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tires to the eye that cannot be paralleled elsewhere. Perhaps as a single object of ight, there is nothing which gives so much innocent pleasure to so many perons as an English village church, when he ivy has held undisputed possession of t for many years, and has hung its fanastic banners all around it. There is a harm about an object of this kind,which t is as difficult to resist as to explain."


^iirly Passion-flower. Passifiora serrata. dedicated to the Churches of Sts. Peter and Paul.

it. Elisabeth, of Hungary, A. D. 1231. St. Pontian, Pope, A. D. 230. St. Barlaam.

Vpple-fruited Passion-flower. Passifiora maliformis. Dedicated to St. Elisabeth.

^.obember 20.

>f. Edmund, King and Martyr, A. D. 870. St. Humbert, Bp. of the East Angles, A. n. 855. St. Felix, of Valois, A. D. 1212. St. Bernward, Bp., A. D. 1021. St. Matentia, 7th Cent.

King and Martyr.

This English king and saint is in the church of England calendar and allanacs. ' St. Edmund was king of East inglia, which took its name from a pecle called the Angles, who landed on the eastern coast of Britain, under twelve chiefs, the survivor of whom, Uffa, ass i Ik'J the title of king of the East Antes. This kingdom contained Norfolk nd Suffolk, with part of Cambridgeshire, he chief towns were Norwich, Thetford, Cly, and Cambridge. In 867, the Danes inded in East Anglia, and after ravaging ifferent parts of the island, and continulg some time in Northumberland, rejrned into East Anglia, committing, in their route, the most horrid barbarities. Edmund the king opposed them; but his rmy was defeated at Thetford, and the King being taken prisoner, fell a miserable K tun to their barbarity, for they tied i in to a tree, as a butt, or mark, and then

shot him to death with arrows. The place where Edmund was interred had the name of St. Edmund's Bury, but is now generally called Bury. Canute the Great built a stately church over his grave, and greatly enlarged the town.

Floral Directory. Red Stapelia. SUtpelia rufa. Dedicated to St. Edmund, Kim;. l

^obemfctr 21.

The Presentation of the Blessed yhgia Maty. St. Colwnban, Abbot, A. p. 015. St. Gelasius, Pope, A. D. 496. .

Ghost of an Arm Chair. A lady assured the editor of the " Perennial Calendar," of the truth of the following story. She had ordered an armed chair which stood in her room to be sent to a sick friend, and thought it had been sent conformably to her orders. Waking, however, in the night, and looking by the light of the night-lamp at, the furniture in her room, she cast her eyes on the place where the said chair used to stand, and saw it, as she thought, in its place. She at first expressed herself to her husband as being vexed that the chair had not been sent; but, as he protested that it was actually gone, she got out of bed to convince herself, and distinctly saw the chair, even on a nearer approach to it, What now became very remarkable was, that the spotted chair-cover which was over it, assumed an unusual clearness, and the pattern assumed the appearance of being studded with bright stars. She got close to it, and putting her hand out to touch it, found her fingers go through, the spectrum unresisted. Astonished, she now viewed it as an illusion, and presently saw it vanish, by becoming fainter till it disappeared. Dr. Forster considers this apparition as affording a clue to one mode by which spectra are introduced, namely, by local association. The lady had anticipated seeing the chair in its place, from its always being associated with the rest of the furniture; and this anticipation of an image of perception was the basis of a corresponding image of spectral illusion.


Largeflowered Wood Sorrel. Oxalis

grandijlora. Dedicated^ the Presentation of the V. Mary,

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him to Valerian as an angel, and from that time she received "angels' visits."' ,


Trumpet-flowered Wood Sorrel. Oxalis vbiflora. Dedicated to St. Cecilia.

^obtmbn* 23.

St. Clement, Pope, A. D. 100. St. Arr. philochiut, Bp. of Iconium, A. D. 394. St. Tron, A. D. 693. St. Daniel, Bp. A. D. 545.

This saint is in the church of England calendar and the almanacs.

