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the Fors, were the moli high and mong Authors both facred and solemn ; each of them, he adds protane; the famous Persian Mamight fitly be call'd Epiphany in gi being all three together, as St. that sence, and thio not only refer- Jerom has observ’d. There have ring to the Star, yet not excluding, been who have affirm'd that they but rather containing, nay, poin were three Kings, some of the ring at it as a special Circumstance Reguli in Arabia (like Agabus) belonging to the Nativity.
and if they were not Kings, woe However, we think it scarce pol to this Romish Infallibility, which fible that they shou'd make their tells us, even where they are buofferings on the twelfth day after ry'd, and hows their Tomb at the Nativity the same year that Colin with great Devotion. NotChrist was born, becausé Mary's withitanding which, honest Mutupuriñcation seems to be over, which an was of another mind, tho ho inust have been, one and forty days speaks modestly, Nec Reges, ut after the Birth of the Child, Lev. opinor, erant. And if they were, 13 4. At which purification the they were very little ones, when was with her Son, and presented their united bounty left Joseph him publickly in the Temple, and Mary almost as poor as they where both Simeon and Anna found them. And here perhaps own'd bini to be the Mefias, on
some wou'd be pleas'd to see their which ’tis added, he was ipoken Names, but they have so many of to all those that looked for we know not what to call them, Redemption in Jerusalem; all however take them all. The which wou'd have made him fue most common are Gaspar or Fafficiently publick, had it been after par, Melchior and Baltazar. They the Wise men had allarm'd all might as well have calựd them Jerusalem, and received a charge Androgius, Lud, and Temantius.) from Herod concerning him : Not Others tell us their names were to add that if his going up to feo pellius, Amerus, and Damaf rufalem, and presentation in the
cus. Others Magalath, Gagalatb Temple had been after Herod was and Saiacin, (by their hard names mocked of the wise men, 't wou'd they shou'd be Arabians, others have been no less than running Ator, Sator, and Perat prat, which hitn into certain Deftruction, be three names Casaubon found in sides that immediately after Forepb an old Greek Book, together fed with him into Eygpt For, with Misael, Achael, Cyriacus, which reasons',' it's much more and Stephanus , the names of probable as Dr. Hammond under the 4 Shepherds that came to Bands it, that the Foundation visit our Lord at Betlehem, which makes the Epiphany the had been us d in a Charm to cure twelfth day from that of the Na- the biting of Serpents and other tivity muli mean it of that day' | Venemgus Creatures. But neither = relvemoriths after
... the Charm nor Legend can come Q. Were these Magi (as they up to that quickness of thought are call' d by the Greek and Latin which is to be found in the Roman Philosophers, King's,or Magitsąns? Festival on the Epiphany, 70
A. They might have been all Seph (say they ) kept of the three together from the Notation Gold to keep our Lady with of the word, and the use on't do
while the lay in Childbed (after A. We are only told in the Hiher Purification, vid. fup.) and story, 'That they came from the with the Myrrh, our Lady anoin East to Jerusalem. Which seems ted the Child to keep hiin from to bid fair for their Opinion who
the worms: Excellent Divinity, make them Arabians, since Araand most edifying Commenta bia lay East of Fuded, and was tors?
sufficiently infamous for those A greater doubt there is whe-wicked Arts, the ancient Zabit ther they were Magicians, or on living amongst them, and besides ly Philosophers. The piczo had plenty of all those things here, as a learned Man observes, which they presented, Gold, Myrrh, answer'd to the Hebrew D'UN and Frankincense: Whereas none whence by Apheresis the Greek of them were of the natural opo may very casily be deriv'd; growth of Perfia, and tho they and the fame learned Person, as might, its true, procure them, well as most others are of Opinion, yet they cou'd never wrench their that 'tis not here to be taken, for Country so far to the East of Jusuch as professd Witchcraft and dæa, nor are they ever callid Men Conjuration, the word being fre of the East, as the Arabians frequently and notoriously usd in a quently are in the sacred writings, good fence in profanc Authors. but always represented to the North But others answer with much pro and their Forces call’d the bability, that the word is not Northern Army. And therefore once taken in such a good fence in if they had Corn from any of Holy Scripture, but always for those Countries it must have been one that's guilty of Sorcery and said. They came from the North Witchcraft: Of this Opinion were not from the East to Ferufalem; several of the Ancients, Origen whereas Palestine,as is notoriously and St.Chryfoftom and others, and known, and Tacitus observes, is as many of our learned Moderns, bounded on the East by Arabia. Beza, Lightfoot, Grotius, &c. Notwithstanding which we mult adding that this makes God's Pro own many great Men, as Beza, vidence more admirable, in bring Calvin, Scaliger, Petavius,Spaning up the first fruits of the Genheim, and others, have brought tiles from the very Belly of Hell
. them from Perfia, or Chaldea, And what wonder if the Eastern which latter is indeed something wife men should have been long Easterly, tho' bending to the ere this degenerated to these ill North of Palestine, and were Arts, when they were in fo fair near Neighbours to the Sabeans, a way for't, even in Daniel's time, in Arabia, (as both too near to and when the Jews themselves had Job) and are thought the first so imitated the Idolatrous pra founders of Magick, as well as idoctice of the Heathen as to be gelatry, the old Chasdim being nerally Magicians, and Josephus
doubtless well verst in the Babi. wou'd persuade us that Solomon lonij numeri, mențion'd by Howas one, and that he himself was race, and Chaldeans, Southsayers not far from it.
