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chelor; and yet, as it is sayd, the rynge secrated animals were afterwards shorn, is on the fynger of the ymage.”

and palls made from their fleeces; for each

of which, it is said, the pope exacted of In a Romish Missal printed at Paris, in the bishops from eight to ten, or thirty 1520, there is a prayer to St. Agnes, re- thousand crowns, and that the custom markably presumptive of her powers; it originated with Limes, who succeeded the is thus englished by Bp. Patrick : apostle Peter: whereupon Naogeorgus Agnes, who art the Lamb's chaste spouse,

inquires, Enlighten thou our minds within ;

But where was Agnes at that time? Not only lop the spreading boughs,

who offred up, and how, But root out of us every sin.

The two white lambes? where then was 0, Lady, singularly great,

Masse, After this state, with grief opprest

as it is used now? Translate us to that quiet seat

Yea, where was then the Popish state,

and dreadfull monarchee? Above, to triumph with the blest.

Sure in Saint Austen's time, there were From Naogeorgus, we gather that in St.

no palles at Rome to see, &c.
Agnes' church at Rome, it was 'custo- In Jephson's “ Manners, &c. of France
mary on St. Agnes' Day to bring two and Italy," there is one dated from Rome,
snow-white lambs to the altar, upon which February, 14, 1793. That this ceremony
they were laid while the Agnus was was then in use, is evident from the fol-
singing by way of offering. These con- lowing lines :-

St. Agnes' Shrine.
Where each pretty Ba-lamb most gaily appears,
With ribands stuck round on its tail and its ears;
On gold fringed cushions they're stretch'd out to eat,
And piously ba, and to church-musick bleat;
Yet to me they seem'd crying, alack, and alas!'
What’s all this white damask to daisies and grass?
Then they're brought to the Pope, and with transport they're kiss'd,

And receive consecration from Sanctity's fist.
Blessing of Sheep.

sung the mass of the Holy Ghost, and at
Stopford, in “ Pagano-Papismus," re- the conclusion, an offering of fourpence
cites this ceremony of the Romish church. was for himself, and another of three-
The sheep were brought into the church, pence was for the poor. This ceremony
and the priest, having blessed some salt was adopted by the Romish church from
and water, read in one corner this gospel, certain customs of the ancient Romans,
“ To us a child is born,” &c. with the in their worship of Pales, the goddess of
whole office, a farthing being laid upon sheepfolds and pastures. They prayed
the book, and taken up again; in the her to bless the sheep, and sprinkled them
second corner he read this gospel, “ Ye with water. The chief difference between
men of Galilee,” &c. with the whole the forms seems to have consisted in this,
office, a farthing being laid upon the that the ancient Romans let the sheep
book, and taken up again; in the third remain in their folds, while the moderns
corner be read this gospel, “ I am drove them into the church.
the good shepherd,” &c. with the whole
office, a farthing being laid upon the

FLORAL DIRECTORY. book, and taken up again; and in the fourth corner he read this gospel, “ In

St. Agnes. these days,” &c. with the whole office, Christmas Rose. Helleborus niger flore a farthing being laid upon the book, and

albo. taken up again. After that, he sprinkled all the sheep with holy water, saying,

Dainty young thing “ Let the blessing of God, the Father

Of life! - Thou vent'rous flower, Almighty, descend and remain upon you; Who growest through the hard, cold bower in the name of the Father, and of the Son, Of wintry Spring : and of the Holy Ghost. Amen." Then he Thou various-hued, signed all the sheep with the sign of the Soft, voiceless bell, whose spire cross, repeated thrice some Latin verses, Rocks in the grassy leaves like wire with the Paternoster and Ave-Marias, In solitude :


Like Patience, thou

ment of his fees; if convicted, he was set Art quiet in thy earth,

in the stocks on each of the three subseInstructing Hope that Virtue's birth

quent market-days in Halifax, with the Is Feeling's vow,

stolen goods on his back, if they were Thy fancied bride!

