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pendous monument of his wisdom and the word of truth, that we should be a mercy. We see one spirit pervading kind of first-fruits of his creatures.' the whole. It is the design of que Mas. We are ' born again,' says St. Peter, ter, accomplished by many servants, pot of corruptible seed, but of incora Every book is perfect as a part; and ruptible, by the word of God, which liv. all together form, if I may be allowed eth and abideth for ever and ever.' Our the figure, one temple of truth and sal. regeneration, like all our blessings, is vation, into which the mind that enters solely and entirely from God; but it is with sanctified affections feels sensible wrought and perfected through the inof the presence of the Deity." Vol. I, strumentality of his word." Vol. I. p. 24. pp. 6, 7.
For our first recovery from a lost The difficulties attending any state, for our sanctification, for our other supposition are admirably growth in grace, for our full and stated; as is also the completeness final comfort;-for these ends the of the sacred volume.
word of God is given to man. “ Its instructions are not complicate, “ Its precious promises, and the globut plain and explicit, adapted to every rious prospects which it opens, rejoice capacity. They are vot arbitrary, but the heart, and enable the human pilgrim grounded upon the eternal distinction to pass on his way, wet, perhaps, with of things, and commend themselves to many a shower, and afflicted with the reason as soon as they are understood. apprehension of many a danger, but They are not grievous in the practice bappy in the hope that his sius will be of them; for they are made easy to the forgiven, and that his pilgrimage will obedient heart, by the Spirit whichever uc
terminate in a rest from his cares, and companies them, and are productive of
an enjoyment of immortal felicity," Vol internal satisfaction and peace. They
I. p. 26. cannot mislead ns, nor need any addi. This useful and interesting sertion to their anthority or certainty, for terminates with some just they came from God." Vol. I. p. 16.
remarks on the too frequent negIn the following sermon, on the lect of the Scriptures ; and on the end or use of the sacred writings,- necessity of duly applying their a subject, of course, anticipated in benefits, by the most devout study, speaking of their completeness; to the heart ; and of seriously askfor what is their completeness but ing ourselves, whether the end of in reference to the use designed 3— God's instructions is accomplished the ever accompanying aids of Di- in us. These two sermons afford vine grace, in the reading of the a rich specimen of the author's word, are strongly dwelt upon and powers of reasoning and appeal, reiterated as the prime channel of no less than of his piety and orthotheir utility to the heart.
doxy; and we doubt not, had his “We are told, you know, that we must finishing hand been put to them, be born again in order to the knowledge that they would have stood high and enjoyment of the kingdom of God. amongst the best general summaries It is through the instrumentality of the of the intent and excellence of the Scriptures that this regeneration is ac. Scriptures. complished. They are the seed of this Our next department, in this first new birth. God's Spirit always accom- part, contains sermons to the end panying them as his institution, they are of the eleventh. After defending effectual in the heart of every one who reads them with the dispositions they re. neral in the third, tbe author pro
RELIGIOUS ORDINANCES in ge. qnire, to euligbten his mind and reform his heart, to bring him out of darkness ceeds to five consecutive dissertainto God's marvellous ligbt,' and to turn
tions on BAPTISM. These respechim from the power of satan unto tively embrace the inquiries why God. In Christ Jesus,' says St. Paul, persons should be baptised; when to the Corinthians, I have begotten they should be baptized; how, by you through the Gospel.' of his own whom, and where they should be will,' says St. James, 'begat le us by baptised; the whole being prefac
ed with the following catalogue of Christian men are discerned from others persons who entertain false notions that be not christened, but it is also of this sacred ordinance.
a sign of regeneration, or new birth,
whereby, as by an instrument, they “ There are many who consider it as nothing more than a decent formality into the church:
that receive baptism rightly are grafted of the Christiau world. Others view it
“ In this union with the church, we as of so tremendous and exclusive a na.
