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to'dispose of them by my Will: all the other instruments and tubes provided at jny own charge.
1679. Aug. 17. Sir Jonas Moor died. His Sonn Sir J. M. thrown from his horse, died.
1680. Made the Voluble [?] Quadrant at my own Charge.
1680. Dec. 12. O first saw and observed ye great Comet; observed it till Feb. /8, (80—81.)'
1680. Mr. Newton s first Letter to me about the Comet.
81. Imparted my observations of the Comet with y« may [be] derived from them.
85 or 86. gave him* the diameters of the planets in all Positions of the earth, and them in their orbits: got it back with much difficulty after 2 years detention.
He disputed against the comets of Nov. and Dec. being the same, in 2 long letters in Feb. and March 81°; now, in 85, he owned they might be so as I had asserted, and slightly mentioned me as ditputing for their being the same as in y« 4th book of his principles; whereas I affirmed it, and himself disputed against it.
1687. his principles published: little notice taken of her Ma"*" Observatory.
1688 & 9. made the New large Arch and Stan" • • • Sharp.
89. Began my observations of the * • s distances from our vertex with it.
Sept. 12. 5 & 13 7/'got the Clock removed by Nov. 15 o.:
89. Dec. 10. first observation of the J's place compared with my lunar Tables in ye 4th book of calculations, pag. 5.
After this I observed the <[ and planets frequently wth the New Arch; examined the lunar observations, commonly the morning after they were got, and compared them with my Tables, till April 1692, whereby I saw the faults of the Tables sometimes were near one-third of a degree.
1694. Sept. 1 h Mr. Newton come to visit me; I shewed him these Collations drawn up in 3 large Synopses, and on his request gave him copys of them, he promising me not to impart or communicate them to any body; this promise I required of him because, as I then told him, I made use of some places of the fixed Stars which I had derived from
observations made with the" Sextant, which were not so exact as those taken with the Murall Arch; that I had now gotten a good stock of observations of the fixed • * s, should make a larger and much exacter Catalogue, that the (['s observed places should be derived from; the places of the stars in my New Catalogue, and then I would impart them to him, which he approved, and by a Letter of his dated confest.
Nevertheless he imparted what he derived from them both to Dr. Gregory and Mr, H :* contra datam /idem.
After he had got the 3 Synopses of D's observations to him he desired more of them, and this caused an Intercourse of letters betwixt us, wherein I imparted to him about 100 more of y" ]) 'places, but finding this took up much time, and being now entered in my Rectification of the places of the fixed stars, and very busy in it, I was forced to leave off my correspondence w" him at that time, having found that his corrections of my numbers still gave y° Moon's places 8 or 9 minutes erroneous, tho' Dr. G. and Dr. Halley had boasted they would agree wlh in 2' or 3'—I was ill of the stone very oft and had [illegible] ye head ach till Sept. when freed of it by a violent fit of y« stone and my usuall medicine— Deo Lam.
1695'orlC96. Sir I. N.+ being made an Officer'in the Mint came to London. I sometimes visited him there or at his own house in Jermin Street: we continued civil, but he was not so friendly as formerly, because I could
Mr. H. and Dr. G. assertions concerning his corrections of y« Ilorroccian lunar theorys.
1696. A Correspondence begun w* Mr. Bosseley an Apothecary of Bakewell in Derbyshire and Mr. Luke Leigh a poor Kinsman of Mr. Ualleys of the same clan,'and myself. Mr. Bosseley wanted observation for correcting the planets places I furnished him, and set him on fj and 3/ •
Mr. Leigh I hired to calculate the places of the fixed Stars from their Right Ascentions and distances from the Northern Pole determined by myself.
