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THE WORDS ARE DEDUCED FROM THEIR ORIGINALS,
ILLUSTRATED IN THEIR DIFFERENT SIGNIFICATIONS BY EXAMPLES FROM
THE BEST WRITERS.
J.JOHNSON; W.J. AND 3. RICHARDSON; J. WALKER; R. BALDWIN; F. AND C. RIVINGTON; T. PAYNE;
LACKINGTON, ALLEN, AND CO.; VERNOR AND HOOD: J. AND A. ARCH; CADELL AND DAVIES; S. BAG
LACKINNE; I STOCKDALE CROSBY ANANDP; 1. ASPERNE CATEVE AND SON; CUTHELL AND MARTIN
DIA DIABEȘTES. n. s. (diezbáilns.) A mor- Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleeples bid copiousness of urine; a fatal col
Milian. liquation by the urinary passages.
To him who wears the regal diadem.
Why should he ravish then that diadem
From your grey temples, which the hand of time
Denbarn. skeats and coughs, diabetes, and other consump
Must shortly plant on his?
Faction, that once made diadems her prey,
And stopt our prince in his triumphant way,
Fled like a mist before this radiant day. Roscons. taking of the qualities of the devil; ima. pious ; atrocious; nefarious ; pertaining
with a diadem ; crowned.
Not so, wheri diadem'd with rays divine,
Touch'd with the-flame that breaks from virtue's
Hey jrjestless muse forbids the good to die,
of brute. Meilt
. : - And opes the temple of eternity, Pope. poes not the ambitious, the envious, and the: :DI AROM. tis. [dadcouéw] The time revengeful man know very well
, that the thirst blood, and affectation of dominion by vio
in which any inotion is performed; the lence and oppression, is a most diabolical
time in which a pendulum performs its tipon the laws of God and Nature. L'Estrange.
A gry is one tenth of a line, a line one tenth
of an inch, an inch one tenth of a philosophical spair and rage ; and have so much of a diabolical
foot, a philosophical foot one third of a pendu
lum; whose diadroms, in the latitude of fortynature in them, as to wish all men to share their
five degrees, are each equal to one second of time, or a sixtieth of a minute.
Locke, DIACÚDIUM. R. s. (diamusov.] The DiÆ'RESIS. 27. 5
[dráspecıç] The sepaDiaco’ustics. n. s. (diaxasıxè.] The
ration or disjunction of syllables; as
aër. DIAGNO'STICK. n, s. (hayukoxw.) A
symptom by which a disease is distin. guished from others.
I shall lay do-vn some indisputable marks of this vice, that whenever we see the tokens, we
may conclude the plague is in the house :-let Spenser. us hear your diagnosticks.
Collier on Pride. One of our physicians proved disappointed of his prognosticks, or rather diagnosticks. Hervey. DIA'GONAL. adj. [dézyósos.] Reach
ing from one angle to another, so as to worn on the
divide a parallelogram into equal parts.
The monstrosity of the badger is ill-contrived, and with some disadvantage; the shortness being Sixed unto che legs of one side, chat might have
syrup of poppies.
doctrine of sounds.
The sacred diadem in pieces rent,
A list the coblers' temples ties,
head; the crown.
been more properly placed upon the diagonal If the conferring of a kindness did not bind
Brown's Vulgar Errors. the pesson upon whom it was conferred to the All sorts of stone composed of granules, will returns of gratitude, why, in the universal diza cut and rive in any direction, as well in a per- lect of the world, are kindnesses still called oblipendicular, or in a diagonal, as horizontally and gations ?
South. parallel 1o the side of the strata. Woodward. DiALECTICAL. adj. [from dialectick.) Dia'GONAL. 1. s. (from the adjective. Logical ; argumental.
A line drawn from angle to angle, and Those dialecticul subtieties, that the schoolmen dividing a square into equal parts. employ about physiological mysteries, more de
When a man bas in luis mind ehe idea of two clare the wit of him that uses them, than increase lines, viz. the side and diagonal of a square,
the knowledge of sober lovers of truth. Boyle whereof the diagonal is an inch long, he may DIALECTICK. n. s. [dozhixtıxn.] Lo. have the idea also of the division of that live gick; the art of reasoning; into a certain number of equal parts. Locke.