portable; if not, they were placed before The delicate Snowdrop, keeps

his face. This was for a terror to others, Her home with thee ; she wakes and sleeps and to engage any who had aught against Near thy true side.

him, to bring accusations, although after Will Man but hear!

the three market-days he was sure to be A simple flower can tell

executed for the offence already proved What beauties in his mind should dwell Turough Passion's sphere.

upon him. But the convict had ihe saJ. R. Prior,

tisfaction of knowing, that after he was CHRONOLOGY.

put to death, it was the duty of the coro1793. On the 21st of January, Louis

ner to summon a jury, “ and sometimes XVI. was beheaded at Paris, in the thirty; inquire into the cause of his death, and

the same jury that condemned him," to ninth year of his age, and nineteenth of his reign, under circumstances which

that a return thereof would be made into are in the recollection of many, and

the Crown-office; “which gracious and koowo to most persons. A similar in- sage proceedings of the coroner in that strument to the guillotine, the machine matter ought, one would think, to abate, by which Louis XVI. was put to death, in all considering minds, that edge of acriwas formerly used in England. It was

mony which hath provoked malicious and first introduced into France, during the prejudiced persons to debase this laudable revolution, by Dr. Guillotine, a physician,

and necessary custom.” So says the book. and hence its name.

In April, 1650, Abraham Wilkinson

and Anthony Mitchell were found guilty THE LALIFAX GIBBET AND GIBBET-LAW., of stealing nine yards of cloth and two

The History of Halifax in Yorkshire, colts, and on the 30th of the month re12 mo. 1712, sets forth “ a true account ceived sentence,“ to suffer death, by of their ancient, odd, customary gibbet- having their heads severed and cut off law; and their particular form of trying from their bodies at Halifax gibbet," and and executing of criminals, the like not they suffered accordingly. These were us'd in any other place in Great Britain." the last persons executed under Halifax The Halifax gibbet was in the forin of the gibbet-law. guillotine, and its gibbet-law quite as re

The execution was in this manner :markable. The work referred to, which is The prisoner being brought to the scaffold more curious than rare, painfully endea- by the bailiff, the axe was drawn up by a Fours to prove this law wise and salutary. pulley, and fastened with a pin to the It prevailed only within the forest of side of the scaffold. “ The bailiff, the Hardwick, wbich was subject to the lord jurors, and the minister chosen by the of the manor of Wakefield, a part of the prisoner, being always upon the scaffold duchy of Lancaster. If a felon were with the prisoner, in most solemo manner, taken within the liberty of the forest with after the minister had finished his miniscloth, or other commodity, of the value of terial office and christian duty, if it was thirteen-pence halfpenny, he was, after a horse, an ox, or cow, &c. that was taken three market-days from his apprehension with the prisoner, it was thither brought and condemnation, to be carried to the along with him to the place of execution, gibbet, and there have his head cut off and fastened by a cord to the pin that from his body. When first taken, he was stay'd the block, so that when the time brought to the lord's bailiff in Halifax, of the execution came, (which was known who kept the town, had also the keeping by the jurors holding up one of their of the axe, and was the executioner at the hands,) the bailiff, or his servant, whipgibbet. This officer snmmoned a jury of ping the beast, the pin was pluck'd out, frith-burghers to try him on the evi- and execution done, but if there were no dence of witnesses not upon oath : if ac

beast in the case, then the bailiff, or his quitted, he was set at liberty, upon pay- servant, cut the rope."