1696. Dec. 11 I received from him the places of the Stars in the Constellations of US and , which whilst he had been doing the_ same, were done by
The Stars in Hevelius his Sextant and Monsceros. yc Linx, Camelopardalus, Canes, Vanatici, were calculated afterwards in 1705. 6. 7. 8 by my servants, J. Woolferman and J. Crosthwaite, and the Constellations of Hercules and Cassiopea enlarged with y* addition of many Stars observed in the years 1705. 6. 7. 8. by them and Mr. Ab. Ryley.
In the mean time as often as I met with Sir I. N. he was very inquisitive how the Catalogues went on, I answered as it stood; and when he came here commonly shewed him how it stood in my books, not suspecting any design, but hoping he might serve me as kindly as I had assisted him freely with my pains when he desired me.
1698. At Michaelmas was at Derby and Bakewell.
F 1697—8. Feb. 6, ye CZAR first came to Greenwich.
1704. April 11. £ Mr. Newton came to the Observat." dined with me, saw
the Volumes of Observations, so much "of the Catalogue as was then finished, with the Charts of. the Constellations' both J. W's* and those copied by .Vansomer: desired to have the recommending of them to. y Prince: I knew his temper, that he would be my fr. no further than to serve his own ends, and that he was spitefull and swayed by those that were worse than himself; this made me refuse him: however, when be went away he promised me he would recommend them, tho he never intended me any good by it, but to get me under him, that I might be obliged to boy him up as E H f has done hitherto.
1704. Nov. 8. Wrote the Estimate, which was read without my knowledge at the R. S. The Members thought it ought to be recommended to the Prince; the President joynd with them, a Committee was appointed to attend his R. H. even without acquainting me with it, an estimate of the charges drawn up without my knowledge: the Prince allows it—Mr. N. says [illegible.]
He 'concludes me now in bis power, does all he can to hinder the work, or spoyls it by encouraging the printers to commit faults.
We must print the Observations, tho I had shewed in my printed ."Estimate, that for very good reasons the Charts of the Constellations ought first to be set upon.
Mr. N. told me he hoped I would give a Note under my hand of security for the Prince's Money; this I knew was to oblige me to be his slave: I answered that I had, God be thanked, some estate of my own which I hoped to leave for my wife's support, to her during her life, to my own Relations after; that] therefore I would pot cumber my own estate with imprests or securitys, but if they would please to take his R>- H«- moneys into their hands I would sign the workmen's bill to them, whereby they would see if they were reasonable at the same time. I
I was told I should have all the printed copys save what his R. H. should have to present to the Universitys.
And Mr. N. granted that since I refused to handle'any of his R. H. money there was no need of tecuritys or Articles —Nevertheless
St. Susanna, 3rd Cent. St. Gery, or Gaugericus, Bp. A. D. 619. St. Equititts, A. D. Mo.
The dog-days end on this day. This period in the year 1825, was remarkable for longer absence of rain and greater heat than usual. It was further remarkable for numerous conflagrations, especially in the metropolis and its environs.
Dr. Forster in his Perennial Calendar, observes, that the gentle refreshing breezes by day, and the delicious calms by night, at this time of year, draw a vast concourse of persons of leisure to the shores of Great Britain and France in the months of August and September. There is perhaps no period of the year when the seaside is more agreeable. Bathing, sailing, and other marine recreations, are at no time better suited to beguile the hours of the warm summer day than at present; and the peculiar stillness of a seaside evening scene, by moonlight, is now to be enjoyed in perfection, as Cynthia begins to ascend higher in her car after the termination of the nightless summer solstice, and when the unremitted heat of the dogdays at length gives place to the more refreshing dews of fa longer period of nocturnalj coolness. The peculiar beauties of a sea-scene'by night are thus described by a cotemporary poet:—^
The sky was clear and the breeze'was still,
The air was soft and the night was fine,
While the moonbeams played on the sparkling brine j
No longer responsive to whirlwinds' roar, . But in white flowing silvery mantle drest,
With silken shoons danced along the shore.
