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Published.lan?11926, for the Congregational Mag. B1-B..J. Erldswerck If Se Pauls Church Pard, London. THE
No. 13. N. S.]
MEMOIR OF THE REV. DAVID BOGUE, D.D. LATE TUTOR OF THE HAMPSHIRE AND MISSIONARY CADEMY; AND PASTOR OF THE
INDEPENDENT CHURCH, COSPORT.
Dr. Bennet having, at the request of Dr. Bogue's family, engaged to prepare the Memoirs of his life for the press, his private papers and extensive correspondence are, in course, reserved for the use of his accredited biographer.--The Editors of this Magazine, wishing, however, to gratify the anxiety of the public, respecting the past history of this lamented Minister, have availed themselves in the following Memoir of those biographical accounts, which have been furnished in the several funeral sermons published on his death, and have not unfrequently adopted the language in which they are conveyed. At the same time, reference has been made to other sources of information, which, together, they trust, will enable them to give to their readers, in one narrative, the leading facts of his laborious and eminently useful life. DAVID Bogue was born on the to preach in connection with the 1st of March, 1750. He was the Presbyterian Church, he delivered fourth son of John Bogue, Esq. his first sermon in 1772; but was laird of Haly down, Berwickshire, not ordained by its ministers, as a little to the north of the boun- some difficulties arose in his mind, dary line which divides Scotland which led him to prefer the Indefrom England, and of Margaret pendent mode of church governSwanston, his wife. These exem- ment. This circumstance, it is plary individuals were the parents presumed, brought Mr. Bogue to of twelve children, and possessed England, and conducted him toat once of eminent piety and great wards those spheres of usefulness, respectability, they were solicitous which he subsequently filled with to give them a religious and classi- such eminent advantage to this cal education, which prepared their kingdom and the world. It apsons for those learned professions, pears, that in 1774, he became to which they afterwards devoted associated with his countryman, themselves. David was instructed the Rev. William Smith, who was in classical learning at the gram- pastor of an Independent church, mar-school of Eyemouth, from which then assembled in Silver whence he removed to Edinburgh, Street, London, and the head of a where it is believed he studied first large and respectable boardingat the High School, and subse- school, at the Mansion House, quently at the University nine or Camberwell. Mr. Bogue became ten years, with a view to the Chris- the assistant of this gentleman, tian ministry, and took the degree both in his academical and pasof M. A., which well became him. toral labours, and preached at During his residence in this city, Silver Street every
Sabbath mornthe laborious diligence, and the ing for three years, when an event pious deportment he displayed, transpired at Gosport, which led attracted the notice, and secured to that connection he so long the regard of many respectable retained with honour to himself individuals. Having been licensed and usefulness to the church. The NEW SERIES, No. 13.
Rev. James Watson had been frequently the case at that period, ordained the pastor of the ancient there is reason to fear, that he church at Gosport, after the de- entered upon its sacred duties cease of the Rev. T. Williams in simply to fulfil the requirements 1771; but having been devoted to of the profession in which he was the profession of the Christian mi- engaged, and destitute of that denistry by the partiality of his father, vout preference for his work, and the Rev. Dr. Watson,* as was too that elevation of soul in it, which
are indispensable to a successful * This gentleman was a native of Scot-· discharge of the ministry amongst land, and educated at Aberdeen, where Protestant Dissenters. The conhe took the degree of Master of Arts. He came to England in 1741, to be the gregation very naturally, therefore, pastor of an ancient congregational church
became dissatisfied with his serat Chisbill, Essex, where he resided for vices, and a large number of the twenty years. He then removed to Lon
members separated from his charge, don, and was twenty years pastor of the church now in Union Street, Borough.
