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As earth's gigantic brood by moments grow.
It was fabled of the giants that they grew fifteen ells a day.

So ere the Shunamite, &c.
See the second book of Kings, chap. iv.

Thus Ifrael finn'd, &c.
First of Samuel, ch. iv. v. 10.

Not Amalek can rout, &c.
Exodus, ch. xviii. v. 8.

Of all the Greeks, &c.
Aristides was firnamed the Juft. See bis Life, written by Plu-
tarch.

M A C-F L E C K N O E.

HIS is one of the best, as well as feverest satires, ever

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hero of the piece, and introduced, as if pitched upon, by MacFlecknoe, to succeed him in the throne of dullness; for Flecknoe was never poet-laureat, as has been ignorantly afferted in Cib. ber's Lives of the Poets.

Richard Mac-Flecknoe, Esq; from whom this poem derives its name, was an Irish priest, who had, according to his own declaration, laid aside the mechanic part of the priesthood. He was well known at court; yet, out of four plays which he wrote, could get only one of them acted, and that was damned. “ has," says Langbaine, “ published sundry works, as he stiles " them, to continue his name to posterity, tho possibly an ene

has done that for him, which his own endeavors could never “ have perfected: for, whatever may become of his own pieces, “ his name will continue, whilst Mr. Dryden's satire, called Mac“ Flecknoe, shall remain in vogue."

At the revolution, when Dryden was deprived of the laurel, it was conferred upon Mr. Thomas Shadwell ; and this clection, together with the favor he enjoyed among the Whigs, occasioned our author's resentment. It does not appear, however, that he was so very contemptible a genius as he is here represented to be. His plays, which were seventeen in number, were performed with applause in many places : they are not void either of wit or incident; and several of his characters have been much ad

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mired. He had taken opium for many years, wherehy he was at last carried suddenly out of the world in 1692, and was buried at Chelsea. There is a monument erected to his memory in Westminster-Abbey. From this poem Pope took the hint of his Dunciad.

Heywood and Shirley were but types of thee. Thomas Heywood lived in the days of Queen Elizabeth, and was certainly a most voluminous writer : for he tells us in his dedication of the English Traveller, a tragi-comedy, that he has had an entire hand, or, at least, a main finger in two hundred and twenty dramatic pieces : of these there remain only twentyfive that are perfect. He was an actor as well as an author; and Winstanley, in his Lives of the Poets, says, “ He not only acted • himself almost every day, but also wrote a sheet each day ; “ and that he might lose no time, many of his plays were com

posed in the tavern.”

Mr. James Shirley has left us thirty-eight dramatic pieces, one of which called the Gamester, with amendments and corrections, was presented at Drury-lane in 1757. He died soon after the restoration.

St. Andre's feet ne'er kept, &c.
A French dancing-master, at this time greatly admired.

Not evin the feet of thy own Plyche's rhyme. Psyche, is an opera of Shadwell's, founded on the French of Moliere, and dedicated to the Duke of Monmouth. In his dedication he obferves, that tho some of his enemies may have plenty of wit, they have not money to supply their own neceffities. This is an oblique and illiberal reflection upon Dryden.

Where their vast courts the mother - trumpets, &c.
A parody on these lines in Cowley's Davides, B. I.

" Where their vast courts, the mother-waters keep,
" And undisturb’d by moons, in silence sleep,

where untledg’d tempests lie,
“ And infant-winds their tender voices try.”

Simkin just reception finds. Simkin is a character of a cobler in an interlude. Panton, who is mentioned soon after, was a famous punfter.

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For antient Decker, &c. Thomas Decker, a dramatic poet of James the Ift's reign, who has left us twelve plays; in four of which he was assisted by Webster, Rowley, and Ford. He contended with Ben Jonson, to whom he was infinitely inferior, for the bayes, as Shadwell did with Dryden, but not with equal success.

But worlds of misers, &c.
The miser and the humorists were two of Shadwell's comedies

whole Raymond families, and tribes of Bruce. The first of these is a character in the Humorists ; the second in the Virtuofo ; both are drawn for men of wit and sense, but are rather intipid and disagreeable,

Much Heywood, Shirley, Ogilby there lay. John Ogilby, Efg; was born at Edinburgh, and bred a dancingmaster. Having a fmattering of learning, and a knack at rhymes, he translated the Iliad, the Odyffey, the Æneid, and Afop's fables, into English verse, and published them with sculptures : he wrote besides two heroic poems, one called the Ephesian matron, the other, the Roman Slave: and an Epic poem, in twelve books, to the honor of Charles I. which was lost in the fire of London. He was master of the revels in Ireland, under Lord Strafford, and built a theatre in St. Werburgh-street, Dublin, which was ruined in the troubles of that kingdoın. Being confirmed in his post after the revolution, he erected another that cost him 20001. He was a bad poet, but master of valt application, and died in his seventy-fixth year. His corpse was interred in St. Bride's church, Fleet-street.

