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In reference to the Shirley family (see p. June number, that though Sir John Astley, 400), A. B. observes :

the Champion, was only second son of a “In 25 Hen. VI. W. Shirley was member Knight, he was grandson of a Baron of Parfor Ryegate in the Parliament then holden. liament (Thomas third Lord Astley, under Of the family of Shirley, the following have the writ of 23 Edw. I.) and lineally deserved the office of Sheriff of Surrey and scended from Philip de Estley, a Baron by Sussex, when the two Counties were under tenure temp. Hen. II. one Sheriff

MENTOR is informed that the price of 1503, Ralph Shirley t.

which he inquires after, Jan. 21, 1799, was 1513, 1525, Richard Shirley. In those 544.

days it appears that it was not uncommon 'The error in Lempriere's Dictionary (the for a gentleman to serve the office more word “ Achilles" for Agamemnon) pointed

out by Mr. PILGRIM in our last Volume, p. 1574, Francis Shirley. Died 1577, as in p. 386, requires no further elucidation, and is 400.

pot disputed by C. W. p. 482 ; but can Mr. 1578, Sir Thomas Shirley, of West Grin- PILGRIM answer the queries put by the latter stead. Died 1606, ibid.

Correspondent ? 1617, Sir John Shirley.

S. H. remarks that “ Curiosity is awakenIn 1531 the manor of Burstone, Dear ed by what is said in the Magazine for May, Ryegate in Surrey, was conveyed to Sir p. 401, of the Rev. Charles Joseph Douglas; Thomas Shirley the elder, of Wiston in Sus- --it should be gratified.” sex. Supposing him to have been son of C. K. asks if there is any such place as Ralph, or Richard, he might have a son at Feathercock Hall in Yorkshire. Lodge that time, and it is probable that this son states it to have been an ancient seat of the was the Sir Thomas who sold the manor of family of King. Burstow to one Quarles, but having been M. H. observes “ I shall feel obliged to Treasurer at War under Queen Elizabeth, any of your topographical Correspondents, and become indebted to the Crown, this who will inform me where I can find any samanor, and that of Cotesbach in Leicester- tisfactory account of Norwood in Surrey, shire, were extended and seized; but on 24th to whom it belongs, and by whom it was April, 44 Elizabeth, Quarles obtained a planted. I have consulted Lysons' Environs, grant of these manors, in consideration of wliere it is merely observed, that a consi8001. 11s. 8d. paid by him. I

derable part of Norwood is in the parish of By, a monumental inscription in the Croydon. In a survey in 1646, it is dechurch of Albury in Surrey, in memory of scribed as being 830 acres, in which the the family of George Duncomb, esq. it is inbabitants of Croydon have herbage for all stated, that John his eldest son, who died in manner of cattle and mastage for swine 1640, had married to his second wife Eliz, without stent.' Malcolm, in his Agricult. daughter of Sir Thos. Shirley of Sussex. Survey of Surrey, drawn up for the Board This could not be a daughter of Sir Thos. of Agriculture in 1794, observes, • The soil who was called the elder in 1531, and proves of Norwood is composed of a sandy loam a second Sir Thomas to have existed. Of upon clay or gravel, and is said to contain Francis or Sir John I know no more than 600 acres, the greater part of which is in a that they served the office of Sheriff.” neglected aud uncultivated state-250 acres

is called an enclosed wood : no trees are,

however, suffered to grow for timber, beWe are happy to announce the publica

cause they are cut or lopped every 10 or 11 tion of a Second Number of Mr. Skelton's Engraved Illustrations of Arms and Armour. years,',&c. These are all the notices I have

found." F. B. A. observes, in reference to the remarks of our Reviewer in p. 524 of our

ERRATA. Part I. * Manning and Bray's Hist. Surrey, I. Page 386, för Earl of Annesley, read Earl XXX, &c.

Annesley ; p. 397, read Viscount Bernard, + Beatrice, daughter of this Ralph, was eldest son of the Earl of Bandon, there second wife of Sir Edward Bray, of Vachery, being no such person as Bernard Viscount iu Surrey, from which match the present Bandon; p. 416, read Earl of Tyrconnels representative of Sir Edward's family in Sur. p. 476, read Peter Thellusson (not Thelrey is descended.

Juson), esq. of Brodsworth Park, co. York, 1 Manning and Bray, II. p. 282. grandfather (not uncle) of the present Lord $ Id. II. p. 129.

Rendlesham.