and Astrologers, are read toge. Q. What Countrymen were ther in the Scriptures, and their they?
Successors to this day are more ; his Star, who was born King of the given to those Fooleries then per Jews ? haps any otherNation in the World. A. It seems to have been fome But yet still there are not wanting extraordinary appearance, as will Authorities for placing 'em, as be made out under the next que we have said in Arabia ; The Fa- ftion. Not only a new Stari or thers used to interpret those Texts, one which they had not beforc ob. of The Kings of Arabia and Sa serv'd, which is not so very rare • ba all bring gifts (molles (ua a thing among those who are ex. Thura, Sabær) as well as that o act obfervers of the Heavens, ther. 'To him (hall be given of but something much more Au
the Gold of Arabia, of this very gust and surprizing, fuch as till present, as the latter part of that then they had never seen, and 'tis latter Text was eminently fulfilld a pretty Conje&ure, at least, of a in our Saviour. 'Prayers thall learned person, that the Light be made unto him, and daily fhall which appcard to the shepherds; he be praised, both in the ante. being afterwards form'd into a lucan Hymns which the first Chri Body , was the same which these stians did conftantly fing, Christo curious observers faw at a distance, Deo, and in the present Gloria Pa and thought it some new Star. tri, &c. But we shall inftance in And something perhaps they no more of them belides Epipha- might have heard of Balaam's Prónius, who cites it out of the Traphecy, a nobler piece of Poetry ditions of the Jews, as he's quo. then any in Homer, and better de ted by Dr. Hammond, ' That a- ferving to be carefully kept among mong the Gifts Abraham gave them to after Ages. However
to the Sons of Keturab, were that the Jews did about this time * Gold Frankincense and Myrrh, cxpect their Mefias, or a King . and therefore, says he, their po- to be born among them, was then • fterity in Magodia a Region of fufficiently known, not only to * Arabia, presented the fame Gifts Herod, who made use of it for
to Christ at his Nativity. But his own Ambition, but even to where this Megodia should be, we the Roman World; and 'twould be confess we are at a loss, unless strange if it should miss inquisitive there should be some reliques of it Men who were but their next in the Maguda of Piolomy, which Neighbours, who on the appes. he makes à City of Mesopotamia, rance of this new Star, which ac some parts of which comes very cording to their Art did foreshow near Sabea, a lower Baal not far the Revolution of Empires, and as it shou'd seem fromBalaams ha- being also directed by the Spirit bitation, who says he was fetcht of God, did immediately confrom the Mountains of the East clude that this Star , which 'tis whose fucceffors some have likely arose towards the Quarter of thought these Magi. But of this Fudea, did point out unto them more in the next Question. this wondrous expected Prince,
Q. Whether was it an ordina: the Defire of all Nations. Which ry Star, or a Comet that appear’d will appear, we think , much to tbem, and how came they from more probable, when we have she fight of it ta conclude 'twas confider'd the following Question.
Q. Supposing this fome extra | tam elle testantur qui deum nuper ordinary Star or appearance, how natum muneribus venerati sunt, comes it not to be mention'd in as the Dr. not so large as Spanhem, any Heathen Authors ?
