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King EDWARD the Fourth.
Sons to the King.
terwards King Richard III. A young Son of Clarence. Henry, Earl of Richmond, afterwards K. Henry VII. Cardinal BOURCHIER, Archbishop of Canterbury. Thomas ROTHERHAM, Archbishop of York. John Mor
TON, Bishop of Ely. Duke of BUCKINGHAM. Duke of Norfolk: Earl of SURREY, his Son. Earl Rivers, Brother to King EDWARD's Queen: Marquis of DORSET, and Lord Grey, her Sons. Earl of OXFORD. Lord HASTINGS. Lord STANLEY.
Lord LOVEL. Sir Thomas VAUGHAN. Sir RICHARD RATCLIFF. Sir WILLIAM CATESBY. Sir JAMES TYRREL. Sir James BLOUNT. Sir WALTER HERBERT. Sir ROBERT BRAKENBURY, Lieutenant of the Tower. CHRISTOPHER URSWICK, a Priest. Another Priest. Lord Mayor of London. Sheriff of Wiltshire. ELIZABETH, Queen of King Edward IV. MARGARET, Widow of King Henry VI. Duchess of YORK, Mother to King Edward IV. Clarence,
and Gloster. Lady Anne, Widow of Edward Prince of Wales, Son to
King Henry VI.; afterwards married to the Duke of
Gloster. A young Daughter of Clarence. Lords, and other Attendants; tro Gentlemen, a Pursui
vant, Scrivener, Citizens, Murderers, Messengers, Ghosts, Soldiers, &c.
- this sun of York ;] Alluding to the cognizance of Edward IV, which was a sun, in memory of the three suns, which are said to have appeared at the battle which he gained over the Lancastrians at Mortimer's Cross.
? - delightful measures.] A measure was, strictly speaking, a court dance of a stately turn, though the word is sometimes employed to express dances in general.
And now, — instead of mounting barbed steeds,
barbed steeds,] i. e. steeds caparisoned in a warlike manner. Barbed, however, may be no more than a corruption of barded. Equus bardatus, in the Latin of the middle ages, was a horse adorned with military trappings.
4 He capers — ] War capers. This is poetical, though a little harsh; if it be York that capers, the antecedent is at such a distance, that it is almost forgotten.
5 Cheated of feature by dissembling nature,] By dissembling meant hypocritical nature, that pretends one thing, and does another: but nature that puts together things of a dissimilar kind, as a brave soul and a deformed body. Feature is used here, as in other pieces of the same age, for beauty in general.
6 And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover,] Shakspeare very diligently inculcates, that the wickedness of Richard proceeded from his deformity, from the envy that rose at the comparison of his own person with others, and which incited him to disturb the pleasures that he could not partake. Johnson.
Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous,"
Enter CLARENCE, guarded, and BRAKENBURY.
Glo. Upon what cause?
Because my name is George.
Cla. Yea, Richard, when I know; for, I protest,
I do not : But, as I can learn,
7 -inductions dangerous,] Preparations for mischief. The induction is preparatory to the action of the play. 8 — toys - ] Fancies, freaks of imagination.
Glo. Why, this it is, when men are ruld by wo
'Tis not the king, that sends you to the Tower ;
Clar. By heaven, I think, there is no man secure,
Glo. Humbly complaining to her deity
Brak. I beseech your graces both to pardon me;
Glo. Even so ? an please your worship, Brakenbury,
9 The jealous o'er-worn widow, and herself,] That is, the queen and Shore.