Di'ALLING. 1. s. [from dial.] The sci. DiaľGONALLY. adv. (trom diagonal.]
aterick science; the knowledge of shaIn a diagonal direction.
dow; the art of constructing dials on 'The right and left are not defined by philo
which the shadow may show the hour. sophers according to common acceptation, that is, respectively from one'man unto another, or
Di'ALIST. n. s. [from dial.] A con. any constant site in each, as though that should structer of dials. he the right in one, which, upon confront or Scientitick dialists, by the geometrick consifacing, stands athwart or diagonally unto the derations of lines, have found out rules to mark other; but were distinguished according unto out the irregular motion of the shadow in all their activity, and predominant locomotion, on latitudes, and on all planes.
Moxon. the either side. Brown's Vulger Erreurs. DIAʼLOGIST. n. s. [from dialogue.] A D'AGRAM. 1. s. [Méręcence.] A delinea- speaker in a dialogue or conference; a
tion of geometrical figures; a mathe- writer of dialogues. matical scheine.
DI'ALOGUE. n. s. [dié.oyos.] A conMany a fair precepe in poetry is like a seem- ference; a conversation between two or ing demonstration in the mathematicks; very
more, either real or feigned. specious in the digram, but failing .in the mechanick operation.
Will you hear the dialogue that the two
learned men have compiled in praise of the owl Why do not these persons make a diagram of
ar.d cuckoo ? these cogitative lines and angles, and demen
Oi, the impudence of this wicked sex! Lase strate their properties of perception and appetite,
civious dialogues are innocent with you. Dryden. as plainly as we know the other properties of triangles and circles?
In casy dialagues is Fletcher's praise : DiagrY'DIATES. 1. s. [from diogryilium,
He mor'd the mind, but had not pow'r to raise.
Dryden. Latin.] Strong purgatives made with. To Di'alague. v.a. [from the noun.) diagrydium.
.To discourse with another; to confer. All cholerick humours ought to be evacuated by diagrydiates, mixed with carsat oor scape acid, DIALY'sis.on. s. [ diesvors:] The figure
Dost dialogue with thy shadow ? Sbakspeare. or rhubarb po vders. Di’AL. n. s. [dialec: Skinner.] : plate
in rhetorick by which syllables or words marked with lines, wbreme, a hånd' or
DIAMETER. 1. so (ad and uitgor.] shadow shows the hour. O, gentlemen, the time of life is shirt
The line which, passing through the To spend that shortness baselio iscie too lang, centre of a circle, or other curvilinear
Though life did ride upon a Lil's point, figure, divides it into equal parts.
If the motion be very slow, we perceive it not: according to Proleniy, is seventeen times the we have no sense of the accretive motion of plants diameter of the earth, which makes, in a gross or animals; and the sly shadow steals away upon account, about one hundred and twenty thouthe dial, and the quickest eye can discover no sand miles.
Raleigh. more than that it is gone.
Glenville. The bay of Naples is the most delightful one DIAL-Plate. n. s. [dial and plate.]. That
that I ever saw : it lies in almost a round figure on which hours or lines are marked.
of about thirty miles in the diameter. Addison. Strada tells us that the two friends; being each Dia METRAL. adj. [from diameter.] Deof them possessed of a magnetical needle, made scribing the diameter ; relating to the a kind of dial-plate, inscribing it with the four diameter. and ewenty letters, in the same manner as the DIA’METRALLY. adv. (from diametral.) hours of the day are marked upon the ordinary dial-plate.
According to the direction of a diameDIALECT. η. 5. [διάλεκτος.]
ter; in direct opposition.
Christian piety is, beyond all other things dia-, 1. The subdivision of a language; as the metrally opposed to prophaneness and impiety of Attic, Doric, Ionic, Æolic dialects.
Hammond 2. Style ; manner of expression,
DIAME'TRICAL. adj. [from diameter.] When themselves do practise that whereof
1. Describing a diameter. they write, they change their dialect; and those words they shun, as if there were in them some
2. Observing the direction of a diameter. secret sting.
· The sin of calumny is set in a most diametrical
opposition to the evangelical precept of loving out 3. Language ; speech. In her youth
neighbours as ourselves. Gov. of the Tongue There is a prone and speechloss dialect,
DIAME'TRICALLY. adv. [from diametrin Such is moves men.
Shakspeare. cal.] In a diametrical direction.