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usual for that court to pass a vote of thanks to the chaplain for such sermon, and order the same to be printed at the expense of the corporation, unless, as sometimes has occurred, it contained sentiments obnoxious to their views.
In Curll's " Miscellanies, 1714," 8vo. is an account of Newnton, in North Wiltshire; where, to perpetuate the memory of the donation of a common to that place by king Athelstan and of a house for the hayward, i. e. the person who looked after the beasts that fed upon this common, the following ceremonies were appointed: "Upon every Trinity Sunday, the parishioners being come to the door of the hayward's house, the door was struck thrice, in honour of the Holy Trinity; they then entered. The bell was rung; after which, silence being ordered, they read their prayers aforesaid. Then was a ghirland of flowers (about the year 1660, one was killed striving to take away the ghirland) made upon an hoop, brought forth by a maid of the town upon her neck, and a young man (a bachelor) of another parish, first saluted her three times, in honour of the Trinity, in respect of God the Father. Then she puts the ghirland upon his neck, and kisses him three times, in honour of the Trinity, particularly God the Son. Then he puts the ghirland on her neck again, and kisses her three times, in respect of the Holy Trinity, and particularly the Holy Ghost. Then he takes the ghirland from her neck, and, by the custom, must give her a penny at least, which, as fancy leads, is now exceeded, as b, <5d. or &c. The method of giving this ghirland is from house to house annually, till it comes round. In the evening every commoner sends his supper up to this house, which is called the Ealehouse: and having before laid in there equally a stock of malt, which was brewed in the house, they sup together, and what was left was given to the poor."
An old homily for Trinity Sunday declares that the form of the Trinity was found in man: that Adam, our forefather of the earth, was the first person; that Eve, of Adam, was the second person; and that of them both was the third person: further, that at the death of a man three bells were to be rung as his knell in worship of the Trinity, and two bells
for a woman, as the second person of tht
Blue Bottle. Centauria montaim.
St. Felix I., Pope, A. D. 274. St. IFtlttan, Confessor, A. D. 1016. St. Ferdinand Ill., Confessor, King of Castile and Leon, A. D. 1252. St. Magvil, in Latin, Madelgisilut, Recluse in Pir cardy, about A. D. 685.
Of late years a fair has been held at Deptford on this day. It originated in trifling pastimes for persons who assembled to see the master and brethren of the Trinity-house, on their annual visit to the Trinity-house, at Deptford. First there were jingling matches; then came a booth or two; afterwards a few shows; and,in 1825, it was a very considerable fair. There were Richardson's, and other dramatic exhibitions; the Crown and Anchor booth, with a variety of dancing and drinking booths, as at Greenwich fair this year, before described, besides shows in abundance.
Brethren of the Trinity-home.
This maritime corporation, according to their charter, meet annually on Trinity Monday, in their hospital for decayed sea-commanders and their widows at Deptford, to choose and swear in a master, wardens, and other officers, for the year ensuing. The importance of this institution to the naval interests of the country, and the active duties N' quired of its members, are of great magnitude, and hence the master has usually been a nobleman of distinguished rank and statesman-like qualities, and his associates are always experienced naval officers: of late years lord Liverpool has been master. The ceremony in 1825 was thus conducted. The outer gates of the hospital were closed against strangers, and kept by a party of the hospital inhabitants; no person being allowed entrance without express permission. By this means the large and pleasant
