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mation made, and the gates all shut up,

“ there is nothing similar to it in his mathe bull is turned out of the alderman's jesty's dominions, nor I believe in the house, and then, hivie, skivy, tag-rag, dominions of any other potentate on the men, women, and children, of all sorts globe : no, it stands without a rival." and sizes, with all the dogs in the town, “ If,” says Lowe, “ the doctrine of transpromiscuously running after him with migration be true, nothing can be more their bull-clubs, spattering dirt in each certain than that the soul of earl Warren other's faces, that one would think them animated the body of Mr. Robert Ridto be so many furies started out of hell lington, once a tanner, alderman, and for the punishment of Cerberus, as when mayor, of this corporation, who to perpeTheseus and Perillus conquered the place, tuate this gallant diversion as much as in as Ovid describes it

him lay, left half-a-crown to be paid an

nually to each of the five parishes (of
A ragged troop of boys and girls,

Stamford,) for the trouble of stopping the
Do pellow him with stones,

gates and avenues of the town, which is
With clubs, with whips, and many nips, received on St, Thomas's-day. I there
They part his skin from bones.'

fore hold it incumbent on me to record " And (which is the greater shame) I have this spirited bequest, and to let this par seen both Senatores majorum gentium et

nobile fratrum go hand in hand to poste matrone de euodem gradu, following this city for which legacy every bullard in

gratitude ought to drink on that day to bulling business.

the joint memory of both. Since this “I can say no more of it, but only to set forth the antiquity thereof, (as the of some who are strangers to the town, I

account may chance to fall into the bands tradition goes,) William, earl of Warren, would have such know that when this in the time of king John, standing upon gala-day falls either on a market-day or his castle-wall under the same, saw two

on a Sunday, that neither the market por bulls fighting for one cow. A butcher of

even the sabbath is put off on its account; the town, the owner of one of the bulls, but, on the contrary, it is itself postponed with a great mastiff dog, accidentally till the morrow, which must be acknowcoming by set his dog upon his own bull, ledged to be an instance of great forbearwho forced the

same bull
up into the

ance !"
town, which no sooner was come within
the same, but all the butcher's dogs, great and Lowe. I shall now proceed to state

So much for the accounts of Butcher and smaủ, followed in pursuit of the bull, the manner in which the sport is com which by this time made stark mad with ducted in the present day, the noise of the people, and the fierceness

The bull being duly procured, is shut of the dogs, ran over man, woman, and child, that stood in his way. This caused up the night previous to the appointed all the butchers and others in the town to and, long ere dawn of day, no peaceable

morn, in a place provided for the purpose, rise up as it were in a tumult, making such a hideous noise that the sound person lying on his bed, can enjoy the thereof came into the castle into the ears

pleasing and renovating stupor which, if of earl Warren, who presently mounted the leaden key of Somnus would afford

unmolested by the cry of “bull for ever," on horseback, and rid into the town to see the business ; which then appearing (to from his prison-house generally into a

him. At eleven o'clock, Taurus is loosed his humour) very delightful, he gave all street stopped at each end, which he the meadows in which the bulls were at parades in majesty sublime. first found fighting, (which we now call dangerous juncture every post, pump, and

At this the castle meadows,) perpetually as a the like is in requisition, and those who common 'to the butchers of the town, to keep their cattle in till the time of slaugh- hind one sit in conscious security,

are fortunate enough to get sheltered be ter, upon this condition, that day on which this sport first began, the "grinning with a ghastly smile" butchers of the town should from time to time yearly for ever, find a mad bull for at those who less fortunate than them the continuance of that sport."

selves must, for protection, have recourse Mr. Lowe speaks more favourably of to flight. The carts and waggons which the “ bull-running" than Butcher. He form the stoppage at the ends of the calls it “ a good old custom," and says, street, are crowded with individuals, as

upon the

1

FLORAL DIRECTORY,

well as the roofs of houses; in short, every

Thus the amusement continues," until place tenable is occupied. Some years night puts a stop to the proceedings; the back it was customary to irritate the bull baited animal is then slanghtered, and his by goading him with pointed sticks, but carcass sold at a reduced price to the this is now wholly done away with, it lower classes, who to “top the day,” rebeing declared unnecessarily cruel, and gale themselves with a supper of bull different means are resorted to to enrage

beef. him, Frequently, a bogshead with both

So ends this jovial sport, which, as ends knocked out is brought, wherein a

Mr. Lowe says,

4 stands without a man places himself, and by rolling it to rival.” In conclusion, it only remains for the bull, provokes him to toss it. He me to state, that I have been more than tosses, but tosses in vain; its inmate is once present at this“ bull-running," and trained too well to the sport to be easily am far from forming the idea that it is dislodged; so that by this and other so cruel as some represent it to be; fameans equally harmless and teazing, he is tigue is the greatest pain the bull is subrendered sufficiently infuriated to afford jected to; and, on the other hand, the "prime sport." ." The street is then un

men who so courageously cope with him stopped, when, all agog, men, boys, and are in imminent danger of loss of life, or bull, tumble one over the other to get free. broken limbs, whilst they possess not the

