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Mark xv. 42 came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved Jerusalem

the body of Jesus.

body, the Galilean women in general followed it to the sepulchre, and saw
where and how it was laid. They then hastened to the city, to purchase and
prepare spices that evening, for anointing it as soon as might conveniently be
done after the Sabbath ; which, as beginning about sun-set, was then coming
on. But Mary Magdalene and the other Mary, two of those who had been
standing by his cross, did not depart with the rest. They continued “sitting
over against the tomb."

Section II.-Saturday.
Towards the close of this day, which was the Jewish Sabbath, the Chief
Priests and Pharisees, with Pilate's permission, set a guard upon the sepulchre,
which was to secure it till the end of the third day.

The same evening, when the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, who had lost their opportunity before, bought their share of spices, with the concurrence of a third, Salome, the mother of Zebedee's children, who had probably been engaged the foregoing evening in attending and supporting the mother of our Lord, whom he had recommended to the protection of her son, the beloved disciple.

Section III.-Sunday Morning. Very early the next morning, and probably before the time settled for opening the sepulchre, these three women hastened to visit it by themselves.

The two Maries set out before it was day-light, I presume because they lodged further from the sepulchre than Salome, whom they called upon to accompany them; and while they were on their way, an angel descended, and rolled away the stone that closed the entrance of the tomb, and Christ arose.

The guard, terrified at the sight of the angel, retired from the sepulchre as he approached it, and, when they were a little recovered from their consternation, quitted the garden in which it stood.

The women arrived when the soldiers were gone, and at the rising of the sun. On drawing near to the sepulchre they perceived that the stone was rolled away: and Mary Magdalene, concluding that the body was removed, hurried back to tell Peter and John.

When she was gone, the other Mary and Salome came to a resolution of ex. amining more exactly; and ventured into the sepulchre, in the first part of which, it being divided into two, they beheld an angel sitting on the right side, who bade them not be afraid, assured them that Jesus was risen from the dead, and sent a message to his apostles by them. Having heard his speech, they hastened out of the sepulchre, and to a distance from it, with fear and great joy.

Soon after came Peter and John; and having inspected the tomb, without seeing the angel, or speaking to the women that had seen him, departed.

Section IV.-Sunday Morning. Mary Magdalene followed, as fast as she was able, and when they went away, staid behind weeping at the sepulchre ; then, after a little pause, stooped down,

Jerusalem. [and] besought Pilate, that he might take away John xix. 38.

the body of Jesus :

and looked into the tomb, where two angels were sitting, who asked her why
she wept ? to whose question having returned an answer expressive of her
anxiety about the body of her Lord, she drew back, and saw him standing by
her, but at first did not perceive who he was. He quickly made himself known
to her, and sent a message to his apostles by her.

Section V.-Sunday Morning.
Mary Magdalene, in going to communicate her happy intelligence to them,
fell in again with her two friends, the other Mary and Salome. In their way
Christ met them, and bid them all hail! He then permitted them to embrace
his feet, and repeated the substance of the message to the apostles, which the
angel, seen in the sepulchre, had delivered to the two latter.

While these things were doing, a party of the guard came into the city to the
Chief Priests, by whom, and a council of the Elders called together, they were
instructed what report they should spread on this occasion.

Section VI.-Remaining Transactions of Sunday Morning.
Another company of women, at the head of whom was Joanna, came now to
the sepulchre. Some of these had been ready to set out early for it.

But while they were collecting their whole party, and proceeding slowly in
waiting for each other, the time, which they had probably agreed on for meeting
there to anoint the body, might be a little past. They therefore expressed no
wonder, as had the former party, at seeing the tomb open. Their surprise was,
when they had entered and searched it, not to find the body of the Lord Jesus ;
when two angels stood by them, and assured them that he was risen, and re-
minded them of a prophecy concerning his own death and resurrection, which
they had heard him utter in Galilee. The women recollected the prophecy,
and went and reported “ all these things unto the eleven, and to all the

Other evidences of the Lord's resurrection had been laid before them by the two Maries and Salome, but to little purpose. So strong were their prejudices, that the words of the women seemed to them as idle tales.

Yet St. Peter was so struck with their accounts, than he ran to the sepulchre,
to see if he could there behold the angels of whom they had spoken.

Section VII.-Sunday Afternoon and Evening.
It is not said in what time of this day our Lord appeared to St. Peter ; but it
was probably after Cleophas and his companion were set out from Jerusalem.
These two were joined on the road by a stranger, whom they discovered at
Emmaus to be the Lord himself. On this discovery they hastened back to Je-
rusalem, to the apostles assembled privately with some others of the disciples,
and found them in possession of the fact respecting St. Peter. They then began
to relate their own story, when the Lord himself stood in the midst of them, and
having composed their minds, alarmed at his appearance, and having satisfied
their doubts, left them full of joy that they lrad seen the Lord.

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Mark xv. 44.

And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead : Jerusalem. and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead?

Section VIII.—The six Days following that of the Resurrection.
It is not recorded that our Lord shewed himself to any of his disciples during
this interval. He seems to have left them to the testimony of those who had
seen him; and they endeavoured to persuade their brethren of the reality of his
resurrection, but without working a thorough conviction in their minds. Among
those who had been absent when he appeared on Sunday night, was St. Tho-
mas, who spoke his own and the sentiments of others in declaring, that nothing
short of ocular demonstration could clear up his doubts.

