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ART. XII. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.

The Rev. W. S. Gilly will shortly publish, a Narrative of an Excursion to the Mountains of Piedmunt, in the year 1823, and researches among the Vaudois, with illustrations of the very interesting history of these Protestant inhabitants of the Cottian Alps, with an Appendix containing important docu. ments from Ancient MSS. In one vol. 4:0. with maps and other engravings.

A highly finished and accredited Likeness of Mrs. Hannah More, engraved by Worthington from a Painting by H. W. Pickersgill, A. R. A. will be published in a few days.

Mr. Solomon Bennett has just issued the prospectus of a work to be entitled the Temple of Ezekiel, or an illustration of the 40th, 41st, 42nd, &c. chapters of Ezekiel, to be published in a 4to. vol. aud illustrated with a ground plan, and a bird's-eye view of the Temple.

in the press, the Christian Father's Present to his Children. By the Rev. J. A. James,

In the month of March, will be pub. lisbed, the first number of a new periodical publication, entitled the Cambridge Quarterly Reriew and Academical Register. To be continued quarterly.

We understand that a new translation of Josephus, the Jewish historian, bas been undertaken by a clergyınan of the established Church. A classical version of this unique and celebrated writer has long been a desidcratum in Engli-h Literature ; and if the gentleman above alIndled to, succeed in his arduous enterprize, he will coufer no mean obligation on his language and country.

We are happy to insert the following notice, transmitted to u; by Mr. Mouto gomery of Sheffield. A Society under the patronage of his Majesty, has long been established, for abolishing the practice of employing children to sweep chimnies. A volume, in prose and

verse, to be intituled “ The Climbing Boy's Album,” containing contributions from some of the most eminent writers of the day, illustrated with engravings from designs by Mr. Cruikshank, will be published in the conrse of the present season. The object of this work will be to draw public attention more earnestly than heretofore to the practicability and the necessity of discontinuing one of the most cruel, unjust, and flagitious usages in existence.

On the 25th of March will be pube lished, in six handsome volumes, 8vo. price 31. 125. : uniform with the editions of Jeremy Taylor, Dr. Owen, and Lightfoot, the Complete Works of the Rev. Philip Skelton, of Trinity College, Dublin, with memoirs of his life by the Rev. Samuel Burdy, A.B. Edited by the Rev. Robert Lynam, A. M. assistant Chaplain to the Magdalen Hospital.

In the press, and speedlly will be pub. lished, in foolscap 8vo. a Familiar and Explanatory Address to Yoang, Voiaformel, and Scrupulous Christians, on the Nature and Design of the Lord's Supper, with directions for profitably reading the Scriptures; a sertatio on faith and works; an exposition of the commandments and Lord's prayer ; a discourse upon prayer, and an explana. tion of terms used in doctrinal writings, &c. &c.

In the press, Massillon's Thoughts on ditforent Moral anl Religious Subjects, extracted from his works, and arranged under distinct heads, translated from the Frencb. By Rutton Morris, English Minister at Calais and the suburbs of St. Pierre.

In the press, Lectures on the Life of Christ, 3 vols. 8vo. By the Rev. J. Bennet, Rotherham.

In the press, Lectures on the Ten Commandments. By W. H. Stowell, North Shields. In 1 vol. 8vo.

ART. XIII. LIST OF WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.

MEDICINE. An Engraved Representation of the Anatomy of the Human Ear, exhibiting in one view, the external and interual parts of that Organ in situ, accompa• nied with a plate of outlines and refere

ences with copious explanations; to which are added, Surgical remarks on introducing the Probe and Catheter into the Eustachian Tube by the Nostril on the opejaticn of puncturing the Membrana Tympaui--and a synoptical

THEOLOGY

table of the Diseases of the Ear, with

the West India Islands, from the Comtheir dassification, seat, symptoms,

mittee of the Leicester Auxiliary Anticauses, and treatment. The whole de- Slavery Society. 8vo. 1s. sigued as a guide to Acoustic Surgery. By Thomas Buchanan, C.M. Licentiate

The Evidence of Christianity derived of the University of Glasgow, and Sur

from its Nature and Reception, By J. geon to the Hull Dispensary for Diseases of the Eye and Ear. folio 12s. 60.

B. Sumner, M.A. Prebendary of Dur

ham. 8vo. 10s. 60. MISCELLANEOUS.

