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Sir John seized the opportunity of inquiring after their admiral, as these delegates belonged to the London. "Do you know him, your honour?" "Yes; I have a great respect for him, and I hope you will not do him any harm." "No, by G—d, your honour, he shall not be hurt." It was at that time imagined admiral Colpoys would be hung at the yard-arm, and he had prepared for this event by arranging his affairs and making his will. In this will he had left to the widows of the three men who were so unfortunately killed an annuity of 20/. each. The next morning, however, the admiral was privately, unexpectedly, and safely brought on shore, though pursued by a boat from the Mars, as soon as they suspected what was transacting. The delegates brought him to sir John Carter, and delivered him to his care : they then desired to have a receipt for him, as a proof to their comrades that they had safely delivered him into the hands of the civil power; and this receipt he gave. The admiral himself, in his first appearance at court afterwards, acknowledged to the king that he owed his life to sir John Carter, and assured his majesty that his principles were misinterpreted and his conduct misrepresented, and that he had not a more faithful and worthy subject in his dominions. Notwithstanding this, the duke of Portland, then secretary of state for the home department, received a very strong letter against him, which letter his grace sent to sir John, assuring him at the same time that the government placed the utmost confidence in his honour, integrity, and patriotism, and concluded by proposing to offer a large reward for the discovery of the writer: this, with a dignified consciousness of the purity of his conduct, sir John declined; though,from some well-founded conjectures, the discovery might possibly have been easily made. This inestimable consciousness enabled him to meet with the greatest composure every effort of party rage to sully his reputation and destroy his influence. So pure were his principles, that when in the year 180<Mie was offered a baronetage by Mr. Fox, he declined it on the ground that he believed the offer to have been made for his undeviating attachment to Mr. Fox's politics; and that, to accept it, would' be a manifest departure from his principles. In every public and domestic relationship he was uniformly mild, impartial, and upright;
nor was he ever deterred by personal difficulties or inconveniences from a faithful, and even minute attendance on his widely extended duties. The poor in him ever found a friend, and the unfortunate a protector. The peace, comfort, and happiness of others, and not his own interest, were the unwearied objects of his pursuit. Never was there a character in which there was less of self than in his.
Rambling in cultivated spots renders one almost forgetful of cultivating friends. On the subject of "manure," the editor of the Every-Day Book has no competent knowledge; he has not settled in his own mind whether he should decide for " long straw or short straw," and as regards himself would willingly dispose of the important question by " drawing cut*;" all tie can at present do for his country readers, is to tell them what lord Bacon affirms; his lordship says that "muck should be spread." This would make a capital text or vignette for a dissertation; but there is no space here to dissertate, and if Messrs. Taylor and Hessey's "London Magazine" for May, had not suggested the subject, it would scarcely have occurred. The reviewer there of "Gaieties and Gravities" has extracted some points from that work, which are almost equal to the quantity of useful information derivable from more solid books—here they are :— Gaieties.
"Residing upon the eastern coast, and farming a considerable extent of country, I have made repeated and careful experiments with this manure; and as the mode of burial in many parts of the Continent divides the different classes into appropriate portions of the churchyard, I have been enabled, by a little bribery to sextons and charnel-house men, to obtain specimens of every rank and character, and to ascertain with precision their separate qualities and results for the purposes of the farmer, botanist, or common nurseryman. These it is my purpose to communicate to the reader, who may depend upon the caution with which the different tests were applied, as well as upon the fidelity with which they are reported.