Bridging the bull is next thought of; most distant idea of doing any thing more this, if he be much enraged, is the most injurious to the animal than irritating dangerous part of the ceremony; it con

him. sists in driving him upon the bridge,

I am, Sir, &c. which is a great height from the water,

JOSEPH JIBB, and crowds of people press to him on

Sleaford, three sides.

October 17, 1825. • Shouts rend the air and onward goes the

throng, Arms locked in arms, and man drives man

Portugal Laurel. Cerasus Lusitanica. along,"

Dedicated to St. Lawrence. , “Regardless of the danger to which the van is exposed, they press closer and closer ; at length, in spite of his amazing powers November 15. be yields to the combined strength of his numerous opponents, and is tumbled into St. Gertrude, Abbess, A. D. 1292. St, the water. On again rising to the surface,

Leopold, Marquis of Austria, A. D. his first care generally is to land, which,

1136. St. Eugenius, A. D. 275., St. in most cases, he effects in the meadows;

Malo, or Maclou, A. D. 565. these are very swampy, full of rivers, and St. Machutus. spacious. November being a month inyariably attended with rain, the stay-laced

This saint is in the church of England sportful dandy, alas! too frequently finds calendar and almanacs. He is the “St. that the slippery ground is no respecter Malo, or Maclou," of Alban Butler; acof persons, and in spite of all his efforts cording to whom he was born in England, to maintain his equilibrium, in submis- and sent to Ireland for his education, sive, prostrate attitude, he embraces his where he was offered a bishopric but mother earth.

declined it.' Going to Brittany he beThe sport is attended regularly by a came disciple to a recluse named Aron, patroness,

near Aleth, of which city he was the first

bishop, and died November 15, 565. “ A bold virago stout and tall,

St. Malo derives its name from him. The Like Joan of France, or English Mall,

ground whereon he stands in the church clad in blue, with a rare display of rib- of England calendar is unknown. ; bons, and other insignia of her high office, who by close of day generally imbibes so much of the inspiring spirit of sir John Barleycorn, as to make her fully verify

Sweet Coltsfoot. Tussilago fragrans. the words of Hamlet, viz.

Dedicated to St, Gertrude,
Frailty, thy name is woman.",

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

November 16. was in agitation, there was a remarkable

cavalcade in London on this day. The St. Edmund, Abp: of Canterbury, A, D. following account of it was drawn up at 1242. St. Eucherius, Bp. of Lyons, the time:d. D. 460.

“ The bells generally about the town Stourbridge Fair.

began to ring at three o'clock in the A correspondent in the subjoined note morning. At the approach of evening,

all things being in readiness, the solemn mentions a singular character, which should be taken into the particulars con- Moor-gate, and so passed first to Aldgate,

procession began, setting forth from cerning this fair related at page 1300.

and from thence through Leadenhall(For the Every-Day Book.) street, by the Royal Exchange, through Mr. Editong

Cheapside, and so to Temple-bar, in the

ensuing order, viz. In addition to your account of Stour- “ 1. Six whifflers, to clear the way, in bridge fair I send you the following, re. pioneers' caps, and red waistcoats. lated to me by an individual of great 2. A bellman ringing, and with a'lood veracity,who attended the fairs in 1766 and but dolesome voice, crying out all the way, 1767.

remember justice Godfrey.' Exclusive of the servants in red coats “ 3. A dead body, representing justice there was also another person dressed in Godfrey, in a decent black habit, carried similar clothing, with a string over his before a jesuit in black, on horseback, in shoulders, from whence were suspended like manner as he was carried by the quantities of spigots and fossetts, and assassins to Primrose-hill. also round each arm many more were “ 4. A priest, in a surplice, with a fastened. He was called “ Lord of the cope embroidered with dead bones, skele Tap," and his duty consisted in visiting tons, sculls, and the like, giving pardons all the booths in which ale was sold, to very plentifully to all those that should determine whether it was fit and proper murder protestants, and proclaiming it beverage for the persons attending the meritorious. fairs.

“5. A priest in black, alone, with a In the account published at Cambridge great silver cross. in 1806, as given in your excellent mis- “6. Four carmelites, in white and cellany, no notice is taken of this person- black habits. age, and it may therefore be presumed the «7. Four grey-fryars, in the propa office had been discontinued.

habits of their order.