The Halifar Gibbet. But if the felon, after his apprehension, 1623 to 1650 there were twelve execuor in his going to execution, happened to tions. The machine is destroyed. The make his escape out of the forest of Hard- engraving placed above, represents the wick, which liberty, on the east end of instrument, from a figure of it in an old the town, doth not extend above the map of Yorkshire, which is altogether breadth of a small river; on the north better than the print of it in the work about six hundred paces; on the south before cited. about a mile; but on the west about ten miles ;--if such an escape were made, The worthy author of the Halifax then the bailiff of Halifax had no power gibbet-book seems by his title to be well to apprehend him out of his liberty; but assured, that the machine was limited to, if ever the felon came again into the and to the sole use and behoof of, his liberty of Hardwick, and were taken, he district; but in this, as in some other was certainly executed. One Lacy, who particulars, he is mistaken. made his escape, and lived seven years A small print by Aldegraver, one of out of the liberty, after that time coming the little German masters, in 1553, now boldly within the liberty of Hardwick, lying before the writer, represents the was retaken, and executed upon his for- execution of Manlius, the Roman, by the mer verdict of condemnation.

same instrument; and he has a similar The records of executions by the Ha- print by Pens, an early engraver of that lifax gibbet, before the time of Elizabeth, school. There are engravings of it in are lost; but during her reign twenty- books printed so early as 1510. In five persons suffered under it, and from Hollinshed's Chronicle there is a cut of


a man who had attempted the life of the violence of a blow on the head of the Henry III. suffering by this instrument. axe, with his heavy maul, forced it through In Fox's “ Acts and Monuments," there the man's neck into the block. I have is another execution in the same manner. seen the draught of the like heading-in

The “ maiden" by which James, earl strument, where the weighty axe (made of Morton, the regent of Scotland, was heavy for that purpose) was raised up put to death for high treason in 1581, and fell down in such a riggetted frame, was of this form, and is said to have been which being suddenly let to fall, the constructed by his order from a model of weight of it was sufficient to cut off a one that he had seen in England: he was man's head at one blow.” the first and last person who suffered by it in Scotland; and it still exists in the Remarkable instances of the mildness parliament-house at Edinburgh. In “The of January, 1825, are recorded in the Cloud of Witnesses; or the last Speeches provincial and London journals. In the of Scottish Martyrs since 1680,” there is first week a man planting a hedge near a print of an execution in Scotland by a Mansfield, in Yorkshire, found a blacksimilar instrument. The construction of bird's nest with four young ones in it. such a machine was in contemplation for The Westmoreland Gazette states, that on the beheading of lord Lovat in 1747: he the 13th a fine ripe strawberry was gaapproved the notion—“ My neck is very thered in the garden of Mr. W. Whiteshort," he said, “ and the executioner head, Storth End, near End-Moor, and will be puzzled to find it out with about the same time a present of the

his axe: if they make the machine, I same fruit was made by Thomas Wilson, | suppose they will call it lord Lovat's Esq. Thorns, Underbartow, to Mr. Aldermaiden."

man Smith Wilson, some of them larger in bulk than the common hazel-nut. In

deed the forwardness of the season in the Randle Holme in his “ Armory” de- north appears wonderful. It is stated in scribes an heraldic quartering, thus : the Glasgow Chronicle of the 11th, that on " He beareth gules, an heading-block the 7th, bees were flying about in the garfixed between two supporters, with an den of Rose-mount; on the 9th, the sky was are placed therein; on the sinister side a without a cloud; there was scarcely a maule, all proper.". This agreeable bear- breath of wind, the blackbirds were singing he figures as the reader sees it.

ing as if welcoming the spring ; pastures wore a fine, fresh, and healthy appearance; the wheat-braird was strong, thick in the ground, and nearly covering the soil ; vegetation going on in the gardens ; the usual spring flowers making their appearance; the Christmas rose, the snowdrop, the polyanthea, the single or border anemone, the hepatica in its varieties, and the mazerion were in full bloom; the Narcissus making its appearance, and the crocusses showing colour. On the 11th, at six o'clock, the thermometer in Nelsonstreet, Glasgow, indicated 44 degrees; on the 9th, the barometer gained the ex

traordinary height of 31.01 ; on the 11th, it Holme observes, that “this was the was at 30-8. The Sheffield Mercury reJews' and Romans' way of beheading of- presents, that within six or seven weeks fenders, as some write, though others say preceding the middle of the month, the they used to cut off the heads of such, barometer had been lower and higher than with a sharp, two-handed sword : how- had been remarked by any living indiviever, this way of decollation was by lay- dual in that town. On the 23d of Noing the neck of the malefactor on the vember it was so low as 27.5; and on block, and then setting the axe upon it, the 9th of January at 11 P. m. it stood at which lay in a rigget in the two side- 30.65. In the same place the following posts or supporters; the executioner with meteorological observations were made :



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JANUARY, 1825.