which he translates, which Star A. Prophane Writers are not the they testify (the Gospel again) Standard of Truth to the Scriil'to have been observed by the ptures, but they to other Hifto. 'Chaldeans, who came to this ries We have but very dubious God which was newly born, and Instances, that our Saviour him- worshipt and presented him.But feif was ever mention'd by first mayn't the Teftantur, be as well Heathens Writers , and yet none or better referr'd to the Qui deum but madman will deny there was nuper natum, &c. Which makes ever such a person. There arc it fuller, as if the Magy were at that thousands of remarkable Passages time Living witnesses of the truth without doubt, have really bap of this strange Phenomenon? How. pen'd in the World, which yet are ever that some extraordinary Star no where recorded, and others did about that time appear, we may which have but a single Testimony, learn from other Authors, and perfar from being to Authentick as haps the Dionei Cefaris aftrum, this of St. Matthews, who writes might be the same,and belong to a in a plain and simple stile, and greater King. But Julian himself is conceals not the basenness of his forc'd to confess the appearance of former Employment. But what this new Star at our Saviours if we thou'd, after all this, bave birth, though he as maliciously as several Pregnant proofs of such a weakly attributes it to a certain glorious and extraordinary Star Star which did ordinarily and naabout this time appearing even in turally appear every 400 years. Heathen Author's Some indeed This Spanher says is contrary to so full, that if any thing, it ren- Experience and the Mathematicks, ders them fufpitious, as that in but his answer won't hold, for its Spanbem, out of Chalcidius in now granted that Comets are no o•
Tineum, a Heathen Author, who ther, whose revolutions are so cerflourish'd not long after our Savitain,that they are now exactly calour, who giving an account of culated : The true reply, we think, fome strange Stars and their Reis, that the Star appear'd, disapmarkable Significations, has these pear’d,and mov'd in such a manner memorable words. 'Est autem as was above the ordinary power Alia Sandior, & venerabilier of nature, nay absolutely contraHistoria, &c. There is also more ry toit. For it went before them boly and venerable History (this from Jerusalem to Betblebem, Dr. Hammond understands of the from North to South, and came at Gospel) which relates the Rise of last and stood, (pointing down) a certain Star, not Prognofticat- exactly over the house where the ing diseases and Death, but the young child was. We shall close Descent of a venerable God [ad this subject which seems to relate bumane conversationis , says to this Star, and give a Defçription Spanhene's copy, but Dr. Ham- of it. There appear'd, says he, monds, humane Servationis,] for a Comet, white, and shining with the falvation and benefit of mor
Silver tals. Quam 4 chadæis observa:
Silver hair, in such a manner that we know are Body, because we can 'twas scarce poffible to behold it, contract or dilate 'em, we are yet and showing the Effigies of a God as sure, do pass through the Pores in the shape of a Man.
of Glass, unless there's something Q. Whether Light hath any fix'd on the contrary fide, to stop Corporeity? If it bath, why doth their journey, in which case they it so pierce the Air, and even hard are forc'd to bend back like the and Diaphonous Bodies, as we fee Sword when a Pass is made against it dotb? If it has not, how is it any bard Substance, and somesensible, since it often affects the times fly in Sbiders, as that will do, Eye with offence.
which if you please you may call A. That Light is a real Body, Reflection and Refraction Day or which is the same, that the Par. can find us, as well as we see that ticles which ftrike on the Eye in at a little Hole, and it affects the such a manner as to produce such a Eye with pleasure as well as offence, a Sensation, are Corporeal, is now, unless in Owls, and other Birds of we think,generally held : That 'tis Night; and we can perceive it in not a Quality, an Accident, or fome measure, even through our meer Mortification only, seems closed Eve-lids, and 'tis, we think, to be pretty plain from its first o. unaccountable how any thing but riginal, for it had a Peculiar Crea- a real self.Subsisting Being Tou'd ation; God said, Let there be make such a vivid Impreffion on Light, and there was Light, which our Senses. There may perhaps looks too great for an Accident, be an Objection made from Light, or imperfect, precarious Being we fancy we see sometimes in the But tho' it be Body, 'tis doubtleis dark, or when we receive a blow the most refin'd part of Body, on the Eye : But what if this shou'd Pure Æther, it may be, if we only be an actual striking Fire. know what that was, nay, the effio- | The excitation we mean, of some resence, and (if we might here real Particle of Light, lurking use the word) Spirit, Eljence, or in some of the Humours of the Tincture, of ther, and if Ari Eye, which we doubt not do constotle had made this his Quinita tain a sort of a Phosphor, which is Elentia, he might have come extracted by Chymifts from a Linearer the Truth than in making quor of the same substance with it a meer Accident. Now the parts our Tears; as 'tis to be seen proof it must be suppos'd extreamly ceeding from the Sweat of Horses fine, much finer than the Pores of and other Beasts, when strokd in Water or Air through wbieh it the Night ; and we have known it palles, which we know not allo in Men; and the Ignis Lam. else how it cou'd do ; Gince other bens which has been on several Perwise those fubftances would ter. Cons Heads, we are apt to think is minale and relift it, And 'tis the no other. However, we have our same in all other Diaphonous Sub- felves experienc'd, on intense read. itances, tho' of never so close a ing, especially by Candle-Light, Contexture; the Rays of Light, together with a near tenderness of the Sun beams themselves, which the Eye, Expression of Water, a
mighty glaling Light, often re