J. N. “ 8. Six jesuits, with bloody daggers. November 16, 1825.

“ 9.' A concert of wind music.

10. Four bishops, in purple, and

lawn sleeves, with a golden cross on their FLORAL DIRECTORY.

breast, and crosier staves in their hands. African Hemp. Sansciviera Guineam.

“ 11. Four other bishops, in pontifDedicated to St. Edmund.

calibus, with surplices and rich embroidered copes, and golden mitres on their

heads. November 17.

"12. Six cardinals, in scarlet robes St. Gregory Thaumaturgus, Bp. A. D.

270. St. Dionysius, Abp. of Alexan- “ 13. The pope's doctor, (sir George dria, A. D. 265. St. Gregory, Bp. of Wakeman, the queen's physician,) with Tours, A. D. 596. St. Hugh, Bp. of jesuit's powder in one hand, fand an urinal Lincoln, A. D. 1200. St. Anian, or

in the other. Agnan, Bp. A. D. 453.

“14. Two priests in surplices, with

two golden crosses. Queen Elizabeth's Accession.

“ Lastly, the pope, in a lofty glorious This day was formerly noted in the pageant, representing a chair of state, almanacs as the anniversary of queen covered with scarlet, richly embroidered Elizabeth's accession to the throne, in the and fringed, and bedecked with golden year 1558. In 1679, while the bill for balls and crosses. At his feet a cushida excluding the duke of York, afterwards of state, and two boys in surplices, with James II., from the throne of England, white silk banners, and bloody crucifixes

and caps.

and daggers, with an incense pot before

People. them, censing his holiness, who was

“ Cease, cease, thou Norfolk cardinal, arrayed in a splendid scarlet gown, lined See yonder stands queen Bess, through with ermine, and richly daubed Who sav'd our souls from popish thrall, with gold and silver lace; on his head a 0! queen Bess, queen Bess, queen Bess. triple crown of gold, and a glorious collar of gold and precious stones, St. Peter's “ Your popish plot and Smithfield threat

We do not fear at all.; keys, a number of beads, agnus deis, and other catholic trumpery. At his back,

For lo! beneath queen Bess's feet

You fall, you fall, you fall ! his holiness's privy councillor, (the degraded seraphim, anglice, the devil,) fre- “ 'Tis true, our king's on t'other side," quently caressing, hugging, and whisper- Looking tow'rds Whitehall, ing him, and ofttimes instructing him but could we bring him round about, aloud, to destroy his majesty, to forge He'd counterplot you all. a protestant plot, and to fire the city

" Then down with James and set

up

Charles again;' to which purpose he held an in

On good queen Bess's side, fernal torch in his hand.

That all true commons, Jords, and earls, “ The whole procession was attended May wish him a fruitful bride. with 150 flambeaux and lights, by order; but so many more came in voluntarily

“ Now God preserve great Charles our king

And eke all honest men ; that there was some thousands. “ Never were the balconies, windows,

and traitors all to justice bring,

Amen, amen, amen. and houses more numerously lined, or the streets closer thronged with multi- “Then having entertained the thronging tudes of people, all expressing their ab- spectators for some time with the ingehorrence of popery, with continual shouts nious fireworks, a vast bonfire being and exclamations, so that it is modestly prepared just over against the Inner Temcomputed that, in the whole progress, ple Gate, his holiness, after some complithere could not be fewer than 200,000 ments and reluctances, was decently spectators.

toppled from all his grandeur into the “ Thus, with a slow and solemn state impartial flames; the crafty devil leaving they proceeded to Temple-bar; where, his infallibilityship in the lurch, and with innumerable swarms, the houses laughing as heartily at his deserved ignoseemed to be converted into heaps of minious end as subtle jesuits do at the men, and women, and children; for whose ruin of bigotted lay-catholics whom diversion there were provided great variety themselves have drawn in; or as creof excellent fireworks.

dulous Coleman's abettors did, when, with “Temple-bar being, since its rebuilding, pretences of a reprieve at the last gasp, adorned with four stately statues, viz. they made him vomit up his soul with a those of queen Elizabeth and king James lie, and sealed up his dangerous chops on the inward, or eastern side, fronting with a flatter. This justice was attended the city, and those of king Charles I. and with a prodigious shout, that might be king Charles II. on the outside, facing heard far beyond Somerset-house, (where towards Westminster; and the statue of the queen resided,) and it was believed the queen Elizabeth, in regard to the day, echo, by continual reverberations, before having on a crown of gilded laurel, and it ceased, reached Scotland, [the duke in her hand a golden shield, with this was then there,] France, and even Rome motto inscribed,—The Protestant Reli- itself, damping them withal with a dreadgion and Magna Charta,' and flam- ful astonishment." beauxs placed before it; the pope being These particulars, from a tract in lord brought up near thereunto, the following Somers's collection, are related in the song (alluding to the posture of those “Gentleman's Magazine " for 1740; and statues) was sung in parts, · between the writer adds, that “the place of one representing the English cardinal, prompter-general, Mr. North insinuates, (Howard,) and others acting the people. was filled by lord Shaftesbury."