Remember on St. Vincent's day.

If that the sun bis beams display.

Dr. Forster, in the “ Perennial Calen,


dar," is at a loss for the origin of the com. 12th


mand, but he thinks it may have been 13th,....


derived from a notion that the sun would
14th .....

not shine unominously on the day whereon BAROMETER. TEN O'CLOCK A. M.

the saint was burnt.

DO. P. M.
30-4. 30:3


13th ...
30-5 29.9

1800.-On the 22d of January, in this 14th ... 29-5.. 29.7 year, died George Steevens, Esq. F. R. S. At Paris, in the latter end of 1824, the F. A. S. He was born at Stepney, in barometer was exceedingly high, consi- 1751 or 1752, and is best known as the dering the bad weather that had prevail- editor of Shakspeare, though to the ver, ed, and the moisture of the atmosphere. satility and richness of his talents there are There had been almost constant and in- numerous testimonials. He maintained cessant rain. The few intervals of fair the greatest perseverance in every thing weather, were when the wind got round a he undertook. He never relaxed, but few points to the west, or the northward sometimes broke off favourite habits of of west : but invariably, a few hours long indulgence suddenly. In this way after, the wind again got to the south- he discontinued his daily visits to two west, and the rain commenced falling. It booksellers. This, says his biographer in appeared as if a revolution had taken the Gentleman's Magazine, he did" after place in the laws of the barometer. The many years' regular attendance, for no barometer in London was at 30:48 in real cause.” It is submitted, however, May, 1824, and never rose higher during that the cause, though unknown to others, the whole year.

may have been every way sufficing and

praiseworthy. He who has commenced a January 22.

practice that has grown into a destroyer

of his time and desires to end it, must St. Vincent. St. Anastasius. St. Vincent was a Spanish martyr, said snap it in an instant. If he strive to abate to have been tormented by fire, so that he it by degrees, he will find himself relax

ing by degrees. died in 304. His name is in the church of England calendar. Butler

affirms that him fast," unless he achieve, not the de

“ Delusions strong as hell will bind his body was “thrown in a marshy field among rushes, but a crow defended it termination to destroy, bụt the act of de from wild beasts and birds of prey.” The struction. The will and the power are Golden Legend says that angels had had taken snuff all his life, he never took

two. Steevens knew this, and though he the guardianship of the body, that the crow attended to drive away birds and Paul's church-yard. Had he taken one

one pinch after he lost his box in St. fowls greater than himself, and that after he might have taken one more, and then he had chased a wolf with his bill and beak, he then turned his head towards bit in a paper, and then, he would have

only another, and afterwards only a little the body, as if he marvelled at the keep- died as he lived—a snuff-taker. No; ing of it by the angels. His relics ne

Steevens appears to have discovered the cessarily worked miracles wherever they grand secret; thac a man's self is the were kept. For their collection, separa- great enemy of himself

, and hence his intion, and how they travelled from place to

tolerance of self - indulgence even in place, see Butler.

degree. Brand, from a MS. note by Mr. Douce,

His literary collections were remarkreferring to Scot's “ Discoverie of Witchcraft," cites an old injunction to observe ably curious, and as regards the days that whether the sun shines on St. Vincent's

are gone, of great value. day. « Vincenti festo si Sol radiet memor este.” It is thus done into English by Abraharo

St. Vincent Fleming :

Early Witlow grass. Draba verna.


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