courtyard formed by the quadrangle, afforded ample accommodation to ladies and other respectable persons. In the mean time, the hall on the east side was under preparation within, and the door strictly guarded by constables stationed without; an assemblage of well-dressed females and their friends, agreeably diversified the lawn. From eleven until twelve o'clock, parties of two or three were so fortunate as to find favour in the eyes of Mr. Snaggs, the gentleman who conducted the arrangements, and gained entrance. The hall is a spacious handsome room, wherein divine sei vice is performed twice a-week, and public business, as on this occasion, transacted within a space somewhat elevated, and railed off by balustrades. On getting within the doors, the eye was struck by the unexpected appearance of the boarded floor; it was strewed with green rushes, the use of which by our ancestors, who .lived before floors were in existence, is well known. The reason for continuing the practice here, was not so apparent as the look itself was pleasant, by bringing the simple manners of other times to recollection. At about one o'clock, the sound of music having announced that Lord Liverpool and his associate brethren had arrived within the outer gate, the hall doors were thrown open, and the procession entered. His lordship wore the star of the garter on a plain blue coat, with scarlet collar and cuffs, which dress, being the Windsor uniform, was also worn by the other gentlemen. They were preceded by the rev. Dr. Spry, late of Birmingham, now of Langham church, Portland-place, in full caiiQnicals. After taking their seats at the great table within the balustrades, it was proclaimed, that this being Trinity Monday, and therefore, according to the charter, the day for electing the master, deputy-master, and elder brethren of the holy and undivided Trinity, the brethren were required to proceed to the election. Lord Liverpool, being thereupon nominated master, was elected by a show of hands, as were his coadjutors in like manner. The election concluded, large silver and silver-gilt cups, richly embossed and chased, filled with cool drink, were handed round; and the doors being thrown open, and the anxious expectants outside allowed to enter, the hall was presently filled, and a merry scene ensued. Large baskets filled with biscuits were laid on the table before
the brethren; Lord Liverpool then rose,
and throwing a biscuit into the middle of the hall, his example was followed by the rest of the brethren. Shouts of laughter arose, and a general scramble took place. This scene continued about ten minutes, successive baskets being brought in and thrown among the assembly, until such as chose to join in the scramble were sup plied; the banner-bearers of the Trinityv nouse, in their rich scarlet dresses and badges, who had accompanied the procession into the hall, increased the merriment by their superior activity. A procession was afterwards formed, as before, to Deptford old church, where divine service was performed, and Dr. Spry being appointed to preach before the brethren, he delivered a sermon from Psalm cxlv. 9. "The Lord is good to all, and his tender mercies are over all his works." The discourse being ended, the master and brethren returned in procession to their state barges, which lay at the stairs of Messrs. Gordon & Co , anchorsmiths. They were then rowed back to the Tower, where they had embarked, in order to return to the Trinity-house from whence they had set out. Most of the vessels in the riyer hoisted their colours in honour of the corporation, and salutes were fired from different parts on shore. The Trinity-yacht, which lay off St. George's, near Deptford, was completely hung with the colours of all nations, and presented a beautiful appearance. Indeed the whole scene was very delightful, and created high feelings in those who recollected that to the brethren of the Trinity are confided some of the highest functions that are exercised for the protection of life and property on our coasts and seas.
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Dear Sir,
Though I have not the pleasure of a personal acquaintance, I know enough to persuade me that you are no every-day body. The love of nature seems to form so prominent a trait in your character, that I, who am also one of her votaries, can rest no longer without communicating with you on the subject. I like, too, the sober and solitary feeling with which you ruminate over by-gohe pleasures, and scenes wherein your youth delighted: for, though I am but young myself, I have witnessed by far too many changes, and have had cause to indulge too frequently in such cogitations.
I am a "Surrey-man," as the worthy uthor of the " Athens Oxon." would say: and though born with a desire to ramble, and a mind set on change, I have never till lately had an opportunity of strolling so far northward as " ould Iselton," or " merry Islington:"—you may take which reading you please, but I prefer the first But from the circumstance
of modern day. Give me the " musical pyping" and "pleasaunte songes" of olden tyme, and I care not whether any more " ditees " of the kind are concocted till doomsday.