Cardinal.
From York to London town we came,

To talk of popish ire,
To reconcile you all to Rome,

Tree Stramony. Datura arborea,
And prevent Smithfield fire.

Dedicated to St. Gregory..

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

November 18. that thus bound our view in, to spy be The Dedication of the Churches of Sts. sky-pointing spire of the distant village

yond them, as if through network, the Peter, and Paul, at Rome. Sts. Al church, rising from behind the old yew: phæus, and Zachæus ; also Romanus, tree that darkens its portal ; and the trim and Barulas. St. Odo, Abbot of

parsonage beside it, its ivy-grown winCluni, A. D. 942. St. Hilda, or Hild, dows glittering perhaps in the early son! Abbess, A. D. 680.

Oh, none but those who will see the The “ Mirror of the Months," à good that is in every thing, know how pleasing, volume published in the au- very few evils there are without some of tumn of 1825, and devoted to the service it attendant on them, and yet how much of the year, points to the appearance of good there is unmixed with any evil. of nature at this time :-"The last storm « But though the least pleasant sight of autumn, or the first of winter, (call it connected with the coming on of winter in which you will) has strewed the bosom of this month is to see the leaves that have the all-receiving earth with the few leaves so gladdened the groves all the summer that were still clinging, though dead, to long, falling, every where around us, the already sapless branches; and now withered and dead,--that sight is acall stand bare once more, spreading out companied by another which is too often their innumerable ramifications against overlooked. Though most of the leaves the cold grey sky, as if sketched there for fall in winter, and the stems and branches a study by the pencil of your only suc- which they beautified stand bare, many of , cessful drawing-mistress-nature. them remain all the year round, and look

“Of all the numerous changes that are brighter and fresher now than they did in perpetually taking place in the general spring, in virtue of the contrasts that are appearance of rural scenery during the every where about them. Indeed the year, there is none so striking as this cultivation of evergreens has become so which is attendant on the falling of the general with us of late years, that the leaves; and there is none in which the home enclosures about our country unpleasing effects so greatly predominate dwellings, from the proudest down to over the pleasing ones. To say truth, a even the poorest, are seldom to be seen grove denuded of its late gorgeous attire, without a plentiful supply, which we and instead of bowing majestically before now, in this month, first begin to observe, the winds, standing erect and motionless and acknowledge the value of. It must while they are blowing through it, is 'a be a poor plot of garden-ground indeed sorry sight, and one upon which we will that does not now boast its clumps not dwell." But even this sad conse of winter-blowing lavrestinus; its trim quence of the coming on of winter (sad holly bushes, bright with their scarlet in most of its mere visible effects,) is not berries; or its tall spruce firs, shooting entirely without redeeming accompani- up their pyramid of feathery branches ments; for in most cases it lays open to beside the low ivy-grown porch. Of this our view objects that we are glad to see last-named profuse ornamentor of what. again, if it be but in virtue of their asso- ever is permitted to afford it support, ciation with past years; and in many (the ivy) we now too every where percases it opens vistas into sweet distances ceive the beautifully picturesque effects: that we had almost forgotten, and brings though there is one effect of it also perinto view objects that we may have been ceived about this time, which I cannot sighing for the sight of all the summer persuade myself to be reconciled to: 1 long. Suppose, for example, that the mean where the trunk of a talt tree is summer view from the windows of a fa- bound about with ivy almost to its top, vourite sleeping-room is bounded by a which during the summer has scarcely screen of shrubs, shelving upwards from been distinguished as a separate growth, the turf, and terminating in a little copse but which now, when the other teases of limes, beeches, and sycamores ; the are fallen, and the outspread branches prettiest boundary that can greet the stand bare, offers to the eye, not a con morning glance when the shutters are trast, but a contradiction. But let us na opened, and the sun slants gaily in at dwell on any thing in disfavour of ivy, them, as if glad to be again admitted. which is one of the prime boasts of the How pleasant is it, wheno (as now) the village scenery of our island, and which winds of winter have stripped the branches even at this season of the year offers pic

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