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illation'made, and the gates all shut tip, the bull is turned out of the alderman's house, and then, hide, skivy, tag-rag, men, women, and children, of all sorts and sizes, with all the dogs in the town, promiscuously running after him with their bull-clubs, spattering dirt in each other'3 faces, that one would think them to be so many furies started out of hell for the punishment of Cerberus, as when Thaevt and Perillut conquered the place, as Ovid describes it—
"' A ragged troop of boys and girls, IJo pelTow him with stones,
With clubs, with whips, a
"And (which is the greater shame) I have seen both Senatoret majorum gentium et matrone de euodem gradu, following this bulling business.
"I can say no more of it, but only to set forth the antiquity thereof, (as the tradition goes,) William, earl of Warren, in the time of king John, standing upon his castle-wall under the same, saw two bulls fighting for one cow. A butcher of the town, the owner of one of the bulls, with a great mastiff dog, accidentally coming by set his dog upon his own bull, who forced the same bull up into the town, which no sooner was come within the same, but all the butcher's dogs, great and small, followed in pursuit of the bull, which by this time made stark mad with the noise of the people, and the fierceness of the dogs, ran over man, woman, and child, that stood in his way. This caused all the butchers and others in the town to rise up as it were in a tumult, making such a hideous noise that the sound thereof came into the castle into the ears of earl Warren, who presently mounted on horseback, and rid into the town to see the business; which then appearing (to his humour) very delightful, he gave all the meadows in which the bulls were at first found fighting, (which we now call the castle meadows,) perpetually as a common to the butchers of the town, to keep their cattle in till the time of slaughter, upon this condition, that upon the day on which this sport first began, the butchers of the town should from time to time yearly for ever, find a mad bull for the continuance of that sport."
Mr. Lowe speaks more favourably of the "bull-running" than Butcher. He calls it " a good old custom," and says,
"there is nothing similar to it in his Ma
So much for the accounts of
The bull being duly procured, is ste up the night previous to the appointee morn, in a place provided for the puree* and, long ere dawn of day, no peaoea& person lying on his bed, can enjoy tbf pleasing and renovating stupor whjek. I unmolested by the cry of M bull for ever." the leaden key of Somnus would afc? him. At eleven o'clock, Taurus is loose: from his prison-house generally into 1 street stopped at each end, which parades in majesty sublime. At the dangerous juncture every post, pump, tst the like is in requisition, and those are fortunate enough to get sheltered behind one sit in conscious security,
"grinning with a ghastly smile"
at those who less fortunate than them selves must, for protection, have recocrv to flight. The carts and waggons who form the stoppage at the ends of
well as the roofs of houses; in short/every place tenable is occupied. Some years back it -was customary to irritate the bull by goading him with pointed sticks, but this is now wholly done away with, it being declared unnecessarily cruel, and different means are resorted to to enrage him. Frequently, a hogshead with both ends knocked out is brought, wherein a man places himself, and by rolling it to the bull, provokes him to toss it. He tosses, but tosses in vain; its inmate is trained too well to the sport to be easily dislodged; so that by this and other means equally harmless and teazing, he is rendered sufficiently infuriated to afford "'prime sport." The street is then unstopped, when, all agog, men, boys, and bull, tumble one over the other to get free.
Bridging the bull is next thought of; this, if he be much enraged, is the most dangerous part of the ceremony; it consists in driving him upon the bridge, which is a great height from the water, and crowds of people press to him on three sides.
"Shouts read "the air and onward goes the
Thus the amusement continues,"until night puts a stop to the proceedings; the baited animal is then slaughtered, and his carcass sold at a reduced price to the lower classes, who to "top the day," regale themselves with a supper of bull beef.
So ends this jovial sport, which, as Mr. Lowe says, "stands without a rival." In conclusion, it only remains for me to state, that I have been more than once present at this " bull-running," and am far from forming the idea that it is so cruel as some represent it to be; fatigue is the greatest pain the bull is subjected to; and, on the other hand, the men who so courageously cope with him are in imminent danger of loss of life, or broken limbs, whilst they possess not the most distant idea of doing any thing more injurious to the animal than irritating him.
I am, Sir, &c.