the and invited Mr. English, afterThe Rev. James Watson was his eldest wards of
dest wards of Wooburn, Bucks, to son, born November 25, 1746. He was minister to them. In a short time admitted to the academy then at Mile Mr. Watson became altogether End, under Drs. Walker, Gibbons, and
dissatisfied with his own miniConder, and afterwards studied in the University of Edinburgh. He was in
sterial character, and resigned it vited to succeed the Rev. T. Williams, to prosecute the study of the law, and was ordained in 1771; relinquished in which profession he at length the ministry in 1776, and in 1780, be
arose to the judicial bench. came a barrister ; in 1787, a serjeant at law, and about the same time Recorder of
Upon his relinquishment of the the Corporation of Bridport, Dorsetshire, pastoral charge, Mr. Bogue was and subsequently one of its representatives recommended to the church, and
a deputation was prudently sent distinctions of F.R.S. LL.D. and was knighted on being appointed, in 1795, to
to London to hear him, who having the honour of succeeding Sir W. Jones, enjoyed several opportunities of as one of his Majesty's Justices of the judging of his pulpit talents, reSupreme Court of Judicature, at Fort ported so favourably to their William, in Bengal. corded to the honour of Sir James Wat- brethren, that he was invited to son's principles and feelings, that his new supply there, and his services connections did not obliterate from his being highly acceptable, he was memory former times, for it was his prac- chosen to the pastoral office, and tice, whenever his family increased, to .visit, with his lady, their old friends in
was ordained at Gosport, June 18, Hampshire, and then to present their 1777. When Mr. B. came to offspring for public baptism, at the hands Gosport, the congregation was of his immediate successor, Dr. Bogue. very small; but he had laboured When he with his lady were about to embark for India, they worshipped for the
there only for a short time, ere he last time with this former charge at Gos- gained the esteem of those who port. Dr. B. then solicited Sir James's had separated from his church protection for the Missionaries, who whilst under Mr. Watson's care, might be sent to Bengal, and the Judge and Mr. English, therefore, with replied, “ Certainly, if they keep to their proper business, religion, and do not inter- eminent disinterestedness, called his fere with political affairs ;” but such is flock together, and suggested to the uncertainty of human life, he never them, that as a pastor was enjoyed the opportunity of redeeming his promise, for he arrived at Calcutta, Feb.
chosen by the society to which 27, 1797, and entering immediately on they originally belonged, in whom the duties of his office, he was seized with they might all unite, the cause a fever, April 29, of which in three days, of their separation ceased to exist, he died, in the fifty-first year of his age. and he therefore felt it his duty -Vide B. Hanbury's Historical Sketch, fc. and the Funeral Sermons of Drs. Bennet and
to resign the pastoral charge over them. The intention of Mr. Eng
He had obtained the
stry at his
lish being known to Mr. Bogue, who was pointed out by the finger he advised his flock to address a of Providence, as the fit person kind letter to their former brethren, to direct the studies of those who, at the same juncture, inviting them desiring the office of a bishop, to return. They accepted the invi- desire a good work. He theretation, which terminated their sepa- fore proposed to Mr. Bogue, that ration in a manner most honour- he should undertake the education able to all the parties concerned. of three young men for the miniMr. Bogue had not long been
With this resettled at Gosport, when a very quest he complied, and thus Mr. powerful inducement was held out Welsh became the founder of an to him, to quit the Independent academy, which, though its term denomination, and become a Pres- of study was limited, and its byterian minister in his native apparatus of education incomplete, country. An offer was made him yet, under the presidency of a masthrough the influence of Mr. Dun- ter mind, like that of its tutor, das, afterwards Lord Melville, of has been for nearly forty years one of the principal churches in eminently successful in producing the city of Edinburgh, which he, some of the ablest ministers with in course, declined, for after Mr. which our churches are at present Bogue had formed a deliberate blessed. judgment of the course of duty About this time the mind of which he ought to pursue, he was Mr. Bogue became powerfully not the man to swerve from it, affected with the conviction, that though flattered by statesmen, or it was the duty of Protestant Distempted by wealth. The meeting- senting churches, to attempt somehouse at Gosport was old, and in thing for the conversion of the an obscure situation ; but in a few heathen to Christianity, and he years, Mr. Bogue's ministry proved embraced every opportunity in the so generally acceptable and use- pulpit, and in private conference, ful, that a new and commodious to mourn over their neglect, and chapel was erected for him, which to urge all around him to prayer was at that time one of the largest and labour in this great cause. in the country. It was the happi. Whilst it would be folly to attriness of his valued parents to enjoy bute to Mr. Bogue the discovery the satisfaction of hearing, that his of a principle, which burned in ministerial course was prosperous
the bosoms of several nonconand effective. His father died in formist ministers, which was sub1786; but his mother continued sequently proposed to the churches till 1805, cheered by his filial by Dr. Doddridge,* and which, in piety and his advancing useful- our own days, animated at the
same moment the minds of Wil. In 1789, George Welsh, Esq. liams, Carey, and Horne, yet Mr. of London, banker, who had been Bogue was providentially placed long associated with his munificent in circumstances peculiarly fafriend, Mr. Thornton, of Clapham, vourable to its exhibition, and in the support of Mr. Cornelius thus has the honour of being Winter's private academy for amongst the very first, in modern young ministers at Painswick, times, to advocate this great but Gloucestershire, resolved to make long neglected duty. It is usually a similar attempt in the South of supposed, that our brethren of the England, and he was directed Baptist denomination were instruto Gosport, by the attractive force mental in exciting public attention of the wisdom, and the worth of to this momentous subject, and to the pastor of the church there, * Vide Cong. Mag. 1824, p. 511.