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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JULY, 1826.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

A

POPERY UNMASKED.
Addressed to the British Roman Catholic Association.
GENTLEMEN,

July 27. sors that ever disgraced society-whose on the 1st of June, you issued an prive a valuable portion of the comAddress, recommending to the notice inunity of all their political and muniof your Protestant fellow countrymen cipal rights ! “ a Declaration drawn up and signed Unfortunately for your cause, Genby those Ecclesiastics, who, in this tlemen, many of your assertions are country, are the Expounders of

your

founded on falsehood or evasion. faith.” The document alluded to Your statements and opinions are conwas entitled, “a Declaration of the tradicted by every page in historyCatholic Bishops, the Vicars Aposto- by the passing events of the last cenlic, and their co-adjutors in Greai tury—and even by facts which have Britain." Your Address was conspi- occurred subsequently to the concoccuously placarded about the streets of tion of these precious documents. London and other principal towns. Even your own papal Church, in the You have also forwarded copies of both plenitude of her eternal infallibility, the Declaration and Address to the would condemn your compromising Royal Family, to all the Members of spirit as a damnable heresy,' did she the Cabinet, to the Bench of Bishops, not imagine that this apparent derelicto the Members of the House of Com- tion was intended for time-serving mons, and to the Heads of the Uni- purposes ; and that when its objects versities in England and Scotland. had been effected she could grant ab“ With the view also of extending the solution for the deed, or disclaim any circulation of the above valuable do participation with a production so concument (says your Committee's Report trary to the immutable tenets of “ holy of the 26th Jaly) in quarters where it mother church.” would probably excite attention, we It is true that you have “ pinned have procured its distribution, attached your faith" 10 the Declaration of those 10 the various periodical publications Ecclesiastics who are its “ Expounthat issue regularly from the public ders,” (for who ever heard of such a press; and the whole number distri- circumstance as a papistical layman buted amounts to more than 80,000 daring to expound his own faith ?), copies.” The Irish Bishops had pre- but if you had not prostituted your unriously given a Declaration similar in derstanding at the altar of papal devoeffect to the above.

tion, or your principles at the shrine The object in issuing these docu- of temporal interest, you would have ments, immediately antecedent to the discovered that the Declaration to Parliamentary election, was evidently which you so obsequiously bow, would to influence the votes of the electors, not be acknowledged by the Romish by attempting to soften down the odious Church, which has declared itself tenets of Popery, and reconcile them, immutable, infallible, universal, the in some measure, to the feelings and deposer of kings, and the elernal enemy religious notions of Protestants. It of heretics. In the reign of Louis was intended to represent the Roman XIV. a similar declaration was issued Catholic religion as the mildest and by the French Clergy, of which the most rational, but at the same time most important article was the denial the most persecuted on the face of the of all teniporal authority by the Church carth. Protestants are held forth to of Rome. But did the Vatican assent the world as the most heartless oppres. 10 this ? No. She fulminated her

1

anathemas against the authors, whom superior to the sovereignty of the king-
she branded with impiety, heresy, and dom, you cannot complain if the laws
rebellion. Now as the Romish reli- of that kingdom will not treat you on
gion is acknowledged by all good Ca- the footing of good subjects.
tholics to be infallible and imunutable, It is true, Gentlemen, that in your
the same tyrannical principles, and the Address you “ disclaim the imputation
same intolerant and uncompromising of dividing the allegiance which is
spirit which have been manifested in due to the King.' Your spiritual
all ages and in all nations, whenever guides, the “Expounders of your faith,"
the opportunity presented itself, must have directed you so to do, without
necessarily pervade her Church. requiring you to offer any explanation.

To your heathenish and idolatrous They, to be sure, have stated, among worship, politically speaking, we are other plausible evasions, that " by renindifferent ;- you may worship the dering obedience in spiritual matters “ Holy Virgin," like another Juno, to the Pope, Catholics do not withas the Queen of Heaven !*- you may hold any portion of their allegiance to offer «

supreme adoration ” to an in- the King, and that their allegiance is animate thing of your own fashioning, entire and undivided; the civil power and, as the untuiored Indian exclaim- of the state, and the spiritual anthority ed, you may, like cannibals, eat the of the Catholic Church, being absogod of your own creation ;-you may lutely distinct."-If it were not for the continue to violate the express com- subterfuge, to which it is well known mand of the Almighty, “ thou shalt by the Vatican these reverend timenot bow down to any graven image, servers can resort-or for the fear of nor the likeness of any thing;"-all ridicule and contempt—the Holy Conyour besoited fooleries, which, in in- clave would not hesitate to proclaim ielligent society, are “ by children these sentiments as impious and rebelquestioned, and by men despised,” may lious; and the history of ancient and mobe freely practised in this free land :- dern times will prove their fallacy. From but whilst you acknowledge the supre- the establishment of Christianity unmacy of a foreign despot, whose prede- der Constantine, the ecclesiasti cal and cessors have assumed the indefeasible political interests of States have been right of deposing kings, and British oneand undivided. “Churchiand State" monarchs among the rest, by virtue of have been considered as inseparable, their Catholic or universal anthority, both in Catholic and Protestant coun: no Irue Protestant, who values our tries. A perpetual struggle has always national independence and glory, can existed between the Pope and the Soever think of investing you with vereigns of Europe, which should have political power and inanicipal autho-, the ascendancy. ' Could the Pope and riry, which, on the first opportunity, his reverend' “ Expounders" obtain might be direcied against the interesis political power in this country, their of Protestantisrn and the State. “ If doctrines would soon appear to be the once you could be brought (says Judge same as in times of popal glory, when Blackstone) to renounce the supre