"A few cartloads of citizens' bones gave me a luxuriant growth of London pride, plums, Sibthorpia or base moneywort, mud-wort, bladder-wort, and mushrooms; but for laburnum or golden chain, I was obliged to select a lord mayor. Hospital bones supplied me with cyclamen in any quantity, which I intermixed with a few seeds from the Cyclades Islands, and the scurvy-grass came up spontaneously; while manure from different fields of battle proved extremely favourable to the hsemanthus or bloodflower, the trumpet-flower and laurel, as well as to widow-wail and cypress. A few sample skulls from the poet's corner of a German abbey furnished poet's cassia, grass of Parnassus, and bays, in about equal quantities, with wormwood, crab, thistle, stinging-nettle, prickly holly, teasel, and loose-strife. Courtiers and ministers, when converted into manure, secured an ample return of jack-in-a-box, service-apples, climbers, supple-jacks, parasite plants, and that species of sun-flower which invariably turns to the rising luminary. Nabobs form a capital compost for hepatica, liverwort, spleen-wort, hips, and pine; and from those who had three or four stars at the India-house, I raised some particularly fine China asters. A good show of adonis, narcissus, jessamine, cockscomb, dandelion, money-flower, and buckthorn, may be obtained from dandies, although they are apt to encumber the ground with tickweed; while a good drilling with dandUettet is essential to those beds in which you wish to raise Venus's looking-glass, Venus's catchfly, columbines, and love-apples. A single dressing of jockies will ensure you a quick return of horse-mint, veronica or speedwell, and colt's-foot; and a very slight layer of critics suffices for a good thick spread of scorpion senna, viper's bugloss, serpent's tongue, poison-nut, nightshade, and hellebore. If you are fond of raising stocks, manure your bed with jobbers; wine-merchants form the most congenial stimulant for sloes, fortune-hunters for the marygold and goldenrod, and drunkards for Canary wines, mad-wort and horehound. Failing in repeated attempts to raise the chaste tree from the bones of nuns, which gave me nothing but liquorice-root, I applied those of a dairy-maid, and not only succeeded perfectly in my object, but obtained a good crop of butter-wort, milk-wort, and heart's-ease. I was equally unsuccessful in raising any sage, honesty, or everlasting from monks; but they yielded a plentiful bed of monk's hood, or jesuit's bark, medlars, and cardinal flowers. My importation of shoemakers was unforNo. 22.
tunately too scanty to try their effect upon a large scale, but I contrived to procure from them two or three ladies' slippers. As school-boys are raised by birch, it may be hardly necessary to mention, that when reduced to manure, they return the compliment; but it may be useful to make known as widely as possible, that dancing-masters supply the best hops and capers, besides quickening the growth of the citharexylum or fiddle-wood. For your mimosas or sensitive plants there is nothing better than a layer of novel-readers, and you may use up the first bad author that you can disinter, for all the poppies you may require. Coffeehouse waiters will keep you supplied in cummin; chronologists furnish the best dates, post-office men serve well for rearing scarlet-runners, poulterers for hen-bane, tailors for cabbage, and physicians for truffles, or any thing that requires to be quickly buried. I could have raised a few bachelors' buttons from the bones of that class; but as nobody cares a button for bachelors, I did not think it worth while. As a general remark it may be noticed, that young people produce the passion-flower in abundance, while those of a more advanced age may be beneficially used for the eldertree, the sloe, and snapdragon; and with respect to different nations, my experiments are only sufficiently advanced to. enable me to state that Frenchmen are favourable to garlic, and that Poles are very good for hops. Of mint I have never been able to raise much; but as to thyme, I have so large a supply, as the reader will easily perceive, that I am. enabled to throw it away; and as he may not possibly be in a similar predicament, I shall refer him for the rest of my experiments to the records of the Horticultural Society.
It is noticed by Dr. Forster, that about this time the purple goatsbeard tragopogon porrifoliut and the yellow goatsbeard iragopogon pratensis begin to blow; and that of all the indices in the Horologium FLORA the above plants are the most regular: they open their flowers at sunrise, and shut them so regularly at mid-day, that they have been, called by the whimsical name of go to bed at noon. They are as regular as a clock, and are mentioned as such in the following verses:—
RETIRED LEISURES DELIGHT.
To sit and smoke between two rows of Limea,
Along the wall of some neat old Dutch town, In noontide heat, and hear the jingling chimes
From Stadhouse Steeple; then to lay one down Upon a Primrose bank, where Violet flowers
Smell sweetly, and the meads in bloomy prime, 'Till Flora's clock, the Goat's Beard, mark the hours,
And closing says, Arise, 'tis dinner time; Then dine on Pyes and Cauliflower heads, And roam away the afternoon in Tulip Beds.