But I must not leave the singing of birds where I found it: I love to hear the nightingales emulating each other, and forming, by their " sweet jug jug,'' a means of communication from one skirt of the wood to the other, while every tree
of your " walk out of London" having seems joying in the sun's first rays. There been directed that way, and having led is such a wildness and variety in the note,
you into so pleasant a mood, I am induced to look for similar enjoyment in my rambling excursions through its "town-like" and dim atmosphere. I am not ashamed to declare, that my taste in these matters differs widely from that of the " great and good " Johnson; who, though entitled, as a constellation of no ordinary " brilliance," to the high sounding name of " the Great Bear," (which I am not the first to appropriate to him,) seems to have set his whole soul on "bookes olde," and " modern authors" of every other description, while the book of nature, which was schooling the negrowanderer of the desert, proffered nothing to arrest his attention! Day unto day was uttering speech, and night unto night showing knowledge; the sun was going forth in glory, and the placid moon "walking in brightness;" and could he close his ears, and revert his gaze ?—" De gustibus nil disputandum" I cannot say, for I do most heartily protest against his taste in such matters.
"The time of the singing of birds is come," but, what is the worst of it, all these " songsters" are not " feathered." There is a noted "Dickey" bird, who took it into his head, so long ago as the 25th of December last, to " sing through the heavens,"*—but I will have nothing to do with the " Christemasse Caroles"
that I could listen to it, unwearied, for hours. The dew still lies on the ground, and there is a breezy freshness about us: as our walk is continued, a "birde of songs, and mynstrell of the woode," holds the tenor of its way across the path: —but it is no " noiseless tenor." " Sweet jug, jug, jug," says the olde balade:—
« Sweet jug, jug, jug,
Was this " songe " put into their throats "aforen y* this balade ywritten was V I doubt it, but in later day Wordsworth and Conder have made use of it; but they are both poets of nature, and might have fancied it in the song itself.
I look to my schoolboy days as the happiest I ever spent: but I was never a genius, and laboured under habitual laziness, and love of ease: " the which," as Andrew Borde says, "doth much comber young persones." I often rose for a " lark," but seldom with it, though I have more than once " cribbed out" betimes, and always found enough to reward me for it. But these days are gone by, and you will find below all I have to say of the matter " collected English metre:"—
Years of my boyhood! have you passed away 1
Can I but joy when o'er my fancy stray
Scenes of young hope, which time has failed to sever
From this fond heart:—for, tho' all else decay.
Time cannot blight it, nor the tooth of care
Those wayward dreams of joyousness impair.
Still, with the bright May-dew, the grass is wet;
No human step the slumbering earth has pi est:
There is a weight of sorrow on my breast:
Carol, by Richard Ryan, in Time's Telescope for the present year.
Life, light, and joy,'his smiling beams beget;
But yield they aught, to soothe a mind distrest;' Can the heart, cross'd with cares, and born to sorrow, From Nature's smiles one ray of comfort borrow I
But I must sympathize with you in your reflections, amid those haunts which are endeared by many a tie, on the decay wrought by time and events. An old house is an old friend; a dingy "tenement" is a poor relation, who has seen better days; " it looks, as it would look its last," on the surrounding innovations, and wakes feelings in my bosom which have no vent in words. Its " imbowed windows," projecting each story beyond the other, go to disprove Bacon's notion, that " houses are made to live in, and not to look on :'' they give it a browbeating air, though its days of " pomp and circumstance" are gone by, and have left us cheerlessly to muse and mourn over its ruins:—
Oh! I can gaze, and think it quite a treat, So they be oil), on buildings grim and shabby;
r.love within the church's walls to greet Some " olde man " kneeling, bearded like a rabbi,
Who never prayed himself, but has a whim That you'll " crate," that is—" proof " for him.
But this has introduced me to another and an equally pleasing employ; that of ■ traversing the aisles of our country churches, and " meditating among the tombs." I dare not go farther, for I am such an enthusiast, that I shall soon write down your patience.
You expressed a wish for my name and address, on the cover of your third part; I enclose them: but I desire to be known to the public by no other designation than my old one.
