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ready to meet all comers, and a visit to the jurists of Göttinasserting himself and his opinions gen. Goethe was then alive, and without compromise. Then he Hayward heard so much about took an intense interest in pub- him from his admirers, that he lic affairs and in other people's set about a translation of Faust' affairs. Though he never held any in prose, which he published; public office, he threw himself into and with his accustomed energy, the questions of the day with all before issuing a second edition, the ardour of a professional politi- went again to Germany, where cian, and always as an uncompro- he consulted many eminent litermising partisan. With the same ary men and friends of the poet ; vehemence he would press into the and, thus fortified, the new edition quarrels, scandals, intrigues, and rapidly attained to consideration family histories of the world around both in Germany and England. him; and having an extraordinary This opened for him a door in memory, his value as a social chron- London society, which he was not icle, joined to his extensive literary the man to remain outside of, and information, rendered him accept- gave him the opportunity of using able in the boudoirs, and thus in- those means for pushing his way creased his general importance. with which he was so notably Thus it came to pass that he had equipped. Hobhouse, Macaulay, a large circulation ; that those who Scarlett, Whewell, Thirlwall, John met him everywhere took him to Wilson, Babbage, Wordsworth, be somebody; and that public men Southey, Sydney Smith, Lady found him most convenient to Blessington, were some of his correfer to on all matters of recent respondents and acquaintances at political history, and also on the this period. At this time he had opinions of their rivals and oppon- chambers in the Temple (having ents, which, as soon as they were apparently a certain amount of imparted to him, he never failed practice), and gave little dinners, to proclaim most impartially: and which it was his ambition to renas nothing afforded him so much der choice of their kind. The comdelight as to be for the moment pany was of the best, with such Mercury among the gods, he came guests as Lockhart, Hook, James to be known as a useful person in Smith, Lord Lyndhurst, Macaulay, a difficulty, and, at moments when Tom Moore, Louis Napoleon, and fear of change was perplexing min- Mrs Norton. The viands were istries, might be met with hur- carefully selected, and the enterrying from one great man to an- tainments owed perhaps some of other, hanging on their arms in their undoubted vogue to the fact the public ways, asserting their that the host had just repubpolicy, denouncing their opponents lished a couple of articles in the with a singular ardour of animos- •Quarterly' on the art of dining, ity, and telling everybody every- which made him appear much thing he knew about the matter, more of an epicure than he really

-for reticence was a virtue which was. Going the western circuit, he habitually cast to the winds. visiting a good deal at the in