the arguments of the priesthood, which macy of the Pope, you might quietly none durst impugn, were to this efenjoy your sever sacraments, your fect :-"the laws of the Church and of purgatory and auricular confession; Christ's Vicar on earth,' are the infalyour worship of relics and images í lible and immutable laws of God; the nay, even your transubstantiation; but laws of the State are the mere laws of while you icknowledge a foreign power men; the laws of God are superior

to those of man ; ergo, the laws of man The Reformers happily checked the zeal of the Fathers assembled at the Council Thus the canon or papal law laid it

must subserve to the laws of God." of Trent, who were on the point of declaring down as an indisputable axiom, that the Virgin the fourth person of the Trinity! priests were to be honoured, and not however, that they might not over in silence, they decreed to her the judged; “sacerdotes a regibus honotitles of Mother of God, and Queen of randi sunt, non judicandi." The Ro. Heaven,” thus bestowing on her the title mish priests, according to their canon and attributes of pagan Juno. The ridicu- law, always pretended to have receiv, lous farce of addressing the Queen of learen ed a power of being superior to and was adopted by the late King John of Por- independent of all civil authority: One tugal.

of their canons refers to a decision of

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1996. Addressed to the British Roman Catholic Association.

5 Constantine in their favour, which the conduct pursued by Gregory tostates, that when «

some petitions wards the Emperor of Germany were brought to him, imploring the Henry IV. when summoned to allend aid of his authority against certain of him at the castle of Conosa; he was his Bishops, accused of oppression and forced to walk bare-foot, and exposed injustice, he caused the peiitions to be to the elements in the dead of winter, burnt in their presence, dismissing from morning till night, without any then with this valediction : Ite, et in- sustenance whatever; while this saini. ler vos causas vestras discutite, quia ed pontifi was revelling in sensual en. dignum non est, ut nos judicemus Deos. joyinents with the Countess Matilda. Thus (as gods !) they claimed an In the same intolerant spirit did Innoexemption from civil law, when "ac- cent III. excommunicate King Jobn, cused of oppression and injustice.”— and interdict this kingdom for six The above tale, like many others of years. Julius II. also, in effecting his Popish invention, is probably untrue; political objects, sacrificed the lives of bui at all events, it proves the auda- more than 200,000 men during his cious and over-ruling spirit of the Ca- pontificale. iholic priesthood. Indeed we have You will say, Gentlemen, in the only to refer to the History of the Ca. words of your address), “why are we non Law, which, the priests have con. to be punished for excesses in which tenderl, originated with the above de- we bore no part? - If the prosessors cree of Constantine. With what des- of the Catholic faith were even pecuperate efforts did the Pope and the liarly distinguished, in times long past, priests of this country resist the intro. for their mistaken zeal, the more duction of the common and statute deeply should we lament their errors." laws, because they were aware that a Protestant, whose very creed is uni. those laws could not tolerate such a versal toleration, can have no wish 10 monstrous assumption of civil and po- punish you;-his only object is to prelitical power as those reverend despots vent you obtaining the means of pucontinually arrogated to theniselves. nishing bim. If you are the victims

With such historic facts before us, of intolerant bigotry, and a treasonable it is in vain to contend that the eccle- adherence to Papal despotism, we lasiastical agents of Popery have not al- ment your condition. If you deny any ways been aspiring to political ascend- adherence to the Pope, you have only ancy, at the instigation of the Vatican; to prove the truth of your assertions and we have no hesitation in saying, by iaking the Oaths of Supremacy and chat if a fitting opportunity presented Allegiance; but this you object to, itself, the “Expounders of faith" for notwithstanding your present disavowal the Catholic Association would soon of Popish supremacy, because you well declare that their allegiance was en- know, that if you attested your assevetire and undivided," --not to an here- rations on outh, which is all that is retical King, but to their lord and master quired, you would not be considered as the Pope, because “the laws of Kings good Catholics by your reverend “Exmust subserve to the laws of God." The pounders ;' and your refusal to give spirit and laws of an infallille church, such a proof of sincerity shows that say the Papal canons, must be immut- you cannot be good subjects. To what able; therefore what has been done dangers then would this country be exbefore must necessarily be attempted posed, on a war with Papal Europe, if again. The principles of the infallible her Prime Minister or 'her Admirals Church, the good Catholic contends, were bigoted adherents 10 Popish Sucan nerer change.

