for either publick, or pri' wise. The Tortures and Punish. vate Devotion; tbo? I have often 'ments infli&ted on Murderers, frove to compose my, Mind, and
by Souls thrust out of their Bo bring it to a Chrifiian Charitable
dies (the Fact it seems was not Disposition ; but when I think of • doubted of, that there then were the Obftinacy of my Enemies, and Apparitions of murder'd Per. the irrepasrable Injury I have and