become entitled to its instruction and ture, that a large part of our race, and that the most innocent part, are inca- prayers; 10 a participation of that light
with which God hath illumined it; to pable of receiviog it. Others seem to
access to the fountains of living water think it the mysterious charm which does all that needs to be done for their it; to the bread of life which is pro
which are set open to the members of salvation, leaving them to advance towards heaven on the wings of incon. table, and to the aids of the Spirit
vided for our sustenance at its holy sideration, through the polluted paths of which proceedėth from the Father and vice and folly. And of those upon whom the ordinance hath been bestowed, the body bath nourishment ministered, and
the Son. For from the Head all the number, it is to be feared, is compara. being knit together by joints and bands, tively small, who preserve an adequate increaseth with the increase of God. sense of the nagoitude of the benefits
It is on account of the inestimable value it conveys to them, or of the sacredness
of this union with Christ, that we are of the obligations it devolves upon instructed, whenever baptism is con. them." Vol. I. pp. 68, 69.
ferred upon any one,' with one accord' In compositions of the present to give thanks to Almighty God, that nature, we are not always so happy it hath pleased him to regenerate' such as to find definitions critically ac- person, and' graft him into the body of curate, upon a subject which it has Christ's church.”" Vol. I. pp. 62, 63. been the effect of modern contro.
Next, of adoption, or being made versy to render one of considerable the children of God, he says, nicely, and on which the generality of theological readers have al- By the precious blood of the Son (of ready made up their minds, and are God] he is freed from the guilt, and, by too apt to misunderstand or under the purifying influences of his Spirit, is
cleansed from the dominion of sin ; and rate the opinion of their neighbours.
in baptism receives, as it were, io symBishop Dehon, upon first inquiring bol, this inestimable grace, being washed why mankind should be baptised, in its waters from the stain of the oriin the most forcible manner insists
ginal transgression, and all past offences, on the authority of this Divine or- and blessed with the gift of the Holy dinance, from our Lord's appoint- Ghost. • Arise,' said Ananias to the ment; and then on the benefits to converted Paul, “ be baptised and wash be derived from it, under the three away thy sins, calling upon the name of beads afforded us by our Church Ca
the Lord.'» Vol. I. p. 63. techism—" Whereby we are made
Furtber, he adds, in reference members of Christ, children of God, to the third benefit, that it is the and inheritors of the kingdom of title and pledge, to those who truly heaven." The first of these bene
receive it, of immortality and eternal fits he thus describes :
life. “ We are by baptism made members In removing objections, he repels of Christ ; that is, anited to him; the infidelity which distrusts its efmade parts of the body of which he is ficacy, from the apparent slenderthe Head ; and so long as we continue ness of the means. living members of tbe same, we partake phet,” he well quotes, “ bad bid of his life, of his care, and of bis glory. thee do some great thing, wouldst For, saith the Apostle, the church is his body; and baptism, as it is expressed
thou not have done it? Hoứ much with much precision in the Twenty-se. rather when he saith to thee, Wash, venth Article,' is not only a sign of pro
and be clean ?" After wbich he fession, and mark of difference, whereby proceeds, in answer to another oben
" If the pro.
jection of " a more melancholy objection does not affect the doctrine aspect :"
which has been delivered concerning
this important ordinance. It teaches “ How is it possible, it may be asked, us, rather, when God hath, in baptism, if baptism is thus efficacions, that so lifted us from the mire, and set our feet many who have received it are destitute upon a rock, and ordered our goings, of all faith, and live in trespasses and to take heed lest we fall.” Vol. I. pp. sins? We are obliged to concede the 66, 67. truth of the afflicting fact; but this, with some qualifications. There are
We quote this passage al full persons, and, blessed be God, the nnınber length, to put our readers in entire of them is not small, in whom the seeds possession of the preacher's views which were sown in the infancy of their on this important subject, rather new life, after having been choked for than with any design of examinyears by weeds, which have had their ing or pronouncing our own judg. growth and withered, do spring up and
ment upon it. The Bishop clearly produce their proper fruits, holiness and everlasting life. This is, doubtless,
gives no countenance whatever to many times the result of the mercies those statements which make bapwhich were sealed to them in baptism; tismal regeneration to stand for for though man may depart from his sti: true and effectual conversion of the pulations, the gifts and calling of God heart to God. This may or may are without repentance. It must, low- not follow after the administraever, be confessed, that there are many tion of the rite. He even doubts who have tasted of the heavenly gift, whether the seed of faith and holiand been made partakers of the Holy Ghost, that seem to fall away, and go On the other hand, be most strong
ness be then implauted. (p. 72.) on still in iniquity, and die, as well as live, withont God or holiness. But this ly asserts, in agreement with the only teaches us, that there is nothing approved sentence of the church, irresistible in the moral operations of and its best writers in all ages, that God; that the covenant of his grace and baptism implies a change of state ; mercy, in Christ Jesus, is conditional; a “ provisional” admission to all and that, in the performauce of the con. those privileges of the Christian ditions, we are left perfectly free. Will covenant, which we could have no it be said, that on such persons remains right to expect, or even to ask at the barthen of the original guilt of their the hands of God, either for ournature? No. From this, in their bap- selves or our children, without a tism, they were entirely delivered; they perish by their own transgressions. Will compliance with his owo instituted it be said, that to them the Holy Spirit rite, the pledge and the condition was not given ? No. It hath moved of our covenanted relation. Those many times in the heart of every one privileges he states in the general of them. It hath often called to them, to be remission of sin, and renewand in a tone of anxious concern,' This ing of the Holy Ghost: and these is the way, walk ye in it, when they have he regards as suspended on our turned to the right hand, and when they have turned to the left.' But its move meeting the Divine offers with suit.