Clement was a follower and coadjutor of the apostle Paul, who, writing to the Philippians, (iv. 3.) requires them to be mindful of the flock and their teachers, and distinguishes Clement by name— "help those women which laboured with me in the gospel, and with Clement also, and with other my fellow-labourers." The Romish writers contend for the direct papal succession from the apostles, and call Clement a pope; but in the uninterrupted succession they claim for the pontiffs of their hierarchy, 'they fail in establishing as indisputable whether he was the first, second, or third pope; the name itself was not devised until centuries afterwards. Some of them say he was martyred, others contend that he died a natural death. The advocates for his martyrdom assign him an anchor as a symbol of distinction, because they allege that he was thrown into the sea with an anchor about his neck. It is further alleged that two of his disciples desirous of recovering his remains, assembled a multitude and prayed for the discovery, and, as usual, there was a miracle. "Immediately the sea retired for the space of three miles, or a league, in such sort that they could go into it for ill that space as upon the dry land; and they found in it a chapel, or little church, made by the hands of angels; and within the church a chest of stone, in which was the body of St. Clement, and by it the anchor with which he had been cast into he sea. This miracle did not happen *nly that year in which the holy pope lied, but it happened also every year, and he sea retired itself three miles, as was

No. 48.

said, leaving the way dry for seven days, namely, the day of his martyrdom, and the other six following days."# Though "travellers see strange sights," no modern tourist has related this annual miracle, which is still performed by the sea in the neighbourhood of Rome, on the days aforesaid, as duly and truly as the annual liquefaction of the blood of St. Januarius at Naples—" or, if not, why not?"

Protestants, in London, are reminded of St. Clement's apocryphal death by his anchor being the weathercock that" turns and turns," to every wind, on the steeple of the parish church of St. Clement Danes in the Strand. It denotes the efflux of time as a minute-hand upon the clock; it denotes the limits of the parish as a mark upon the boundary stones; it graces the beadles' staves; and on the breasts of the charity children is, in the eyes of the parishioners, "a badge of honour."

It appears from a state proclamation, dated July 22, 1540, that children were accustomed to be decked, and go about on St. Clement's day in procession. From an ancient custom of going about on the night of this festival to beg drink to make merry with, a pot was formerly marked against the 23d of November upon the old clog-almanacs.f

St. Clement is the patron of blackttnitkr. His quality in this respect is not noticed by Brand, or other observers of our ancient customs, nor do they mention any" observances by that trade in commemoration of his festival But the following communications will show the estimation wherein he is held among the "cunning workmen in iron."

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

Chancery-lane, Nov. 19, 1825. I


As secretary of the " Benevolent Institution of Smiths," I take the liberty of jogging your memory. I hope you will not forget our St. Clement, (Nov. 23,) in your interesting Every-Day Book. When I was a child, an old man went about in the trade, reciting the following ode on smithery, which, I believe, is very old. If you think it worthy a place in your work, it will much oblige me and our trade; for it is now quite forgot, with many good customs of hospitality of the

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olden days which are no more. I hope a story of St. Dunstan, the smith, with you will cull your flowers of antiquity, and his tongs, pinching the devil by the f***, collect all you can for our trade; there is he.

An Ofoon Smitlicry, 1610.

"By reading of old authors we do find
The smiths have been a trade time out of mind;
And it's believed they may be bold to say,
There's not the like to them now at this day.
For was it not for smiths what could we do,
We soon should loose our lives ar.d money too;
The miser would be stript of all his store,
And lose the golden god he doth adore:
No tradesman could be safe, or take his rest
But thieves and rogues would nightly him molest;
It's by our cunning art, and ancient skill,
That we are saved from those who would work ill.
The smith at night, and soon as he doth rise,

Doth always cleanse and wash his face and eyes;

Kindles his fire, and the bellows blows,

Tucks up his shirt sleeves, and to work he goes:

Then makes the hammer and the anvil ring,

And thus he lives as merry as a king.
A working smith all other trades excels,

In useful labour wheresoe'er he dwells;

Toss up your caps ye sons of Vulcan them

For there are none of all the sons of men,

That can with the brave working smiths compare,

Their work is hard, and jolly lads they are.

What though a smith looks sometimes very black,

And sometimes gets but one shirt to his back

And that is out at elbows, and so thin

That you through twenty holes may see his skin;

Yet when he's drest and clean, you all will say,

That smiths are men not made of common clay.

They serve the living, and they serve the dead,

They serve the mitre, and the crowned head;

They all are men of honour and renown,

Honest, and just, and loyal to the crown. '<

The many worthy deeds that they have done,"

Have spread their fame beyond the rising sun

So if we have offended rich or poor,

We will be good boys, and do so no more.'