But the imagery of a calm sea is more than by any other author when he tells poetically described by Milton, perhaps, us:—
That not a blast was from his dungeon strayed,
The swift, hirundo apns, is missed, says Dr. Forster, in its usual haunts about this time. The great body of these birds migrate at once, so that we are struck with their absence about the old steeples of churches and other edifices which they usually inhabit, and from whence they sally forth on rapid wings ■ ach morning and evening in search of food', wheeling round and round, and ut
tering a very* loud piercing and peculiar cry, wherefore they are called squeakers. For the last month past, these birds may* have been seen flying in lofty gyrations in the air, and seemingly exercising their wings and preparing for their aerial voyage. It is not precisely ascertained to what countries they go when they leave Europe.
Insects, says Dr. Forster, still continue to swarm and to sport in the sun from flower to flower. It is very amusing to observe, in the bright sun of an August morning, the animation and delight of some of the lepidopterous insects. That beautiful little blue butterfly, papilio argut, is then all life and activity, flitting from flower to flower in the grass with remarkable vivacity: there seems to be a constant rivalship and contention between this beauty, and the not less elegant little beau, papilio phla-as. Frequenting the same station, attached to the same head of clover, or of harebell, whenever they approach, mutual animosity seems to possess them; and darting on each other with courageous rapidity, they buffet and contend until one is driven from the field, or to a considerable distance from his station, perhaps many hundred yards, when the victor returns to his post in triumph; and this contention is renewed, as long as the brilliancy of the sun animates their courage. When the beautiful evening of this season ai rives, we again see the bat:—
'The bat begins with giddy wing
His circuit round the shed and tree; And clouds of dancing gnats to sing A^summer night's serenity.
China Aster. Aster C/iinens'u.
3rtSU$t 12. •
St. Clare, Abbess, A. D. 1253. St. Kuplus, A. D. 304. St. Muredach, First 'Bp. qf Killala, A. D. 440. -|
Chronology. King George IV. was born on the 12th of August, 1762; but the anniversary is kept on St. George's-day, the 23d of April.
Ctaflttf) of attgutt.
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
THE ill MM ). PETITION OF AN UNFORTUNATE J) AX. m
r I am a poor wronged Day. I appeal to you as the .general patron of the
family of the Vayt. The- candour with which you attended to the expostulations of a poor relative of ours—a sort of cousin thrice removed*— encourages me to hope that you will listen to the complaint of a Day, of rather more consequence. I am the Day, Sir, upon which it pleased the course of nature that your gracious Sovereign should be born. As such, before his Accession, I was always observed and honoured. But since that happy event, in which naturally none had a greater interest than myself, a flaw has been discovered in my title. My lustre has been eclipsed, and—to use the words of one of your own poets,—
"I fade into the light of common day." \ It seems, that about that time, an Impostor crept into Court^ who has the effrontery to usurp my honours, Mid to style herself the King't-birth-Day, upon some shallow pretence that, being St, Georges-Day, she must needs be KingGeorge's-Day also. AU-Saintt-Day we have heard of, and AU-Souls-Day we art willing to admit; but does it follow that this foolish Twenty Third of April must be AU-George't-Day, and enjoy a monopoly of the whole name from George of Cappadocia to George of Leyden, and from George-a-Green down to Georji Dyer?
It looks a little oddly that I was discarded not long after the dismission of a set of men and measures, with whom I have nothing in common. I hope t» whisperer has insinuated into the ears of Royalty, as if I were any thing Whiggish'y inclined.when in my heart.I abhor all these kind of Revolutions, by which I am sure to be the greatest sufferer.
I wonder my shameless Rival can bare the face to let the Tower and Park Goes proclaim so many big thundering fibs H they do, upon her Anniversary—>. . . our Sovereign too to be older than be is y an hundred and odd days, which is c~ greatcompliment one would think. Consider if this precedent for ante-datitvt J Births should become general, what ^refusion it must make in Parish Reigistewhat crowds of young heirs we sboai. have coming of age before they are see- and-twenty, with numberless siietlr grievances. If these chops and chaw* are suffered, we shall have Lord-A/<i%*r Day eating her custard unautheaati^Jiy i:
May, and Gtiy Faux preposterously blazing twice over in the Dog-day*.