To give an idea of the general face of nature at this period, Dr. Forster composed the subjoined
Catalogue of Plants which compose the Vernal Flora in the Garden.
Common Peony Paeonia officinalis infull blow.
Slenderleaved Peony P. tenuifolia going off.
Crimson Peony P. peregrina.
Dwarf Peony P. humilis.
Tulip Tulipa Oesneriana in infinite varieties.
Monkey Poppy Papaver Orientate.
Welch Poppy P. Cambricum.
Pale Poppy P. nudicaule.
European Globeplower Trollius Enropaeus.
Asiatic Globeplower Trollius Asiaticus.
Bachelor's Buttons Ranunculus aeris plenus.
BtFLOWERED NARCISSUS N. UftOTUS.
Poetic Narc Issus N. poeticus.
German Fleur De Lis Iris Germa* nica, two varieties.
Lurid Iris Iris Inrida.
Wallflower Chlcranthns cheiri, numerously, both single and double sorts.
Stock Gilliflower Chiranthus fruticulosus beginning. Of this plant there are red, white, and purple varieties; also double Stocks.
Yf.llow Asphodel Asphodelus luteus.
Columbine Aquilegia vulgaris begins to flower, and has several varieties in gardens.
Great Star Of Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum.
Peruvian Squill Scilla Peruviana.
Yellow Azalea Azalea Pontica.
Scarlet Azalea Azalea nudiftora.
Purple Goatsbeard Tragopogon porrifolius.
Yfllow Goatsbeard Tragopogon pratensis.
Motherwort Hesperis matronaltt1 begins to blow.
Great Leopard's Bane pardalianches.
Lesser Leopard's Bave plantagineum.
Ramshorns or Male Orchis O. nuucula still blows.
Female Orchis Orchis mono still flowers.
In the Fields.
The Harebell Scylla nutans makes the ground blue in some places.
Bulbous Crowfoot Ranunculus MI. bosus.
Creeping Crowfoot R. repent now
Upright Meadow Crowfoot R. aeris the latest of all.
Rough Crowfoot R. hirsutus not so common as the above. The fields are quite yellow with the above genus.
Meadow Lychnis Lychnis Flos Cv culi.
Campion Lychnis Lychnis dioica under hedges in our chalky soils.
Germander Speedwell Veroniet chamaedris on banks, covering them with its lively blue, comparable only to the Borage, or the Cynoglossum Omphalodei, still blowing and luxuriant in gardens.
Mousear Scorpion Grass Myosotus Scorploides.
Our Lady's Smock Cardamine pratemis.
Bitter Lady's Smock Cardamine amara.
Hedge Geranium Geranium Robert!anum; also several other wild Geraniums.
Kidlock Slnapis arvensis.
Ch Arlock Raphantts Raphanlstrum.
Stichwort Stellaria Holostca.
Yellow Water Lily \uphar lutein* in ponds and rivers.
White Water Lily Nymphea alba in the same.
We might add numerous others, which will be found noticed on the days when they usually first flower. Besides these, many of the plants of the Primaveral Flora still remain in How, as violets, hearteoses, hepaticas, narcissi, some hyacinths, marsh marigolds, wood anemonies, garden anemonies, &C. &C. The cuckoo pint, or lord and lady Arum, is now in prime.
The nations among whom a taste for flowers was first discovered to prevail m modern times, were China, Persia, and Turkey. The vegetable treasures of the eastern world were assembled at Constantinople, whence they passed into Italy, Germany, and Holland, arid from the latter into England; and since botany has assumed the character of a science, we have laid the whole world under contribution for trees, and shrubs, and flow ers, which we have not only made our own, but generally improved in vigour and beauty. The passion for flowers preceded that of ornamental gardening.' The Dutch system of straight walks, enclosed by high clipped hedges of yew or holly, at length prevailed; and tulips and hyacinths bloomed onder the sheltered windings of the " Walls of Troy," most ingeniously traced in box and yew. A taste for gardening, which, however formal, is found at length to be preferable to the absurd winding paths, and the close imitation of wild nature by art, which modern gardenmakers have pretended to of late years. The learned baron Maseres used to say, "Such a garden was to be had every where wild in summer, and in a garden formality was preferable."