I am, dear sir,
1431. Joan of Arc, the maid of«Orleans was burnt. This cruel death was inflicted on her, in consequence of the remarkable events hereafter narrated. Her memory is revered by Frenchmen, and rendered more popular, through a poem by Voltaire, eminent for its wit and licentiousness. One of our own poets, Dr. Southey, has an epic to her honour. >'o. 24.
guests, without a saddle, to the watering- inspiration could have discovered to her; place, and to perform other offices, which, ana that she demanded, as the instrument in well-frequented inns, commonly fall to of her future victories, a particular sword, the share of the men-servants. This girl which was kept in the church of St. Cawas of an irreproachable life, and had not therine of Fierbois, and which, though hitherto been remarked for any singu- she had never seen it, she described by all larity. The peculiar character of Charles, its marks, and by the place in which it so strongly inclined to friendship, and the had long lain neglected. This is certain, tender passions, naturally rendered him that all these miraculous stories were the hero of that sex whose generous minds spread abroad, in order to captivate the know no bounds in their affections. The vulgar. The more the king and his siege of Orleans, the progress of the Eng- ministers were determined to give in tp lish before that place, the great distress of the illusion, the more scruples they prethe garrison ana inhabitants, the import- tended. An assembly of grave doctor; ance of saving this city, and its brave de- and theologians cautiously examined fenders, had turned thither the public Joan's mission, and pronounced it uneye; and Joan, inflamed by the general doubted and supernatural. She was sent sentiment, was seized with a wild desire to the parliament, then at Poictieis, who of bringing relief to her sovereign in his became convinced of her inspiration. A present distresses. Her unexperienced ray of hope began to break through that mind, .working day and night on this fa- despair in which the minds of all men vourite object, mistook the impulses of were before enveloped. She was armed passion for heavenly inspirations; and cap-a-pee, mounted on horseback, and she fancied that she saw visions, and shown in that martial habiliment before heard voices, exhorting her to reestablish the whole people, the throne of France, and to expel the Joan was sent to Blois,where a large conforeign invaders: An uncommon intre- voy was prepared for the supply of Orpidity of temper, made her overlook all leans, and an army of ten thousand men, the dangers which might attend her in under the command of St. Severe, asset- such a path; and, thinking herself des- bled to escort it; she ordered all the tined by heaven to this office, she threw soldiers to confess themselves before they aside all that bashfulness and timidity so set out on the enterprise; and she displayed natural to her sex, her years, and her low in her hands a consecrated banner, wherestation. She went to Vaucouleurs; pro- on the Supreme Being was represented, cured admission to Baudricourt, the go- grasping the globe of earth, and surTremor; informed him of her inspirations rounded with flower-de-luces, and intentions; and conjured him not to The English affected to speak with deneglect the voice of God, who spoke rision of the maid, and of her heavenly through her, but to second those heavenly commission; and said, that the French revelations which impelled her to this king was now indeed reduced to a sorry glorious enterprise. Baudricourt treated pass, when he had recourse to such ridicoer, at first, with some neglect; but, on lous expedients. As the convoy approach*" her frequent returns to him, he gave her the river, a sally was made by the garden- some attendants, who conducted her to son on the side of Beausse, to prevent the the French court, which at that time re- English general from sending any detachsided at Chinon. ment to the other side: the provision!
It is pretended, that Joan, immediately were peaceably embarked in boats, which on her admission, knew the king, though the inhabitants of Orleans had sent to she had never seen his face before, and receive them: the maid covered with her though he purposely kept himself in the troops the embarkation: Suffolk did noj crowd of courtiers, and had laid aside venture to attack her; and Joan entered every thing in his dress and apparel which the city of Orleans arrayed in her mil'tar? might distinguish him: that she offered garb, and displaying her consecrate" him, in the name of the supreme Creator, standard. She was received as a celest* to raise the siege of Orleans, and conduct deliverer by all the inhabitants, who mm him to Rheims, to be there crowned and believed themselves invincible under hK anointed: and, on his expressing doubts influence. Victory followed upon victor*, of her mission, revealed to him, before and the spirit resulting from a long cour* some sworn confidants, a secret, which of uninterrupted success was on a sudden was unknown to all the world beside transferred from the conquerors to himself, and.which nothing but a heavenly conquered," The maid called aloud, U»