I humbly submit, that it is not within the prerogatives of Royalty itself, to be born twice over. We have read of the supposititious births of Princes, but where are the evidences of this first Birth ! Why are not the nurses in attendance, the midwife, &c. produced ?—the silly story has not so much as a Warming Pan to support it.
My legal advisers, to comfort me, tell me that I have the right on my side; that I am the true Birth-Day, and the other Day is only kept. But what consolation is this to me, as long as this naughtykept creature keeps me out of my dues and privileges?
| Pray take my unfortunate case into your consideration, and see that I am restored to my lawful Rejoicings, Firings, Bon-Firings, Illuminations, &c.
And your Petitioner shall ever pray,
Twelfth Day of August.
The Editoii's Answer.
You mistake my situation: I am not the " patron," but a poor servant of the X>ays—engaged to attend their goings out and comings in, and to teach people to pay proper respect to them. Mine is no trifling post, Madam; for without disrespect to you, many of your ancient family were spoiled long ago, 'hy silly persons having taken undue notice of them; and in virtue of my office, I am a sort of judge in their court of fclaims, without authority to enforce obedience to my opinions. However, I shall continue to do my duty to the Days, and to their friends, many of whom are mere hangerson, and, in spite of their pretended regard, grossly abuse them :—but this only verifies the old saying, "Too rauch'familiarity breeds contempt:" such liberties must not be allowed, nor must the antiquity of the Days be too much insisted on. It is said, " there's reason in every thing," but there's very little in some of the Old Days—excuse me, Madam, you are a young one; and I have something to excuse in you, which I readily do, on account of your inexperience, and of your bringing up.
That you are "the King's birth.Day' is undisputed: you are stated so to be in the almanac; as witness this line in August, 1825 ■ •
«12. F. 0tO> IV. b." '!
Can any thing be plainer than the b. or more certain than that it stands for born > So much then for your rank in the Day family, and at Court, where you are acknowledged, and received as the birthDay once a year, and "kept" as well a* . His Majesty can keep you. A king rei' presents the majesty of the public welfare, and maintains the dignity of the throne, whereon he is placed by promoting the interests of, the people. His present Majesty regards your, and their, and his own, interest by'remembering you, when you are not entitled to especial recollection,, with another day in the 'almanac and this remembrance stands in April 1825, thus
23. S. JM* <8t0.&,b.
St. George's Day does not supersede you; it is not called the King's-birth-Day f the almanac by Si. "0. b. it. denotes that you, the King1 s-birth-Day, are kept with all the honours due to your August quality on St. George's-Day. If it had not "pleased the course of nature," you would only have been distinguished as the first Day after the Daywhereon the Almanac says " Dog-Day* end "—a fine distinction 1
"It looks a little oddly " you say that you 'should have been %" discarded not long after the dismission of a set of men and measures with whom you have nothing in common ;" and you "hope," that t" no whisperer has insinuated" that you are "whiggishly inclined." Allow me to tell you, Madam, that if the family of ths Days had not been " whiggishly inclined '• in the year 1688, you might still have been a "common Day." I know not how you incline now, and it is of very little consequence; for all "parties" are busy in promoting the happiness of the commonwealth, and I hope, in my lifetime at least, that no Day will be dishonoured by dissensions about trifles at home, or war upon any pretence abroad. And now, Madam, after this indispensable notice of your little flaunt, let me add, that the prorogation of parliament during that season when " in the course of nature " you arrive, and the king's attention to the manufacturing and trading of the country,"are obvious reasonsJbr keeping the King's-birth-Day, in customary splendour on the 23d Day of April, instead of the 12th Day of August, Yott arejio