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the 24th, when it blew furiously, occasioned much alarm, and some damagetwas sustained. On the 25th, and through the night following, it continued with unusual violence. On the morning of Friday, the 26th, it raged so fearfully that only few people had courage to venture abroad. Towards evening it rose still higher; the night setting in with excessive darkness added general horror to the scene, and prevented any from seeking security abroad from their homes, had that been possible. The extraordinary power of the wind created a noise, hoarse and dreadful, like thunder, which carried terror to every ear, and appalled every heart. There were also appearances in the heavens that resembled lightning. "The air," says a writer at the time, "was full of meteors and fiery vapours; yet," he adds, "I am of opinion, that there was really no lightning, in the common acceptation of the term; for the clouds, that flew with such violence through the air, were not to my observation such as are usually freighted with thunder and lightning; the hurries nature was then in do not consist with the system of thunder." Some imagined the tempest was accompanied with an earthquake. "Horror and confusion seized upon all, whether on shore or at sea; no pen can describe it, no tongue can express it, no thought can conceive it, unless theirs who were in the extremity of it; and who being touched with a due sense of the sparing mercy of their Maker, retain the deep impressions of his goodness upon heir minds though the danger be past. To venture abroad was to rush into instant leath, and to stay within afforded no >other prospect than that of being buried inder the ruins of a falling habitation. "some in their distraction did the former, nd met death in the streets; others the itter, and in their own houses received heir final doom." One hundred and wenty-three persons were killed by the illing of dwellings; amongst these were le bishop of Bath and Wells (Dr. tichard Kidder) and his lady, by the fall f part of the episcopal palace of Wells; nd lady Penelope Nicholas, sister to the ishop of London, at Horsley, in Sussex, hose who perished in the waters, in the gods of the Severn and the Thames, on e coast of Holland, and in ships blown way and never heard of afterwards, are imputed to have amounted to eight thousand.
All ranks and degrees were affected by this amazing tempest, for every family that had any thing to lose lost something: land, houses, churches, corn, trees, rivers, all were disturbed or damaged by its fury; small buildings were for the most part wholly swept away, "as chaff before the wind." Above eight hundred dwelling-houses were laid in ruins. Few of those that resisted escaped from being unroofed, which is clear from the prodigious increase in the price of tiles, which rose from twenty-one shillings to six pounds the thousand. About two thousand stacks of chimnies were blown down in and about London. When the day broke the houses were mostly strip
?ed, and appeared like so many skeletons, he consternation was so great that trade and business were suspended, for the first occupation of the mind was so to repair the houses that families might be preserved from the inclemency of the weather in the rigorous season. The streets were covered with brickbats, broken tiles, signs, bulks, and penthouses.
The lead which covered one hundred churches, and many public buildings, was rolled up, and hurled in prodigious quantities to distances almost incredible; spires and turrets of many others were thrown down. Innumerable stacks of corn and hay were blown away, or so torn and scattered as to recive great damage.
Multitudes of cattle were lost. In one level in Gloucestershire, on the banks of the Severn, fifteen thousand sheep were drowned. Innumerable trees were torn up by the roots; one writer says, that he himself numbered seventeen thousand in of the county of Kent alone, and tired with counting, he left otf reckoning.
The damage in the city of London, only, was computed at near two millions sterling. At Bristol, it was about two hundred thousand pounds. In the whole, it was supposed, that the loss was greater than that produced by the great fire of London, 1666, which was^estimated at four millions.
The greater part of the navy was at sea, and if the storm had not been at its height at full flood, and in a spring-tide, the loss might have been nearly fatal to the nation. It was so considerable, that fifteen or sixteen men of war were cast away, and more than two thousand seamen perished. Few merchantmen were
lost; for most of those that were driven to sea were safe. Rear-admiral Beaumont with a squadron then lying in the Downs, perished with his own and several other ships on the Goodwin Sands.
The ships lost by the storm were estimated at three hundred. In the river Thames, only four ships remained between London-bridge and Limehouse, the rest being driven below, and lying there miserably beating against one another. Five hundred wherries, three hundred ship-boats, and one hundred lighters and barges were entirely lost; and a much greater number received considerable damage. The wind blew from the western seas, which preventing many ships from putting to sea, and driving others into harbour, occasioned great numbers to escape destruction.