them indeed must be awarded the letter, dated June 1793. At length, honour of precedence in direct on the memorable 4th of November, and practical effort. for their the first concerted meeting was held; Society was formed at Kettering, it was a small, but glowing circle in October 1792; but on the 30th of ministers of various connections of March, in that year, Mr. Bogue and denominations, who resolved, preached at Salters' Hall, in Lon- on the most liberal principles, to don, the anniversary sermon before embark in this holy enterprize. “the Correspondent Board of the The opening of the year 1795, Society in Scotland for Propagat- was occupied in preparing and ing Christian Knowledge in the circulating several interesting letHighlands and Islands," and he ters to ministers and churches, availed himself of this favourable which are happily preserved in opportunity to press the topic on “ the introductory memorial rehis bearers, and afterwards, for specting the formation of the Misthe sermon was published, on his sionary Society.” On Tuesday, readers. This excellent and ani. the 22d of September, 1795, at mated discourse made a deep and Spa-Fields Chapel, in the midst wide impression, and, together with of a multitude, powerfully excited other co-operating circunstances, by the novelty and benevolence tended to produce a general con- of the object, the Society was viction, that little had been done formed; meetings for worship and for the conversion of the heathen business occupied the two followworld, and that it was the duty of ing days, and on the Thursday every Christian to aim at the culti- evening, Mr. Bogue preached, at vation of this highly important Tottenham Court Chapel, an able field. The subject continued to
entitled « Objections occupy his mind till 1794, when against a Mission to the Heathen he visited the Tabernacle at Bris- Stated and Considered,” in which tol, and was associated with the his manly sense, sanctified beneRev. J. Stevens, then minister of volence, and vigorous faith in the Crown Court Chapel, London, promises of God are conspias his colleague, and to him, in cuously displayed. In his closing company with Mr. Hay, then mini- sentence, his faith seems to have ster of Castle Green Meeting, attained an elevation, which led Bristol, he disclosed his plans, him to anticipate the verdict of and it was agreed he should write coming generations, respecting the a paper recommending missions transactions in which he was then to the heathen, and obtain its in- engaged-anticipations which it sertion in the Evangelical Maga- is only necessary to transcribe, zine; it therefore appeared in to convince
reader how the number of that work for Sep- happily they have been realized. tember 1794, addressed « To the “ This year will, I hope, form Evangelical Dissenters who practice an epoch in the history of man; infant baptism.”
and from this day by our exertions, The scriptural argument, the and by the exertions of others forcible appeals, and Christian whom we shall provoke to zeal, benevolence of this letter excited the kingdom of Jesus Christ shall a sacred ardour in the minds of be considerably enlarged, both at thousands. Dr. Edward Wil- home and abroad, and continue liams, then of Birmingham, replied to increase till the knowledge of to this address in the Evangelical God cover the earth as the waters Magazine, stating, that missionary cover the sea.' When we left our objects had been recommended by homes, we expected to see a day the Warwickshire Associated Mi- of small things, which it was our nisters to their people, in a circular design not to despise, but to cherish