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to a man," is a great disaster for to such a degree of corpulency by ladies, for beauty is their life, and the free use of flesh meat and ale beauty consists chiefly in the round- that his life had become a burden ed limb and graceful curve. The to him, but he succeeded in reducmost recherché toilet, the best dress- ing himself to a moderate bulk by makers in the world, cannot supply the following means : His reformed certain absences, or hide certain diet consisted of a simple pudding, angles. But a woman who is born made by boiling coarse flour in thin may be fattened like a chicken. water, without salt. Of this he It may take more time. The ladies consumed about three pounds in must pardon me the simile, but I twenty-four hours, and took no could not find a better.” Clearly fluid whatever, not even water. On he is in the right. Even the savage this he lived in perfect health for instinct recognises the charms of many years, went through a great female pinguitude, and takes care deal of exercise in the open air, and that it is properly cultivated. Art was able to carry five hundred follows closely in the wake of in- pounds weight, “which,” says our stinct. What painter has ever dar- authority, “was more than he could ed to depict, or what sculptor to lift in his youth, when he lived on chisel out, a wood-nymph in at- animal food, and drank freely of tenuated form, or an angular and ale.” In fact, the man fed upon scraggy Venus ?
porridge, from time immemorial the No wonder that Mr Banting, favourite diet of the Scottish peashaving a natural tendency towards antry, among whom obesity is uncorpulence, found himself, in his known. Pure farinaceous food can sixty-third year, much fatter than never be hurtful. On the contrary, was at all convenient. He has, as Mr Banting may learn from a with amiable candour, given us a perusal of the first chapter of the sketch of his former dietary, and Book of Daniel, it is infinitely more after perusing it, we cannot wonder wholesome both for mind and body at the result. Buttered toast, beer, than a dietary of butcher-meat and and pastry, were his favourite ar wine. But buttered toast, pastry, ticles of consumption; and more and beer are proper materials for over, he was in the habit of taking the formation of a Lambert; and four meals a-day, which is greatly so long as Mr Banting indulged too much for a man of sedentary freely in those luxuries, which we habits and occupation. We are object not to his stigmatising as strongly inclined to think that if beans," he was necessarily comMr Banting had somewhat restrain- pelled periodically to enlarge the ed his appetite, practised occasional limits of his girdle. fastings, and entirely abstained from Mr Banting, with great propriety, heavy wet, buttered crumpets, muf- wishes that the subject should be fins, and pâtisserie, he would have well " ventilated,” and we are dofully attained his object, without ing our very best to gratify that discontinuing the use of bread, desire. His own experiences, we sugar, or potatoes. Men have been are bound to admit, have been quite known materially to reduce their satisfactory, inasmuch as, by adoptweight, and at the same time to ing a certain dietary, he has regain additional health and strength, duced his weight from 14 stone 6 by restricting themselves entirely lb. to 10 stone
10 lb. with apparent to the use of the simplest farinace- advantage to his health, and hitherous food. Such is the case of Wood, to without any evil consequence. the miller of Billericray in Essex, It is also remarkable that these stated in the Transactions of the results have been attained without London College of Physicians. This the necessity of having recourse to man, it would appear, had attained violent exercise or the use of medi
cine, which latter consideration is Failing exercise, their best means undoubtedly in favour of his sys- of maintaining health is to use fretem. Mr Banting indeed makes quent abstinence, and always to mention of a certain corrective cor be strictly temperate. Meat breakdial which he calls the Balm of fasts, and continuous indulgence in Life, a spoonful of which, taken the flesh-pots of Egypt, are every before breakfast, he found remark- whit as dangerous as the copious ably salutary. The recipe for this imbibation of wine, or the condraught he declines to give, but we sumption of ardent spirits ; and have little doubt that it is of the they may be confident of this, that same nature as that recommended a gross gladiatorial diet will neither by Mons. Brillat-Savarin for the secure them immunity from disease, reduction of embonpoint — viz., a nor promote their chances of longteaspoonful of bark, to be taken evity. Man is an omnivorous aniin a glass of white wine, about two mal; but nature, by limiting the hours before breakfast. But he number of his canine teeth, has does not seem to have used any distinctly indicated that animal medicines of a purgative nature, food ought to form the smallest such as trainers sometimes adminis- portion of his nutriment.
Dr ter-a decided point in his favour; Cheyne, in his ' Essay on Health, and altogether it is reasonable that gives the following calculation of he should hug himself on the suc the quantity of food sufficient to cessful result of his experiment. keep a man of ordinary stature, But nostrums, if we may use such a following no laborious employment, term, are not infallible. Mr Bant- in due plight, health, and vigour. ing is to be commended for his He allows eight ounces of flesh prudence in not insisting too strong- meat, twelve of bread or vegetaly upon the universal applicability ble food, and about a pint of of his system, which may not, as he wine or other generous liquor, candidly admits, be suitable for in the twenty-four hours. But every constitution ; for great harm he adds that the valetudinary, might ensue if his suggestions were and those employed in sedentary to be implicitly adopted, and viol- professions or intellectual studies, ent changes made in their dietary must lessen this quantity, if they and mode of living by persons would wish to preserve their health whose bulk is not excessive. All and the freedom of their spirits sudden changes of diet are hazard- long. That may appear but spare ous; and more especially when the diet; and we freely grant that a change is made from what is usually foxhunter or other keen sportsman considered a light diet—that is, one might add to the allowance both in which vegetable substances pre- solid and liquid, without any risk dominate - to a heavier kind of of evil consequences. But no man nutriment. Excellent is the advice engaged in literary work will be given in the Regimen Sanitatis of able to accomplish anything worth Salerno.
