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O! where is he, whose sabre, like the meteor's lurid ray,
THE SABBATH SCHOOL.
THE SETTING SUN AN EMBLEM OF A GLORIOUS
S. M. WARING.
NEW-YORK DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM.
WITH AN ENGRAVING. THIS building, which has been constructed for an Asylum, is situated on a rising ground, about three and a half miles from the centre of the thickly settled part of the city, and a mile and a half from the suburbs, about midway between the East and North Rivers. From the site of the building, there is a beautiful and commanding prospect of the surrounding country. It is sufficiently remote from the city to enjoy the benefit of the country, and it is near enough to partake of the conveniences and facilities afforded by a dense population, and to avoid some of the inconveniences. The asylum is erected near the centre of a lot of five acres. The building itself is a plain structure of brick, covered with a coat of stucco resembling marble. Its architectural appearance is chasie and elegant, without superfluous ornament, having an elevation of three stories above the basement. The basement story contains a large dining room, two studies for the pupils when out of school, kitchens and store rooms, &c. On the first floor above the basement story is a large central schoolroom, and on either side, family rooms, another smaller school-room, and an apartment for the directors. On the next floor is a second large and central schoolroom, capable of accommodating more than one class by a temporary partition. On either side are family bed-rooms, and two others to be reserved for the sick of the different sexes. The third story is entirely appropriated for dornutories; the males in one end, and the leinales in the otiler, separated by two brick partitions,
and intervening rooms for teachers and others. The superficial area of the asylum is a parallelogram of 110 feet by 60. Its front has a southern aspect with a portico supported by six wooden columns. In the rear of the building are separate yards for the pupils, and a shed the whole length of the Asylum. In the easterly and westerly ends of this shed two rooms have been finished, which will answer for store rooms or work shops. The other out houses are two separate structures, 30 feet by 25 each, and two stories high, calculated for a stable and work shops, under one of which is a vegetable cellar for the Institution. In planting and constructing this Asylum and the necessary out-buildings, the Directors have spared' no pains nor labor to render every thing convenient and commodious for the accommodation and benefit of the Deaf and Dumb.
The production of a bed for vegetation is effected by the decomposition of rocks. This decomposition is effected by the expansion of water in the pores or fissures of rocks, by heat or congelation-by the sol. vent power of moisture-and by electricity, which is known to be a powerful agent of decomposition. As soon as the rock begins to be softened, the seeds of lichens, which are constantly floating in the air, make it their resting place. Their generations occupy it till a finely divided earth is formed, which becomes capable of supporting mosses and heath; acted upon by ligh: and heat, these plants imbibe the dew, and convert constituent parts of the air into nourishment. Their death and decay afford food for a more perfect species of vegetable ; and at length a mould is formed, in which even the trees of the forest can fix their roots, and which is capable of rewarding the labors of the cultivator. The decomposition of rocks tends to the renovation of soils, as well as their cultivation. Finely divided matter is carried by rivers from the higher dis