Sermons on Important Subjects. Ву A Letter to the Editor of the British

the Rev. D. M'Indoe, Newcastle on Review, occasioned by the notice of

Tyne. 12mo. 5s, bd. " No Fiction” and “ Martha," in the

An Answer to the Question, Why are Jast Number of that work. By Andrew

you a Congregational Dissenter. By Reed. 8vo. Is. 6d.

the Rev. Jos Morrison. 6d. Aspersions answered : an explanatory

The Incarnation of the Son of God;

a Sermon preached at the Moraviau statement, addressed to the public at

Chapel, Bristol. By William Okely, large, and to every reader of the Quarterly Review in particular. By William

M.D. 8vo. 18. (The profits to be devoted

to the benefit of the sufferers by fire at Hone. 8vo. 18. Fatal Errors and Fundamental Truths,

Sarepta.)

The Book of Psalms in an English illnstrated in a series of narratives and

Metrical Version, founded on the basis essays. Small Svo. 9s. Letters to an Attorney's Clerk, con

of the authorized Bible translation, and taining directions for his studies and

compared with the original Hebrew, general conduct : designed and com

with notes, critical and illustrative. By menced by A. C. Buckland, anthor of

the Rev. Richard Mant, D.D. M.R.I.A. Letters on Early Rising, and completed

Lord Bishop of Down and Connor. 8vo.

12s. by W. H. Buckland, f.eap 8vo. 10s. 6d.

The Protestant Companion, or Prose by a Poet. 2 vols. f.cp. Svo. 12s. Private Correspondence of the late

Seasonable Preservative against the erWilliam Cowper, Esq. Now first pub.

rors, corruptions, and unfounded claims lished from the originals in the posses

of a superstitious and idolatrous church, sion of the Elitor, the Rev. Dr. Joboson,

By the Rev. C. Daubeny, LL. D. Arch

deacon of Sarum. Sro. 9s. Rector of Yaxbam with Welborne, Norfolk. 2 vols. Svo. 11. 8s.

Twenty Sermons on the Apostolical

Preaching and Vindication of the Gos-, POLITICAL

pel to the Jews, Samaritans, and devout

Gentiles, as exhibited in the Acts of the The Practicability and Expediency of Apostles, the Epistles of St. Peter, and abolishing Taxation, by repealing the the Epistle to the Hebrews: preached remaioing moiety of the assessed before the University of Cambridge in taxes. By a Country Magistrate. Is. the Year 1823, at the Lecture founded

A Letter to the Archbishop of Can- by the Rev. J. Hulse. By J. C. Fraoks, terbury, on the subject of Church pro- M.A. Chaplain of Trinity College, and perty. By a Clergyman. 8vo 2s. 60. Vicar of Huddersfield, Yorkshire, Svo.

An Address on the State of Slavery in 12 s.

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THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

FOR APRIL, 1824.

Art. I. An Attempt to demonstrate from Reason, and Revelation, the

necessary Existence, essential Perfections, and superintending Previdence of an Eternal Being, who is the Creator, the Supporter, and the Governor of all Things. By Samuel Drew. 2 vols. 8vo.

pp. xx. 712. Price 18s. Cornwall. 1820. It would seem to be a very difficult thing to prove that there

is a God, since, of the arguments adduced to demonstrate the proposition, some are unsound, others are involved and obscure ; and the most laborious proofs are the least satisfactory. To prove the fact of one's own existence by a similar process of argumentation, would be found equally difficult, and for the same reason : no proof can be so clear as that which the proposition includes, its contrary implying a contradietion. Were a plain man required to demonstrate that two and two are equal to four, he would resent, as an attempt to impose upon his understanding, the raising a question about so self-evident a truth. But a learned philosopher, no doubt, could prove this at great length,-could demonstrate the necessity of the relation of equality, the difference between equality and identity, the absurdity of supposing that two and two make five, since even numbers can never be multiplied into an odd one ; he would further adduce in support of the assertion, the universal consent of mankind; but, whether the nature of things could possibly have been different, so that the idea of equality should have been produced in our minds by an odd number, would admit of a most ingenious disputation. We are much disposed to consider the intricate argument respecting the being of a God as scarcely less a work of supererogation. It is impossible to conceive of there being, no God,impossible for the mind, in a state of sanity, to frame to itself the supposition that would blot out the idea of God. There have been a few men mad enough to profess atheism, --such as a heathen writer aptly describes as' maimed in their very soul, Vol. XXI. N.S.