And Herringman was captain of the band,
See our first vol.

Reyond love's kingdom, &c.
This is the name of that one play of Flecknoe's, which was
aced, but milcarried in the representation.

Let virtuofo's in five years be writ. Shadwell's play of the Virtuoso, in which Sir Formal Trifle, a florid coxcomical orator, is a principal character, was first acted in 1676 ; and he tells the Duke of Newcastle, in the dedication, " that here he has endeavored at humor, wit, and satire,”

Let gentle George in triumph, &c. Sir George Etheredge was a man of wit and pleasure; gentsous, affable, indolent, sprightly, and intemperate : he was re: sident for soine time at Ratisbon, from James II. in whose exile he Shared ; and is said to have broke his neck by a fall down stairs, as he was taking leave of some guests, being not rightly fober. His play of Sir Fopling Flutter is often acted, in which Dorimant and Mrs. Loveit, are principal characters : the former was drawn for Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, and Medley for the author himself, as was Sir Fopling for Sir George Hewit: who the lady was I don't know; and every character in the play was said to be taken from fome living original. Cully and Cockwood are chą. racters in his Love in a T'ub.

But let no alien Sedley interpose. Sir Charles Sedley was supposed sometimes to assist Shadwell in writing. He was a man of great galiantry, end pleasant conversation ; but extravagant and debauched : in great esteem with King Charles ; vet one of the first men to promote the revolution, which he said he did out of gratitude. “King James," said he, "out of his royal care, made my daughter a countess: in “ return, I have done all in my power to raile his to a throne." King James had debauched his daughter, and created her countefs of Dorchester. His works have been collected in two voJumes; among which are to be found eight plays. His versification is easy, his sentiments tender, his turns delicate, and his

stile pure.

Lard Rochester, in his imitation of the tenth satire of the first book of Horace, has the following verses in his commendation.

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“ Sedley has that prevailing gentle art,
“ That can with a resistless charm iinpart
“ The loosest wishes to the chastest heart :
“ Raise such a conflict, kindle such a fire,
• Betwixt declining virtue and desire ;
u that the poor vanquish'd maid diffolves away
In dreams all night, in sighs and tears all day;"{

To lard with wit thy hungry Epsom prose.
Alluding to Shadwell's comedy, called Epsom Wells.

And does thy northern dedications fill.
Several of his pieces are dedicated to the writing Duke and
Duchess of Newcastle.

By arrogating Jonson's hoftile name. Shadwell's friends set him upon a rank with Ben Jonson, for character and wit; and he affected to talk of that poet as the original from whom he copied.

prince Nicander's ftrain.
A character of a lover in the opera of Psyche

Nor let thy mountain-belly, &c.
Alļuding to Shadwell's form, who was pretty lusty.

For Bruce and Longville, &c. Two very heavy characters in Shadwell's Virtuoso, whoin he calls gentlemen of wit and good sense.

E P I S T L E S.

EPISTLE I.

To my honored friend Sir Robert Howard, &c.

IR Robert Howard, a younger son of Thomas Earl of Berk

time in Magdalene-college. He suffered many oppressions on account of his loyalty, and was one of the few of King Charles the Ild's friends, whom that monarch did not forget. Perhaps he had his present ends in it; for Sir Robert, who was a man of parts, helped him to obtain money in parliament, wherein he sate as burgess, first for Stockbridge, and afterwards for CastleRifing in Norfolk. He was soon after the restoration, made a knight of the Bath, and one of the auditors of the Exchequer, valued at 3000 l. per ann. Notwithstanding that he was supposed to be a great favorer of the Catholics, he soon took the oaths to King William, by whom he was made a privy-counseller in the beginning of the year 1689 ; and no man was a more open or inveterate enemy to the Nonjurors.

Several of his pieces, both in prose and verse, were published at different times; among which are the Duel of the Stags, a celebrated poem; the comedy of the Blind Lady; the Committce, or, the Faithful Irishman ; the Great Favorite, or, the Duke of Lerma; the Indian Queen, a tragedy, written in conjunction

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