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IRAS. Go to him, madam, speak to him; He is unqualitied with very shame.

CLEO. Well then,-Sustain me :-O!

EROS. Most noble sir, arise; the queen approaches;

Her head's declin'd, and death will seize her; but Your comfort3 makes the rescue.

ANT. I have offended reputation;

A most unnoble swerving.


Sir, the queen.

ANT. O, whither hast thou led me, Egypt? See, How I convey my shame out of thine eyes By looking back on what I have left behind 'Stroy'd in dishonour.


O my lord, my lord! Forgive my fearful sails! I little thought, You would have follow'd.

He is unqualitied-] I suppose she means, he is unsoldier'd. Quality, in Shakspeare's age, was often used for profession. It has, I think, that meaning in the passage in Othello, in which Desdemona expresses her desire to accompany the Moor in his military service:

"My heart's subdued

"Even to the very quality of my lord." MALONE.

Perhaps, unqualitied, only signifies unmanned in general, disarmed of his usual faculties, without any particular reference to soldiership. STEEVENS.

-death will seize her; but

Your comfort &c.] But has here, as once before in this play, the force of except, or unless. JOHNSON.

I rather incline to think that but has here its ordinary signification. If it had been used for unless, Shakspeare would, I conceive, have written, according to his usual practices, make. MALONE.


How I convey my shame-] How, by looking another way, I withdraw my ignominy from your sight. JOHNSON.

ANT. Egypt, thou knew'st too well, My heart was to thy rudder tied by the strings, And thou should'st tow me after: O'er my spirit Thy full supremacy' thou knew'st; and that Thy beck might from the bidding of the gods Command me.



O, my pardon.

Now I must

To the young man send humble treaties, dodge
And palter in the shifts of lowness; who
With half the bulk o'the world play'd as I pleas'd,
Making, and marring fortunes. You did know,
How much you were my conqueror; and that
My sword, made weak by my affection, would
Obey it on all cause.



O pardon, pardon.


ANT. Fall not a tear, I say; one of them rates All that is won and lost: Give me a kiss; Even this repays me.-We sent our schoolmaster, Is he come back?-Love, I am full of lead :

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-tied by the strings,] That is, by the heart-string.


So, in The Tragedie of Antonie, done into English by the Countess of Pembroke, 1595:


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"Unto his ladies soule had been enchained,
"He left his men" &c. STEEVENS.

-should'st tow-] The old copy

has-should'st stow

This is one of the many corruptions occasioned by the transcriber's ear deceiving him. The correction was made by Mr. Rowe. MALONE.

Thy full supremacy-] Old copy-The full-. Corrected by Mr. Theobald. MALONE.


—one of them rates

All that is won and lost:] So, in Macbeth:

"When the battle's lost and won." MALONE.

Some wine, within there, and our viands:-Fortune knows,

We scorn her most, when most she offers blows. [Exeunt.


CESAR'S Camp, in Egypt.


CES. Let him appear that's come from Antony.— Know you him?


Cæsar, 'tis his schoolmaster:2 An argument that he is pluck'd, when hither He sends so poor a pinion of his wing, Which had superfluous kings for messengers, Not many moons gone by.



Approach, and speak.

EUP. Such as I am, I come from Antony:

I was of late as petty to his ends,

As is the morn-dew on the myrtle leaf


within-] This word might be fairly ejected, as it has

no other force than to derange the metre. STEEVENS. Thyreus,] In the old copy always-Thidias.



his schoolmaster:] The name of this person was Euphronius. STEEVENS.

He was schoolmaster to Antony's children by Cleopatra.


To his grand sea.3


Be it so; Declare thine office. EUP. Lord of his fortunes he salutes thee, and Requires to live in Egypt: which not granted, He lessens his requests; and to thee sues

To let him breathe between the heavens and earth,
A private man in Athens: This for him.
Next, Cleopatra does confess thy greatness;
Submits her to thy might; and of thee craves

— as petty to his ends,

As is the morn-dew on the myrtle leaf

To his grand sea.] Thus the old copy. To whose grand sea? I know not. Perhaps we should read:

To this grand sea.

We may suppose that the sea was within view of Caesar's camp, and at no great distance. TYRWHITT.

The modern editors arbitrarily read :—the grand sea.

I believe the old reading is the true one. His grand sea may mean his full tide of prosperity. So, in King Henry VI. P. I: "You are the fount that makes small brooks to flow; "Now stops thy spring; my sea shall suck them dry, "And swell so much the higher by their ebb."

Again, in The Two Noble Kinsmen, by Fletcher:


though I know

"His ocean needs not my poor drops, yet they
"Must yield their tribute here."

There is a playhouse tradition that the first Act of this play was written by Shakspeare. Mr. Tollet offers a further expla nation of the change proposed by Mr. Tyrwhitt: " Alexandria, towards which Cæsar was marching, is situated on the coast of the Mediterranean sea, which is sometimes called mare magnum. Pliny terms it," immensa æquorum vastitas." I may add, that Sir John Mandeville, p. 89, calls that part of the Mediterranean which washes the coast of Palestine, "the grete see." Again, in A. Wyntown's Cronykil, B. IX. ch. xii. v. 40: the Mediterane,


"The gret se clerkis callis it swa."

The passage, however, is capable of yet another explanation. His grand sea may mean the sea from which the dew-drop is exhaled. Shakspeare might have considered the sea as the source of dews as well as rain. His is used instead of its. STEEVENS. VOL. XVII.

The circle of the Ptolemies for her heirs,

Now hazarded to thy grace.

For Antony,
I have no ears to his request. The queen
Of audience, nor desire, shall fail; so she
From Egypt drive her all-disgraced friend,5
Or take his life there: This if she perform,
She shall not sue unheard. So to them both.
EUP. Fortune pursue thee!


Bring him through the bands. [Exit EUPHRONIUS. To try thy eloquence, now 'tis time: Despatch; From Antony win Cleopatra: promise,

[To THYREUS. And in our name, what she requires; add more, From thine invention, offers: women are not, In their best fortunes, strong; but want will perjure The ne'er-touch'd vestal: Try thy cunning, Thy


Tyrwhitt's amendment is more likely to be right than Steevens's explanation. M. MASON.

I believe the last is the right explanation. HENLEY.

The last of Mr. Steevens's explanations certainly gives the sense of Shakspeare. If his be not used for its, he has made a person of the morn-drop. RITSON.

• The circle of the Ptolemies-] The diadem; the ensign of royalty. JOHNSON.

So, in Macbeth:

"All that impedes thee from the golden round,
"Which fate and metaphysical aid

"Would have thee crown'd withal."


-friend,] i. e. paramour. See Vol. XVIII. note on

Cymbeline, Act I. sc. v. STEEVens.


will perjure

The ne'er-touch'd vestal:] So, in The Rape of Lucrece: "O Opportunity! thy guilt is great:

"Thou mak'st the vestal violate her oath."


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