The Eddystone lighthouse near Plymouth was precipitated in the surrounding ocean, and with it Mr. Winstanley, the ingenious architect, by whom it was contrived, and the people who were with him.—" Having been frequently told that the edifice was too slight to withstand the fury of the winds and waves, he was accustomed to reply contemptuously, that he only wished to be in it when a storm should happen. Unfortunately his desire was gratified. Signals of distress were made, but in so tremendous a sea no vessel could live, or would venture to put off for their relief." *
The amazing strength and rapidity of the wind, are evidenced by the following well authenticated circumstances. Near Shaftesbury a stone of near four hundred pounds weight, which had' lain for some years fixed in the ground, fenced by a bank with a low stone wall upon it, was lifted up by the wind, and carried into a hollow way, distant at least seven yards from the place. This is mentioned in a sermon preached by Dr. Samuel Stennett in 1788. Dr. Andrew Gifford ,in a sermon preached at Little Wylde-street, on the 27th of November, 1734, says that" in a country town, a large stable was at once removed off its foundation and instantly carried quite across the highway, over the heads of five horses and the man that was then feeding them, without hurting any one of them, or removing the rack and manger, both of which remained for a considerable time to the admiration of every beholder." Dr. Gifford in the same sermon, gives an ac
* 11- Uli..m'- Hiit. of G. Britain:
count of "(several remarkable deliverances." 4 One of the most remarkable
instances of this kind occurred at a house in the Strand, in which were no 1 fourteen persons: " Four of with a great part of the house, &c, three stories, and several two; and though buried in the ruins, were taken out unhurt: of these, three were children: one that lay by itself, in a little bed near its nurse; another in a cradle ; and the third was found hanging (as it were wrap'd up) in some curtains that hiteb'd by the way; neither of whom received the least damage. In another place, as a minister was crossing a court near his house, a stone from the top of a chimney upwards of one hundred and forty pounds weight, fell close to his heels, and col between his footsteps four inches deep into the ground. Soon after, upon drawing in his arm, which he had held out cm some occasion, another stone of near the same weight and size, brush'd by his elbow, and fell close to his foot, which must necessarily, 'in the eye of reason, have killed him, had it fallen while it was extended." In the Poultry, where two boys were lying in a garret, a hurt, stack of chimnies" fell in, which m&ki&c its way' through that and all the other floors to the cellar, it was followed be the bed with the boys asleep in it, who first awaked in that gloomy place of Coefusion without the least hurt.
So awful a visitation produced serioos impressions on the government, and > day of fasting and humiliation was appointed by authority. The part of the proclamation, issued by • Anne for that purpose, claims attention from its solemn import. "^CmrHEREAS, by the late nwr V T terrible and dreadful Storms c< Wind, with which it hath pleased Almighty God to afflict the greatest part of this our Kingdom, on Friday and Satsr. day, the Twenty-Sixth and Twenty- Seventh days of November last, son* 4 our Ships of War, and many Ships of osloving Subjects have been destroyed ami lost at Sea, and great numbers of c*r subjects, serving on board the same bat perished, and many houses and cttw buildings 'of our good Subjects have been ' either wholly thrown down aci demolished, or very much damnified asd defaced, and thereby several perscc* have been killed, and many Corn and Hay thrown down
id abroad, to the great damage and >overishraent of many others, espely the poorer sort, and great numbers Timber and other Trees have by the 1 Storm been torn up by the roots in ny parts of this our Kingdom: a Calay of this sort so dreadful and astohing, that the like hath not been seen "elt in the memory of any person living his our Kingdom, and which loudly Is for the deepest and most solemn niliation of us and our people: there l out of a deep and pious sense of at we and all our people have suffered the said dreadful Wind and Storms, rich we most humbly acknowledge to a token of the divine displeasure, and t it was the infinite Mercy of God t we and our people were not thereby oily destroyed,? We have Resolved, I do hereby command, that a General Mic Fast be observed," he. ["his public fast was accordingly obved, throughout England, on the ninenth of January following, with great iousness and devotion by all orders 1 denominations. The protestant disters, notwithstanding their objections the interference of the civil magistrate matters of religion, deeming this to be occasion wherein they might unite h their countrymen in openly bewail■ the general calamity, rendered the >plication universal, by opening their ces of worship, and every church and 3ting-house was crowded.
'It may not be generally known, that Mr. Joseph Taylor, having experi:ed a merciful preservation, during the reat Storm,' in 1703; and, being at t period, a member of the (Elaptist) ireli, meeting in Little Wild-street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, instituted an annual mon, to perpetuate the recollection of t affecting occurrence; leaving, in st, a small sum to be thus annually >ended."