• I hope you will polish up for insertion, manners; for the same reason, his sue: I will call for the old copy at your office: tion to " polish up" has been decline I should have sent it sooner, but could The homeliness of those who precedrnot find it, and the trouble it has cost me him is not discreditable to him, or aav 4 has made it valuable, the brethren of his trade. They aredai"

, I remain, &c. increasing in respectability, and ougki *

J. Johksoh. be a thriving branch. Compared «£ 7, Hill-ttrtet, those who lived before them, they fa*

Stntthwark, extraordinary means of becoming *"

quainted with the principle* ottiaiztv*'

The editor has given the ".ode" without manufacture, by becoming member Mr. Johnson's alterations and additions, the Mechanic*' Institution. ManyJ biao because its original state is better suited smiths have already joined that too' to convey the notion of his predecessors' A diligent and good hand who to**

more than his fellows, will be the best workman, and get the most money; and frugality abroad, and economy at home, will secure his independence. Attendance at the Mechanic)' Institution will teach these things: and St. Clement cannot be better honoured than by observing them.

St. Clement, at JVoohoich. R. R. obligingly communicates with his name, the following account of an annual ceremony on the evening of St. Clement's day, by the blacksmiths' apprentices of the dockyard there.

(For the Every-Day Book.)

One of the senior apprentices being chosen to serve as old Clem, (so called by them,) is attired in a great coat, having his head covered with an oakham wig, face masked, and a long white beard flowing therefrom; thus attired, he seats himself in a large wooden chair, chiefly covered' with a sort of stuff called buntin, with a crown and anchor, made of wood, on the top, and around it, four transparencies, representing "the blacksmiths' arms," "anchor smiths at work," "Britannia with her anchor," and "Mount Etna." He has before him a wooden anvil, and in his hands a pair of tongs and wooden hammer, which, in general, he makes good use of whilst reciting his speech. A mate, also masked, attends him with a wooden sledge-hammer; he is also surrounded by a number of other attendants, some of whom carry torches, banners, flags, &C. ; others battle-axes, tomahawkes, and other accoutrements of war. This procession, headed by a drum and fife, and six men with old Clem mounted on their shoulders, proceed round the town, stopping and refreshing at nearly every public nouse, '(which, by the by, are pretty numerous,) not forgetting to call on the blacksmiths and officers of the dockyard: there the money-box is pretty freely handed, after old Clem and his mate have recited their speeches, which commence by the mate calling for order, with

"Gentlemen all, attention give,

And wish St. Clem, long, long to live."

Old Clem then recites the following speech :—

"I in the real St. Clement, the first founder of brass, iron, and steel, from the ore. I have been to Mount Etna, where the god Vulcan first built his forge, and forged the armour and thunderbolts for the god Jupiter, I have been through the deserts of

Arabia; through Asia, Africa, and America; through the city of Pong rove; through the town of Tipmingo? and all the northern parts of Scotland. I arrived in London on the twenty-third of November, and came down to his majesty's dockyards, at Woolwich, to see how all the gentlemen Vulcans came on there. I found them all hard at work, and wish to leave them well on the twenty-fourth."

The mate then subjoins :—

"Come all you Vulcans stout and strong,

Unto St. Clem we do belong,
_ I know this house is well prepared

With plenty of money and good strong beer,
And we must drink before we part,
All for to cheer each merry heart.
Come all you Vulcans, strong and stout,
Unto St. Clem I'pray turn out;
For now St. Clem's going round the town.
His coach and six goes merrily round.


After having gone round the town and collected a pretty decent sum, they retire to some public house, where they enjoy as good a supper as the money collected will allow. R. R.


Convex Wood Sorrel. Oxalis convexula. Dedicated to St. Clement.

^obtmber 24.

St. John of the Cross, A. D. 1591. J St. Chrysogonus. Sts. Flora and Mary, A. D. 851. St. Cianan, or Kenan, Bp. of Duleek, in Ireland, A. D.489. J

London in November.

In the already cited "Mirror of the Months," there is a feeling account of certain days in the metropolis, at this season, which every one who has sojourned in " that overgrown place" will immediately recognize to be " quite correct."

"Now the atmosphere of London begins to thicken over head, and assume its natural appearance, preparatory to its becoming, about Christmas time, that' palpable obscure,' which is one of its proudest boasts; and which, among its other merits, may reckon that of engendering those far-famed fogs, of which every body has heard, but to which no one has ever done justice. A London fog, in November, is a thing for which I have a sort of natural affection—to say nothing of an acquired one—the result of a hackneycoach adventure, in which the fair part of

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