sending to the printer, if he begins « Omnibus adsuetam jubeo servare diæ
the day with kidneys, bacon, and tam,
mutton-chops, indulges in four subQuod sic esse probo, ne sit mutare ne stantial meals, and crams himself
with as much butcher-meat as would Unless much exercise is taken satisfy the maw of a hyena. Of there is great risk that such changes course his stomach would be equally will engender acute disease; and clogged and his brain addled if he men of sedentary habits should be stuffed himself with buttered toast, very cautious of adopting what Mr muffins, beer, and pastry; but such Banting is pleased to denominate viands are more affected by ladies of a "luxurious and liberal dietary." Mrs Gamp's profession than by men
of intellectual pursuits, who know his meals, abstained altogether from and feel that a clear head and a beer, and resolutely steeled his light stomach are indispensable for heart against the manifold temptathe prosecution of their labours. tions of the pastry-cook. We ad
We rise from the perusal of Mr vise no one, whatever be his weight Banting's pamphlet with our belief or girth, to adopt implicitly the quite unshaken in the value of system recommended by Mr Bantbread and potatoes as ordinary and ing, at least until he has tried the universal articles of diet. We main effect of a temperate mixed diet (the tain the excellency and innocency vegetable element preponderating) of porridge and pease-pudding; and combined with early hours and a we see no reason for supposing that due amount of exercise. We have any one will become a Jeshurun no sympathy with the vegetarians because he uses milk with his tea, who decry the use of animal food, and sweetens it with a lump of and believe that Nebuchadnezzar's sugar. Starch and sugar are emin hallucination in the way of pasturently nutritious, but they are not age was prompted by a natural intherefore unwholesome; on the stinct; but we are assured there is contrary, if used in moderation, no instance on record of death enthey will promote longevity, and suing from the use of farinaceous prevent many of those diseases food, whereas close behind the carwhich the copious consumption of nivorous gorger stalks the hideous flesh is exceedingly apt to engender. form of Apoplexy, ready to smite Mr Banting has certainly found a him down when his stomach is full, remedy for the complaint which and the veins of his forehead disweighed so heavily on his spirits; tended with indulgence in his but we feel assured that he would fleshly lusts. A mixed diet is the have found the same measure of best : and after all that has been relief had he simply exercised some said and written on the subject, control over his appetite, given his Temperance is the one thing needstomach more
me digest by ful to secure a man against the lessening the inordinate number of evils of inordinate obesity.
THE THREE-FOOT RULE.
A SONG ABOUT STANDARDS OF MEASURE, AND THE BATH MEETING
OF THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION.
WE suppose that no Federal, attainment of their ends, and how whether a native of the North or far their failure was due to the an obsequious advocate of North- Federal Government. After being ern interests in this country, can called upon at a desperate crisis to find any particular gratification in resume the command-in-chief of contemplating the group of men the Federal armies, he was again who have come to the surface by deprived of it, his conduct arraigned the revolutions of Time's whirligig before a commission of inquiry, in America. The popular idols and himself consigned to an inachave been manufactured generally tion which, if deserved, would have of the very coarsest and commonest been dishonouring, and during clay; and even when permitted to which he has occupied himself in remain on their pedestals, they are putting into form, and connecting objects at least as much of ridicule by a thread of narrative, the offias of admiration. We observe, in- cial documents and correspondence deed, that some English journals which he has deemed it necessary preserve, through all vicissitudes, for his own justification to publish. their fealty towards Mr Abraham The steps by which men destined Lincoln; but we imagine that the to sudden eminence attain the point admiration they profess is not so from whence in great emergencies much for the individual as for some they at once stride into power, principle or other, certainly not de- are frequently obscure and unmocratic, which he is supposed to noticed by the world. McClellan's embody. To the eye of Europe claims lay, not in his position or in general he presents a rather rank, for he was only a captain in melancholy spectacle, with nothing, 1861, but in the character he had except the honesty of purpose gene- established. He was distinguished rally ascribed to him, to distin- in the academical course at West guish him from the swarm of poli- Point, and as an officer of known ticians and generals that have been intelligence he was one of the engendered by the corruption of commissioners selected to proceed the defunct Union. But there is on the part of the Federal Governone man who stands out in hon- ment to the Crimea, and to report ourable distinction from the other on the different armies in the field public men of the North, remark- before Sebastopol. So little proable alike for his consistency, his spect appeared, after his return, of moderation, his singleness of pur- promotion in the United States pose, his eminently respectable per- army, that he almost entirely relinsonal character, and his abstinence quished the service, and became from the practice of those low arts manager of a public company. to which men so commonly resort There had been nothing in his when they wish to gain the suffrages career to show the world that he was of a democracy: that man is General likely to achieve anything beyond McClellan. Whether, in addition to an honourable mediocrity. But he his high character as a man, he is had established a reputation among also, as his admirers assert, great as those who knew him as a man of a general, is a subject on which, great intelligence and of superior until lately, it was difficult to form endowments—an opinion shared, it an opinion. If success were the test is said, and proclaimed, by men of merit he must be pronounced a whose names now stand higher than failure. But we have now before his own, and on less doubtful founus, in his Report lately published, dations — such men as Jefferson the means of knowing whether his Davis and General Lee. plans were well adapted for the In the spring of 1861 he was