Arms locked- in arms, and man drives man along,"
'Regardless of the danger to which the van is exposed, they press* closer and closer; at length, in spite of his amazing powers, he yields to the combined strength of his numerous opponents, and is tumbled into the water. On again rising to the surface, his first care generally is to land, which, in most cases, he effects in the meadows; these are very swampy, full of rivers, and spacious. November being a month invariably attended with rain, the stay-laoed sportful dandy, alas! too frequently finds that the slippery ground is no respecter of persons, and in spite of all his efforts to maintain his equilibrium, in submissive, prostrate attitude, he embraces his mother earth. The sport is attended regularly by a
"A bold virago stout and tall,
Like Joan of France, or English Mall,"
clad in blue, with a rare display of ribbons, and other insignia of her high office, who by close of day generally imbibes so much of the inspiring spirit of sir John Barleycorn, as to make her fully verify the words of Hamlet, viz.—
"frailty, thy name is woman."
Portugal Laurel. Ceraxut Lwitanica.
Dedicated to St. Lawrence. , ■
St. Gertrude, Abbess, A. D. 1292. Sr, Leopold, Marquis of Austria, A. D. 1136. St. Eugeniut, A. D. 275. , St. Malo, or Maclou, A. D. Ms. [
This saint is in the church of England calendar and almanacs. He is the "St. Malo, or Maclou," of Alban Butler; according to whom he was born in England, and sent to Ireland for his education, where he was offered a bishopric but declined it. Going to Brittany he became disciple to a recluse named Aron, near Aleth, of which city he was the first bishop, and died November 15, 565. St. Malo derives its name from him. The ground whereon he stands in the church of England calendar is unknown.
Sweet Coltsfoot. Tiusilago fragrant. Dedicated to St. Gertrude.
St. Edmund, Abp. of Canterbury, A. D. 1242. St. Eucheritu, Bp. of Lyons, A. D. 460.
Stourbridge Fair. •
A correspondent in the subjoined note mentions a singular character, which should be taken into the particulars concerning this fair related at page 1300.
(For the Every-Day Book.) Mr. Editorj In addition to your account of Stourbridge fair I send you the following, related to me by an individual of great veracity,who attended the fairs in 1766 and 1767.
Exclusive of the servants in red coats there was also another person dressed in similar clothing,' with a string over his shoulders, from whence were suspended quantities of spigots and fossetts, and also round each arm many more were fastened. He was called " Lord of the Tap," and his duty consisted in visiting all the booths in which ale was sold, to determine whether it was fit and proper beverage for the persons attending the fairs.
"In the account published at Cambridge in 1806, as given in your excellent miscellany, no notice is taken of this personage, and it may therefore be presumed the office had been discontinued.
African Hemp. Saiuciviera Guineam. Dedicated to St. Edmund.
St. Gregory Thaumaturgxu, Bp. A. D. 270. St. Dionytiut, Abp. of Alexandria, A. D. 265. St. Gregory, Bp. of Tours, A. D. 596. St. Hugh, Bp. of Lincoln, A. D. 1200. ,i"<. Anian, or Agnan, Bp. A. D. 453.
Queen Elizabeth's Accession. This day was formerly noted in the almanacs as the anniversary of queen Elizabeth's accession to the throne, in the year 1558. In 1679, while the bill for excluding the duke of York, afterwards James If., from the throne of England,
was in agitation, there was a remithble cavalcade in London on this day. The following account of it was drawn up at the time:—
"The bells generally about the"town began to ring at three o'clock in the morning. At the approach of evening all things being in readiness, the solans
Srecession began, setting forth 60s loor-gate, and so passed first to Mipa, and from thence through Leadeahal!street, by the Royal Exchange, throujt Cheapside, and so to Temple-bar, in the ensuing order, viz.
"1. Six whifflers, to clear the way, it pioneers' caps, and red waistcoats.
"2. A bellman ringing, and with a'W but dolesome voice, crying out all the 'remember justice Godfrey'
"3. A dead body, representing justice Godfrey, in a decent black habit, earned before a jesuit in black, on horseback,': like manner as he was carried by s assassins to Primrose-hill.
"4. • A priest, in a surplice, with \ cope embroidered with dead bones, ike* tons, sculls, and the like, giving partevery plentifully to all those that shoo? murder protestants, and proclaimiflj ( meritorious.