able dispositions. " On our obseryments they have stified ; to its voice they liave been like the deaf adder
ance and fulfilment of our solemn that stoppeth her ears;' they have re- vow, promise, and profession, desisted, and grieved it, and turned it pend the pardon of our sins, our away. Will it be said, then, that for participation of the influences of the them was proffered no glorious inheri. Holy Spirit, and our enjoyment of tance? No. Heaven was within their eternal life.” (p. 104.) How far reach. And it is this which, in the day he would in ordinary language ap. of retribntion, will aggravate their condemnation, and vindicate the justice of ply the term “ regenerate” to those their Judge, that when a title to the joys who have not met the Divine offers and honours of God's kingdom, was with suitable dispositions, we think put into their hands, they preferred by no means clear: although a pasihe dominion and pleasures of siu? The sage from his first sermon, on the
Scriptures, quoted above, applies tune, as actual slns, which are their the term “ regeneration" in a very crime, and from which God gives no redifferent sense; and views it as the mlssion but upon repentance." Vol, I. effect of the Divine word read, pp. 89, 83. or preached, and duly received into the heart. In short, we by no
The following passage, on the means consider the Bishop as speak speedy administration of baptism
to sincere adults, is a specimen of ing a definite language on this point; but as generally aiming, Bishop Debon's affecting manner. on the one side, to rescue this
" It is at the entrance of the Chris. most holy and significant sacrament tian life, when the soul has turned to its from neglect and contempt; and, on Creator, and is willing to be led by his the other, to secure that funda- Son to righteousness and peace, that mental change of heart and life in God, if I may so speak, meets ns with the baptised, without which bap- this animating and efficacious ordinance. tism, and every other ordinance,
And in this, he is seen the true Father will be worse than vain. And here
of the returning prodigal. While yet he will be fully met by all good he is a great way off
, in his
rags and men; whilst, for ourselves, we de- He brings him to his house, the church. sire nothing further than to enter
He commands his servants, the miniour protest against any popish con- sters of his church, to bring forth the best struction of Bishop Dehon's, or of robe, tbe robe of his Son's righteousness; our own Liturgical, doctrines, as and, by baptism, to put it on his rethough a proper direct healing effi. covered child : at the same time they cacy belonged to the waters of put, as it were, a ring, the signet of baptism, which could give to a favour, the token of affection, upon his mere formal and technical union band, aud shoes upon his feet, when with the church, all the properties walk pleasantly in the paths of holiness.
they have washed them, that he may and all the blessings of spiritual In the holy encharist, the banquet of regeneration. Such an opinion, we reconciliation and gladness is prepared doubt not, laid a flattering unction for him; and the members of the fami. on the soul of many a formalist in ly, whether militant on earth or trithe dark ages of Popery: and hu- umphant in heaven, partake of the Faman nature is ever too prone to ther's joy, that a child who was dead, adopt a religion of shadowy sub- is alive again; that one who was lost, is stitutions, not to render a Prote- found.” Vol. I. p. 86. stant caution on this head always seasonable and always applicable.