Proverbs relating to May.
A cold May and a windy
Makes a fat barn and a finely.
A hot May makes a fat churchyard.
Proverbt relating to the Weather and
England suffer drought.
After a famine in the stall,
Comes a famine in the hall.
When the cuckoo comes to the bare thorn,
Sell your cow, and buy your corn;
But when she comes to the full bit,
Sell your corn, and buy your sheep.
If the cock moult before the hen,
We shall have weather thick and thin;
Bat if the hen moult before the cock,
But if there be a rainbow in the morrow, it will neither lend nor borrow.
A rainbow in the morning ,
Is the shepherd's delight.
No tempest, good July,
When the wind's in the first, '
It's neither good for man nor beast.
When the wind's in the south,
It's In the rain's mouth.
When the wind's in the south,
It blot/s the bait into the fishes' mouth.
No weather is ill,
When the sloe-tree is as white as a sheet,
Sow your barley, whether it be dry or wet.
A green winter makes it fat churchyard..
Hail brings frost in the tail.
A snow year, a rich year.
Winter's thunder's summer's wondar.
Mouse Ear. Hieracium Pilotella.
St. Peter Celestine, Pope, a. D. 1996. St. Pudentiana. St. Dunstan, Abp. of Canterbury, A. D. 988.
he was born at Glastonbury, of which monastery he became abbot, and died archbishop of Canterbury in 988.*
The legend of St. Dunstan relates many miracles of him, the most popular of which is to this effect; that St. Dun- stan, as the fact really was, became expert in goldsmith's work j it then gives as a story, that while he was busied in making a chalice, the devil annoyed him by his personal appearance, and tempted him; whereupon St. Dunstan suddenly seized the fiend by the nose with a pair of iron tongs, burning hot, and so held him while he roared and cried till the night was far spent.
There is an engraved portrait of St. Dunstan thus detaining the devil in Bondage, with these lines, or lines to that effect beneath; they are quoted from memory:—
St. Dunstan, as the story"goes,
Once pull'd the devil by the nose
With red-hot tongs, which made him roar.
That he was heard three miles or more.
1 On lord mayor's day, in 1687, the
pageants of sir John Shorter, lent, as
lord mayor, were very splendid. He was
of the company of goldsmiths, who, at
their own expense, provided one of the
?ageants representing this miracle of St. )unstan. It must have been of amazing size, for it was a "Hieroglyphic of the Company," consisting of a spacious laboratory or workhouse, containing several conveniences and distinct apartments, for the different operators and artificers, with forges, anvils, hammers, and all instruments proper for the mystery of the goldsmiths In the middle of the frontispiece, on a rich golden chair of state, sat St. Dukstaw, the ancient patron and tutelar guardian of the company. He was attired, to express his prelatical dignity and canonization, in a robe of fine lawn, with a cope over it of shining cloth of gold reaching to the ground. He wore a golden mitre beset with precious
stones, and bore in his left hand a golden crosier, and in his right a pair of goldsmith's tongs. Behind him were Orpheus and Amphion playing on melodious instruments; standing more forward were the cham of Tartary, and the grand sultan, who, being "conquered by the christian harmony, seemed to sue for reconcilement." At the steps of the prelatical throne were a goldsmith's forge and furnace, with fire, crucibles, and gold, and a workman blowing the bellows. On each side was a large press of gold and silver plate. Towards the front were shops of artificers and jewellers all at work, with anvils, hammers, and instruments for enamelling, beating out gold and silver plate; on a step below St. Dunstan, sat an assay-master, with his trial-balance and implements. There were two apartments for the processes of disgrossing, flatting, and drawing gold and silver wire, and the filling, melting, smelting, refining, and separating of gold and silver, both by fire and water. Another apartment contained a forge, with miners in canvass breeches, red waistcoats and red caps, bearing spades, pickaxes, twibbles, and crows for sinking shafts and making adits. The lord mayor, having approached and viewed the curiosity of the pageant, was addressed in