These letters begin in 1834, teresting country-houses of inwhen he was thirty-three years teresting people, making fresh old, and had been ten years in acquaintances among notables, dinLondon. He had been for some ner-giving and dinner-frequentyears editor of the Law Maga- ing, pushing, dictating, denounczine,' and in that character paid ing, writing letters and receiving them, and preparing his careful better means than insistence; and articles for (at this time) the he would have enjoyed an advan• Edinburgh Review '--with an oc- tage which he did not often percasional trip to Paris,—such was mit himself, in eliciting the free the routine of his life, and so it expression of the opinions of continued to the end. We may others, and in listening to and here remark that these Letters profiting by them. Nevertheless show us nothing of the positive, we must guard the reader against combative, news-bearing, anecdote- the inference that, with all his recounting personage who wrote aggressiveness, he had not friends, them—and it is no offence to say and very good friends. Many that the letters of such corre- such adhered to him up to the very spondents as Sydney Smith and end of his life, testified strongly Mrs Norton are far more enter- their regard for him, and continue taining than his own. It is really still to lament his loss. The fact unfortunate that directly Hay- is, that he had some very sterling ward took pen in hand to write a qualities. Though always a parletler, he dropped his remarkable tisan, no partisan was ever more personality. We say it is unfor- honest : biassed he might be by tunate, because in no other way prejudice, but not by fear or by could that remarkable personality expectation of profit to himself. have been more harmlessly dis- He was very thorough in his played. To insist very strongly friendships. He was none of your on a particular view of a matter lukewarm adherents who wait to in a letter would have been prefer- be called on—he did not call that able to proclaiming it aggressively backing of his friends—but made before a whole company. It would their quarrel for the time his own. have been much more inoffensive His outspokenness often took the to denounce some opponent to a form of serviceable candour, which third person, than personally to made it all the more satisfactory assail himself; the phraseology for those to consult him who might would have gained force by being know that his prepossessions were more carefully chosen than what already on their side ; for they felt he was accustomed to utter, his that while they had in him a stanch criticisms on men and their works advocate, yet, when he might differ would have found expression more from them, they would be sure to worthy of his keen critical faculty, hear of it and his objection would his anecdotes would have been be worth attention. And though more sparingly introduced ; and we he was undoubtedly too pugnacious, should thus have had Hayward yet the courage which led him to painted in permanent and favour- strike the most renowned shields able colours by himself, instead of with his sharp point was of itself the somewhat featureless inditer a title to confidence and applause. of a decorous and merely histori. It would be difficult to say to cal correspondence. On the other what political party Mr Hayward hand, it would have been a great might be most inclined by nature. gain had he transferred to his con- It has been indeed a silly Radical versation somewhat of the style taunt, that intolerance and arbiof his letters. He would thereby trary tendencies are Tory traits; have largely increased the circle but it has long been evident that of his friends and diminished that nobody is so intolerant as a Radical. of his enemies; he would have However this may be, Mr Haygained for himself a hearing by ward began life as a Tory at twentyfive, when he was a member of the ion so very earnest, that his prosLondon Debating Society, and pects of practice as a Q.C. were gained distinction in it by speeches accounted as nought in the fury of which we are sure are clear and battle, and were left to take care sharply put. As he never was in of themselves; so that, when his Parliament, his political views were strife with these antagonists had of no great consequence till they come to an end, his legal career underwent a change with the great had come to an end also. schism of the Peelites. He had This piece of negotiation of 1852 made a study of political economy, was his first essay in the business and, like most who ventured into of cabinet-making. His part in it the new country, became a free- is not made clear; probably it contrader. Therefore when the Peel- sisted in fitting the mortises and ites, in 1852, stood aloof from both applying the glue; but whatever it the great parties, and when the was, he appears to have performed endeavour was made to bring them it very much to his own satisfacinto a Coalition Government along tion. It is curious that his correwith the Whigs and the Radicals, spondence should give us so little Hayward threw himself into the information on this and similar scheme with such ardour, that he subjects. There is no doubt that, became, according to his own ac- while he was engaged on the busicount, the principal agent, after ness, everybody whom he chanced the leading statesmen, in effecting to converse with was made aware the coalition. He set forth the of all that was happening at every views of the Peelites in the · Morn- stage of it. But in the less pering Chronicle,' and fought their ishable record, he imparts to his battles in all companies. Hence- correspondents only the briefest forth he threw in his lot with the notices of that intrigue, his share Liberals, and the statesmen he sided in which gave him so much dewith were the Duke of Newcastle, light, and the accomplishment of Sir G. Lewis, Sidney Herbert, Sir which he looked back on with so James Graham, Mr Cardwell, and much satisfaction. The chief recMr Gladstone-in fact, the Peel- ord of it is the notice of a dinites. Later, he followed Mr Glad- ner which he gave to the leading stone in the strides he made far in Peelites, and which, he says, “has advance of the Liberal party; and done great good by consolidating if he were now alive, he might pos- the Peel party, as there was sibly be following him still.

rumour that the leaders No explanation is given in these divided.” But his exertions must letters of why Hayward never tried have gone beyond his conciliatory to enter Parliament. He would festival, for he tells a relation, “I seem to have been the very man to have no doubt at all that if any. ardently covet a seat. He had the thing that suited me should turn strongest bent towards party poli- up, they would offer it to me, as tics. In the contention of fac- I have been of great use to them tions he would have been in his throughout.” He was advised to element; and he might thus have apply for a commissionership under replaced by a new profession the the Charitable Trust Act, and one he had abandoned : for when used some efforts to get it. “ I have made a Queen's Counsel in 1845, most reluctantly become a placehe got into a quarrel with the hunter," he says; “but the plain Benchers, and entered upon a con- matter of fact is, that I lost a conAict with these enemies in a fash- siderable part of my small fortune



on my brother's death.” He failed he says, “in the middle of the to get it—why, we do not learn. night to the · Times' office, where Some years later Lord Aberdeen I saw Chenery, the editor, an intioffered him the secretaryship of mate friend of mine; and the first the Poor Law Board, expected to leading article in the Times' of become vacant; but the vacancy to-day was the result.” Whether did not occur, and Hayward re- anybody could now take pride in mained to the close of his life an having helped to form that ruunofficial and unrewarded servant inous Administration is another of the party he adhered to, doing question. his best to secure victories which Meanwhile Hayward's contribubrought him nothing, and fighting tions to periodical literature went because he rejoiced in the battle. on regularly.' As we have seen,