We must pass over the remaining In Sermon V. the Bishop, amongst pages on Baptism; and likewise the some good and strong suggestions Sermons on the Lord's Supper, in favour of Infant Baptism, asks, in which he considers why and how " By what right, without instruc
we should receive it, and why it is tions to that effect, we dare to cut
so often neglected; giving only two off infants, because naturally in
or three extracts from the latter capable of repentance and faith, set. We quote with much pleasure from the mercies of the covenant, the following amplification of the as far as they are capable of them,
text, “ This do in remembrance or froin the benefits of its use ?”
of me; for as often as ye eat this In Sermon VI. he adds a distinc
bread, and drink this cup, ye do tion, of which we do not know the
shew the Lord's death till he come.” warrant:
“ To preserve a lively recollection of “ It is evident, the case of infants is me, and of my sacrifice for the sins of very different from that of adults. The the world, ye shall observe this ordi. latter bring with them to the waters of nance for ever. As often as ye shall eat baptism, as well the inherent corruption bread and drink wine like these, made of their bature, which is their misfor- by consecration in my name, symbols
of my body and blood, ye do shew forth ject. The reasoning to prove the my death in an acceptable and effectual sacredness of the day, even premanner. Ye do shew it forth to the vious 10 the Law of Moses, is clear Father, as the ground of your plea for
and cogent; and its transfer from pardon, grace, and immortality. Ye do shew it forth to me, as gratefully im
the seventh to the first day of the pressed upon your hearts, and as an in. week, is beautifully, vindicated on ducement to me to forgive and preserve
“ the ground of the new creamy church, having redeemed it with tion," which we celebrate ou that my blood. Ye do shew it forth to the
day. world, as the subject of your faith, whereof you are not ashamed; as the
+ Chaos itself did not exhibit more only ground of your reliance for par. confusion, before the Creator converted don, and immortality, to which they
it to order and beauty, than did the also should betake themselves, and
state of fallen man, before the Redeemer through which alone, they, and any of presented a spiritual system, far more the buman race, have everlasting life.
wonderful, harmonious, and sublime, Ye do sbew it forth to each other, as a
than that which we admire in the ma. source and occasion of common joy, of terial world. As at the first creation, mutual consolation and encouragement,
the morning stars sang together, and of tender amity, and reciprocal good
the sops of God shouted for joy;' so, at services. And ye do shew it forth to the second, the heavenly hosts exulted your own souls, as the purchase of your
with reverence, and the inhabitants of redemption, as the sure foundation of the earth were bidden to rejoice." Vol.
I. hope and peace; as the sacrifice whereby your sios are taken away, and you In the second sermon are well are restored to the love and favour of
depicted the consequences which God.. Do this,' then, all of yon, 'in re
must eosue, membrance of me.' Let it be the great act of Christian worship in all genera- “ if time were thrown into one protions.” Vol. I. p. 115.
miscuous field, without these heaven.
erected beacons to rest and direct the We pass on to the discourses on the SABBATH.
passing pilgrim. Man would then plod
through a wilderness of being; and one The history of the SABBATH; of the main avenues which now admits motives for observing it; and the the light that will illumine bis path, method of so doing, are embraced would be perpetually closed." Vol. I. in the ikree sermons on this sub- p. 152. • In the sermons of Bishop Seabury,
A remark that follows, on the . mentioned above,- which in some mea- sufficient interim afforded for the sure seem to partake of a hardihood avocations and the pleasures of life of character, and explain his precipic in the six days, and on the rich tate application to the Scotch Bishops
man finding a respite from his for consecration, -we have a long argu round of pleasures and pursuits on ment to prove that Christ, in the institu
the seventh; might be misinterprete tion of the eucharist, did offer himself to
ed to inferences far beyond the BiGod, a propitiatory sacrifice for sin. Of baptism he also avers, that “ by it we shop's intention.
The ordinary receive the Holy Ghost, not only as a
round of worldly pleasures, we seed or capacity of goodness ;” which should hope, would not only be indeed he holds was imparted generally interrupted, but laid aside for ever to boman nature, by the promise of the after a due and spiritual worship Seed of the woman in paradise;" but in of God had becoine the taste of a more eminent degree as the principle the soul. We could have wished of holiness, the life of our life, to bring also that the employments of this to perfect maturity that seed of salva: sacred day had been more distion which has been sown in our hearts by the goodness of God.” Such state tinctly stated and guarded by the ments make us value the more sober and preacher. rational views of the excellent Bishop
Ju the SANCTUARY, to the conDebon,
sideration, of which two sermons CHRIST. OBSERY No 246