The above announcement is prefixed to sermon preached in the before-menied chapel, in the year 1821, by the . George Pritchard. The annual sern at that place has been regularly ached, but Mr. Pritchard's is the last nted one. It has an'appendix of " rerkable facts, which could not so conliently "be introduced into the disrse." The Rev. Robert Winter, A. M.
The following is A copy of 'they 'notice, printed and distributed in the year 1825.
«GREAT STORM. On Sunday Evening, November 27,1825,
In commemoration of the Great Storm in 1703,
WILL BE PREACHED
In Little Wild Street Chapel,
Lincoln's Inn Fields,
By the Rev. Thomas Griffin,
Of Preicol Street.
"A collection will bejmade after the service for the support of the Evening Lecture, which was commenced at the beginning of the present year, and will be continued every Sunday evening, to which the inhabitants of Wildstreet, and its vicinity, are earnestly solicited to attend.
"Service commence) at Aaff-past six o'clock."
Etymology of the Seasons. To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
I am, no doubt, with many others, obliged by the information contained in your Every-Day Book, especially in giving the etymology and origin of things of old and present practices.
But being a dabbler in etymology myself, I was disappointed in finding none for the present season of the year, autumn; kand &s many of our names of
,' no doubt, given by our Saxon s we in the north retain more of that language, and consequently more familiar with the names of places than you in England.
. Perhaps there is not one hundred persons in Langboum ward know any meaning to the two words by which the ward is called; but to any child in Scotland the words are significant.
Will you then allow me to give you my etymology of the seasons?
Spring makes itself familiar to almost every one; but summer, or as we would say in Scotland, means an addition, or
And does not this correspond with the season, which in all the plants and fruits of the field and garden, is getting "sum-mere" every day,until the months of August and September, when according to the order and appointment of the great Lawgiver, they are brought to perfection, and gathered in?
Then comes the present season, autumn, or as we would in the north say, "ae-turo," or "all-empty," which is the present state of the gardens, trees, and fields; they are "ae-tum."
The last season brings with it its own name by its effect), "wind-tere."
If these observations will add anything to your fund of information, it will not diminish that of
Your humble servant,
A North Britain."
PS.—Observe, they pronounce the A in Scotland as in France, Aa. . November 16, 1825.
FLORAL DIRECTORY. .
Lupinleaved Wood Sorrel. Oxalit lupinifolia. Dedicated to St. Virgil.
St. Stephen the Younger, A. D. 764. St. James of La Marea, of Ancona, A . m 476.
[Slichaelma? Term tndi.] Burmese State Carriage. Exhibited in November, 1825. An invitation to a private view of the .* Rath," or state carriage of the king of
Ava, or emperor'of the Burmans, at the Egyptian-hall, Piccadilly, gave the editor of the Every-Day Book an opportunity of inspecting it, on Friday, the 18th or November, previous to its public eihihv lion; and having been accompanied an artist, for whom he obtained permission to make a drawing of the splendi vehicle, he is enabled to present the» companying engraving.
The Times, in speaking of it, remsrki, that" The Burmese artists have produce: a very formidable rival to tlati.-r. .
piece of lumber, the lord mayor's coach, t is not indeed quite so heavy, nor qua so glassy as that moving monument metropolitan magnificence; but it is net inferior to it in glitter and in gilding, and is far superior in the splendour of *
ferns and rubies which adom it. It da^rs from the metropolitan carriage 2 having no seats in the interior, and s place for either sword-bearer, chaplain,' any other inferior officer. The reason I this is, that whenever the 'goMeo m narch' vouchsafes to show himself his subjects, who with true legitrriffi loyalty worship him as an emanation Im the deity, he orders his throne to be * moved into it, and sits thereon, the si object of their awe and admiration."
The British Press well observes, is* "Independent of the splendour of fa magnificent vehicle, its appearance mite country at the present moment is atteitW with much additional and extrinst * terest. It is the first specimen of * progress of the arts in a country of ta very existence of which we appeared" be oblivious, till recent and eitjaorduwj events recalled it to our notice. ■ map of Asia alone reminded us that t immense portion of the vast trad' country lying between Chime and • Indian possessions, and consutuiiK is eastern peninsula of India, * signated by the name of the BurariiiKpire. But so little did we know ofa people, or the country they inhahi* that geographers were not agreed is« the orthography of the name. The upon Chittagong at length aroused * attention to the concerns of this people, when one of the first intinaKwe received of their existence »* threat, after they had expelled India, to invade England. On*** found themselves engaged in » different from any they bad .before tf' rienced in that part of the wottt