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monstrous creatures, as a lion without courage, an ox without horns, or a bird without wings; yet, out of these, you shall understand somewhat of God, for they know and confess him • whether they will or no.'* It is one thing to be able to argue on the side of an absurd hypothesis, and another thing for the mind to impose on itself that absurdity as a truth. The atheistic hypothesis is a pure absurdity. The act of thought includes the idea of conscious existence; and from the idea of conscious existence, that of its Author is inseparable. The first law of all reasoning is that which links the effect with its cause. As soon as the child can reason, that is, as soon as it becomes, properly speaking, a conscious being, it understands the force of the inquiry, "Who made me ? Some one, something most have caused me to be. If he should be told, that his parents made him, the question returns, Who made them? 'And no idea is found on which the unsophisticated mind can rest, but that of the Infinite, Unsearchable, Eternal Being, who made all things, and who Himself had no begin ning.

16.0.1 rido I am; therefore God is.' The reasoning is on a level with the lowest capacity, yet, philosophy cannot produce a stronger demonstration. The conclusion is irresistible. I must have had a Maker-greater than myself --greater than the world, for he made that too, and placed me in it-greater than I can conceive of transcending alike my imagination and my reason : thus I can conceive of Him only as immense. It is one step further, which leads to the conclusion, that this Cause of all things must be antecedent to all things, umcaused, eternal. This idea once developed, and it is necessarily developed by the earliest processes of thought,) it becomes a law or first prin*ciple. * For he,' remarks Dr. Clarke, that can suppose - eternity and immensity removed out of the universe, may, if

he please, as easily remove the relation of equality between twice two and four.' -7. In point of fact, the relation of cause and effect is more * easily apprehended than the relation of equality. The proposition that there is a God, is understood before the terms of the proposition are, that two and two are equal to four. Both, when understood, are equally self-evident, and refuse the aid of proof. Their opposites alike imply a contradiction. There is a remark of Howe's, which strictly applies, we think, to the argument respecting the Divine Éxistence. At least;' he says, * in a matter of so clear and commanding evidence, rea

Maximus Tyrius.

soning many times looks like triflings and out of a hearty • concernedness and jealousy for the honour of religion, jone Twould rather it should march on with an heroical neglect of

bold and malapent cavillers, than make itself cheap by dis

cussing at every turn its principles. Theology might safely refrain from encountering a mere absurdity, and assume the fact of existence, including the self-existence of the First Great Cause, as granted.

ni $ The self-existence of God is as certain a truth as his ex, istence, it is included in the idea of God, and therefore forms part of the proposition, There is a God. If this is not so immediately perceived as the affirmation, that two and two are equal to four, it is owing, not to its being less self-evident, but to the abstract nature of the idea of uncaused existence : the meaning of the terms is less obvious, but, when understood, the assent of the mind is as instantaneously given in the one case -as in the other. The Being who made all things, must have existed antecedently to all things, independently of all things, uncaused, unoriginated, from eternity, by the necessity of his nature, that is, must be self-existent. And that the Cause of all being must be self-existent, is not more evident and certain, the terms being understood, than that, as the Cause lof all perfection, he must be all-perfeet. Otherwise, though a Cause would be assigned in the Divine Existence, for the existence of other beings, there would be perfections attaching to created beings, for which no cause would be assignable; they would be effects without a cause. And the absurdity would not be greater, that is involved in the supposition of contingent qualities without a cause, than that which attaches to the idea of contingent rexistence without a cause. In other words, we might as well suppose a finite being to have come into exist. enge of itself, as suppose it to possess qualities of power, wisdom, goodness, for which it was not indebted to its Author, or, as suppose that the Author of all power, wisdom, and goodness is less than infinitely powerful, wise, and good. The argument is as direct from the capacity, intelligence, and conscience of man to the perfections of the Creator, as from our conscious existence to the Divine self-existence. The Cause of all being must be the cause of all well-being also. Self

existence ''sexclaims the Author of the Living Temple, into bow profound an abyss is a man cast at the thought of it!

How doth it overwhelm and swallow up his mind and whole goal with what satisfaction and delight must be see himself comprehended of what he finds he can never comprehend !

For, contemplating the Seff-existent Being, he finds it eternally, necessarily, never not existing ! He can have no thought

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