It is likely that one cause of he had written a great deal for the Hayward's devotion to Mr Glad- Edinburgh,' but that connection stone was the animosity which he came to an end, and apparently cherished towards Mr Gladstone's not a friendly end; for with referrival. The provocations seem to ence to a pamphlet he had written, have been mutual, and which he says: “I feel convinced they began them we know not. So will lie and misquote in the · Edinearly as 1850 we find Hayward burgh.'” But he now returned to pronouncing Disraeli very nearly, the Quarterly,' resuming a conif not quite, forgotten. How soon nection which had begun in Lockone of these puffed-up reputations hart's time, and thereafter regugoes down! It is like a bladder larly had an article in every numafter the pricking of a pin." This ber till a few months before his prophecy is not, perhaps, much to death. On each of these occasions his credit as a soothsayer ; but he the process of incubation went on did more than prophecy. He not in a very public fashion. The proonly furnished materials for attacks gress of the article was communion Disraeli, but made one him- cated freely to his numerous acself in the • Edinburgh,' by which, quaintances till the final hatching he says exultantly, * the Disrael- had left little to reveal, and it ites were frenzied with rage.” On afforded a fruitful theme for disthe other hand, Mr Disraeli spoke cussion, orally and by letter, as of the raconteur Hayward as soon as it was before the public, “in his anecdotage," and was sup- —so that his essays, besides the posed to have made a very uncom- writing of them, contributed fortable allusion to him in a novel. great deal both to the interest On the whole, Hayward probably and the business of his life. did his antagonist the more seri- They were very highly estimated ous damage. When there was a by men of letters like Lord Lytprospect of Liberal victory at the ton and Lord Houghton, and election of 1880, he says, “I have certainly deserved it. He spared been longing for the fall of the no pains to be accurate. He Disraeli Government as I did for would consult any number of the fall of the Second Empire”- people to verify a single fact, or to and his longing impelled him to procure a result which would be endeavour to secure the support recorded in a few words. He had of the Times' for the new Min- known so many persons of authoristry. After an interview with ity in his long and busy life, that Mr' Gladstone, Lord Hartington, he could at once command the best and Lord Granville, “I went off," sources of information on any con


temporary topic. What he most threw himself into the question enjoyed, therefore, because he felt with an ardour which might have more at home in it, was to review seemed excessive in a contemporary some new book of memoirs relating —pommelled Sir Philip Francis to the literary or social or political to his heart's content - seemed history of the time. His style was inclined to back Lord George perfectly lucid, and of its kind— Sackville's pretentions; but finally that is, of a kind excluding all decided that the once formidable play of imagination or exercise of letters were supplied by "the invention — excellent; clear-cut, Grenvilles," which, perhaps, does logical, forcible without heaviness, not help us much to a conclusion ; and thickly set with the allusions, -a failure, however, that matters quotations, and anecdotes, which the less, as few people now feel a his extensive reading and large ac- lively interest in identifying the quaintance with men had stored truculent phantom. his mind with, and which his accu- Among other subjects, he once rate memory could always place wrote a dissertation on whist; and ready to his hand. So assured did being in the habit of playing the he feel of his own infallible accu- game a good deal at the Athenaracy, that if any circumstance were um, he used vigorously to propound called in question which he had at its rules at the whist-table for the any time recorded, he would cite benefit of transgressors—so that, the fact that he had done so as a on very animated evenings, his kind of evidence from which there rubber might be called a severe could be no appeal. But the most lecture on whist, with occasional curious identification of himself illustrations from the cards; and with his writings was in the claim if some fellow - player unhappily which he always asserted to con- showed an impatient temper, the sider any anecdote he had once green cloth, " sacred to neatness related as his own property, which and repose," became an arena of nobody thenceforward ought to resounding conflict. What might meddle with. The present writer have happened if he had ever having heard from Richard Doyle played whist with Charles Lamb's a good story about Lord Nelson, friend, Mrs Battle, is terrible to repeated it to Hayward. But few contemplate. stories could be told to him which The titles of some of his other he was

not already acquainted articles will serve to indicate the with; and he had not only heard tracks in which his pen habituthis one, but had narrated it, ally

" Pearls and Mock which caused him indignantly to Pearls of History” gave his memask, “What the devil does Doyle ory a wide range, so did “Varimean by spoiling my story?" On eties of History and Art,” “Curithis occasion, however, Doyle's osities of German Archives," and version turned out to be right. “Vicissitudes of Families." An

It was not, however, contem- cient scandals were investigated porary subjects alone which could with great gusto, as in the papers, engage his attention.

He once,

“ Marie Antoinette ” and “The on the appearance of the · Memoirs Countess of Albany and Alfieri." of Sir Philip Francis,' took up the Sometimes the subject bore a question as to who was Junius, graver title, as “ Lanfrey's Napolwith the view of disproving Sir eon," " The British Parliament, its Philip's claim. What was Junius History and Eloquence,” and “Engto him, or he to Junius? Yet he land and France—their National


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