"5. A priest in black, alone,; great silver cross.
"6. Four carmelites, in white as black habits.
"7. Four grey-fryars, in the pp5 habits of their order.
"8. Six jesuits, with bloody dags«R
"9. A concert of wind music.
"10. Four bishops, in purple, ■ lawn sleeves, with a golden cross on breast, and crosier staves in their h*
"11. Four other bishops, in P30^' calibus, with surplices and rich eoti* dered copes, and golden mitres on heads.
"12. Six cardinals, in scarlet robe and caps. '•
"13. The pope's doctor, (sir Gee" Wakeman, the queen's physician,) r~ jesuit's powder in one hand,Jand an in the other.
"14. Two priests in surplices, » two golden crosses.
"Lastly, the pope, in a lofty jt^ pageant, representing a chair of** covered with scarlet, richly embrasfj1 and fringed, and bedecked wik S0)1-1 balls and crosses. At his feet of state, and two boys in surplices,« white silk banners, and bloody aw*
nd daggers, with an incense pot before hem, censing his holiness, who was arrayed in a splendid scarlet gown, lined through with ermine, and richly daubed with gold and silver lace; on his head a : i pie crown of gold, and a glorious collar if gold and precious stones, St. Peter's :yes, a number of beads, agnui deit, and either catholic trumpery. At his back, G holiness's privy councillor, (the degraled seraphim, anglice, the devil,) fre|uently caressing, hugging, and whisperng him, and ofttimes instructing him aloud, 1 to destroy his majesty, to forge L protestant plot, and to fire the city again," to which purpose he held an int ernal torch in his hand.
"The whole procession was attended with 150 Hambeaux and lights, by order; out so many more came in voluntarily hat there was some thousands.
"Never were the balconies, windows, and houses more numerously lined, or :he streets closer thronged with multitudes of people, all expressing their ab liorrence of popery, with continual shouts and exclamations, so that it is modestly computed that, in the whole progress, there could not be fewer than 200,000 spectators.
"Thus, with a slow and solemn state they proceeded to Temple-bar; where, with innumerable swarms, the houses seemed to be converted into heaps of men, and women, and children; for whose ii version there were provided great variety of excellent fireworks.
"Temple-bar being, since its rebuilding, adorned with four stately statues, viz. those of queen Elizabeth and king James r»n the inward, or eastern side, fronting ;he city, and those of king Charles I. and ting Charles II. on the outside, facing owards Westminster; and the statue of }ueen Elizabeth, in regard to the day, laying on a crown of gilded laurel, and in her hand a golden shield, with this motto inscribed,—'The Protestant Religion and Magna Charta,' and flamjeauxs placed before it; the pope being "ought up near thereunto, the following song (alluding to the posture of those statues) was sung in parts, between :>ne representing the English cardinal, Howard,) and others acting the people.
Cardinal. 'From York to London town we came,
To talk of popish ire, [*o reconcile you all to Rome,
And prevent Smithfield fire.
"Cease, cease, thou Norfolk cardinal,
See yonder stands queen Bess,
0! queen Bess, queen Bess, queen Bess.
"Your popish plot and Smithfield threat
We do not fear at all;
You fall, you fall, you fall!
"Tis true, our king's on t'other side/
Looking tow'rds Whitehall,
He'd counterplot you all.
"Then down with James and set up Charles
On good queen Bess's side,
May wish him a fruitful bride.
"Now God preserve great Charles our king
And eke all honest men;
Amen, amen, amen.
"Then having entertained the thronging spectators for some time with the ingenious fireworks, a vast bonfire being prepared just over against the Inner Temple Gate, his holiness, after some compliments and reluctance, was decently toppled from all his grandeur into the impartial flames; the crafty devil leaving his infallibilityship in the lurch, and laughing as heartily at his deserved ignominious end as subtle jesuits do at the ruin of bigotted lay-catholics whom themselves have drawn in; or as credulous Coleman's abettors did, when, with pretences of a reprieve at the last gasp, they made him vomit up his soul with a lie, and sealed up his dangerous chops with a flatter. This justice was attended with a prodigious shout, that might be heard far beyond Somerset-house, (where thequeen resided,) and it was believed the echo, by continual reverberations, before it ceased, reached Scotland, (the duke was then there,] France, and even Rome itself, damping them withal with a dreadful astonishment."
