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children may be superseded in nine cases out of ten : are they in such cases employed ? Is it made an object, to discourage as far as possible the inhuman degradation of children? We put the question to the conscience of every reader. If any one has any specious argument to urge in defence or extenuation of his connivance at the evil, short of absolute necessity, it is at least his duty to read this volume, if not for the poetry. for the facts.

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Art. IX. Conversations on the Bible. By a Lady. 12mp. pp. 438.

London, 1824. 'TO

O talk of Scripture doctrines in our social circles now,

we are told in the Preface to these “ Conversations, • is just as fashionable as it is to be a member of a Bible

Society ; for in our age of wonders, we are all philosophers • and philanthropists. From this we are to infer, we presume, that to talk of Scripture doctrines, is to affect to be a philosopher; to be a member of a Bible Society, is to be a philanthropist. But this Writer disclaims being either. The flip• pancy and temerity,' it is added, with which the most ab-) • truse questions of Scripture are introduced into familiar con• versation, is as irreverent as it it is absurd, and ought to be

discouraged. Our readers will learn with surprise, that too! large an infasion of theology into familiar conversation, is one of the crying sins of the day; but the Author must be allowed to have hit upon a curious antidote, in composing Conversations on the Bible !

This work is, we doubt not, well meant, and we regret that we cannot commend the execution. The style is very

deficient in simplicity, and the young ladies converse in a language which sounds much too lofty for their years. • What I want, says Miss Fanny to her Mother, “is a synoptical elucidation of • the story, with its general relation to the several parts of the • Bible.' A young lady who could understand the use of these terms, ought to have read her Bible.' Her Mamma replies: 1:37

11 • I will endeavour to give you such a view, though I may not accomplish it as well as I could desire. The subject is exceedingly interesting, for the Bible is not only the oldest book in existence, but it contains an account of the creation of all things, and á history of mankind from the beginning.'

It is but just to add, that other and better reasons for studying the Bible, are afterwards intimated. But Mrs. M. is evidently not at home on the subject of religion. The design


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Conder's Star in the East, &c.

17 563 seems to have been, to present the Old Testament history in a connected and unexceptionable form. Mrs. Trimmer and Miss Neale have anticipated the idea ; but, had the present work! been competently executed, we should not the less have given it our cordial approbation. In a work for young persons, we look at least for correct and intelligible composition; yet, what can we say for such sentences as the following?

• Prophecy is unquestionably the most obscure portion of the Scriptures ; yet is it sufficiently plain to form the great palladium of their origin, the chief argument of their divinity: Its predictions are so far beyond the penetration of human intellect, and the accomplishment of these predictions are so multiplied and exact, res no art of man or combinations of men could achieve. The most hardened infidelity is compelled to refer both the prescience and the power to something more than humän.'

Art. X. The Star in the East ; with other Poems. By Josiah Conder.

12mo, pp. 195. Price 6s. London. 1824. CIRCUMSTANCES probably well known to the majority of

our readers, embarrass us exceedingly in the criticism of this publication. Conscious that our warm admiration is the result of impartial and even of severe examination, we feel that there is something almost unmanly in shrinking from the full responsibility of avowing and sustaining it; nor should we suffer, in such a case, any thing short of a specific injunction · to interfere between our feelings and their entire 'expression. : Happily, there is an alternative, far more satisfactory in the present instance, than in others more doubtful: if we are for bidden to praise, we can at least produce examples, and we may venture on these somewhat the more largely, since we shall, though most reluctantly, abstain from every thing in the shape of eulogy, and confine ourselves to simple analysis and extract.

The first and principal poem The Star in the East,' commemorates the progress of the Gospel, and anticipates its final triumph. opens

with the Song of the Angels at the Messiah's advent.

to have heard the unearthly symphonies,
113. Which o'er the starlight peace of Syrian skies
Came floating like a dream, that blessed night

rio di una
When angel songs were heard by sinful'men,
Hymning Messiah's Advent! o to have watch'd
That night with those poor shepherds, whom, when first
The glory of the Lord shed sudden day, -
Day without dawn, starting from midnight, day
Brighter than morning,-on those lonely hills,
Strange fear surprised-fear lost in wondering joy,


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The poem

Ilsbool. When from the angelic multitude swellid forth

The many voiced consonance of praise :-
Glory in the highest to God, and upon earth
Peace: towards men good-will. But once before
Jo such glad strains of joyous fellowship,
The silent earth was greeted by the heavens,
When at its first foundation they look'd down
From their bright orbs, those heavenly ministries,
Hailing the new-born world with bursis of joy, pp. 3, 4.

passes to the massacre of the Innocents, the destruction of Jerusalem, and its modern state, the predicted restoration of the Jews, and, after an animated apostrophe to England as the chosen · Evangelist of nations, breaks forth in the following indignant strain :