Section IX.-The Octave of the Resurrection.
On this day the apostles were assembled probably in the same place, plainly at
Jerusalem, and with others of the disciples, when the Lord came to them as be-
fore, the door being again fastened, and reproved them, at least in addressing
himself to St. Thomas, “ for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they
believed not them which had seen him after he was risen." St. Thomas with
all humility confessed his offence, and no more difficulty remained with him and
those of the company who were in the same situation. It is likely that our
Lord now appointed the time and place in Galilee, where they should see him

Section X.—The time in which the Disciples were in Galilee.
The apostles then left Jerusalem, and went into Galilee ; and it seems as if
they were allowed to communicate the design of their going to many of the fol-
lowers of Christ, and that a multitude of them resorted to the mountain in Ga.
lilee, where he had promised to meet them. As soon as they beheld him, they
paid their adoration to him. Some, however, that had not seen him before, and
then saw him at some distance, were not without their doubts of his bodily pre-
sence. But he graciously came and conversed with them, and satisfied all, that
it was he himself, risen from the dead. He then declared, that all power was
given unto him in heaven and in earth.

Section XI.—The Disciples still in Galilee.
Before the disciples quitted Galilee, our Lord again shewed himself to seven
of them, by the lake of Tiberias. He there signified in what manner St. Peter
should die, and that St. John should long survive.
Section XII.-From the Return of the Disciples to Jerusalem, to the Ascension.

The disciples went back to Jerusalem, earlier I presume than was necessary
to prepare for the feast of the Pentecost, (Acts xx. 16.) and that therefore they
went by a divine direction.

While they were assembled there, Christ instructed them in the things pertaining to the kingdom of God; and when the fortieth day, including that of his resurrection, was come, he led them out as far as to Bethany; and he lifted up his hands and blessed them : and, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven, and sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.

The disciples having paid their adoration to him, returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and passed their time in tbe temple, praising and blessing God, and VOL. I.


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And when he knew it of the centurion,

Mark xv. 6.

preparing their hearts for the promised descent of the Holy Spirit upon them, who was to enable them to go forth and preach the glad tidings of salvation successfully to Jews, Samaritans, and Gentiles.

Mr. Cranfield has arranged his harmony in twelve sections, the titles of which sufficiently explain the alterations he proposes in the disposition of events given by his learned predecessor.

Section 1.—The women (Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome,) set out to view the tomb-an angel descends-opens the tomb-Christ rises from the dead.

Section II.—The women arrive and see the stone taken away-Mary, concluding that the body of Christ had been removed-runs to inform the disciplesthe other two women remain behind-the transactions at the tomb during Mary Magdalene's absence.

Section III.--Peter and John, in consequence of Mary Magdalene's report, set out with Mary Magdalene for the sepulchre—they examine the tomb, and depart—Mary Magdalene stays at the tomb-Christ appears to her.

Section IV.–Mary Magdalene goes with the message she received from Jesus, and falls in with the other Mary and Salome, who were waiting for her at some distance from the sepulchre—Jesus appears to the three, and sends a message to the disciples—as they are going, the watch report to the Chief Priests—the transactions at the tomb.

Section V.-Besides the three women already mentioned, another company of Galilean women arrive after these events at the sepulchre what then took place at the tomb—Luke collects briefly the testimony of both the parties—the disciples continue incredulous-some of the disciples visit the tomb.

Section VI.-Christ appears to St. Peter--the two going to Emmaus-who go to the disciples—Christ appears to all.

Section VII.-The rest of the disciples are incredulous—particularly Thomas.
Section VIII.-Christ appears to all—Thomas believes.
Section IX.-Christ appears to the disciples in Galilee.

Section X.—The disciples still in Galilee-Christ appears to them at the sea of Tiberias.

Section XI.-Christ appears to all the apostles at Jerusalem.

Section XII.-Christ leads his disciples as far as Bethany-commissions them to proselytize all nations--and ascends to heaven.

It is not necessary to insert here the plan of the Arranger; it is given in the titles to the respective sections. If these titles should be regarded by any as too minute, he would reply, his object has been to examine every incident, and every supposed difficulty, in the fullest manner.

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Friday Evening-Resurrection.
Section 1.

Section 1.

Section 1.
Matt. xxvii. 55. Mark xv. 40. Luke xxiii. 49. John xix. Matt. xxviii. 1. Mark xvi. 2. Luke xxiv. John xx. 1.

Matt. xxvii. 57. 61.


Mark xv. 42. 47. 41. (xxvii. 52, 53.)

Luke xxiii. 50–55.

John xix.38, to the end.

Section II.

Mark xv. 47.

Luke xxiji. 55.

Section III.

Luke xxiii. 56. 39.

Section IV.

Matt. xxvii. 61.


Section v. 47. 55.

Mt. xxvii.62, to the end.

Section VI.

Mark xvi. 1.
Section II.

Section 11.

Section VII.
Saturday-Conclusion of the Sabbath-Sabbath over. Matt. xxviii. Mark xvi. 3, 4. Luke xxiv. John xx. 1, 2. Matt. xxviii. 1.
Matt. xxvii. 62-66. Mark xvi. 1.


Mark xvi. part ver. 2.

John xx. part ver. 1.
Section III.

Section III.

Section VIII.
Easter Morning.

Matt. xxviii. 2--5.
Matt. xxviii. 1. Mark xvi. 2.
John XX. 1. Matt. xxvii. Mark xvi. Luke xxiv, 12. John xx. 3—6.

Section IX.

14. Matt. xxvii. pt. 52, 53.

3, 4.

Section X.


Mark xvi. part 2, 3, 4. 2.

John xx. part ver. 1.

Section XI.
5, 6.

John xx. 2. 7.




7. 8. 8.

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