These particulars, from a tract in lord Somers's collection, are related in the "Gentleman's Magazine" for 1740; and the writer adds, that "the place of prompter-general, Mr. North insinuates, was filled by lord Shaftesbury."
Tree Stramony. Datura arborea. Dedicated to St. Gregory.
The Dedication of the Churches of St*. Peter, and Paul, at Rome, Ste. Ahphaut, and Zachceu*; also Humauus, and Barulas. St. Odo, Abbot of Ciuni, A. D. 943. St. Hilda, or Hilda, Abbess, A. D. 680.
The "Mirror of the Months," a pleasing, volume published in the autumn of 1825, and devoted to the service of the year, points to the appearance of nature at this time :—" The last storm of autumn, or the first of winter, (call it which you will) has strewed the bosom of the all-receiving earth with the few leaves that were still clinging, though dead, to the already sapless branches; and now all stand bare once more, spreading out their innumerable ramifications against the cold grey sky, as if sketched there for a study by the pencil of your only suc, cessful drawing-mistress—nature.
"Of all the numerous changes that are perpetually taking place in the general appearance of rural scenery during the year, there is none so striking as this which is attendant on the falling of the leaves; and there is none in which the unpleasing effects so greatly predominate over the pleasing ones. To say truth, a grove denuded of its late gorgeous attire, and instead of bowing majestically before the winds, standing erect and motionless while they are blowing through it, is 'a sorry sight,' and one upon which we will not dwell. But even this sad consequence of the coming on of winter (sad in most of its mere visible effects,) is not entirely without redeeming accompaniments; for in most cases it lays open to our view objects that we are glad to see again, if it be but in virtue of their association with past years; and in many cases it opens vistas into sweet distances that we had almost forgotten, and brings into view objects that we may have been sighing for the sight of all the summer long. Suppose, for example, that the summer view from the windows of a favourite sleeping-room is bounded by a screen of shrubs, shelving upwards from the turf, and terminating in a little copse of limes, beeches, and sycamores; the prettiest boundary that can greet the morning glance when the shutters are opened, and the sun slants gaily in at them, as if glad to be again admitted. How pleasant is it, when (as now) the winds of winter have stripped the branches
that thus bound our view in, to spy beyond them, as if through network, the sky-pointing spire of the distant village church, rising from behind the old yewtree that darkens its portal; and toe trim parsonage beside it, its ivy-grown wuv dows glittering perhaps in the early sun! Oh, none but those who will see the good that is in every thing, know how very few evils there are without some oi it attendant on them, and yet how much of good there is unmixed with any evil.
"But though the least pleasant sight connected with the coming on of winter in this month is to see the leaves that ban so gladdened the groves all the summer long, falling every where around us, withered and dead,—that sight is accompanied by another which is too often overlooked. Though most of the leaves fall in winter, and the stems and branches which they beautified stand bare, many « them remain all the year round, and look brighter and fresher now than they did is spring, in virtue of the contrasts that are every where about them. Indeed the cultivation of evergreens has become M) general with us of late years, that the home enclosures about our country dwellings, from the proudest down to even the poorest, are seldom to be sees without a plentiful supply, which w now, in this month, first begin to observe, and acknowledge the value of. It anst be a poor plot of garden-grormd indeed that does not now boast its clump of winter-blowing laurestinos; its dint holly bushes, bright with their stark: berries; or its tall spruce firs, shootr up their pyramid of feathery brasebe* beside the low ivy-grown porch. Of ta« last-named profuse ornamentor of whoever is permitted to afford it seppy(the ivy) we now too every where perceive the beautifully picturesque eftertt though there is one effect of it also pwceived about this time, which I can:;' persuade myself to be reconciled to: I mean where the trunk of a tall tree r bound about with ivy almost to its or which during the summer has scaur > been distinguished as a separate ^tows, but which now, when the other leaves are fallen, and the outspread brasc-sei stand bare, offers to the eye, not a tea- trast, but a contradiction. But let us W dwell on any thing in disfavour of ivy which is one of the prime boasts of the village scenery of our island, and what even at this season of the year offers fsr