• There was a nation-whisper not its name
Lords of the realm through which old Ganges rolls
Her guilty stream, land populous with gods,
Olympus of the East : those Christian lords,
Great Juggernaut's copartners, shared the gaios
Of his lewd triumphs, winking at the cheat.
Yea, and at Doorga feasts, the Christian fair
Did graceful homage to the mis-shaped gods,
And pledged the cup of demons. Then we heard,
To veil their shame, of Hindoo innocence :-
Meek, simple, virtuous, mild idolaters,
They needed not to learn the Christians' faith.
Witness the dire suttee, the corse-strewn plain,
Where vultures track the abominable car
Of blood-stain'd lewdness. Bear thou witness too,
River of hell, whose deadly baptism stains ...
E’en to the soul its victim. Witness ye:
Dark sanctuaries, whence shrieks, with laugh obscene
Commingling, speak the worship and the gode
Orighteous sword of Mahomed, which gave
The shaven crowns of those infernal priests
To their own goddess, a meet sacrifice,
Fresh beads for Kali's necklace. Not with sword
Or spear of earthly temper, sainted WARD,
Didst thou, with thy heroic compeers, take
The field, and patiently sit down before
The thrice-entrenched Pandemonium
Of central Ind. Slowly, by sap and mine,
The painful siege proceeds; and many an arm
Must fail, and many a martyr wreath be won,
Until at length the powers of hell shall yield;
And He whose right it is, shall enter in
To reign. Lift up your heads, ye fortress gates!
Ye long-closed barriers of the East, give way! pp. 9, 10

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Persia, China, and Taheite, presented objects to decidedly poetical to be neglected.

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• Land of the Sun, once thy fond idol! Land
of rose gardens, where aye the bulbul sings
His most voluptuous song! Thou mother land
And cradle of the nations ! Land of Cyrus !
(Shall e'er a second Cyrus spring from thee?)

Thy palaces have heard a heavenly voice': " 2. A prophet's feet have trod thy burning soil:

A" man of God” has left his name with thee, from bogie, Thy sage Mollahs, say, have they yet resolv'd

The Christian's knotty interrogatives?
Go, send for aid to Mecca. Ha ! the Arab!
The Wahabite is there! The Calipbate,
Shrunk to the shadow of a name, survives' setin sos
But in thy Othman rival, who e'en now
Sees Egypt lost, and quails before the Greek.
Rouse thee! shake off the trammels of a creed
Forged to enslave thee. From thy Soofish dreams
Awake to manlier life ; and, if thou canst,
Call up thy ancient Magi from their rest,
To lead the to His rising, who returns
To gladden thee with healing in his beams,
The Sun whom thou mayst worship. Thy Euphrates
Shall flee his ancient channel, to prepare
A passage for the monarchs of the East.

And thou,“ Celestial Empire!" teeming hive
Of millions! vast impenetrable realm!
The hour is writ in heaven, thy yellow sons
Shall bow at the holy name, and woman there
Relent into the mother. Human loves
And softest charities shall in the train
Of heavenly faith attend. Thy woodrous wall
Is scaled, thy mystic tongue decipher'd now.

• Where, in the furthest deserts of the deep,
The coral-worm its architecture vast

Uprears, and new-made islands have their birth,
1: The Paphian Venus, driven from the West,

In Polynesian groves long undisturba
Her shameful rites and orgies fout maintain'd.
The wandering voyager at Taheite found
Another Daphne. On his startled ear,
What unaccustom'd sounds come from those shores,
Charming the lone Pacific? Not the shouts
Of war, nor maddening songs of Bacchanåls;
But, from the rude Morai, the full-toned psalm
or Christian praise. A moral miracle !
Taheite now enjoys the gladdening smile
Of sabbaths. Savage dialects, unheard
At Babel, or at Jewish Pentecost,
Now first articulate divinest sounds.'

pp. 10–13.



Greenland, the Indians of North America, Africa, then pass along the field of this poetical magic-lantern, and are followed by an apostrophe to the Star of Bethlehem, that will not be overlooked.

O Star ! the most august of all that clasp
The star-girt 'heav'n, which erst in eastern skies
Didst herald, like the light of prophecy,
The Sun of Righteousness, the harbinger
Of more than natural day ;, whether thou track
The circuit of the universe, or thrid, :
As with a golden clew, the labyrinth
Of suns and systems, still from age to age
Auguring to distant spheres some glorious doom;
Sure thou thy blessed circle hast well nigh
Described, and in the majesty of light,
Bending on thy return, wilt soon announce
His second advent. Yes, even now. thy beams
Suffuse the twilight of the nations. Light
Wakes in the region where gross darkness veil'd
The people. They who in death's shadow sat,
Shall hail that glorious rising ; for the shade
Prophetic shrinks before the dawning ray
That cast it : fornis of earth that interposed,
Shall vanish, scatter'd like the dusky clouds, i
Before the exultant morn; and central day

All shadowless, even to the poles shall reign. pp. 16, 17. The Scriptures and the progress of knowledge claim an emphatic notice, and the signs of the present times afford an appropriate subject for the conclasion.

The · Sacred Poems' consist chiefly of versions of the Psalms, and of stanzas suggested by different passages of Scripture. There are a few of a more general cast, among which we were well pleased to recognise the Reverie, from the additions to the second edition of the Associate Minstrels.' The 145th Psalm is versified in a measure of which we do not, at the present moment, recollect a previous instance, and which, we think, produces a very impressive effect. It is the heroic rhyme alternated. We shall give a part.

• I will extol thy name, O God, my king

For ever will I bless Thee. Day by day
Shall my glad lips Thy daily goodness sing;

To Thee an everlasting tribute pay.
• Great is the Lord, unfathomably great :

Exalted as his greatness be his praise.
Oh, teach it to your children, and relate

His deeds of might, the goodness of his ways.

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