premacy. The influence or even manThe doctrine of deposing Kings, and dates of the Holy See might compel absolving subjects from their alle- them, “ from the terrors of another giance, under the plea that the politi- world," 10 betray the trust reposed in cal interests of a State were subordi- them. nate to and dependent on the eccle- Besides, you contend for the infallisiastical authorities, was first enforced bility of your Church ; you do not deny by Pope Hildebrand, commonly nick- the enormities and errors of her Pronamed Saint Gregory VII. who was fessors “in times long past,” because elected in 1073. See his celebrated “facts are stubborn things ; ' now if she ball In coena Domini. Never did Pa- is supposed to be infallible, the tor. pal pride so truly manifest itself as in rents of blood which “ Christ's Vicar

on earth” and his priests have shed, tion exhibit! You beheld the Roman Caand the horrible persecutions which tholic pastors marching into the County they have incited-must have been Town at the head of their respective flocks. infüllibly to promote the “ cause of You heard them denouncing eternal damnaGod;" therefore, as the spirit and doc- tion against every one who withheld their trines of Popery are unchangeable, support from their favoured candidate. You the same measures, for the deposition Crusaders mixing with the mob, and, by

saw upwards of forty of these Spiritual of Kings and the extirpation of here. their inflammatory harangues, stimulating tics, must inevitably be pursued on

them to acts of violence and outrage." every opportunity. The massacres of

“ The conduct of the Romish Clergy, at St. Bartholomew and the Sicilian Ves- this Election, has afforded a practical illuspers—the fires of Smithfield-the re- tration of the fallacy of the testimony given lentless persecutions of a Bonner- by their Prelates before the Committees of and the demoniacal and assassinating both}Houses of Parliament.” spirit of a Raviliac, would be renewed,

“The Romish Church has ever used, or at least attempted.

and ever will use, all its spiritual powers to Though the Roman Catholic Associa- effectuate its political objects— the most tion disclaim these deeds, as resulting prominent of which is; (as has been opeuly from the intemperate zeal of “lines the Established Church and the Protestant long past,” and even forego all preten. Constitution of these Realms. Let it not sions to papal infallibility (which doc. be said, that we who wish to withhold from trine their •' Expounders” have silently it the power of effecting its mischievous purpassed over, as being too ridiculous for poses, are intolerant, or that we deny our ihe age), still the passing occurrences Roman Catholic fellow subjects an increase of the day falsify their asseverations, of political power on account of their reliand display the malignant and ambi- gious opinions. Such is not the fact. It tious spirit of Popery in its true colours. is not their belief in abstract points of doc

The recent Irish Elections have shown trine, that in our eyes forms the barrier bethe Papal monster in its native defor. tween them and the full enjoyment of all mity, and prove that the same deadly the utter prostration of their intellect, their

the privileges of the Constitution ; but it is virus still Aows through its system. submission in temporal as well as spiritual Violence and assassination, for which

matters to au intriguing, intolerant, and Catholic bigots (and particularly the ambitious Priesthood that renders them unIrish, when instigated by their priest. fit guardians of public liberty. Look back hood,) have always been notorious, to history-look at the present times, and annihilated every semblance of freedom see if you can find a single instance in which in the late elections. The whole was the Church of Rome has favoured, or even under the direction of the priests, tolerated, Civil and Religious Liberty." who have dissolved every tie between Ye Members of the Roman Catholic landlord and tenant. Their will has Association, ask your spiritual guides given law to the elections, and, regard. for an explanation of the above. The less of human life and the destruction county of Cavan is not a solitary inof private property, they have attained

stance; but similar outrageous conduct their political objects by means of their has been pursued at every contested spiritual ascendancy. Yet the Catho- election in that ill-fated kingdom. lic Association pretend mnost devoutly Lord G. Beresford, who lost his electo believe that their mild and unas- tion through the intrigues and anasuming priesthood have no political ob- themas of the reverend despots of Irejects in view! because their spiritual laud, in an address to the inhabitants Expounders ” have told them so!

of Waterford, says: “ During the contest which has just “ I propose to petition the House of eoded, (says Mr. Maxwell, in his Address to Commons against the return which has been she County of Cavan,) you have witnessed made of members to serve in Parliament for proceedings hitherto unparalleled in the this county; and I will expose to the Legishistory of Elections. You have seen the lature, and to the Empire at large, che spiritual powers of the Romish Church means by which that return has been effect. openly employed for the promotion of poli- ed. I will prove that the Roman Catholic tical objects. You have seen Priests con- Clergy have exerted the vast spiritual powers verted into furious demagogues, inciting of their Church, to accomplish a temporal their locks to hatred of their fellow Chris- object—that they have applied the terrors tians, and ingratitude to their benefactors. of another world to the political concerns of What a scene did the first day of the Elec- this - and have employed all their influence

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